State Sponsored Terrorism and Assassinations Abroad; with Special Emphasis on the Assassination of 28 July 1914 that Triggered World War I                                                                   

State Sponsored Terrorism and Assassinations Abroad; with Special Emphasis on the Assassination of 28 July 1914 that Triggered World War I                                                                   

[BSPT - EP -2014-4]

Selected and compiled by Eric Price  

NB: some of the items listed below are clickable and allow access to the full text; those with an asterix [*] only have a clickable table of contents/only more information.


Aichelburg, W. (1999). Sarajevo: das Attentat 28. Juni 1914: das Attentat auf Erzherzog Franz Ferdinand von Österreich-Este in Bilddokumenten [in German] Wien: Verlag Österreich [*]

Almira, J. &  Stojan, Ž. (1927). Le déclic  de Sarajevo [in French]. Paris: EÌditions Radot


Bertin, C. (1971). Lucheni. Sarajevo [in French ] Paris: F. Beauval.

Belfield, R. (2011) A Brief History of Hitmen and Assassinations London: Constable & Robinson, Ltd. [*]

Butcher, T. (2014). The Trigger. London: Chatto & Windus [*]

Campbell, I. (2010) The plot to kill Graziani: the attempted assassination of Mussolini's Viceroy. Addis Ababa: Addis Ababa, University Press [*]

Cassels, L. (1984). The Archduke and the Assassin: Sarajevo, June 28th 1914. New York: Stein and Day. [*]

Clark, C.M. (2013) The Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914. New York: Harper [*]

Dedijer, V. (1966) Road to Sarajevo. New York: Simon and Schuster [*]

Doak, R. S. (2009). Assassination at Sarajevo: the spark that started World War I. Minneapolis, Minn.: Compass Point Books [*]

Fabijancic, T. (2009). Bosnia: In the Footsteps of Gavrilo Princip. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press [*]

Feuerlicht, R. S. (1968). The Desperate Act: The Assassination of Franz Ferdinand at Sarajevo  New York: McGraw-Hill [*]

Fromkin, D. (2004) Europe's Last Summer: Who Started the Great War in 1914? New York: Knopf: Distributed by Random House. [*]

Henig, R.B. (2002). The Origins of the First World War. London; New York: Routledge [*]

Hyams, E. (1969) Killing no murder – A Study of Assassination as Political Means London: Thomas Nelson and Sons, Ltd. [*]

Ibrahim, R. (1981) (Ed.) The Example of Bala Mohammed: His Life, His Commitment, His Assassination Kano, Nigeria: [The Committee]. [*]

Islam, M. (1971) Baṅgabandhu hatyāra dalila [in Bengali]. Ḍhākā: Baṅgabandhu Bāṃlādeśa Gabeshaṇa- Prakalpera Pakshe Sucaẏana Prakāśana. [*]

Jannen, W. (1996). The Lions of July: Prelude to War, 1914. Novato, CA: Presidio [*]

Jevdjevic, D. (2002). Sarajevski zaverenici [in Serbian]. Belgrade: Familet [*]

Khumri, M. & Chakravarty, P. (Eds.) (2007). Assassinations That Altered the Course of the World. Mumbai : Magna Pub. Co. [*]

King, G. & Woolmans, S. (2013). The Assassination of the Archduke: Sarajevo, 1914, and the Romance that Changed the World. New York, N.Y.: St. Martin's Press [*]

LjubibraticÌ, D. (1959). Gavrilo Princip [in Serbian]. Beograd: Nolit

Malcolm, N. (1994). Bosnia: A Short History. New York: New York University Press. [*]

Marović, M. (2001). Atentat u Moskvi [in Serbian] Podgorica: Medeon [*]

McMeekin, S. (2013). July 1914: Countdown to War. New York: Basic Books [*

Mousset, A. (1930). Princip, Gavrilo, 1894-1918, defendant [in French]. Paris: Payot

Otte, T. (2014) July Crisis: The World's Descent into War, Summer 1914. Cambridge: University Press [*]

Pace, M. (2009). Mino Pecorelli: il delitto irrisolto [in Italian]. Roma: A. Curcio [*]

Paljić, D.D. (2004). Ubistvo kralja Aleksandra I u Marseju 1934: La tragedie du 9 octobre [in Serbian]. Kruševac: A. Stošić [*]

Pappenheim, M. (1926).  Gavrilo Princips Bekenntnisse: ein geschichtlicher Beitrag zur Vorgeschichte des Attentates von Sarajevo [in German]. Wien: Lechner & Son. [*]

Pincher, C. (1985). The Secret Offensive: Active Measures: A Saga of Deception, Disinformation, Subversion, Terrorism, Sabotage and Assassination. London: Sidgwick & Jackson [*]

Princips, G. (1926). Gavrilo Princips Bekenntnisse: Ein geschichtlicher Beitrag zur Vorgeschichte des Attentates von Sarajevo [in German]. Wien: Lechner [*]

Roider, K. (2005). Princip, Gavrilo (1894–1918); in: Tucker, S. C. &; Roberts, P.(Eds.). The Encyclopedia of World War I : A Political, Social, and Military History Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. [*]

Rolland, R. (Ed.) (2007). Mahatma Gandhi: the leader of the universal peace & liberty : covering the events in Gandhi's life until his assassination in 1948. Delhi, India: Vijay Goel [*]

Service, R. (2009). Trotsky: a biography. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press [*]

Smith, D.J. (2008). One Morning in Sarajevo: 28 June 1914. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson [*]

Tabachnyk, D.T. (2010). Vbyvstvo Petli︠u︡ry [in Ukrainian]. Kharkiv: Folio [*]

Time-Life Books (Ed.) (2004). Assassination. London: Time-Life [*]

Villiers, P. (2010). Gavrilo Princip: The Assassin Who Started the First World War. Oxford: Fawler Press [*]

Williams, H. (2008). Days That Changed the World: The Defining Moments of World History. London: Quercus [*]

Woolf, A. (2003). Assassination in Sarajevo, June 28, 1914. Austin, Tex.: Raintree Steck-Vaughn [*]

Zellner, H.M (Ed.) (1974). Assassination. Rochester, VT.: Schenckman  [*]


Non-conventional Literature

Al-Arian, A. A-A. (2011). Heeding the call: Popular Islamic activism in Egypt (1970--1981) [thesis]. Georgetown University []

Anon. (n.d.) A Study of Assassination . []

Barnes, H.E. (n.d.). Did Germany Incite Austria in 1914? Smith College []

Bartley, C.M. (2004). Al Qaeda's Nests of Evil: The Threat of State Sponsored Terrorism. University of Reading.[]

Becker, M. T. (2005). Rethinking state responsibility for terrorism: Reflections on the principles of attribution and causation in international law after 9/11 [thesis]. Columbia University [*]

Bohlande, M. (            2009). Killing Many to Save a Few? Preliminary Thoughts about Avoiding Collateral Civilian Damage by Assassination of Regime Elites. Durham University []

Doyle, K. & Kornbluh, P. (Eds.) (1997). CIA and Assassinations. The Guatemala 1954 Documents. National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 4 [*]

Dreidemy, L. (2012). "Denn ein Engel kann nicht sterben." Engelbert Dollfuß 1934 – 2012 [in German] [thesis]. University of Vienna [*]

Drury, A. C. & Mohn, J. & Moore, M. (2011). Sanctions and State Sponsored Terrorism. University of Missouri at Columbia; APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper []

Dvorak, A. L. (2003) Rendezvous with death: The assassination of President Kennedy and the question of conspiracy [thesis]. Illinois State University [*]

Fein, R.A. & Vossekuil, B. ( 1997). Preventing Assassination: Secret Service Exceptional Case Study Project. US Dept. of Justice, Washington, DC. [*]

Frey, B.S. (2007). Why Kill Politicians? A Rational Choice Analysis of Political Assassinations. CREMA; Zeppelin University []

Frey, B.S. & Torgle, B. (2008) Politicians: Be Killed or Survive. CESifo Working Paper Series No. 2483. []

Isakiewicz, M. (2012). State-sponsored Terrorism --- an Effective Tool of Conducting International Relations? The Implications of Soviet Support for International Terrorism [thesis]. West Virginia University. []

Jaeger, D.A. & Paserman, M.D. (2007). The Shape of Things to Come? Assessing the Effectiveness of Suicide Attacks and Targeted Killings. Hebrew IZA Discussion Paper No. 2890, University of Jerusalem []

Jefferis, J. (2009) Sacred protest: Towards an understanding of religiously motivated political violence [thesis]. Boston University [*]

Jones, B.J. & Olken, B.A. (2007) Hit or Miss? The Effect of Assassinations on Institutions and War.   Northwestern University; NBER Working Paper No. w13102 []

Karl, R. A. (2009). State formation, violence, and Cold War in Colombia, 1957-1966 [thesis]. Harvard University [*]

Kunicki, M. S. (2004). The Polish crusader: The life and politics of Boleslaw Piasecki, 1915—1979 [thesis]. Stanford University. [*]

Leiter, U. (2010). Gesichter des Terrors [‘Faces of Terror’; in German] [thesis]. University of Vienna [].

McFayden Jr. E, (2009). Global Implications of State Sponsored Terrorism. Kentucky State University. []

Mehler, A. (2008). Breaking the 'Insecurity Trap'? How Violence and Counter-Violence are Perpetuated in Elite Power Struggles. German Institute of Global and Area Studies; GIGA Working Paper No. 87 []

Merritt, S. E. (2000). The Great Purges in the Soviet Far East, 1937—1938 [thesis]. University of California, Riverside [*].

Nielsen, C. A. (2002). One state, one nation, one king: The dictatorship of King Aleksandar and his Yugoslav project, 1929—1935 [thesis]. Columbia University []

Russo, M. C. (2007). The Chechen Revolution and the Future of Instability in the Caucasus [thesis]. University of Pittsburgh.[]

Schaeffer, C. M. (2010). State sponsorship of terrorism: A comparison of Cuba's and Iran's use of terrorism to export ideological revolutions [thesis]. George Mason University [*]

Solomon, A. (2011). By Means of the Gun: African States after Assassination [thesis]. George Washington University. [*]

Turits, R. L. (1997). The foundations of despotism: Peasants, property, and the Trujillo regime (1930-1961) [thesis]. University of Chicago []

Wightman, J. A. (2003). Assassination as a Tool of United States Foreign Policy [thesis]. Carleton University, Canada. []


Prime Journal Articles

Adhikari, B. & Mathe, S. B. "The Global Media, the Probe Commission and the Assassination of Nepal's Royal Family: Questions Unasked and Unanswered”. Himalayan Research Bulletin 21 (1) 2001,pp. 46-66. []

Ahram, A. I. Role of State-Sponsored Militias in Genocide  Terrorism and Political Violence 26 (3, July), 2014, pp. 488-503.[*]

Bachmann, S-D.V.O. Targeted Killing as a Means of Asymmetric Warfare: A Provocative View and Invitation to Debate. Law, Crime & History, 1 (5)2011 pp. 9-15. []

Ben-Yehuda, H. & Levin-Banchik, L. Regime and Power in International Terror Crises: Strong Democracies Fight Back Hard.  Terrorism and Political Violence 26 (3, July) 2014, pp. 504-522 [*]

Carter, B.E. State-Supported Terrorism and the U.S. Courts: Some Foreign Policy Problems. American Society of International Law Proceedings 2002, pp. 251-254. []

Devoss, D. Searching for Gavrilo Princip In Sarajevo today, few traces remain of the young Serbian revolutionary whose two pistol shots touched off World War I.  Smithsonian 31 (5) 2000, pp. 42-53.

Ditrych, O. “International terrorism” in the League of Nations and the contemporary terrorism dispositive. Critical Studies on Terrorism 6 (2, August) 2013, pp. 225-240. [*]

Eichensehr, K.. On the Offensive Assassination Policy Under International Law. Harvard International Review  25 (3) 2003, pp. 36-39.

Fein, R.A. & Vossekuil, B.. Assassination in the United Nations: an Operational Study of Recent Assassinations, Attacks and Near-Lethal Approaches. Journal of Forensic Sciences Sciences,  44 (2, March) 1999, pp. 247-456. []

Fitzpatrick, J.. Speaking Law to Power: The War Against Terrorism and Human Rights. European Journal of International Law 14 (2) 2003, pp. 241-264. []

Gal-Or, N. State-Sponsored Terrorism: A Mode of Diplomacy? Conflict Quarterly 13 (3) 1993, pp. 7-23 []

Govern, K.H. & Schlager, S.A. 'Guns for Hire, Death on Demand': The Permissibility of U.S. Outsourcing of Drone Attacks to Civilian Surrogates of the Armed Forces and Challenges to Traditional Just War Theory.  Florida Journal of International Law XXV (2) 2013, pp. 147-206. [].      

Jackson N. M. War on the Enemy: Self-Defence and State-Sponsored Terrorism. Melbourne Journal of International Law, 4 (2) 2003, pp. 406-438. []

Jackson, P. ‘Union or Death!’: Gavrilo Princip, Young Bosnia and the Role of ‘Sacred Time’ in the Dynamics of Nationalist Terrorism. Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions, 7 (1) 2006, pp. 45-65. []

Jensen, R. The United States, International Policing and the War against Anarchist Terrorism, 1900-1914. Terrorism and Political Violence, 13 (1) 2003, pp. 15-46. []

Jensen, R. B. The Pre-1914 Anarchist “Lone Wolf” Terrorist and Governmental Responses. Terrorism and Political Violence 26 (1) 2014, pp. 86-94. [*]

Johnson, T.H. Taliban adaptations and innovations. Small Wars & Insurgencies 24 (1, March) 2013, pp. 3-27. [*]

Lombardo, R.M. The Black Hand: a study in Moral Panic. Global Crime 6 (3-4, August) 2006, pp. 267-284.[*]

McDonnell, T.M. Sow What You Reap? Using Predator and Reaper Drones to Carry Out Assassinations or Targeted Killings of Suspected Islamic Terrorists. George Washington International Law Review 44 (2)2012, pp. 243-316 []

Ortega-Cowan, R. Et Tu, Qusay? A Functional Neoclassic Response to an Assassination-averse Ideology. Mediterranean Journal of Human Rights 9 (1) 2005, pp. 283-318

Ovetz, R. The Infernal Machine: A History of Terrorism from the Assassination of Tsar Alexander II to Al-Qaeda. Critical Sociology 33 (5/6) 2007, pp. 981-984 [*]

Pinfari, M. Exploring the Terrorist Nature of Political Assassinations: A Reinterpretation of the Orsini Attentat. Terrorism and Political 21 (4, September), 2009, pp. 580-594 [*]

Soto-Pérez-de-Celis, E. The Death of Leon Trotsky Neurosurgery 67 (2, August) 2010, pp. 417–423. [*]


See also resources on the Internet:

The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

Assassinations, List of – Wikipedia

The Black Hand Movement – History Learning

Gavrilo Princip, a participant in the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand – The British Library /  Martin Pappenheim

The hearing of Gavrilo Princip / The Sarajevo Trail 12 October 1914

Origins and outbreak – The British Library/ David Stevenson

Prison Interview with Gavrilo Princip after the Assassination

State Sponsors of Terrorism Overview/ U.S. Department of State


About the Compiler: Eric Price is a professional information specialist who worked for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna and, upon retirement, joined Perspectives on Terrorism as an Editorial Assistant.

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