Literature on the Arab Spring

Literature on the Arab Spring

Compiled and selected by Judith Tinnes


This bibliography contains journal articles, book chapters, books, edited volumes, theses, grey literature, bibliographies and other resources on the Arab Spring/Awakening/Uprisings. To keep up with the rapid changing political events, more recent publications have been prioritized during the selection process. The literature has been retrieved by manually browsing more than 200 core and periphery sources in the field of Terrorism Studies. Additionally, full-text and reference retrieval systems have been employed to expand the search. NB: All websites were last visited on September 22, 2013. Literature on the Syrian conflict has been excluded; it will be covered in a future issue of  Perspectives on Terrorism. - See also Note for the Reader at the end of this literature list).


Keywords: bibliography, resources, literature, Arab Spring, Arab Awakening, Arab Uprisings

Bibliographies and other Resources

Forschungsgruppe Naher/Mittlerer Osten und Afrika, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (2012-): Umbruch in der arabischen Welt. (SWP-Themendossier). URL:

Global Observatory (2013, July 29): A Resource Guide to Egypt’s Unrest. URL:

New Middle East Blog, The: The Repercussions of the Arab Spring (2011-). URL:

Rogalski, Jürgen; Hasenmüller, Monika (2013, March): Aktuelle Kurzbibliographie. URL:

Wilson Center (2012-): The Islamists are Coming. URL:


Books  and Edited Volumes

Al Aswany, Alaa (2011): On the State of Egypt: What Made the Revolution Inevitable. New York: Vintage Books.

Amghar, Samir (2012): Les islamistes au défi du pouvoir: Évolutions d'une idéologie. Paris: Michalon.

Andersson, Thomas; Djeflat, Abdelkader (Eds.) (2013): The Real Issues of the Middle East and the Arab Spring: Addressing Research, Innovation and Entrepreneurship. (Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management). New York: Springer.

Bishara, Marwan (2012): The Invisible Arab: The Promise and Peril of the Arab Revolutions. New York: Nation Books.

Bradley, John R. (2012): After the Arab Spring: How Islamists Hijacked the Middle East Revolts. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Brynen, Rex et al. (2012): Beyond the Arab Spring: Authoritarianism & Democratization in the Arab World. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Bush, Ray; Ayeb, Habib (Eds.) (2012): Marginality and Exclusion in Egypt. London: Zed Books.

Carvin, Andy (2012): Distant Witness: Social Media, the Arab Spring, and a Journalism Revolution. New York: CUNY Journalism Press.

Chenève, Gilles; Escriva, V. (2012): Le réveil du monde arabe: Douze scénarios d'avenir. Paris: Éditions du Cygne.

Cook, Steven A. (2012): The Struggle for Egypt: From Nasser to Tahrir Square. New York: Oxford University Press.

Dabashi, Hamid (2012): The Arab Spring: The End of Postcolonialism. London: Zed Books.

El-Din Haseeb, Khair (Ed.) (2013): The Arab Spring: Critical Analyses. Oxon: Routledge.

el-Nawawy, Mohammed; Khamis, Sahar (2013): Egyptian Revolution 2.0: Political Blogging, Civic Engagement, and Citizen Journalism. (The Palgrave Macmillan Series in International Political Communication). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Faris, David (2013): Dissent and Revolution in a Digital Age: Social Media, Blogging and Activism in Egypt. (Library of Modern Middle East Studies). London: I.B. Tauris.

Filiu, Jean-Pierre (2011): The Arab Revolution: Ten Lessons from the Democratic Uprising. (Comparative Politics and International Studies). New York: Oxford University Press.

Gelvin, James L. (2012): The Arab Uprisings: What Everyone Needs to Know. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ghonim, Wael (2012): Revolution 2.0: The Power of the People is Greater than the People in Power: A Memoir. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Gonzalez-Quijano, Yves (2012): Arabités numériques: Le printemps du Web arabe. Arles: Sindbad.

Haas, Mark L.; Lesch, David W. (Eds.) (2013): The Arab Spring: Change and Resistance in the Middle East. Boulder: Westview Press.

Habeeb, William Mark; Frankel, Rafael D.; Al-Oraibi, Mina (2012): The Middle East in Turmoil: Conflict, Revolution, and Change. Santa Barbara: Greenwood.

Hilsum, Lindsey (2012): Sandstorm: Libya in the Time of Revolution. New York: The Penguin Press.

Howard, Philip N.; Hussain, Muzammil M. (2013): Democracy's Fourth Wave? Digital Media and the Arab Spring. (Oxford Studies in Digital Politics). New York: Oxford University Press.

Inbar, Efraim (Ed.) (2013): The Arab Spring, Democracy and Security: Domestic and International Ramifications. (BESA Studies in International Security). Oxon: Routledge.

Iskandar, Adel; Haddad, Bassam (Eds.) (2013): Mediating the Arab Uprisings. Washington DC: Tadween Publishing.

Joffé, George (Ed.) (2013): North Africa's Arab Spring. Oxon: Routledge.

Khalil, Ashraf (2012): Liberation Square: Inside the Egyptian Revolution and the Rebirth of a Nation. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Khosrokhavar, Farhad (2012): The New Arab Revolutions that Shook the World. Boulder: Paradigm Publishers.

Laremont, Ricardo (Ed.) (in press): Revolution, Revolt and Reform in North Africa: The Arab Spring and beyond. (Routledge Studies in Middle Eastern Democratization and Government). Oxon: Routledge.

Lynch, Marc (2012): The Arab Uprising: The Unfinished Revolutions of the New Middle East. New York: PublicAffairs.

Manhire, Toby (Ed.) (2012): The Arab Spring: Rebellion, Revolution, and a New World Order. London: Guardian Books.

Mikaïl, Barah (2012): Une nécessaire relecture du “Printemps arabe”. Paris: Éditions du Cygne.

Noueihed, Lin; Warren, Alex (2012): The Battle for the Arab Spring: Revolution, Counter-Revolution and the Making of a New Era. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Osman, Tarek (2010): Egypt on the Brink: From Nasser to Mubarak. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Owen, Roger (2012): The Rise and Fall of Arab Presidents for Life. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Panara, Carlo; Wilson, Gary (Eds.) (2013): The Arab Spring: New Patterns for Democracy and International Law. (Nijhoff Law Specials, Vol. 82). Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

Peters, Joel (Ed.) (2012): The European Union and the Arab Spring: Promoting Democracy and Human Rights in the Middle East. Lanham: Lexington Books.

Pollack, Kenneth M. et al. (2011): The Arab Awakening: America and the Transformation of the Middle East. Washington DC: Saban Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings Institution.

Prashad, Vijay (2012): Arab Spring, Libyan Winter. Edinburgh: AK Press.

Praussello, Franco (Ed.) (2011): Euro-Mediterranean Partnership in the Aftermath of the Arab Spring. Milan: Franco Angelini.

Ramadan, Tariq (2012): Islam and the Arab Awakening. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ramadan, Tariq (2012): The Arab Awakening: Islam and the New Middle East. London: Allen Lane.

Sadiki, Larbi (Ed.) (in press): Routledge Handbook of the Arab Spring: Rethinking Democratization. Oxon: Routledge.

Sadiki, Larbi; Wimmen, Heiko; Al Zubaidi, Layla (Eds.) (2013): Democratic Transition in the Middle East: Unmaking Power. Oxon: Routledge.

Tibi, Bassam (2013): The Sharia State: Arab Spring and Democratization. Oxon: Routledge.

Tschirgi, Dan; Kazziha, Walid; McMahon, Sean F. (Eds.) (2013): Egypt’s Tahrir Revolution. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Vasconcelos, Álvaro de (2012): Listening to Unfamiliar Voices: The Arab Democratic Wave. Paris: European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS). URL:

Vidino, Lorenzo (Ed.): The West and the Muslim Brotherhood after the Arab Spring. Philadelphia / Dubai: Foreign Policy Research Institute / Al Mesbar Studies & Research Centre. URL:

West, Johnny (2011): Karama! Journeys through the Arab Spring. London: Heron Books.

Yafi, Wissam S. (2012): Inevitable Democracy in the Arab World: New Realities in an Ancient Land. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.



Al-sebaei, Maisoon O. (2013, April): Egyptian Diasporas, Social Media, and the 2011 Egyptian Revolution: How Egyptians Living in Saudi Arabia used Social Media during the Revolution. (Master's Thesis, Grand Valley State University, Allendale, United States). URL:

Back, Peter (2013, June): "We are all Hamza Alkhateeb": En analyse af voldelige billeder og sociale medier i den syriske borgerkrig. (Master's Thesis, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark). URL:

Bagherpour, Amir K. (2012, Spring): Religion and the Evolution of Democracy: A Revised Selectorate Model for the Arab Spring. (Doctoral Dissertation, Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, United States). URL:

Basselgia, Jennifer (2012, Spring): A Forecast for the Middle East: The Reemergence of an Islamic Caliphate in the Midst of the Arab Spring. (Senior Honors Thesis, Liberty University, Lynchburg, United States). URL:

Daud, Asiya (2011): Cyber-Dissent in the Middle East: A Tool of Political Resistance. (Doctoral Dissertation, Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, United States). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3466735)

El-Gayed, Yusser (2013, May): The Influencing Factors of Public Procurement Policy Development: The Case of Libya. (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Salford, Salford, United Kingdom). URL:

Friel, John P. (2012, March): The Arab Spring and Political Change: A Comparison of Revolutions. (Master's Thesis, Universität der Bundeswehr München, Munich, Germany / George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany). URL:

Gordon, Alissa Emily (2010, April): Collapse of the Arab Spring: Democratization and Regime Stability in Arab Authoritarian Regimes. (Master's Thesis, Georgetown University, Washington DC, United States). URL:

Holden, Stephen (2013, May): Digital Affordances, Authoritarian Governments: Applying the Leveraged Affordances Model to High Risk Contention. (Master's Thesis, George Washington University, Washington DC, United States). URL:

Houthoff, Johanna Wilhelmine Frédérique (2012, June): European Border Security vs. Refugee Protection: The Ability of the EU to Protect Refugees during the Arab Spring. (Master's Thesis,  Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands). URL:

Johnson, William Whitley (2012, August): The Arab Spring and U.S. National Security. (Master's Thesis, Angelo State University, San Angelo, United States). URL:

Korn, Matthias (2013, January): Situating Engagement: Ubiquitous Infrastructures for In-Situ Civic Engagement. (Doctoral Dissertation, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark). URL:

Logan, Tyler Pentland (2012, April): When Authoritarianism Failed in Tunisia: An Investigation of the Ben Ali Regime and the Factors that Led to its Downfall. (Master's Thesis, Georgetown University, Washington DC, United States). URL:

McCrain, Josh (2013, June): When do Revolutions Lead to Democracy? The Conflict between Democracy and Governance in Georgia and Tunisia. (Master's Thesis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, United States). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 1538127)

McRae, Erin C. (2012): Social Movement Success in Authoritarian Settings: Kifaya and the Arab Spring in Egypt 2004-2011. (Master's Thesis, American University, Washington DC, United States). URL:

Pedersen, Katarina Marcella (2013, April): After Gaddafi, what now? Issues of Transitional Justice. (Master's Thesis, Georgetown University, Washington DC, United States). URL:

Perez, Bernadette C. (2012, February): The Power of the Proverbial Pen: The Importance of Social Media during the Arab Spring. (Master's Thesis, Georgetown University, Washington DC, United States). URL:

Samuel, M. C. T. (2012, June): The Egyptian Revolution, Al-Jazeera, Twitter and Facebook: The Interaction Effect of New Media on the Egyptian Revolution. (Master's Thesis, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands). URL:

Schafer, Shaun T. (2012, Summer): Revolution and Journalism Higher Education in the Middle East/North Africa Region. (Doctoral Dissertation, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, United States). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3523817)

Schumacher, Amy L. (2012, December): Lessons from Libya: A Situational Approach to the Generic Criticism of President Obama's March 28, 2011 Address to the Nation on Libya. (Master's Thesis, Marshall University, Huntington, United States). URL:

Slattery, Sean Patrick (2012): The Rhetorical Linkage between Economic and Political Liberalization: A Case Study of the United States' Foreign Policy Response to the Arab Citizen Revolt. (Master's Thesis, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, United States). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 1512948)

Taraghi, Laila (2012, May): Competing for Relevance: Iran's Internal Struggle to Define the Arab Spring. (Master's Thesis, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, United States). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 1509602)

Trager, Eric (2013): Trapped and Untrapped: Mubarak's Opponents on the Eve of his Ouster. (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, United States).  Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3565259)

Wehrey, Frederic (2012): The Politics of Sectarianism in the Gulf: Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait, 2003-2011. (Doctoral Dissertation, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom).

Yousef, Nadia (2012): Guardians of the State or the Regime? Examining the Behaviour of the Egyptian Military during the 2011 Uprising. (Master's Thesis, Massey University, Manawatu, New Zealand). URL:


Journal Articles, Book Chapters and Online Reports

Acharya, Arabinda (2013): Impact of Arab Spring. In: Ten Years after 9/11: Rethinking the Jihadist Threat. Oxon: Routledge, 113-119.

Aday, Sean et al. (2013, July): Watching from afar: Media Consumption Patterns around the Arab Spring. American Behavioral Scientist, 57(7), 899-919. DOI: URL:

Al Attar, Mohsen (2012): Counter-Revolution by Ideology? Law and Development's Vision(s) for Post-Revolutionary Egypt. Third World Quarterly, 33(9), 1611-1629. DOI:

Alexander, Yonah (2012, August): Special Update Report: Terrorism in North, West, & Central Africa: From 9/11 to the Arab Spring. Terrorism: An Electronic Journal and Knowledge Base, 1(1). URL: [Originally published in January 2012]

Alexander, Yonah et al. (2012, August): Arab Spring: A Year later and beyond: Special Report. Terrorism: An Electronic Journal and Knowledge Base, 1(1). URL: [Originally published in March 2012]

Ali, Fatuma Ahmed; Macharia, Hannah Muthoni (2013): Women, Youth, and the Egyptian Arab Spring. Peace Review, 25(3), 359-366. DOI:

Ali, Sadaf R.; Fahmy, Shahira (2013, April): Gatekeeping and Citizen Journalism: The Use of Social Media during the Recent Uprisings in Iran, Egypt, and Libya. Media, War & Conflict, 6(1), 55-69. DOI:

Al-Sayyid, Ridwan (2013): State and Religion in a Revolutionary Era: Perspectives and Demands of the Islamic Awakening. Contemporary Arab Affairs, 6(3), 325-340. DOI:

Al Tamamy, Saud Mousaed (2012): Saudi Arabia and the Arab Spring: Opportunities and Challenges of Security. Journal of Arabian Studies, 2(2), 143-156. DOI:

Amis, Jacob (2013, January): The Jordanian Brotherhood in the Arab Spring. Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, 14, 38-57. URL:

Aouragh, Miriyam (2012): Tweeting like a Pigeon: The Internet in the Arab Revolutions. CyberOrient, 6(2). URL:

Aran, Amnon (2012): Israel and the Arab Uprisings: A Provisional Analysis. RUSI Journal, 157(5), 56-61. DOI:

Asseburg, Muriel (2013): The Arab Spring and the European Response. The International Spectator, 48(2), 47-62. DOI:

Atwan, Abdel Bari (2012): The Arab Spring and Al Qaeda. In: After bin Laden: Al Qaeda, the Next Generation. London: Saqi Books, 39-79.

Aydinli, Ersel (2013): The Reform-Security Dilemma in Democratic Transitions: The Turkish Experience as Model? Democratization. Advance Online Publication. DOI:

Ayoob, Mohammed (2012, Fall): The Arab Spring: Its Geostrategic Significance. Middle East Policy, 19(3), 84-97. DOI:

Barany, Zoltan (2013, Summer): After the Arab Spring: Revolt and Resilience in the Arab Kingdoms. Parameters, 43(2), 89-101. URL:

Barkey, Henri J. (2012): Turkish-Iranian Competition after the Arab Spring. Survival, 54(6), 139-162. DOI:

Barnes, Ashley (2013, Summer): Creating Democrats? Testing the Arab Spring. Middle East Policy, 20(2), 55-72. DOI:

Barrie, Douglas (2012): Libya's Lessons: The Air Campaign. Survival, 54(6), 57-65. DOI:

Barsalou, Judy (2012, Summer): Post-Mubarak Egypt: History, Collective Memory and Memorialization. Middle East Policy, 19(2), 134-147. DOI:

Bashri, Maha; Netzley, Sara; Greiner, Amy (2012, November): Facebook Revolutions: Transitions in the Arab World, Transitions in Media Coverage? A Comparative Analysis of CNN and Al Jazeera English’s Online Coverage of the Tunisian and Egyptian Revolutions. Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, 5(1), 19-29. DOI:

Bauer, Patricia (2013): European-Mediterranean Security and the Arab Spring: Changes and Challenges. Democracy and Security, 9(1-2), 1-18. DOI:

Ben Moussa, Mohamed (2013, Winter): Online Mobilization in Times of Conflict: A Framing-Analysis Perspective. Arab Media & Society, 17. URL:

Bhuiyan, Serajul I. (2011, August): Social Media and its Effectiveness in the Political Reform Movement in Egypt. Middle East Media Educator, 1(1), 14-20. URL:

Bicchi, Federica; Voltolini, Benedetta (2013): EU Democracy Assistance in the Mediterranean: What Relationship with the Arab Uprisings? Democracy and Security, 9(1-2), 80-99. DOI:

Blank, Stephen (2013, March): Facing the “Permanent Arab Spring”: Terrorism and Russia’s Evolving Threat Assessment. Terrorism Monitor, 11(6), 6-8. URL:

Boserup, Rasmus Alenius; Tassinari, Fabrizio (2012, March): The Return of Arab Politics and Europe's Chance to Engage Anew. Mediterranean Politics, 17(1), 97-103. DOI:

Boukhars, Anouar (2013, January): Algerian Foreign Policy in the Context of the Arab Spring. CTC Sentinel, 6(1), 17-21. URL:

Brancati, Dawn (2013, Winter): The 2011 Protests: Were they about Democracy? The Washington Quarterly, 36(1), 25-35. DOI: URL:

Brandon, James; Pantucci, Raffaello (2012, July): UK Islamists and the Arab Uprisings. Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, 13, 18-46. URL:

Bricker, Noah Q.; Foley, Mark C. (2013): The Effect of Youth Demographics on Violence: The Importance of the Labor Market. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 7(1), 179-194. URL:

Brooks, Risa (2013): Abandoned at the Palace: Why the Tunisian Military Defected from the Ben Ali Regime in January 2011. Journal of Strategic Studies, 36(2), 205-220. DOI:

Bruns, Axel; Highfield, Tim; Burgess, Jean (2013, July): The Arab Spring and Social Media Audiences: English and Arabic Twitter Users and their Networks. American Behavioral Scientist, 57(7), 871-898. DOI:

Büchs, Annette (2012): Wahlsieg der Islamisten in Ägypten: Der Aufstieg der Muslimbrüder und der Salafisten. GIGA Focus Nahost, 1/2012. URL:

Buehler, Matt (2013): Safety-Valve Elections and the Arab Spring: The Weakening (and Resurgence) of Morocco's Islamist Opposition Party. Terrorism and Political Violence, 25(1), 137-156. DOI:

Burnell, Peter (2013): Democratisation in the Middle East and North Africa: Perspectives from Democracy Support. Third World Quarterly, 34(5), 838-855. DOI:

Busch, Nathan E.; Pilat, Joseph F. (2013, March): Disarming Libya? A Reassessment after the Arab Spring. International Affairs, 89(2), 451-475. DOI:  URL:

Campante, Filipe R.; Chor, Davin (2012, Spring): Why was the Arab World Poised for Revolution? Schooling, Economic Opportunities, and the Arab Spring. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 26(2), 167-188. DOI:

Campbell, Heidi A.; Hawk, Diana (2012): Al Jazeera’s Framing of Social Media during the Arab Spring. Cyber Orient, 6(1). URL:

Carey, Sabine C.; Mitchell, Neil J.; Lowe, Will (2013, March): States, the Security Sector, and the Monopoly of Violence: A New Database on Pro-Government Militias. Journal of Peace Research, 50(2), 249-258. DOI:

Chasdi, Richard J. (2013, April): Forecasting the “Arab Spring” of 2011: Terrorist Incident Data from 2000-2010 Offered no Early Warning. Perspectives on Terrorism, 7(2), 63-71. URL:

Chaziza, Mordechai (2013, Summer): The Arab Spring: Implications for Chinese Policy. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 17(2), 73-83. URL:

Chivvis, Christopher S. (2012): Libya and the Future of Liberal Intervention. Survival, 54(6), 69-92. DOI:

Cook, Steven A. (2012, Spring-Summer): Corruption and the Arab Spring. [Interview; Interviewer: Lorenzo Moretti and David Rudin]. The Brown Journal of World Affairs, 18(2), 21-28. URL:

Dalmasso, Emanuela; Cavatorta, Francesco (2013): Democracy, Civil Liberties and the Role of Religion after the Arab Awakening: Constitutional Reforms in Tunisia and Morocco. Mediterranean Politics, 18(2), 225-241. DOI:

Della Ratta, Donatella; Valeriani, Augusto (2012): Remixing the Spring! Connective Leadership and Read-Write Practices in the 2011 Arab Uprisings. Cyber Orient, 6(1). URL:

onflict of 2011. International Affairs, 89(2), 365-379. DOI: URL:

Diwan, Ishac (2013, March): Understanding Revolution in the Middle East: The Central Role of the Middle Class. Middle East Development Journal, 5(1), Article 1350004. DOI: URL:

Donker, Teije Hidde (2013): Re-Emerging Islamism in Tunisia: Repositioning Religion in Politics and Society. Mediterranean Politics, 18(2), 207-224. DOI:

El-Beshry, Tarek (2013): Relationship between State and Religion: Egypt after the Revolution. Contemporary Arab Affairs, 6(3), 404-421. DOI:

Elgindy, Khaled (2012, Spring): Egypt's Troubled Transition: Elections without Democracy. The Washington Quarterly, 35(2), 89-104. DOI: URL:

Elhadj, Elie (2012, Fall): The Arab Spring and the Prospects for Genuine Religious and Political Reforms. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 16(3). URL:

El-Nawawy, Mohammed; Khamis, Sahar (2012): Cyberactivists Paving the Way for the Arab Spring: Voices from Egypt, Tunisia and Libya. Cyber Orient, 6(2). URL:

El-Nawawy, Mohammed; Khamis, Sahar (2012): Political Activism 2.0: Comparing the Role of Social Media in Egypt’s “Facebook Revolution” and Iran’s “Twitter Uprising”. Cyber Orient, 6(1). URL:

Ennis, Crystal A.; Momani, Bessma (2013): Shaping the Middle East in the Midst of the Arab Uprisings: Turkish and Saudi Foreign Policy Strategies. Third World Quarterly, 34(6), 1127-1144. DOI:

Fornaciari, Federica (2012, March): Framing the Egyptian Revolution: A Content Analysis of Al Jazeera English and the BBC. Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, 4(2-3), 223-235. DOI:

Forstenlechner, Ingo; Rutledge, Emilie; Alnuaimi, Rashed Salem (2012, Winter): The UAE, the “Arab Spring” and Different Types of Dissent. Middle East Policy, 19(4), 54-67. DOI:

Frangonikolopoulos, Christos A.; Chapsos, Ioannis (2012, Fall): Explaining the Role and the Impact of the Social Media in the Arab Spring. Global Media Journal: Mediterranean Edition, 7(2), 10-20. URL:

Frisch, Hillel (2013): The Egyptian Army and Egypt's “Spring”. Journal of Strategic Studies, 36(2), 180-204. DOI:

Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed; Vassefi, Tara (2012): Perceptions of the "Arab Spring": Within the Salafi-Jihadi Movement. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 35(12), 831-848. DOI:

Ghanem, As'ad (2013): The Palestinians: Lessons from the Arab Spring. Contemporary Arab Affairs, 6(3), 422-437. DOI:

Golan, Guy J. (2013, June): The Gates of Op-Ed Diplomacy: Newspaper Framing the 2011 Egyptian Revolution. International Communication Gazette, 75(4), 359-373. DOI:

González-Bailón, Sandra; Borge-Holthoefer, Javier; Moreno, Yamir (2013, July): Broadcasters and Hidden Influentials in Online Protest Diffusion. American Behavioral Scientist, 57(7), 943-965. DOI: 

Gordon, Neve; Pardo, Sharon (2013): What can Pro-Democracy Activists in Arab Countries Expect from the European Union? Lessons from the Union's Relations with Israel. Democracy and Security, 9(1-2), 100-119. DOI:

Groshek, Jacob (2012, December): Forecasting and Observing: A Cross-Methodological Consideration of Internet and Mobile Phone Diffusion in the Egyptian Revolt. International Communication Gazette, 74(8), 750-768. DOI:  URL:

Guzansky, Yoel; Berti, Benedetta (2013, Winter): Is the New Middle East Stuck in its Sectarian Past? The Unspoken Dimension of the “Arab Spring”. Orbis, 57(1), 135-151. DOI: URL:

Halverson, Jeffry R.; Ruston, Scott W.; Trethewey, Angela (2013, April): Mediated Martyrs of the Arab Spring: New Media, Civil Religion, and Narrative in Tunisia and Egypt. Journal of Communication, 63(2), 312-332. DOI:

Haynes, Jeffrey (2013): The “Arab Uprising”, Islamists and Democratization. Mediterranean Politics, 18(2), 170-188. DOI:

Hazran, Yusri (2012, Fall): The Arab Revolutions: A Preliminary Reading. Middle East Policy, 19(3), 116-123. DOI:

Hehir, Aidan (2013, Summer): The Permanence of Inconsistency: Libya, the Security Council, and the Responsibility to Protect. International Security, 38(1), 137-159. DOI:

Holbrook, Donald (2012, December): Al-Qaeda's Response to the Arab Spring. Perspectives on Terrorism, 6(6), 4-21. URL:

in the Arab World. The Washington Quarterly, 35(3), 59-73. DOI: URL:

Janning, Josef; Frontini, Andrea (2013): Unfulfilled Promises: An Assessment of the Arab Spring, its Challenges and Prospects. .SIAK-Journal, 1/2013, 4-18. DOI:

Joffé, George (2013): Introduction: Radicalisation and the Arab Spring. In: George Joffé (Ed.): Islamist Radicalisation in Europe and the Middle East: Reassessing the Causes of Terrorism. London: I.B. Tauris, 1-16.

Johnson, Nicole V. (2012, Fall): Turkish Reactions to the Arab Spring: Implications for United States Foreign Policy. Global Security Studies, 3(4), 1-10. URL:

Jones, Clive; Milton-Edwards, Beverley (2013, March): Missing the “Devils” we Knew? Israel and Political Islam amid the Arab Awakening. International Affairs, 89(2), 399-415. DOI: URL:

Jourchi, Salaheddine (2013): The State and Identity: The Relationship between Religion and Politics – Tunisia as an Example. Contemporary Arab Affairs. Advance Online Publication. DOI:

Juneau, Thomas (2013, Summer): Yemen and the Arab Spring: Elite Struggles, State Collapse and Regional Security. Orbis, 57(3), 408-423. DOI:

Kaboub, Fadhel (2013, March): The Making of the Tunisian Revolution. Middle East Development Journal, 5(1), Article 1350003. DOI:

Kahl, Colin H.; Lynch, Marc (2013, Spring): U.S. Strategy after the Arab Uprisings: Toward Progressive Engagement. The Washington Quarterly, 36(2), 39-60. DOI: URL:

Karolak, Magdalena (2013): Arab Spring and the Escalation of the Sectarian Divide in Bahrain: An Assessment. conflict & communication online, 12(1). URL:

Khalifa Isaac, Sally (2013): Rethinking the New ENP: A Vision for an Enhanced European Role in the Arab Revolutions. Democracy and Security, 9(1-2), 40-60. DOI:

Khamis, Sahar; Vaughn, Katherine (2012, March): “We are all Khaled Said”: The Potentials and Limitations of Cyberactivism in Triggering Public Mobilization and Promoting Political Change. Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, 4(2-3), 145-163. DOI:

Khashan, Hilal (2012): The Eclipse of Arab Authoritarianism and the Challenge of Popular Sovereignty. Third World Quarterly, 33(5), 919-930. DOI:

Khoury, Nabeel A. (2013, Summer): The Arab Cold War Revisited: The Regional Impact of the Arab Uprising. Middle East Policy, 20(2), 73-87. DOI:

Kuperman, Alan J. (2013, Summer): A Model Humanitarian Intervention? Reassessing NATO's Libya Campaign. International Security, 38(1), 105-136. DOI:

Lang, Anthony F., Jr. (2013, March): From Revolutions to Constitutions: The Case of Egypt. International Affairs, 89(2), 345-363. DOI: URL:

Lindsey, Richard A. (2013, July): What the Arab Spring Tells us about the Future of Social Media in Revolutionary Movements. Small Wars Journal, 7/2013. URL:

Mabon, Simon (2012, Summer): The Battle for Bahrain: Iranian-Saudi Rivalry. Middle East Policy, 19(2), 84-97. DOI:

MacKenzie, Alex; Kaunert, Christian; Léonard, Sarah (2013): EU Counterterrorism and the Southern Mediterranean Countries after the Arab Spring: New Potential for Cooperation? Democracy and Security, 9(1-2), 137-156. DOI:

Maghraoui, Abdeslam (2012, Summer): The Perverse Effect of Good Governance: Lessons from Morocco. Middle East Policy, 19(2), 49-65. DOI:

Mattes, Hanspeter (2013): Schwierige Neupositionierung des Militärs in Tunesien, Ägypten und Libyen. GIGA Focus Nahost, 4/2013. URL:

McCants, William (2013, July 7): Salafis after the Coup: What Morsi's Ouster Means for Radical Islamists. Foreign Policy. URL:

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About the compiler: Judith Tinnes, Ph.D., studied Information Science and New German Literature and Linguistics at the Saarland University (Germany). Her doctoral thesis dealt with Internet usage of Islamist terrorists and insurgents. Currently she works in the Research & Development department of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information (ZPID) ( She also serves as Editorial Assistant for ‘Perspectives on Terrorism’.

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