Literature on the Arab Spring

Literature on the Arab Spring

Compiled and selected by Judith Tinnes

Abstract

This bibliography contains journal articles, book chapters, books, edited volumes, theses, grey literature, bibliographies and other resources on the Arab Spring/Awakening/Uprisings. To keep up with the rapid changing political events, more recent publications have been prioritized during the selection process. The literature has been retrieved by manually browsing more than 200 core and periphery sources in the field of Terrorism Studies. Additionally, full-text and reference retrieval systems have been employed to expand the search. NB: All websites were last visited on September 22, 2013. Literature on the Syrian conflict has been excluded; it will be covered in a future issue of  Perspectives on Terrorism. - See also Note for the Reader at the end of this literature list).

 

Keywords: bibliography, resources, literature, Arab Spring, Arab Awakening, Arab Uprisings

Bibliographies and other Resources

Forschungsgruppe Naher/Mittlerer Osten und Afrika, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (2012-): Umbruch in der arabischen Welt. (SWP-Themendossier). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/de/swp-themendossiers/umbruch-in-der-arabischen-welt.html

Global Observatory (2013, July 29): A Resource Guide to Egypt’s Unrest. URL: http://theglobalobservatory.org/reports/548-a-resource-guide-to-egypts-unrest.html

New Middle East Blog, The: The Repercussions of the Arab Spring (2011-). URL: http://newmeast.wordpress.com

Rogalski, Jürgen; Hasenmüller, Monika (2013, March): Aktuelle Kurzbibliographie. URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/de/swp-themendossiers/umbruch-in-der-arabischen-welt/aktuelle-kurzbibliographie.html

Wilson Center (2012-): The Islamists are Coming. URL: http://www.wilsoncenter.org/islamists/home

 

Books  and Edited Volumes

Al Aswany, Alaa (2011): On the State of Egypt: What Made the Revolution Inevitable. New York: Vintage Books.

Amghar, Samir (2012): Les islamistes au défi du pouvoir: Évolutions d'une idéologie. Paris: Michalon.

Andersson, Thomas; Djeflat, Abdelkader (Eds.) (2013): The Real Issues of the Middle East and the Arab Spring: Addressing Research, Innovation and Entrepreneurship. (Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management). New York: Springer.

Bishara, Marwan (2012): The Invisible Arab: The Promise and Peril of the Arab Revolutions. New York: Nation Books.

Bradley, John R. (2012): After the Arab Spring: How Islamists Hijacked the Middle East Revolts. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Brynen, Rex et al. (2012): Beyond the Arab Spring: Authoritarianism & Democratization in the Arab World. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Bush, Ray; Ayeb, Habib (Eds.) (2012): Marginality and Exclusion in Egypt. London: Zed Books.

Carvin, Andy (2012): Distant Witness: Social Media, the Arab Spring, and a Journalism Revolution. New York: CUNY Journalism Press.

Chenève, Gilles; Escriva, V. (2012): Le réveil du monde arabe: Douze scénarios d'avenir. Paris: Éditions du Cygne.

Cook, Steven A. (2012): The Struggle for Egypt: From Nasser to Tahrir Square. New York: Oxford University Press.

Dabashi, Hamid (2012): The Arab Spring: The End of Postcolonialism. London: Zed Books.

El-Din Haseeb, Khair (Ed.) (2013): The Arab Spring: Critical Analyses. Oxon: Routledge.

el-Nawawy, Mohammed; Khamis, Sahar (2013): Egyptian Revolution 2.0: Political Blogging, Civic Engagement, and Citizen Journalism. (The Palgrave Macmillan Series in International Political Communication). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Faris, David (2013): Dissent and Revolution in a Digital Age: Social Media, Blogging and Activism in Egypt. (Library of Modern Middle East Studies). London: I.B. Tauris.

Filiu, Jean-Pierre (2011): The Arab Revolution: Ten Lessons from the Democratic Uprising. (Comparative Politics and International Studies). New York: Oxford University Press.

Gelvin, James L. (2012): The Arab Uprisings: What Everyone Needs to Know. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ghonim, Wael (2012): Revolution 2.0: The Power of the People is Greater than the People in Power: A Memoir. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Gonzalez-Quijano, Yves (2012): Arabités numériques: Le printemps du Web arabe. Arles: Sindbad.

Haas, Mark L.; Lesch, David W. (Eds.) (2013): The Arab Spring: Change and Resistance in the Middle East. Boulder: Westview Press.

Habeeb, William Mark; Frankel, Rafael D.; Al-Oraibi, Mina (2012): The Middle East in Turmoil: Conflict, Revolution, and Change. Santa Barbara: Greenwood.

Hilsum, Lindsey (2012): Sandstorm: Libya in the Time of Revolution. New York: The Penguin Press.

Howard, Philip N.; Hussain, Muzammil M. (2013): Democracy's Fourth Wave? Digital Media and the Arab Spring. (Oxford Studies in Digital Politics). New York: Oxford University Press.

Inbar, Efraim (Ed.) (2013): The Arab Spring, Democracy and Security: Domestic and International Ramifications. (BESA Studies in International Security). Oxon: Routledge.

Iskandar, Adel; Haddad, Bassam (Eds.) (2013): Mediating the Arab Uprisings. Washington DC: Tadween Publishing.

Joffé, George (Ed.) (2013): North Africa's Arab Spring. Oxon: Routledge.

Khalil, Ashraf (2012): Liberation Square: Inside the Egyptian Revolution and the Rebirth of a Nation. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Khosrokhavar, Farhad (2012): The New Arab Revolutions that Shook the World. Boulder: Paradigm Publishers.

Laremont, Ricardo (Ed.) (in press): Revolution, Revolt and Reform in North Africa: The Arab Spring and beyond. (Routledge Studies in Middle Eastern Democratization and Government). Oxon: Routledge.

Lynch, Marc (2012): The Arab Uprising: The Unfinished Revolutions of the New Middle East. New York: PublicAffairs.

Manhire, Toby (Ed.) (2012): The Arab Spring: Rebellion, Revolution, and a New World Order. London: Guardian Books.

Mikaïl, Barah (2012): Une nécessaire relecture du “Printemps arabe”. Paris: Éditions du Cygne.

Noueihed, Lin; Warren, Alex (2012): The Battle for the Arab Spring: Revolution, Counter-Revolution and the Making of a New Era. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Osman, Tarek (2010): Egypt on the Brink: From Nasser to Mubarak. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Owen, Roger (2012): The Rise and Fall of Arab Presidents for Life. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Panara, Carlo; Wilson, Gary (Eds.) (2013): The Arab Spring: New Patterns for Democracy and International Law. (Nijhoff Law Specials, Vol. 82). Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

Peters, Joel (Ed.) (2012): The European Union and the Arab Spring: Promoting Democracy and Human Rights in the Middle East. Lanham: Lexington Books.

Pollack, Kenneth M. et al. (2011): The Arab Awakening: America and the Transformation of the Middle East. Washington DC: Saban Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings Institution.

Prashad, Vijay (2012): Arab Spring, Libyan Winter. Edinburgh: AK Press.

Praussello, Franco (Ed.) (2011): Euro-Mediterranean Partnership in the Aftermath of the Arab Spring. Milan: Franco Angelini.

Ramadan, Tariq (2012): Islam and the Arab Awakening. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ramadan, Tariq (2012): The Arab Awakening: Islam and the New Middle East. London: Allen Lane.

Sadiki, Larbi (Ed.) (in press): Routledge Handbook of the Arab Spring: Rethinking Democratization. Oxon: Routledge.

Sadiki, Larbi; Wimmen, Heiko; Al Zubaidi, Layla (Eds.) (2013): Democratic Transition in the Middle East: Unmaking Power. Oxon: Routledge.

Tibi, Bassam (2013): The Sharia State: Arab Spring and Democratization. Oxon: Routledge.

Tschirgi, Dan; Kazziha, Walid; McMahon, Sean F. (Eds.) (2013): Egypt’s Tahrir Revolution. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Vasconcelos, Álvaro de (2012): Listening to Unfamiliar Voices: The Arab Democratic Wave. Paris: European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS). URL: http://www.iss.europa.eu/publications/detail/article/listening-to-unfamiliar-voices-the-arab-democratic-wave/

Vidino, Lorenzo (Ed.): The West and the Muslim Brotherhood after the Arab Spring. Philadelphia / Dubai: Foreign Policy Research Institute / Al Mesbar Studies & Research Centre. URL: http://www.fpri.org/articles/2013/02/west-and-muslim-brotherhood-after-arab-spring

West, Johnny (2011): Karama! Journeys through the Arab Spring. London: Heron Books.

Yafi, Wissam S. (2012): Inevitable Democracy in the Arab World: New Realities in an Ancient Land. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

 

Theses

Al-sebaei, Maisoon O. (2013, April): Egyptian Diasporas, Social Media, and the 2011 Egyptian Revolution: How Egyptians Living in Saudi Arabia used Social Media during the Revolution. (Master's Thesis, Grand Valley State University, Allendale, United States). URL: http://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/theses/53/

Back, Peter (2013, June): "We are all Hamza Alkhateeb": En analyse af voldelige billeder og sociale medier i den syriske borgerkrig. (Master's Thesis, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark). URL: http://rudar.ruc.dk/handle/1800/11034

Bagherpour, Amir K. (2012, Spring): Religion and the Evolution of Democracy: A Revised Selectorate Model for the Arab Spring. (Doctoral Dissertation, Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, United States). URL: http://scholarship.claremont.edu/cgu_etd/53/

Basselgia, Jennifer (2012, Spring): A Forecast for the Middle East: The Reemergence of an Islamic Caliphate in the Midst of the Arab Spring. (Senior Honors Thesis, Liberty University, Lynchburg, United States). URL: http://digitalcommons.liberty.edu/honors/299/

Daud, Asiya (2011): Cyber-Dissent in the Middle East: A Tool of Political Resistance. (Doctoral Dissertation, Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, United States). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3466735)

El-Gayed, Yusser (2013, May): The Influencing Factors of Public Procurement Policy Development: The Case of Libya. (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Salford, Salford, United Kingdom). URL: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/29205/

Friel, John P. (2012, March): The Arab Spring and Political Change: A Comparison of Revolutions. (Master's Thesis, Universität der Bundeswehr München, Munich, Germany / George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany). URL: http://marshallcenter.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p16378coll3/id/1

Gordon, Alissa Emily (2010, April): Collapse of the Arab Spring: Democratization and Regime Stability in Arab Authoritarian Regimes. (Master's Thesis, Georgetown University, Washington DC, United States). URL: http://repository.library.georgetown.edu/handle/10822/553500

Holden, Stephen (2013, May): Digital Affordances, Authoritarian Governments: Applying the Leveraged Affordances Model to High Risk Contention. (Master's Thesis, George Washington University, Washington DC, United States). URL: http://etd.gelman.gwu.edu/11715.html

Houthoff, Johanna Wilhelmine Frédérique (2012, June): European Border Security vs. Refugee Protection: The Ability of the EU to Protect Refugees during the Arab Spring. (Master's Thesis,  Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands). URL: https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/19386

Johnson, William Whitley (2012, August): The Arab Spring and U.S. National Security. (Master's Thesis, Angelo State University, San Angelo, United States). URL: http://repositories.tdl.org/asu-ir/bitstream/handle/2346.1/30020/johnson%20Thesis.pdf

Korn, Matthias (2013, January): Situating Engagement: Ubiquitous Infrastructures for In-Situ Civic Engagement. (Doctoral Dissertation, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark). URL: http://pure.au.dk/portal/en/publications/situating-engagement-ubiquitous-infrastructures-for-insitu-civic-engagement%2863bee5a9-e9e6-4852-addf-b7257ecf13aa%29.html

Logan, Tyler Pentland (2012, April): When Authoritarianism Failed in Tunisia: An Investigation of the Ben Ali Regime and the Factors that Led to its Downfall. (Master's Thesis, Georgetown University, Washington DC, United States). URL: https://repository.library.georgetown.edu/handle/10822/557507

McCrain, Josh (2013, June): When do Revolutions Lead to Democracy? The Conflict between Democracy and Governance in Georgia and Tunisia. (Master's Thesis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, United States). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 1538127)

McRae, Erin C. (2012): Social Movement Success in Authoritarian Settings: Kifaya and the Arab Spring in Egypt 2004-2011. (Master's Thesis, American University, Washington DC, United States). URL: http://aladinrc.wrlc.org//handle/1961/14919

Pedersen, Katarina Marcella (2013, April): After Gaddafi, what now? Issues of Transitional Justice. (Master's Thesis, Georgetown University, Washington DC, United States). URL: http://repository.library.georgetown.edu/handle/10822/558253

Perez, Bernadette C. (2012, February): The Power of the Proverbial Pen: The Importance of Social Media during the Arab Spring. (Master's Thesis, Georgetown University, Washington DC, United States). URL: http://repository.library.georgetown.edu/handle/10822/558365

Samuel, M. C. T. (2012, June): The Egyptian Revolution, Al-Jazeera, Twitter and Facebook: The Interaction Effect of New Media on the Egyptian Revolution. (Master's Thesis, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands). URL: https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/bitstream/handle/1887/19388/MIRD%20Master%20Thesis.pdf

Schafer, Shaun T. (2012, Summer): Revolution and Journalism Higher Education in the Middle East/North Africa Region. (Doctoral Dissertation, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, United States). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3523817)

Schumacher, Amy L. (2012, December): Lessons from Libya: A Situational Approach to the Generic Criticism of President Obama's March 28, 2011 Address to the Nation on Libya. (Master's Thesis, Marshall University, Huntington, United States). URL: http://mds.marshall.edu/etd/425/

Slattery, Sean Patrick (2012): The Rhetorical Linkage between Economic and Political Liberalization: A Case Study of the United States' Foreign Policy Response to the Arab Citizen Revolt. (Master's Thesis, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, United States). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 1512948)

Taraghi, Laila (2012, May): Competing for Relevance: Iran's Internal Struggle to Define the Arab Spring. (Master's Thesis, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, United States). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 1509602)

Trager, Eric (2013): Trapped and Untrapped: Mubarak's Opponents on the Eve of his Ouster. (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, United States).  Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3565259)

Wehrey, Frederic (2012): The Politics of Sectarianism in the Gulf: Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait, 2003-2011. (Doctoral Dissertation, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom).

Yousef, Nadia (2012): Guardians of the State or the Regime? Examining the Behaviour of the Egyptian Military during the 2011 Uprising. (Master's Thesis, Massey University, Manawatu, New Zealand). URL: http://mro.massey.ac.nz/handle/10179/4013

 

Journal Articles, Book Chapters and Online Reports

Acharya, Arabinda (2013): Impact of Arab Spring. In: Ten Years after 9/11: Rethinking the Jihadist Threat. Oxon: Routledge, 113-119.

Aday, Sean et al. (2013, July): Watching from afar: Media Consumption Patterns around the Arab Spring. American Behavioral Scientist, 57(7), 899-919. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002764213479373 URL: http://home.gwu.edu/~jsides/arabspring.pdf

Al Attar, Mohsen (2012): Counter-Revolution by Ideology? Law and Development's Vision(s) for Post-Revolutionary Egypt. Third World Quarterly, 33(9), 1611-1629. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2012.720834

Alexander, Yonah (2012, August): Special Update Report: Terrorism in North, West, & Central Africa: From 9/11 to the Arab Spring. Terrorism: An Electronic Journal and Knowledge Base, 1(1). URL: http://www.terrorismelectronicjournal.org/app/download/5656752982/2012-special-update-report-full-report-terrorism-in-africa-from-9-11-to-arab-spring-icts-potomac.pdf?t=1328807615 [Originally published in January 2012]

Alexander, Yonah et al. (2012, August): Arab Spring: A Year later and beyond: Special Report. Terrorism: An Electronic Journal and Knowledge Base, 1(1). URL: http://www.terrorismelectronicjournal.org/app/download/6227291982/Arab+Spring+Report.pdf?t=1342630021 [Originally published in March 2012]

Ali, Fatuma Ahmed; Macharia, Hannah Muthoni (2013): Women, Youth, and the Egyptian Arab Spring. Peace Review, 25(3), 359-366. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10402659.2013.816557

Ali, Sadaf R.; Fahmy, Shahira (2013, April): Gatekeeping and Citizen Journalism: The Use of Social Media during the Recent Uprisings in Iran, Egypt, and Libya. Media, War & Conflict, 6(1), 55-69. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1750635212469906

Al-Sayyid, Ridwan (2013): State and Religion in a Revolutionary Era: Perspectives and Demands of the Islamic Awakening. Contemporary Arab Affairs, 6(3), 325-340. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2013.799732

Al Tamamy, Saud Mousaed (2012): Saudi Arabia and the Arab Spring: Opportunities and Challenges of Security. Journal of Arabian Studies, 2(2), 143-156. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21534764.2012.734117

Amis, Jacob (2013, January): The Jordanian Brotherhood in the Arab Spring. Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, 14, 38-57. URL: http://www.currenttrends.org/docLib/20130124_CT14final.pdf

Aouragh, Miriyam (2012): Tweeting like a Pigeon: The Internet in the Arab Revolutions. CyberOrient, 6(2). URL: http://www.cyberorient.net/article.do?articleId=8000

Aran, Amnon (2012): Israel and the Arab Uprisings: A Provisional Analysis. RUSI Journal, 157(5), 56-61. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03071847.2012.733113

Asseburg, Muriel (2013): The Arab Spring and the European Response. The International Spectator, 48(2), 47-62. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03932729.2013.787824

Atwan, Abdel Bari (2012): The Arab Spring and Al Qaeda. In: After bin Laden: Al Qaeda, the Next Generation. London: Saqi Books, 39-79.

Aydinli, Ersel (2013): The Reform-Security Dilemma in Democratic Transitions: The Turkish Experience as Model? Democratization. Advance Online Publication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13510347.2013.811194

Ayoob, Mohammed (2012, Fall): The Arab Spring: Its Geostrategic Significance. Middle East Policy, 19(3), 84-97. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00549.x

Barany, Zoltan (2013, Summer): After the Arab Spring: Revolt and Resilience in the Arab Kingdoms. Parameters, 43(2), 89-101. URL: http://strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/parameters/Issues/Summer_2013/9_Barany_Article.pdf

Barkey, Henri J. (2012): Turkish-Iranian Competition after the Arab Spring. Survival, 54(6), 139-162. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2012.749639

Barnes, Ashley (2013, Summer): Creating Democrats? Testing the Arab Spring. Middle East Policy, 20(2), 55-72. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12020

Barrie, Douglas (2012): Libya's Lessons: The Air Campaign. Survival, 54(6), 57-65. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2012.749629

Barsalou, Judy (2012, Summer): Post-Mubarak Egypt: History, Collective Memory and Memorialization. Middle East Policy, 19(2), 134-147. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00540.x

Bashri, Maha; Netzley, Sara; Greiner, Amy (2012, November): Facebook Revolutions: Transitions in the Arab World, Transitions in Media Coverage? A Comparative Analysis of CNN and Al Jazeera English’s Online Coverage of the Tunisian and Egyptian Revolutions. Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, 5(1), 19-29. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1386/jammr.5.1.19_1

Bauer, Patricia (2013): European-Mediterranean Security and the Arab Spring: Changes and Challenges. Democracy and Security, 9(1-2), 1-18. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17419166.2012.736299

Ben Moussa, Mohamed (2013, Winter): Online Mobilization in Times of Conflict: A Framing-Analysis Perspective. Arab Media & Society, 17. URL: http://www.arabmediasociety.com/?article=817

Bhuiyan, Serajul I. (2011, August): Social Media and its Effectiveness in the Political Reform Movement in Egypt. Middle East Media Educator, 1(1), 14-20. URL: http://ro.uow.edu.au/meme/vol1/iss1/3/

Bicchi, Federica; Voltolini, Benedetta (2013): EU Democracy Assistance in the Mediterranean: What Relationship with the Arab Uprisings? Democracy and Security, 9(1-2), 80-99. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17419166.2012.736313

Blank, Stephen (2013, March): Facing the “Permanent Arab Spring”: Terrorism and Russia’s Evolving Threat Assessment. Terrorism Monitor, 11(6), 6-8. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue06_03.pdf

Boserup, Rasmus Alenius; Tassinari, Fabrizio (2012, March): The Return of Arab Politics and Europe's Chance to Engage Anew. Mediterranean Politics, 17(1), 97-103. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13629395.2012.655047

Boukhars, Anouar (2013, January): Algerian Foreign Policy in the Context of the Arab Spring. CTC Sentinel, 6(1), 17-21. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss1.pdf

Brancati, Dawn (2013, Winter): The 2011 Protests: Were they about Democracy? The Washington Quarterly, 36(1), 25-35. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0163660X.2013.751648 URL: http://csis.org/files/publication/TWQ_13Winter_Brancati.pdf

Brandon, James; Pantucci, Raffaello (2012, July): UK Islamists and the Arab Uprisings. Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, 13, 18-46. URL: http://www.currenttrends.org/docLib/201207271_currenttrendsvol13.pdf

Bricker, Noah Q.; Foley, Mark C. (2013): The Effect of Youth Demographics on Violence: The Importance of the Labor Market. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 7(1), 179-194. URL: http://www.ijcv.org/index.php/ijcv/article/view/290

Brooks, Risa (2013): Abandoned at the Palace: Why the Tunisian Military Defected from the Ben Ali Regime in January 2011. Journal of Strategic Studies, 36(2), 205-220. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01402390.2012.742011

Bruns, Axel; Highfield, Tim; Burgess, Jean (2013, July): The Arab Spring and Social Media Audiences: English and Arabic Twitter Users and their Networks. American Behavioral Scientist, 57(7), 871-898. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002764213479374

Büchs, Annette (2012): Wahlsieg der Islamisten in Ägypten: Der Aufstieg der Muslimbrüder und der Salafisten. GIGA Focus Nahost, 1/2012. URL: http://www.giga-hamburg.de/dl/download.php?d=/content/publikationen/pdf/gf_nahost_1201.pdf

Buehler, Matt (2013): Safety-Valve Elections and the Arab Spring: The Weakening (and Resurgence) of Morocco's Islamist Opposition Party. Terrorism and Political Violence, 25(1), 137-156. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2013.733274

Burnell, Peter (2013): Democratisation in the Middle East and North Africa: Perspectives from Democracy Support. Third World Quarterly, 34(5), 838-855. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2013.800742

Busch, Nathan E.; Pilat, Joseph F. (2013, March): Disarming Libya? A Reassessment after the Arab Spring. International Affairs, 89(2), 451-475. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2346.12027  URL: http://www.chathamhouse.org/sites/default/files/public/International%20Affairs/2013/89_2/89_2Busch_Pilat.pdf

Campante, Filipe R.; Chor, Davin (2012, Spring): Why was the Arab World Poised for Revolution? Schooling, Economic Opportunities, and the Arab Spring. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 26(2), 167-188. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/jep.26.2.167

Campbell, Heidi A.; Hawk, Diana (2012): Al Jazeera’s Framing of Social Media during the Arab Spring. Cyber Orient, 6(1). URL: http://www.cyberorient.net/article.do?articleId=7758

Carey, Sabine C.; Mitchell, Neil J.; Lowe, Will (2013, March): States, the Security Sector, and the Monopoly of Violence: A New Database on Pro-Government Militias. Journal of Peace Research, 50(2), 249-258. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022343312464881

Chasdi, Richard J. (2013, April): Forecasting the “Arab Spring” of 2011: Terrorist Incident Data from 2000-2010 Offered no Early Warning. Perspectives on Terrorism, 7(2), 63-71. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/255

Chaziza, Mordechai (2013, Summer): The Arab Spring: Implications for Chinese Policy. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 17(2), 73-83. URL: http://www.gloria-center.org/2013/08/the-arab-spring-implications-for-china-policy/

Chivvis, Christopher S. (2012): Libya and the Future of Liberal Intervention. Survival, 54(6), 69-92. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2012.749632

Cook, Steven A. (2012, Spring-Summer): Corruption and the Arab Spring. [Interview; Interviewer: Lorenzo Moretti and David Rudin]. The Brown Journal of World Affairs, 18(2), 21-28. URL: http://www.bjwa.org/article.php?id=f3OpkwiZIU2ZJ7DeBbQ3DODdJT55W29CNf4jNCxP

Dalmasso, Emanuela; Cavatorta, Francesco (2013): Democracy, Civil Liberties and the Role of Religion after the Arab Awakening: Constitutional Reforms in Tunisia and Morocco. Mediterranean Politics, 18(2), 225-241. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13629395.2013.799341

Della Ratta, Donatella; Valeriani, Augusto (2012): Remixing the Spring! Connective Leadership and Read-Write Practices in the 2011 Arab Uprisings. Cyber Orient, 6(1). URL: http://www.cyberorient.net/article.do?articleId=7763

onflict of 2011. International Affairs, 89(2), 365-379. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2346.12022 URL: http://www.chathamhouse.org/sites/default/files/public/International%20Affairs/2013/89_2/89_2deWaal.pdf

Diwan, Ishac (2013, March): Understanding Revolution in the Middle East: The Central Role of the Middle Class. Middle East Development Journal, 5(1), Article 1350004. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S1793812013500041 URL: http://belfercenter.hks.harvard.edu/files/Understanding%20Revolution.pdf

Donker, Teije Hidde (2013): Re-Emerging Islamism in Tunisia: Repositioning Religion in Politics and Society. Mediterranean Politics, 18(2), 207-224. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13629395.2013.799339

El-Beshry, Tarek (2013): Relationship between State and Religion: Egypt after the Revolution. Contemporary Arab Affairs, 6(3), 404-421. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2013.812595

Elgindy, Khaled (2012, Spring): Egypt's Troubled Transition: Elections without Democracy. The Washington Quarterly, 35(2), 89-104. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0163660X.2012.666192 URL: http://csis.org/files/publication/twq12springelgindy.pdf

Elhadj, Elie (2012, Fall): The Arab Spring and the Prospects for Genuine Religious and Political Reforms. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 16(3). URL: http://www.gloria-center.org/2012/11/the-arab-spring-and-the-prospects-for-genuine-religious-and-political-reforms/

El-Nawawy, Mohammed; Khamis, Sahar (2012): Cyberactivists Paving the Way for the Arab Spring: Voices from Egypt, Tunisia and Libya. Cyber Orient, 6(2). URL: http://www.cyberorient.net/article.do?articleId=7994

El-Nawawy, Mohammed; Khamis, Sahar (2012): Political Activism 2.0: Comparing the Role of Social Media in Egypt’s “Facebook Revolution” and Iran’s “Twitter Uprising”. Cyber Orient, 6(1). URL: http://www.cyberorient.net/article.do?articleId=7439

Ennis, Crystal A.; Momani, Bessma (2013): Shaping the Middle East in the Midst of the Arab Uprisings: Turkish and Saudi Foreign Policy Strategies. Third World Quarterly, 34(6), 1127-1144. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2013.802503

Fornaciari, Federica (2012, March): Framing the Egyptian Revolution: A Content Analysis of Al Jazeera English and the BBC. Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, 4(2-3), 223-235. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1386/jammr.4.2-3.223_1

Forstenlechner, Ingo; Rutledge, Emilie; Alnuaimi, Rashed Salem (2012, Winter): The UAE, the “Arab Spring” and Different Types of Dissent. Middle East Policy, 19(4), 54-67. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00559.x

Frangonikolopoulos, Christos A.; Chapsos, Ioannis (2012, Fall): Explaining the Role and the Impact of the Social Media in the Arab Spring. Global Media Journal: Mediterranean Edition, 7(2), 10-20. URL: http://globalmedia.emu.edu.tr/images/stories/ALL_ARTICLES/2012/Fall/2._Frangonikolopoulos_and_Chapsos.pdf

Frisch, Hillel (2013): The Egyptian Army and Egypt's “Spring”. Journal of Strategic Studies, 36(2), 180-204. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01402390.2012.740659

Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed; Vassefi, Tara (2012): Perceptions of the "Arab Spring": Within the Salafi-Jihadi Movement. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 35(12), 831-848. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2012.720241

Ghanem, As'ad (2013): The Palestinians: Lessons from the Arab Spring. Contemporary Arab Affairs, 6(3), 422-437. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2013.813111

Golan, Guy J. (2013, June): The Gates of Op-Ed Diplomacy: Newspaper Framing the 2011 Egyptian Revolution. International Communication Gazette, 75(4), 359-373. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1748048513482264

González-Bailón, Sandra; Borge-Holthoefer, Javier; Moreno, Yamir (2013, July): Broadcasters and Hidden Influentials in Online Protest Diffusion. American Behavioral Scientist, 57(7), 943-965. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002764213479371 

Gordon, Neve; Pardo, Sharon (2013): What can Pro-Democracy Activists in Arab Countries Expect from the European Union? Lessons from the Union's Relations with Israel. Democracy and Security, 9(1-2), 100-119. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17419166.2013.747834

Groshek, Jacob (2012, December): Forecasting and Observing: A Cross-Methodological Consideration of Internet and Mobile Phone Diffusion in the Egyptian Revolt. International Communication Gazette, 74(8), 750-768. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1748048512459147  URL: http://www.jgroshek.com/Gazette_Forecasting.pdf

Guzansky, Yoel; Berti, Benedetta (2013, Winter): Is the New Middle East Stuck in its Sectarian Past? The Unspoken Dimension of the “Arab Spring”. Orbis, 57(1), 135-151. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.orbis.2012.10.009 URL: http://www.inss.org.il.cdn.reblaze.com/upload/%28FILE%291355044444.pdf

Halverson, Jeffry R.; Ruston, Scott W.; Trethewey, Angela (2013, April): Mediated Martyrs of the Arab Spring: New Media, Civil Religion, and Narrative in Tunisia and Egypt. Journal of Communication, 63(2), 312-332. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcom.12017

Haynes, Jeffrey (2013): The “Arab Uprising”, Islamists and Democratization. Mediterranean Politics, 18(2), 170-188. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13629395.2013.799323

Hazran, Yusri (2012, Fall): The Arab Revolutions: A Preliminary Reading. Middle East Policy, 19(3), 116-123. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00551.x

Hehir, Aidan (2013, Summer): The Permanence of Inconsistency: Libya, the Security Council, and the Responsibility to Protect. International Security, 38(1), 137-159. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/ISEC_a_00125

Holbrook, Donald (2012, December): Al-Qaeda's Response to the Arab Spring. Perspectives on Terrorism, 6(6), 4-21. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/228

in the Arab World. The Washington Quarterly, 35(3), 59-73. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0163660X.2012.704342 URL: http://csis.org/files/publication/twq12SummerInbar.pdf

Janning, Josef; Frontini, Andrea (2013): Unfulfilled Promises: An Assessment of the Arab Spring, its Challenges and Prospects. .SIAK-Journal, 1/2013, 4-18. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7396/2013_1_A

Joffé, George (2013): Introduction: Radicalisation and the Arab Spring. In: George Joffé (Ed.): Islamist Radicalisation in Europe and the Middle East: Reassessing the Causes of Terrorism. London: I.B. Tauris, 1-16.

Johnson, Nicole V. (2012, Fall): Turkish Reactions to the Arab Spring: Implications for United States Foreign Policy. Global Security Studies, 3(4), 1-10. URL: http://globalsecuritystudies.com/Johnson%20Turkey.pdf

Jones, Clive; Milton-Edwards, Beverley (2013, March): Missing the “Devils” we Knew? Israel and Political Islam amid the Arab Awakening. International Affairs, 89(2), 399-415. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2346.12024 URL: http://www.chathamhouse.org/sites/default/files/public/International%20Affairs/2013/89_2/89_2Jones_Milton-Edwards_Rev.pdf

Jourchi, Salaheddine (2013): The State and Identity: The Relationship between Religion and Politics – Tunisia as an Example. Contemporary Arab Affairs. Advance Online Publication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2013.824141

Juneau, Thomas (2013, Summer): Yemen and the Arab Spring: Elite Struggles, State Collapse and Regional Security. Orbis, 57(3), 408-423. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.orbis.2013.05.004

Kaboub, Fadhel (2013, March): The Making of the Tunisian Revolution. Middle East Development Journal, 5(1), Article 1350003. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S179381201350003X

Kahl, Colin H.; Lynch, Marc (2013, Spring): U.S. Strategy after the Arab Uprisings: Toward Progressive Engagement. The Washington Quarterly, 36(2), 39-60. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0163660X.2013.791081 URL: http://csis.org/files/publication/TWQ_13Spring_Kahl-Lynch.pdf

Karolak, Magdalena (2013): Arab Spring and the Escalation of the Sectarian Divide in Bahrain: An Assessment. conflict & communication online, 12(1). URL: http://www.cco.regener-online.de/2013_1/abstr_engl/karolak_abstr_engl.htm

Khalifa Isaac, Sally (2013): Rethinking the New ENP: A Vision for an Enhanced European Role in the Arab Revolutions. Democracy and Security, 9(1-2), 40-60. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17419166.2012.736308

Khamis, Sahar; Vaughn, Katherine (2012, March): “We are all Khaled Said”: The Potentials and Limitations of Cyberactivism in Triggering Public Mobilization and Promoting Political Change. Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, 4(2-3), 145-163. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1386/jammr.4.2-3.145_1

Khashan, Hilal (2012): The Eclipse of Arab Authoritarianism and the Challenge of Popular Sovereignty. Third World Quarterly, 33(5), 919-930. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2012.687509

Khoury, Nabeel A. (2013, Summer): The Arab Cold War Revisited: The Regional Impact of the Arab Uprising. Middle East Policy, 20(2), 73-87. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12021

Kuperman, Alan J. (2013, Summer): A Model Humanitarian Intervention? Reassessing NATO's Libya Campaign. International Security, 38(1), 105-136. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/ISEC_a_00126

Lang, Anthony F., Jr. (2013, March): From Revolutions to Constitutions: The Case of Egypt. International Affairs, 89(2), 345-363. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2346.12021 URL: http://www.chathamhouse.org/sites/default/files/public/International%20Affairs/2013/89_2/89_2Lang.pdf

Lindsey, Richard A. (2013, July): What the Arab Spring Tells us about the Future of Social Media in Revolutionary Movements. Small Wars Journal, 7/2013. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/what-the-arab-spring-tells-us-about-the-future-of-social-media-in-revolutionary-movements

Mabon, Simon (2012, Summer): The Battle for Bahrain: Iranian-Saudi Rivalry. Middle East Policy, 19(2), 84-97. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00537.x

MacKenzie, Alex; Kaunert, Christian; Léonard, Sarah (2013): EU Counterterrorism and the Southern Mediterranean Countries after the Arab Spring: New Potential for Cooperation? Democracy and Security, 9(1-2), 137-156. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17419166.2013.747908

Maghraoui, Abdeslam (2012, Summer): The Perverse Effect of Good Governance: Lessons from Morocco. Middle East Policy, 19(2), 49-65. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00535.x

Mattes, Hanspeter (2013): Schwierige Neupositionierung des Militärs in Tunesien, Ägypten und Libyen. GIGA Focus Nahost, 4/2013. URL: http://www.giga-hamburg.de/dl/download.php?d=/content/publikationen/pdf/gf_nahost_1304.pdf

McCants, William (2013, July 7): Salafis after the Coup: What Morsi's Ouster Means for Radical Islamists. Foreign Policy. URL: http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/139565/william-mccants/salafis-after-the-coup

McGregor, Andrew (2013, July): Sinai Insurgency Exploits Political Crisis in Egypt. Terrorism Monitor, 11(14), 8-10. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue14_04.pdf

McGregor, Andrew (2013, August): Bahrain’s Monarchy Determined to Prevent Egyptian-Style Revolt in Mid-August. Terrorism Monitor, 11(16), 6-9. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue16_01.pdf

Meraz, Sharon; Papacharissi, Zizi (2013, April): Networked Gatekeeping and Networked Framing on #egypt. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 18(2), 138-166. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1940161212474472 URL: http://tigger.uic.edu/~zizi/Site/Research_files/MerazPapacharissi.pdf

Miladi, Noureddine (2012, March): New Media and the Arab Revolution: Citizen Reporters and Social Activism. Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, 4(2-3), 113-119. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1386/jammr.4.2-3.113_2

Milton-Edwards, Beverley (2012): Revolt and Revolution: The Place of Islamism. Critical Studies on Terrorism, 5(2), 219-236. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17539153.2012.686658

Milton-Edwards, Beverley (2013, Fall): Hamas and the Arab Spring: Strategic Shifts? Middle East Policy, 20(3), 60-72. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12033

Mneimneh, Hassan (2011, October): The Spring of a New Political Salafism? Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, 12, 21-36. URL: http://www.currenttrends.org/docLib/201110281_ct12.pdf

Mohamed, Ali Sayed (2012, March): On the Road to Democracy: Egyptian Bloggers and the Internet 2010. Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, 4(2-3), 253-272. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1386/jammr.4.2-3.253_1

National Committee on American Foreign Policy (2013): The Middle East at Crossroads. American Foreign Policy Interests, 35(4), 221-234. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10803920.2013.819732

Nepstad, Sharon Erickson (2013, May): Mutiny and Nonviolence in the Arab Spring: Exploring Military Defections and Loyalty in Egypt, Bahrain, and Syria. Journal of Peace Research, 50(3), 337-349. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022343313476529

Newnham, Jack; Bell, Peter (2012): Social Network Media and Political Activism: A Growing Challenge for Law Enforcement. Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism, 7(1), 36-50. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/18335330.2012.653194

Nuruzzaman, Mohammed (2013): Human Security and the Arab Spring. Strategic Analysis, 37(1), 52-64. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09700161.2013.737583

Ottosen, Rune; Slaatta, Tore; Øfsti, Sigurd (2013): How they Missed the Big Story: Norwegian News Media and NATO’s Military Operation in Libya. conflict & communication online, 12(1). URL: http://www.cco.regener-online.de/2013_1/pdf/ottosen_et_al.pdf

Owais, Rasha (2011): Arab Media during the Arab Spring in Egypt and Tunisia: Time for Change. Middle East Media Educator, 1(1), 9-13. URL: http://ro.uow.edu.au/meme/vol1/iss1/2/

Owen, Roger (2013, March): The Political Economy of Arab Presidents for Life – and after. Middle East Development Journal, 5(1), Article 1350001. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S1793812013500016 URL: http://scholar.harvard.edu/files/ero/files/medj_1350001_published.pdf

Pahwa, Sumita (2013): Secularizing Islamism and Islamizing Democracy: The Political and Ideational Evolution of the Egyptian Muslim Brothers 1984-2012. Mediterranean Politics, 18(2), 189-206. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13629395.2013.799324

per Concordiam Staff (2013, June): Sustaining the Arab Spring. per Concordiam, 4(2), 54-57. URL:  http://www.marshallcenter.org/mcpublicweb/en/component/content/article/70-cat-col-pubs-per-concordiam/1170-per-concordiam-volume-4-number-2.html

Robertson, Alexa (2013, July): Connecting in Crisis: “Old” and “New” Media and the Arab Spring. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 18(3), 325-341. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1940161213484971

Roccu, Roberto (2013): David Harvey in Tahrir Square: The Dispossessed, the Discontented and the Egyptian Revolution. Third World Quarterly, 34(3), 423-440. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2013.785338

Rodgers, James (2013, April): The Air Raids that never were and the War that nobody Won: Government Propaganda in Conflict Reporting and how Journalists Should Respond to it. Global Media and Communication, 9(1), 5-18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1742766512463037

Root, Anton (2012): Beyond the Soapbox: Facebook and the Public Sphere in Egypt. Cyber Orient, 6(1). URL: http://www.cyberorient.net/article.do?articleId=7751

Rosiny, Stephan (2012): Islamismus und die Krise der autoritären arabischen Regime. GIGA Focus Nahost, 2/2012. URL: http://www.giga-hamburg.de/dl/download.php?d=/content/publikationen/pdf/gf_nahost_1202.pdf

Rubin, Aviad (2012, December): Can Turkey's State-Religion Relationship Serve as a Role Model for Emerging Arab Regimes? A Critical Assessment. Contemporary Politics, 18(4), 367-380. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13569775.2012.728028

Rubin, Barry M. (2013, Summer): Revolutionary Salafi Islamists in Egypt: An Analysis and Guide. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 17(2), 37-54. URL: http://www.gloria-center.org/2013/08/2013-06-17-02-2/

Rugh, William A. (2012, Summer): Egyptian Politics and American Diplomacy. Middle East Policy, 19(2), 36-48. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00534.x

Salamey, Imad; Pearson, Frederic S. (2012): The Collapse of Middle Eastern Authoritarianism: Breaking the Barriers of Fear and Power. Third World Quarterly, 33(5), 931-948. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2012.674702

Salloukh, Bassel F. (2013): The Arab Uprisings and the Geopolitics of the Middle East. The International Spectator, 48(2), 32-46. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03932729.2013.787830

Sariolghalam, Mahmood (2013, Spring): Transition in the Middle East: New Arab Realities and Iran. Middle East Policy, 20(1), 121-134. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12009

Sayed, Nermeen (2012, March): Towards the Egyptian Revolution: Activists’ Perceptions of Social Media for Mobilization. Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, 4(2-3), 273-298. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1386/jammr.4.2-3.273_1

Schraeder, Peter J. (2012, Autumn): Tunisia's Jasmine Revolution & the Arab Spring: Implications for International Intervention. Orbis, 56(4), 662-675. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.orbis.2012.08.009

Schroeder, Rob; Everton, Sean; Shepherd, Russell (2012, November): Mining Twitter Data from the Arab Spring. Combating Terrorism Exchange, 2(4). URL: https://globalecco.org/mining-twitter-data-from-the-arab-spring

Schwedler, Jillian (2013, March): Islamists in Power? Inclusion, Moderation, and the Arab Uprisings. Middle East Development Journal, 5(1), Article 1350006. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S1793812013500065

Seeberg, Peter (2013): The Arab Uprisings and the EU's Migration Policies: The Cases of Egypt, Libya, and Syria. Democracy and Security, 9(1-2), 157-176. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17419166.2013.747909

Sieck, Winston R. et al. (2013): Violent and Peaceful Crowd Reactions in the Middle East: Cultural Experiences and Expectations. Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression, 5(1), 20-44. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19434472.2011.616668 URL: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/233287586_Violent_and_peaceful_crowd_reactions_in_the_Middle_East_cultural_experiences_and_expectations/file/79e4150cfadee31f0f.pdf

Sommer, Jacob; Rum, Triin (2013): Discovering the Libyan Youth Movement’s Identity through Facebook. conflict & communication online, 12(1). URL: http://www.cco.regener-online.de/2013_1/abstr_engl/sommer_rum_abstr_engl.htm

Spencer, Claire; Kinninmont, Jane (2013, April): The Arab Spring: The Changing Dynamics of West-GCC Cooperation. In: Riccardo Alcaro; Andrea Dessì (Eds.): The Uneasy Balance: Potential and Challenges of the West's Relations with the Gulf States. (IAI Research Papers, No. 8), 49-69. URL: http://www.chathamhouse.org/sites/default/files/public/Research/Middle%20East/iai2013_spencer_kinninmont.pdf

Spitzberg, Brian H. et al. (2013, June): The Map is not which Territory? Speculating on the Geo-Spatial Diffusion of Ideas in the Arab Spring of 2011. Studies in Media and Communication, 1(1), 101-115. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11114/smc.v1i1.64

Stein, Ewan (2012): Revolution or Coup? Egypt's Fraught Transition. Survival, 54(4), 45-66. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2012.709388

Sun, Degang; Zoubir, Yahia (2013): China's Response to the Revolts in the Arab World: A Case of Pragmatic Diplomacy. Mediterranean Politics. Advance Online Publication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13629395.2013.809257

Tawil, Camille (2013, May): Morocco’s Stability in the Wake of the Arab Spring. CTC Sentinel, 6(5), 18-21. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/CTC Sentinel,Vol.6, Issue 5.pdf

Teti, Andrea; Thompson, Darcy; Noble, Christopher (2013): EU Democracy Assistance Discourse in its New Response to a Changing Neighbourhood. Democracy and Security, 9(1-2), 61-79. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17419166.2012.736311 URL: http://www.international-alert.org/sites/default/files/Teti%20Thompson%20Noble%202013%20EU%20Democracy%20%20Assistance%20Discourse%20in%20Its%20New%20Response%20to%20a%20Changing%20Neighbourhood%20-%20v9n1[1].pdf

Thakur, Ramesh (2013, Spring): R2P after Libya and Syria: Engaging Emerging Powers. The Washington Quarterly, 36(2), 61-76. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0163660X.2013.791082 URL: http://csis.org/files/publication/TWQ_13Spring_Thakur.pdf

Tömmel, Ingeborg (2013): The New Neighborhood Policy of the EU: An Appropriate Response to the Arab Spring? Democracy and Security, 9(1-2), 19-39. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17419166.2012.736306

Torelli, Stefano M.; Merone, Fabio; Cavatorta, Francesco (2012, Winter): Salafism in Tunisia: Challenges and Opportunities for Democratization. Middle East Policy, 19(4), 140-154. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00566.x

Tripp, Charles (2013, Spring-Summer): Art of the Uprisings in the Middle East. The Brown Journal of World Affairs, 19(2), 185-199. URL: http://www.bjwa.org/article.php?id=9t2Uz27a8h8UHAvctb688t7WGO7lvE83Ev4gH93K

Tudoroiu, Theodor (2013): The Arab Spring: Last Episode of the Cold War. Contemporary Politics. 19(3), 304-320. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13569775.2013.804153

Turner, John (2012, Fall): Great Powers as Client States in a Middle East Cold War. Middle East Policy, 19(3), 124-134. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00552.x

Utley, Rachel (2013): France and the Arab Upheavals: Beyond Sarkozy.  RUSI Journal, 158(2), 68-79. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03071847.2013.787752

Valbjørn, Morten (2013): The 2013 Parliamentary Elections in Jordan: Three Stories and some General Lessons. Mediterranean Politics, 18(2), 311-317. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13629395.2013.799347

Valbjørn, Morten; Bank, André (2012, January): The New Arab Cold War: Rediscovering the Arab Dimension of Middle East Regional Politics. Review of International Studies, 38(1), 3-24. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0260210511000283 URL: http://pure.au.dk/portal/files/39717123/Valbjorn_Bank_RIS_first_view.pdf

Voll, John et al. (2012, Summer): Symposium: Political Islam in the Arab Awakening: Who are the Major Players? Middle East Policy, 19(2), 10-35. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00533.x

Waters, TJ (2012, November): Social Media and the Arab Spring. Small Wars Journal, 11/2012. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/social-media-and-the-arab-spring

Willis, Matthew (2012): Britain in Bahrain in 2011. RUSI Journal, 157(5), 62-71. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03071847.2012.733114

Wilner, Alex S. (2011, September): Opportunity Costs or Costly Opportunities? The Arab Spring, Osama Bin Laden, and Al-Qaeda's African Affiliates. Perspectives on Terrorism, 5(3-4), 50-62. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/155

Wolf, Anne (2013, January): Tunisia: Signs of Domestic Radicalization Post-Revolution. CTC Sentinel, 6(1), 1-4. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/CTC Sentinel, Vol. 6, Issue 1.pdf

Wolf, Anne (2013, April): The Salafist Temptation: The Radicalization of Tunisia’s Post-Revolution Youth. CTC Sentinel, 6(4), 13-15. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss4.pdf

Wolfsfeld, Gadi; Segev, Elad; Sheafer, Tamir (2013, April): Social Media and the Arab Spring: Politics Comes First. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 18(2), 115-137. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1940161212471716

Worrall, James (2012, Fall): Oman: The “Forgotten” Corner of the Arab Spring. Middle East Policy, 19(3), 98-115. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00550.x

York, Jillian C. (2012, Winter-Spring): The Arab Digital Vanguard: How a Decade of Blogging Contributed to a Year of Revolution. Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, 13(1), 33-42. URL: http://jilliancyork.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/33-42-FORUM-York.pdf

Yükleyen, Ahmet; Abba, Aziz (2013): Religious Authorization of the Justice and Spirituality Movement in Morocco. Politics, Religion & Ideology, 14(1), 136-153. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21567689.2012.739965

Zaccara, Luciano (2013, June): Comparing Elections in Gulf Cooperation Council Countries after the Arab Spring: The United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Kuwait. Journal of Arabian Studies, 3(1), 80-101. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21534764.2013.802941

Zeino-Mahmalat, Ellinor (2013, August): Die Rollen Saudi-Arabiens und Irans während der arabischen Umbrüche und danach. KAS Auslandsinformationen, 8/2013, 6-31. URL: http://www.kas.de/wf/doc/kas_35168-544-1-30.pdf?130815111404

Zelin, Aaron Y.; Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed; Lebovich, Andrew (2013, July): Al-Qa`ida in the Islamic Maghreb’s Tunisia Strategy. CTC Sentinel, 6(7), 21-25. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss7.pdf

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About the compiler: Judith Tinnes, Ph.D., studied Information Science and New German Literature and Linguistics at the Saarland University (Germany). Her doctoral thesis dealt with Internet usage of Islamist terrorists and insurgents. Currently she works in the Research & Development department of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information (ZPID) (http://www.zpid.de). She also serves as Editorial Assistant for ‘Perspectives on Terrorism’.



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