“Counterterrorism Bookshelf” – 23 Books on Terrorism & Counter-terrorism Related Subjects

“Counterterrorism Bookshelf” – 23 Books on Terrorism & Counter-terrorism Related Subjects

by Joshua Sinai

This column consists of two parts: capsule reviews of ten books recently published on terrorism and counterterrorism-related topics, and - continuing the series begun in the previous column of highlighting books by significant publishers (listed in alphabetical order) - capsule reviews of 13 important books published by CRC Press.

Note: Future columns will review books by publishers such as Hurst, Oxford University Press, Palgrave Macmillan, Polity, Routledge, Rowman & Littlefield, Springer, Stanford University Press, and the University of Chicago Press.

General Reviews

Gershon Baskin, with Ilene Prusher, The Negotiator: Freeing Gilad Schalit From Hamas. New Milford, CT: The Toby Press, 2013. 283 pages, US$24.95 [Hardcover], ISBN: 978-1592643493.

This is a first-hand account by an American-Israeli peace activist of his role in arranging for the release of Gilad Schalit, an Israeli soldier who was kidnapped by Hamas in 2006. Schalit was released in October 2011 as part of an exchange deal by the Israeli government and Hamas for 1,027 Palestinian and Israeli Arab prisoners with a nexus to terrorist activity. Acting in his non-governmental capacity, Jerusalem-based Dr. Baskin was extensively involved (with other players) in the secret back channel negotiations between Israel and Hamas, with these dealings and the wider context in which they were conducted revealed in the letters, e-mails, and other documents that were exchanged between the players over the five-year period, which are contained in the book, thus making it a valuable primary source for those analyzing Israeli-Hamas relations. Regarding the future of the Israeli-Hamas conflict, Dr. Baskin concludes that “I remain optimistic. I believe Israeli-Palestinian peace is possible. This conflict is solvable. I also believe negotiations can succeed only via a secret direct back channel. So I continue my efforts.” (p. 277).  

Robert J. Bunker and Christopher James Flaherty, Body Cavity Bombers: The New Martyrs. [A Terrorism Research Center Book]. iUniverse, 2013, 362 pages, $23.95 [Paperback], ISBN: 978-1491703106.

With terrorist groups continuously attempting to innovate their bomb explosives and attack tactics in order to evade and penetrate their government adversaries’ own innovations in hardening their defensive measures, one of the latest concerns in counterterrorism is the potential for terrorists to acquire the capability to surgically implant explosives in body cavities in order to evade new developments in detection technologies. Such a technological and tactical innovation would also produce a new type of undetectable suicide bomber. As I wrote (for full disclosure) in a blurb for this book’s cover, that this is a highly innovative and authoritative account of this new terrorist tactic. The volume’s chapters discuss subjects such as emerging adversary tactics (including by Al-Qaeda) in the use of body cavity bombers against high value targets, the blast effects of such explosive charges, technologies to detect body cavity bombs, and future trends in such warfare. The authors are associates at the Terrorism Research Center (TRC) (http://www.terrorism.org/).

Aage Borchgrevink [translated by Guy Puzey], A Norwegian Tragedy: Anders Behring Breivik and the Massacre on Utoya. Malden, MA: Polity, 2014. 300 pages, US$25.00 [Hardcover], ISBN: 9780745672205

A highly detailed and authoritative account by a Norwegian journalist of the carefully orchestrated violent rampage by Anders Behring Breivik on July 22, 2011, in which 77 people were killed in the two successive attacks in Oslo and on the island of Utoya. To understand the paths that led Breivik to become a violent extremist, the author examines the roots of radicalisation in Norway, which he describes as “the holes in the net of our society” and which help to explain how “children from peaceful and prosperous societies end up as terrorists? (p. viii). He concludes that “Through my work on this book I have moved away from seeing 22 July 2011 as a reflection of a greater ‘reaction to globalisation and modernity’ and far in the direction towards seeing the acts of terrorism that day as the outcome of a deficit of family care, the intergenerational transferral of poor attachment patterns and a resultant individual mental illness. I no longer believe that Breivik’s radicalisation, his hatred, was due mainly to mass suggestion or to the ideological greenhouse effect of the counter-jihadist online community.” (p. 267) He adds that while this “does not mean that the terrorist attacks were not a political act,” mental illness and [extremist] politics are closely linked. (p. 269) The psychological issues raised by Mr. Borchgrevink account, which are backed up by his journalistic research on Breivik’s life and activities, make this book an important empirical and theoretical contribution to the literature on the study of radicalisation into violent extremism.

Dane S. Egli, Beyond the Storms: Strengthening Homeland Security and Disaster Management to Achieve Resilience. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2014. 248 pages, US$74.95 [Hardcover], US$34.95 [Paperback], ISBN: 978-0765641953.

A comprehensive, systematic and authoritative account of the importance of the role of resilience in protecting critical infrastructure against a spectrum of threats, ranging from terrorism to natural disasters. The chapters discuss issues such as the nature of threats (including terrorism, cyber-attacks, pandemics and climate calamities), the components of critical infrastructure protection, understanding resilience (including its strategic context and methodologies for data collection and analysis), public-private partnerships in building resilience, formulating a risk assessment framework and metrics for effectiveness in evaluating resilience programs, and strategic and operational recommendations for crafting resiliency frameworks at national and local levels. The concluding chapter includes case studies of the spectrum of threats against critical infrastructure, such as hurricanes, earthquakes and electricity blackouts that are intended to frame these situations within the relevant fields where establishing resilience is crucial, especially in preparedness, disaster management, emergency response, resilience, public-private partnerships, and collective action. “Beyond the Storms,” which also includes numerous figures and tables to illustrate the text, is an important textbook and reference resource on homeland security. The author is a national security advisor at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, and a former Coast Guard officer who served on the White House National Security Council staff on Homeland Security issues.

Hassan M. Eltaher, Aviation & Maritime Security Intelligence. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: E&W Communications, 2012. 242 pages, US$ 20.00 [Paperback], ISBN: 978-0978476014.

A comprehensive examination of the role of intelligence in aviation and maritime transportation security. The book is divided into two parts. The first part, which is primarily conceptual in nature, covers the subject of intelligence in order to explain how the intelligence process and intelligence methodologies work in identifying, assessing and prioritizing the nature of the threats (whether terrorism or piracy) against these transportation sectors. The second part provides a practical application of intelligence in aviation and maritime security, with chapters covering topics such as terrorist and piracy threats against ships, ports and port facilities, international straits and waterways, as well as threats against the aviation sector. The concluding chapters focus on the components involved in building law enforcement and security partnerships in these transportation sectors, including a discussion of the operational capabilities of fusion centers in providing integrated response measures. The author concludes that to defeat the adversary and reduce the cost of protecting these sectors, “The bottom line for transportation security as well as intelligence professionals is to be able to identify the threat potential much, much earlier in the process, which is what we should always aim for. That is why intelligence has to be on the ball and ahead of everybody else.” (p. 183). The author, a security consultant, is a former high ranking aviation and maritime security official at the Canadian Department of Transport.

David Kilcullen, Out of the Mountains: The Coming Age of the Urban Guerrilla. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2013. 352 pages, US$27.95 [Hardcover], ISBN: 978-0199737505.

An account of the challenges that need to be taken into account in responding to future violent conflicts around the world in terms of four megatrends that are likely to affect them: population growth, urbanization, coastal settlement, and their electronic and networked connectedness. With cities likely to become the critical unit of analysis and center-of-gravity for future conflicts, the author writes, it will be essential to build up a country’s resiliency to effectively respond to threats in such ever growing, dense, and conflict-ridden urban regions. Several case studies, including Mogadishu, Benghazi, Mumbai, and cities in Egypt and Tunisia that were instrumental in furthering the Arab Spring, are examined to test the author’s thesis, which he terms a theory of “competitive control.” According to this theory, violent groups such as drug cartels, street gangs, warlords, and terrorists attempt to increase their strength in such urban environments in competition against their [however weak and fragile] government adversaries. To address and defeat such future challenges, the author recommends a comprehensive program, including upgrading a response community’s knowledge of academic disciplines such as urban planning, systems engineering, renewable energy, and conflict resolution and mediation. The author is the CEO of Caerus Associates, a strategy consulting firm in the Washington, DC, region, and is a former Australian Army officer and counterinsurgency consultant in Iraq who has published several books on counterinsurgency.

Maajid Nawaz with Tom Bromley, Radical: My Journey Out of Islamist Extremism. Guilford, CT: Lyons Press, 2013. 296 pages, US$26.95 [Hardcover], ISBN: 978-0-7627-9136-1.

A fascinating and well-written memoir by a former British Islamist, who had joined Hizb ut-Tahrir at age sixteen, eventually rising to become one of their top recruiters and spokesmen. In the aftermath of 9/11, he was arrested and imprisoned in Egypt (in the same prison that originally held Sayyid Qutb, one of the “fathers” of Islamist extremism). Yet after four years he renounced his extremist views and left prison determined to shape a new generation of moderate Muslim youth. Now, back in London, he was instrumental in co-founding Quilliam, a foundation and research institute that counters the narratives of Islamist extremism through publications and field work in Islamist conflict zones. Numerous important insights are sprinkled throughout the book, including the observation that “In perceiving the potency of ideas, Islamists vehemently oppose the rise of any intellectual alternative. They realise that if another idea were to take root in Muslim-majority nations, it would spell the beginning of the end for their own ideological stranglehold.” (p. 256) This important account provides the “intellectual narrative” that is essential in building the tool kits to counter Islamist extremism in all its manifestations.

Jonathan Schanzer, State of Failure: Yasser Arafat, Mahmoud Abbas, and the Unmaking of the Palestinian State. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. 256 pages, US$27.00 [Hardcover], ISBN: 978-1137278241.

An examination of the governance problems confronting the Palestinian Authority on its road to becoming an independent state. With the Palestinian Authority (PA), the interim body established in 1994 to govern parts of the West Bank the Gaza Strip relinquished by Israel, the author attempts to analyze whether it has become “an efficient, transparent, or financially viable authority that is prepared to function as a government for the Palestinian people” (p. 5) He concludes that “the answer, unfortunately, is ‘no.’ The reason: the PA and its antecedents have been beset by bad governance.” (p. 5) To remedy the “dysfunction” of the Palestinian Authority as it is currently configured (for instance, with the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip “divided between two warring factions of Fatah and Hamas,” (p. 5), the author proposes a 14-point program to provide the Palestinians with “the kinds of durable government institutions that will allow them to subsist side-by-side with Israel.” (p. 195) Although this is a short book (consisting of 200 double spaced pages of text and 39 pages of endnotes), and the author glosses over the impact of Israel’s large-scale settlement program in the West Bank (including the vociferous opposition by many of its militant settlers to any territorial compromise with the PA in exchange of a peace agreement), Dr. Schanzer’s narrative deserves attention for the problems it raises about PA governance – problems that need to be addressed by those seeking to facilitate statehood for the Palestinian people. Dr. Schanzer is Vice President for Research at the Washington, DC-based Foundation for Defense of Democracies. 

Jacob N. Shapiro, The Terrorist's Dilemma: Managing Violent Covert Organisations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2013. 352 pages, US$29.95 [Hardcover], ISBN: 9781400848645.

An innovative, comprehensive and empirically-based examination of the diverse methods used by terrorist groups to control their members and enforce discipline within their organizations. Such methods of control vary, according to the author, due to variations in how terrorist groups are structured (e.g., hierarchical or loosely affiliated) and how their political objectives interact with their particular operational environments. Understanding these methods of control is important, the author writes, because it also creates security vulnerabilities within these groups that can be exploited by counterterrorism services. These issues are examined through an application of agency theory (the relationship between management principals and their agents in an organisation), historical case studies, and terrorists' documents and writings. The author is an assistant professor of politics and international affairs at Princeton University and codirects the Empirical Studies of Conflict Project.

Erroll Southers, Homegrown Violent Extremism. Boston, MA: Anderson Publishing, 2013. 142 pages, US$29.95 [Paperback], ISBN: 9781455776436.

An insightful and authoritative account of the nature and threat of what is termed “homegrown violent extremism” (HVE), the conditions and vulnerabilities that produce it, and governmental and private sector approaches that are effective at mitigating such threats at the societal, community and individual levels. The book is divided into two parts, with the first part covering topics such as the motivations and ideologies of those who become homegrown violent extremists (e.g., racial supremacy, extremist religious and political ideologies), the components of the radicalisation process (including the role of leadership in radicalisation), the role of group behavior on perpetuating violent extremism, and how they calculate their terrorist attacks. The second part covers approaches and methodologies to counter HVE, ranging from leveraging academic disciplines in the humanities, the sciences, and social sciences, and what the author terms “a mosaic of engagement” based on countering extremism models by the United Kingdom and the United States. The overall objective in countering HVE, the author points out, is to exert a positive influence on the environments that produce extremism, thereby reducing the risk of radicalisation in such communities. The author is Associate Director of Research Transition at the Department of Homeland Security National Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events (CREATE), University of Southern California, and a former high ranking officer in United States law enforcement.

CRC Press

Frank Bolz, Jr., Kenneth J. Dudonis, and David P. Schulz, The Counterterrorism Handbook: Tactics, Procedures, and Techniques. [Fourth Edition] Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2012. 529 pages, US$ 93.95 [Hardcover], ISBN 9781439846704.

A comprehensive account of the nature and magnitude of the origins, causes, aims, tactics, weapons and tactics of terrorism and the strategies and techniques required for effective counterterrorism, such as establishing command and control, intelligence mechanisms (e.g., surveillance), managing bombing and hostage-taking incidents, and interviewing victims. The authors are veteran Homeland Security and law enforcement practitioners, making this an indispensable and authoritative reference resource for those involved in counterterrorism, whether in public safety or analytic communities.

Ann R. Bumbak, Profiling Cop-Killers. Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2014. 278 pages, US$ 39.95 [Paperback], ISBN: 978-1482211412.

With a focus on training police officers to survive potential deadly encounters, this authoritative volume examines the sociological history, psychology, and motives of the cases of 50 murderers of police officers in 2011. To operationalize the conceptual framework, the author applies Erikson’s theory of life span development to examine the commonalities and differences between these groups of killers by their age, race, gang affiliation, criminal history, motives, and circumstances and outcomes of their incidents. One of the study’s findings is that there are “essentially three types of cop-killers…the criminal, the ill, and the unknown,” (p. 236) and that “Most cop-killers murder law enforcement officers to escape apprehension and avoid the consequences of their criminal acts.” (p. 236) Another finding is that while “Not every cop-killer can be stopped… there are warning signs that should be considered. Properly identified and counteracted, these would-be cop-killers might be pulled back from the edge of the precipice before they commit their final acts.” (p. 238) The book concludes with a five-part series of recommendations to identify and preempt such early warning signs of potential cop-killers. The author is the founder of Dynamic Police Training and a former police officer and federal agent.

James Ottavio Castagnera, Counter Terrorism Issues: Case Studies in the Courtroom. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2013. 266 pages, US$99.95, [Hardcover] ISBN 9781466571921.

A comprehensive overview of the trials of ten significant terrorism-related cases in United States criminal courts from 1993 to 2011 in order to examine the effectiveness of the American judiciary’s handling of domestic terrorism. The case studies draw extensively on trial transcripts, witness statements, and judicial opinions. The author finds that overall, “our American courts have acquitted themselves admirably from the trial level to the highest courts of the land across the nineteen years covered here,” (p. 215) but that, nevertheless, judges must remain vigilant to continuously protect “our precious civil liberties.” (p. 216) The author is a legal counsel at a New Jersey university and a consultant on legal issues.  

Jayesh D’Souza, Terrorist Financing, Money Laundering, and Tax Evasion: Examining the Performance of Financial Intelligence Units. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2012. 232 pages, US$ 79.95 [Hardcover], ISBN 9781439828502.

A comprehensive and detailed examination of the nature of terrorist funding (including by state sponsors) and the role of financial intelligence units (enabled by government legislation) in tracking and interdicting such illicit funding instruments and networks, which represent an important component in counterterrorism. Especially interesting are the author’s discussion of how financial crime is committed and the application of a “balanced scorecard” method in measuring programmatic effectiveness in countering terrorist funding. Also discussed are how to set up and manage financial intelligence units and overcoming the various challenges facing them in order to improve their performance. The author is a specialist in public policy, finance and economics.

Amos N. Guiora, Homeland Security: What Is It and Where Are We Going? Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2012. 199 pages, US$ 83.95, [Hardcover] ISBN 9781439838181.

A practitioner- and academic-based examination of the components required for effectiveness in Homeland Security. The chapters cover topics such as defining Homeland Security, prioritizing threats and risks in Homeland Security, using cost-benefit analysis to measure performance effectiveness, the role of international cooperation, intelligence gathering, and threat assessment in counterterrorism, how terrorists fund their activities, the threats presented by illegal immigration and narco-terrorism, new trends in domestic terrorism, maintaining a balance between the requirement for counterterrorism and civil liberties, and upgrading business continuity in the midst of terrorism and other disasters. The concluding chapter presents a ten point proposal for developing the mechanisms for effective homeland security policy. The author is a professor of law at the S.J. Quinney College of Law, the University of Utah, and a former Judge Advocate for the Israel Defense Forces Home Front Command.

 

Amos N. Guiora, Modern Geopolitics and Security: Strategies for Unwinnable Conflicts. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2014. 181 pages, US$ 79.95 [Hardcover], ISBN: 978-1466569232.

An innovative and important examination of the strategies required by states to defeat the threats presented by non-state actors, such as terrorist groups. Beginning with a discussion of new developments affecting sovereignty, intervention, geopolitics, and security in the evolving global environment, the author then examines how states have attempted to address them in significant historical cases such as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the intervention in Libya, non-intervention in Syria, the Northern Ireland Good Friday Agreement, the conflict in the former Yugoslavia, the Arab Spring, and the use of force while intervening in ‘failed states.’ The evolving global environment, the author points out, also affects domestic politics in Western countries, with “The triangle of immigration, extremism, and economic concerns [throwing] a curve ball into the foreign policy discussion because it requires decision makers to recognize combustible domestic issues.” (p. 148) In view of such changes, the author concludes that “For that reason, we are in an era of the unwinnable conflict; the burden on decision makers is to engage in honest conversation and dialogue to begin the process of defining goals and missions in the context of geopolitics. Otherwise, the mistakes of today will, indeed, represent Tuchman’s ‘March of Folly’.” (p. 149) The author is a professor of law at the S.J. Quinney College of Law, the University of Utah, and a former Judge Advocate for the Israel Defense Forces Home Front Command.

Ross Johnson, Antiterrorism and Threat Response: Planning and Implementation. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2013. 296 pages, US$ 79.95, [Hardcover], ISBN 9781466512900.

A comprehensive and practitioner-based examination of the components required to prepare for potential terrorist attacks during the crucial pre-incident phases in order to prevent them from occurring. The author applies the U.S. Department of Defense’s anti-terrorism methodology to assist security professionals in the private sector in protecting their companies, facilities, and infrastructures. To accomplish these objectives, the book’s chapters cover topics such as the nature of terrorism, governments’ roles in countering terrorism, the nature of the targeted community, the fundamentals of anti-terrorism planning, conducting threat vulnerability assessments, the components of security and response planning that need to be implemented, and case studies of anti-terrorism in the maritime sector, individual threat response planning, and preventing ‘insider threats’ (e.g., conducting background checks and managing access control). The author is a senior manager of security and contingency planning for Capital Power Corporation, a power generation company with assets in Canada and the United States.

David Low, Austin Turk, and Dilip K. Das (Eds.). Examining Political Violence: Studies of Terrorism, Counterterrorism, and Internal War. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2014. 408 pages, US$ 99.95 [Hardcover], ISBN: 9781466588202.

The contributors to this important edited textbook apply a multidisciplinary approach (including criminology and criminal justice) to study terrorism and counterterrorism. Some of the volume’s articles were previously published in the journal Police Practice and Research. The volume is divided into three sections: terrorism and counterterrorism (e.g., defining terrorism, radicalisation and profiling religious terrorism), countering terrorism since 9/11 (e.g., the localization of counterterrorism intelligence, policing terrorism, and counterterrorism in Canada), and policing revolutionary and secessionist violence (e.g., the use of informants, terrorism in Sri Lanka, and terrorist attacks against law enforcement). With many of the contributors coming from the disciplines of law enforcement, experts from the discipline of political science include Boaz Ganor and Stephen Sloan. The book is a co-publication with the International Police Executive Symposium.

Marie-Helen Maras. The CRC Press Terrorism Reader. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2014. 418 pages, US$44.95 [Hardcover], ISBN: 9781466588325.

This interesting and comprehensive reader draws on the extensive writings of CRC Press authors to discuss the spectrum of issues involved in terrorism and counter-terrorism studies. The volume is divided into five parts: terrorism and terrorism history (e.g., the origins of terrorism, defining terrorism, the motivations and psychology of terrorism, domestic and international terrorism), terrorist tactics and terrorist capabilities (e.g., how terrorists are organized, terrorist planning, surveillance, targeting and operations, terrorism and weapons of mass destruction, and terrorist funding), countering terrorism (e.g., the role of homeland security, deterring and mitigating terrorism, the role of intelligence in counter-terrorism), regional focus on terrorism (e.g., the terrorist threats in Latin America, Europe, the Middle East, and Asia), and emerging issues and the future of terrorism (e.g., the impact of the Arab Spring on terrorism, suicide terrorism, terrorism and criminality, critical infrastructure protection, and the role of technology in terrorism and counter-terrorism). The appendices include a glossary of international terrorist groups and domestic terrorist groups in the United States. The reader is recommended as a complement to courses in terrorism, counter-terrorism, and homeland security. The author is an associate professor at the Department of Security, Fire, and of Emergency Management at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York.  

David H. McElreath, Carl J. Jensen, Michael Wigginton, Daniel Adrian Doss, Robert Nations, and Jeff Van Slyke. Introduction to Homeland Security. [Second edition] Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2014. 410 pages, US$ 69.95 [Paperback], ISBN 9781439887523.

This textbook is a comprehensive account of the components of Homeland Security. The volume’s chapters discuss how Homeland Security is defined, the threats it is intended to counter and manage, the foundations of emergency management, how Homeland Security is organized in the United States, the function and operations of organizations involved in Homeland Security, disaster response and recovery, threats to the homeland presented by international terrorism, domestic terrorism, border and transportation security, the role of intelligence in Homeland Security, and the future of Homeland Security. Each chapter begins with objectives and concludes with a summary, definition of key terms, discussion questions, and reference resources.

Rory J. McMahon, Practical Handbook for Professional Investigators. [Third edition] Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2014. 580 pages, US$ 99.95 [Hardcover], ISBN 9781439887226.

This practitioner-based handbook is a comprehensive and authoritative examination of all the components involved in becoming a law enforcement and counterterrorism investigator. The chapters cover topics such what is an investigator, the methods that investigators use to obtain information, types of investigation, interviewing and interrogating suspects, legal investigations, fraud and computer crime, criminal investigations, due diligence, background investigations, the use of surveillance, testifying in court, getting licensed, and operating a professional investigative agency. The chapter on terrorism investigations discusses topics such as criminal activities by terrorists, government approaches and tactics in countering terrorism, the use of entrapment, and the responsibilities of investigators in properly representing their clients. The chapters include numerous case studies to illustrate their discussion. Two of the chapters were written by additional authors. The principal author is a veteran investigator who operates an investigative agency in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.

Scott Mire and Cliff Roberson, The Study of Violent Crime: Its Correlates and Concerns. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2011. 244 pages, US$ 83.95 [Hardcover], ISBN 9781439807477.

This textbook provides a comprehensive discussion of violence and violent crime in the United States. The volume’s chapters cover topics such as introduction to the study of violence, trends in violence, the correlates of violence (e.g., poverty and violence, level of education and violence), the sociological aspects of violence (e.g., social controls, strain theory and violence, cultural conflict and violence), psychological and psychiatric approaches to understanding violence, biological factors and violence, types of violent crimes (e.g., murder, voluntary and involuntary manslaughter, robbery, sex offenses, and assault crimes), gangs and violence, hate crimes, controlling violence by the use of punishment, and victimology and violence. Each chapter includes tables, ‘action boxes’ to outline concepts, review questions, and reference resources. The authors are veteran criminal justice academics.

Malcolm W. Nance, Terrorist Recognition Handbook: A Practitioner’s Manual for Predicting and Identifying Terrorist Activities. [Third edition] Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2014. 439 pages. US$ 59.95 [Paperback], ISBN 9781466554573.

First published in 2003, this practitioner-based handbook provides a comprehensive and detailed treatment of terrorism and counter-terrorism. Divided into six parts, the chapters cover topics such as understanding terrorism in all its manifestations (e.g., how to identify terrorist operatives and their cells, how terrorists conduct training, terrorist motivations, strategies, tactics and target selection, preparations for attack, and types of weapons ranging from conventional to WMD), and the components of counter-terrorism (e.g., how to analyze intelligence collection and predict potential attacks. The appendices include a bibliography, a listing of terrorist groups, and a checklist of explosive components and their ingredients. The author is a consultant on counterterrorism and a retired military intelligence officer.

About the Reviewer: Dr. Joshua Sinai is the Book Reviews Editor ofPerspectives on Terrorism’. He can be reached at: [email protected].



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