Introductory Note by Alex P. Schmid

A bibliography on genocide in a terrorism journal might, at first sight, look out of place. However, both terrorism and genocide are extreme forms of political violence and both involve the one-sided killing of unarmed civilians. In fact, it is amazing that scholars who study terrorism have generally neglected to see this parallel with genocide. Recently, the terrorist group ISIS (Daesh) has attempted genocide against the Yazidis, an ethno-religious minority in Iraq. It is therefore useful at this time to provide a snapshot of the literature on genocide for the community of terrorism scholars.

Bibliography: Genocide (since 1980) Part 1

Compiled and selected by Judith Tinnes

[Bibliographic Series of Perspectives on Terrorism–BSPT-JT-2015-2]


This bibliography contains journal articles, book chapters, books, edited volumes, theses, grey literature, bibliographies and other resources on genocide that has taken place between 1980 and the present. Though focusing on recent literature, the bibliography is not restricted to a particular time period and covers publications up to early February 2015. The literature has been retrieved by manually browsing more than 200 core and periphery sources in the field of Genocide and Terrorism Studies. Additionally, full-text and reference retrieval systems have been employed to expand the search.

Keywords: bibliography, resources, literature, genocide, one-sided violence, mass killing, state killing, ethnic cleansing, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, Central African Republic, Bosnia, Iraq, Guatemala

NB: All websites were last visited on 08.03.2015.–See also the Note at the end of this literature list.

Bibliographies and other Resources

Aegis Trust (2000, July-): URL: http://www.aegistrust.org

Aspegren, Lennart (2014): International Criminal Law and the Genocide in Rwanda: A Bibliography. URL: http://www.rwi.lu.se/Bibliography2014.pdf

Breitman, Richard D. (Ed.) (1986, January-): Holocaust and Genocide Studies. [p-ISSN: 8756-6583, e-ISSN: 1476-7937]. URL: http://hgs.oxfordjournals.org

Budapest Centre for the International Prevention of Genocide and Mass Atrocities (2011, January): URL: http://www.genocideprevention.eu

Cassese, Antonio et al. (Eds.) (2003, April-): Journal of International Criminal Justice. [p-ISSN: 1478-1387, e-ISSN: 1478-1395]. URL: http://jicj.oxfordjournals.org

Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies (CHGS), The (1997-): URL: http://www.chgs.umn.edu

Charny, Israel W. (Ed.) (1988): Genocide: A Critical Bibliographic Review. (Genocide: A Critical Bibliographic Review, Vol. 1). London: Mansell.

Charny, Israel W. (Ed.) (1991): Genocide: A Critical Bibliographic Review. (Genocide: A Critical Bibliographic Review, Vol. 2). London: Mansell.

Charny, Israel W. (Ed.) (1994): The Widening Circle of Genocide. (Genocide: A Critical Bibliographic Review, Vol. 3). New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

Charny, Israel W. et al. (2010, Winter-): GenocidePreventionNow. URL: http://www.genocidepreventionnow.org

Davenport, Christian; Stam, Allan (2000-): GenoDynamics. URL: http://www.genodynamics.com

Genocide Studies Program [Yale University] (1998-): URL: http://www.yale.edu/gsp

Gudehus, Christian; Gatti, Gabriel; Waller, James (Eds.) (2006-): Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal. [p-ISSN: 1911-0359, e-ISSN: 1911-9933]. URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp

Hirsch, Herbert et al. (Eds.) (2006, July-): Genocide Studies International (formerly: Genocide Studies and Prevention). [p-ISSN: 2291-1847, e-ISSN: 2291-1855]. URL: http://www.utpjournals.com/Genocide-studies-International.html

Horgan, John (Ed.) (2008-): Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward Terrorism and Genocide. [p-ISSN: 1746-7586, e-ISSN: 1746-7594]. URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/rdac20

Institute for the Study of Genocide (ISG) (1982-): URL: http://studyofgenocide.org

International Network of Genocide Scholars (INoGS), The (2005, January-): http://inogs.com

Krell, Robert; Sherman, Marc I. (Eds.) (1997): Medical and Psychological Effects of Concentration Camps on Holocaust Survivors. (Genocide: A Critical Bibliographic Review, Vol. 4). New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

Minorities at Risk (MAR) Project (1986-): URL: http://www.cidcm.umd.edu/mar

Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies (MIGS) (1986-): URL: http://migs.concordia.ca

Moses, A. Dirk et al. (Eds.) (1999-): Journal of Genocide Research. [p-ISSN: 1462-3528, e-ISSN: 1469-9494]. URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/cjgr20

National Commission for the Fight against Genocide (CNLG) (2008, April-): URL: http://www.cnlg.gov.rw

Prevent Genocide International (1998-): URL: http://www.preventgenocide.org

Strassler Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies (1998-): URL: http://www.clarku.edu/departments/holocaust

Totten, Samuel (Ed.) (2005): Genocide at the Millennium. (Genocide: A Critical Bibliographic Review, Vol. 5). New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

Totten, Samuel (Ed.) (2007): The Prevention and Intervention of Genocide: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: Routledge.

Totten, Samuel (Ed.) (2008): The Prevention and Intervention of Genocide. (Genocide: A Critical Bibliographic Review, Vol. 6). New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

Totten, Samuel (Ed.) (2009): Plight and Fate of Women during and Following Genocide. (Genocide: A Critical Bibliographic Review, Vol. 7). New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

Totten, Samuel; Hitchcock, Robert K. (Ed.) (2010): Genocide of Indigenous Peoples. (Genocide: A Critical Bibliographic Review, Vol. 8). New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

Totten, Samuel (Ed.) (2013): Impediments to the Prevention and Intervention of Genocide. (Genocide: A Critical Bibliographic Review, Vol. 9). New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Center for the Prevention of Genocide (1993-): Confront Genocide. URL: http://www.ushmm.org/confront-genocide

United to End Genocide (2011-): URL: http://endgenocide.org

Voices of Rwanda (n.d.-): URL: http://voicesofrwanda.org

Zawati, Hilmi M.; Mahmoud, Ibtisam M. (2004): A Selected Socio-Legal Bibliography on Ethnic Cleansing, Wartime Rape, and Genocide in the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press.

Books and Edited Volumes

Akhavan, Payam (2012): Reducing Genocide to Law: Definition, Meaning, and the Ultimate Crime. (Cambridge Studies in International and Comparative Law). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Anderson, E. N.; Anderson, Barbara A. (2013): Warning Signs of Genocide: An Anthropological Perspective. Lanham: Lexington Books.

Andreopoulos, George J. (Ed.) (1994): Genocide: Conceptual and Historical Dimensions. (Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Anzulovic, Branimir (1999): Heavenly Serbia: From Myth to Genocide. New York: New York University Press.

Apsel, Joyce (Ed.) (2005): Darfur: Genocide before our Eyes. New York: Institute for the Study of Genocide.

Apsel, Joyce; Verdeja, Ernesto (Eds.) (2013): Genocide Matters: Ongoing Issues and Emerging Perspectives. Abingdon: Routledge.

Balint, Jennifer (2012): Genocide, State Crime and the Law: In the Name of the State. Abingdon: Routledge.

Ball, Patrick; Kobrak, Paul; Spirer, Herbert F. (1999): State Violence in Guatemala, 1960-1996: A Quantitative Reflection. [e-Book]. Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science. URL: https://hrdag.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/state-violence-guate-1999.pdf

Bartrop, Paul R. (2015): Genocide: The Basics. Abingdon: Routledge.

Bass, Gary Jonathan (2000): Stay the Hand of Vengeance: The Politics of War Crimes Tribunals. (Princeton Studies in International History and Politics). Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Behrens, Paul; Henham, Ralph (Eds.) (2013): Elements of Genocide. Abingdon: Routledge.

Bloxham, Donald; Moses, A. Dirk (Eds.) (2013): The Oxford Handbook of Genocide Studies. (2nd ed.). (Oxford Handbooks). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Boyle, Francis A. (2010): The Tamil Genocide by Sri Lanka: The Global Failure to Protect Tamil Rights under International Law. Glen Echo: Clarity Press.

Burnet, Jennie E. (2012): Genocide Lives in us: Women, Memory, and Silence in Rwanda. (Women in Africa and the Diaspora). Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.

Call, Charles T. (2012): Why Peace Fails: The Causes and Prevention of Civil War Recurrence. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.

Cameron, Hazel (2013): Britain’s Hidden Role in the Rwandan Genocide: The Cat’s Paw. Abingdon: Routledge.

Card, Claudia (2010): Confronting Evils: Terrorism, Torture, Genocide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Carmack, Robert M. (Ed.) (1988): Harvest of Violence: The Maya Indians and the Guatemalan Crisis. Norman: The University of Oklahoma Press.

Carment, David; Harvey, Frank (2001): Using Force to Prevent Ethnic Violence: An Evaluation of Theory and Evidence. (Praeger Studies on Ethnic and National Identities in Politic). Westport: Praeger.

Charny, Israel W. (Ed.) (2000): Encyclopedia of Genocide. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO.

Cheadle, Don; Prendergast, John (2007): Not on our Watch: The Mission to End Genocide in Darfur and beyond. New York: Hyperion.

Chirot, Daniel; McCauley, Clark (2006): Why not Kill them all? The Logic and Prevention of Mass Political Murder. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Clark, Phil (2010): The Gacaca Courts, Post-Genocide Justice and Reconciliation in Rwanda: Justice without Lawyers. (Cambridge Studies in Law and Society). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cousens, Elizabeth M.; Cater, Charles K. (2001): Toward Peace in Bosnia: Implementing the Dayton Accords. (International Peace Academy Occasional Paper Series). Boulder: Lynne Rienner.

Coward, Martin (2009): Urbicide: The Politics of Urban Destruction. (Routledge Advances in International Relations and Global Politics, Vol. 66). Abingdon: Routledge.

Cunningham, David E. (2011): Barriers to Peace in Civil War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dallaire, Roméo (2003): Shake Hands with the Devil: The Failure of Humanity in Rwanda. New York: Carroll & Graf.

Davidson, Lawrence (2012): Cultural Genocide. (Genocide, Political Violence, Human Rights). Piscataway: Rutgers University Press.

de Brouwer, Anne-Marie; Chu, Sandra Ka Hon (Eds.) (2009): The Men Who Killed Me: Rwandan Survivors of Sexual Violence. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre.

de Waal, Alex (Ed.) (2007): War in Darfur and the Search for Peace. (Studies in Global Equity). Cambridge; London: Global Equity Initiative, Harvard University; Justice Africa.

Eltringham, Nigel (2004): Accounting for Horror: Post-Genocide Debates in Rwanda. London: Pluto Press.

Fujii, Lee Ann (2009): Killing Neighbors: Webs of Violence in Rwanda. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Gahima, Gerald (2013): Transitional Justice in Rwanda: Accountability for Atrocity. Abingdon: Routledge.

Gallagher, Adrian (2013): Genocide and its Threat to Contemporary International Order. (New Security Challenges). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Gallagher, Tom (2003): The Balkans after the Cold War: From Tyranny to Tragedy. (Outcast Europe, Vol. 2). Abingdon: Routledge.

Gallagher, Tom (2005): The Balkans in the New Millennium: In the Shadow of War and Peace. (Outcast Europe, Vol. 3). Abingdon: Routledge.

Gellately, Robert; Kiernan, Ben (Eds.) (2003): The Specter of Genocide: Mass Murder in Historical Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Genser, Jared; Cotler, Irwin (2012): The Responsibility to Protect: The Promise of Stopping Mass Atrocities in our Time. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gerlach, Christian (2010): Extremely Violent Societies: Mass Violence in the Twentieth-Century World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Goldhagen, Daniel Jonah (2009): Worse than War: Genocide, Eliminationism, and the Ongoing Assault on Humanity. New York: Public Affairs.

Grandin, Greg (2000): The Blood of Guatemala: A History of Race and Nation. (Latin America Otherwise). Durham: Duke University Press.

Hamilton, Rebecca (2011): Fighting for Darfur: Public Action and the Struggle to Stop Genocide. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Hardi, Choman (2011): Gendered Experiences of Genocide: Anfal Survivors in Kurdistan-Iraq. (Voices in Development Management). Farnham: Ashgate.

Hayner, Priscilla B. (2001): Unspeakable Truths: Confronting State Terror and Atrocity. New York: Routledge.

Herman, Edward S.; Peterson, David (2010): The Politics of Genocide. New York: Monthly Review Press.

Hinton, Alexander Laban (Ed.) (2002): Genocide: An Anthropological Reader. Malden: Blackwell.

Hinton, Alexander Laban (Ed.) (2011): Transitional Justice: Global Mechanisms and Local Realities after Genocide and Mass Violence. (Genocide, Political Violence, Human Rights). New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

Hinton, Alexander Laban; La Pointe, Thomas; Irvin-Erickson, Douglas (Eds.) (2014): Hidden Genocides: Power, Knowledge, Memory. (Genocide, Political Violence, Human Rights). New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

Hinton, Devon E.; Hinton, Alexander Laban (Eds.) (2015): Genocide and Mass Violence: Memory, Symptom, and Recovery. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Horowitz, Irving Louis (2002): Taking Lives: Genocide and State Power. (5th rev. ed.). New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

Horvitz, Leslie Alan; Catherwood, Christopher (2011): Encyclopedia of War Crimes and Genocide. (rev. ed.). New York: Facts on File.

Human Rights Watch (1995): Iraq’s Crime of Genocide: The Anfal Campaign against the Kurds. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Jensen, Olaf; Szejnmann, Claus-Christian W. (Eds.) (2008): Ordinary People as Mass Murderers: Perpetrators in Comparative Perspectives. (The Holocaust and its Contexts). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Johnston, Barbara Rose; Slyomovics, Susan (Eds.) (2009): Waging War, Making Peace: Reparations and Human Rights. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.

Jonassohn, Kurt; Björnson, Karin Solveig (1999): Genocide and Gross Human Rights Violations In Comparative Perspective. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

Jongman, Albert J. (Ed.). Contemporary Genocides. Causes, Cases, Consequences. Leiden: PIOOM, 1996.

Jones, Adam (Ed.) (2004): Gendercide and Genocide. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press.

Jones, Adam (Ed.) (2004): Genocide, War Crimes and the West: History and Complicity. London: Zed Books.

Jones, Adam (2008): Crimes against Humanity. (Beginner’s Guides). Oxford: Oneworld.

Jones, Adam (Ed.) (2009): Evoking Genocide: Scholars and Activists Describe the Works that Shaped their Lives. Toronto: Key Publishing House.

Jones, Adam (2011): Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction. (2nd ed.). Abingdon: Routledge.

Jones, Adam (Ed.) (2012): New Directions in Genocide Research. Abingdon: Routledge.

Jones, Adam (2013): The Scourge of Genocide: Essays and Reflections. (Routledge Advances in International Relations and Global Politics, Vol. 113). Abingdon: Routledge.

Jones, Nicholas A. (2010): The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha. Abingdon: Routledge.

Kelly, Michael J. (2005): Nowhere to Hide: Defeat of the Sovereign Immunity Defense for Crimes of Genocide and the Trials of Slobodan Milosevic and Saddam Hussein. (Teaching Texts in Law and Politics, Vol. 41). New York: Peter Lang.

Khan, Shaharyar M. (2001): The Shallow Graves of Rwanda. London: I.B. Tauris.

Kiernan, Ben (2007): Blood and Soil: A World History of Genocide and Extermination from Sparta to Darfur. New Haven: Yale University Press.

King, Diane E. (2013): Kurdistan on the Global Stage: Kinship, Land, and Community in Iraq. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

Kingsbury, Damien (2012): Sri Lanka and the Responsibility to Protect: Politics, Ethnicity and Genocide. (Asian Security Studies). Abingdon: Routledge.

Kiwuwa, David E. (2012): Ethnic Politics and Democratic Transition in Rwanda. (Democratization Studies). Abingdon: Routledge.

Koff, Clea (2004): The Bone Woman: A Forensic Anthropologist’s Search for Truth in the Mass Graves of Rwanda, Bosnia, Croatia, and Kosovo. New York: Random House.

Kressel, Neil J. (2002): Mass Hate: The Global Rise of Genocide and Terror. (rev. & updated ed.). Cambridge: Westview Press.

Kuperman, Alan J. (2001): The Limits of Humanitarian Intervention: Genocide in Rwanda. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

Lafontaine, Fannie (2012): Prosecuting Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes in Canadian Courts. Toronto: Carswell.

Lemarchand, René (1996): Burundi: Ethnic Conflict and Genocide. (Woodrow Wilson Center Series). Washington, DC; Cambridge: Woodrow Wilson Center Press; Cambridge University Press.

Lemarchand, René (2009): The Dynamics of Violence in Central Africa. (National and Ethnic Conflict in the Twenty-First Century). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Lemarchand, René (Ed.) (2011): Forgotten Genocides: Oblivion, Denial, and Memory. (Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Lemkin, Raphael (2012): Lemkin on Genocide. [Steven Leonard Jacobs, Ed. & Introduction]. Lanham: Lexington Books.

Levene, Mark (2005): Genocide in the Age of the Nation-State: Volume 1: The Meaning of Genocide. London: I.B. Tauris.

Levene, Mark (2005): Genocide in the Age of the Nation-State: Volume 2: The Rise of the West and the Coming of Genocide. London: I.B. Tauris.

Lewy, Guenter (2012): Essays on Genocide and Humanitarian Intervention. (Utah Series in Middle East Studies). Salt Lake City: The University of Utah Press.

Lyons, Robert (Photographer); Straus, Scott (Interviewer & Introduction) (2006): Intimate Enemy: Images and Voices of the Rwandan Genocide. New York; Cambridge: Zone Books; MIT Press.

MacDonald, David Bruce (2002): Balkan Holocausts? Serbian and Croatian Victim-Centred Propaganda and the War in Yugoslavia. (New Approaches to Conflict Analysis). Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Makiya, Kanan (1998): Republic of Fear: The Politics of Modern Iraq. (Revised edition.). Berkeley: University of California Press.

Mamdani, Mahmood (2001): When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and the Genocide in Rwanda. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

May, Larry (2010): Genocide: A Normative Account. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mayersen, Deborah; Pohlman, Annie (Eds.) (2013): Genocide and Mass Atrocities in Asia: Legacies and Prevention. (Routledge Contemporary Asia Series, Vol. 40). Abingdon: Routledge.

Melvern, Linda (2004): Conspiracy to Murder: The Rwandan Genocide. London: Verso.

Meštrović, Stjepan G. (Ed.) (1996): Genocide after Emotion: The Postemotional Balkan War. Abingdon: Routledge.

Michas, Takis (2002): Unholy Alliance: Greece and Milošević’s Serbia. (Eastern European Studies, Vol. 15). College Station: Texas A&M University Press.

Minow, Martha (1998): Between Vengeance and Forgiveness: Facing History after Genocide and Mass Violence. Boston: Beacon Press.

Mojzes, Paul (2011): Balkan Genocides: Holocaust and Ethnic Cleansing in the Twentieth Century. (Studies in Genocide: Religion, History, and Human Rights). Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

Mwaûra, Cirû; Schmeidl, Susanne (Eds.) (2002): Early Warning and Conflict Management in the Horn of Africa. Lawrenceville: The Red Sea Press.

Naimark, Norman M. (2001): Fires of Hatred: Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Nersessian, David L. (2010): Genocide and Political Groups. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nettelfield, Lara J.; Wagner, Sarah E. (2014): Srebrenica in the Aftermath of Genocide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ochoa-Sanchez, Juan Carlos (2013): The Rights of Victims in Criminal Justice Proceedings for Serious Human Rights Violations. (Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies). Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff.

Pégorier, Clotilde (2013): Ethnic Cleansing: A Legal Qualification. Abingdon: Routledge.

Petersen, Roger D. (2011): Western Intervention in the Balkans: The Strategic Use of Emotion in Conflict. (Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pomakoy, Keith (2011): Helping Humanity: American Policy and Genocide Rescue. Lanham: Lexington Books.

Pottier, Johan (2002): Re-Imagining Rwanda: Conflict, Survival and Disinformation in the Late Twentieth Century. (African Studies Series, Vol. 102). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Powell, Christopher (2011): Barbaric Civilization: A Critical Sociology of Genocide. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

Power, Samantha (2013): “A Problem from Hell”: America and the Age of Genocide. New York: Basic Books.

Procknow, Greg (2014): Recruiting and Training Genocidal Soldiers: Human Resource Development Perspectives on Genocide and Crimes against Humanity. Ottawa: Francis & Bernard.

Prunier, Gérard (2008): Darfur: A 21st Century Genocide. (3rd ed.). (Crises in World Politics). Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Prunier, Gérard (2009): Africa’s World War: Congo, the Rwandan Genocide, and the Making of a Continental Catastrophe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Quigley, John B. (2006): The Genocide Convention: An International Law Analysis. (International and Comparative Criminal Justice). Aldershot: Ashgate.

Rajan, V. G. Julie (2015): Al Qaeda’s Global Crisis: The Islamic State, Takfir, and the Genocide of Muslims. (Contemporary Terrorism Studies). Abingdon: Routledge.

Reeves, Eric (2007): A Long Day’s Dying: Critical Moments in the Darfur Genocide. Toronto: Key Publishing House.

Reyntjens, Filip (2013): Political Governance in Post-Genocide Rwanda. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Rittner, Carol; Roth, John K.; Smith, James M. (2002): Will Genocide Ever End? Newark; St. Paul: Aegis in association with Paragon House.

Rittner, Carol; Roth, John K.; Whitworth, Wendy (Eds.) (2004): Genocide in Rwanda: Complicity of the Churches? (Paragon House Books on Genocide and the Holocaust). Newark; St. Paul: Aegis in association with Paragon House.

Robins, Nicholas A.; Jones, Adam (Eds.) (2009): Genocides by the Oppressed: Subaltern Genocide in Theory and Practice. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Ron, James (2003): Frontiers and Ghettos: State Violence in Serbia and Israel. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Rosenbaum, Alan S. (Ed.) (2009): Is the Holocaust Unique? Perspectives on Comparative Genocide. (3rd ed.). Boulder: Westview Press.

Rotberg, Robert I.; Weiss, Thomas George (Eds.) (1996): From Massacres to Genocide: The Media, Public Policy, and Humanitarian Crises. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.

Rubenstein, Richard L. (2010): Jihad and Genocide. (Studies in Genocide: Religion, History, and Human Rights). Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

Rummel, R. J. (1994): Death by Government: Genocide and Mass Murder since 1900. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

Sachikonye, Lloyd (2011): When a State Turns on its Citizens: Institutionalized Violence and Political Culture. Zimbabwe: Weaver Press.

Sadkovich, James J. (1998): The U.S. Media and Yugoslavia, 1991-1995. Westport: Praeger.

Sagall, Sabby (2013): Final Solutions: Human Nature, Capitalism and Genocide. London: Pluto Press.

Sanford, Victoria (2003): Buried Secrets: Truth and Human Rights in Guatemala. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Schabas, William A. (2009): Genocide in International Law: The Crime of Crimes. (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Scharf, Michael P.; Schabas, William A. (2002): Slobodan Milosevic on Trial: A Companion. New York: Continuum.

Scherrer, Christian P. (2002): Genocide and Crisis in Central Africa: Conflict Roots, Mass Violence, and Regional War. Westport: Praeger.

Sémelin, Jacques (2007): Purify and Destroy: The Political Uses of Massacre and Genocide. [Cynthia Schoch, Trans.]. (The CERI Series in Comparative Politics and International Studies). London: Hurst.

Sémelin, Jacques; Andrieu, Claire; Gensburger, Sarah (Eds.) (2010): Resisting Genocide: The Multiple Forms of Rescue. [Emma Bentley; Cynthia Schoch, Trans.]. (Ceri Comparative Politics and International Studies). New York; Paris: Columbia University Press; Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches Internationales (CERI).

Shaw, Martin (2007): What is Genocide? Cambridge: Polity Press.

Shaw, Martin (2013): Genocide and International Relations: Changing Patterns in the Transitions of the Late Modern World. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Silber, Irina Carlota (2011): Everyday Revolutionaries: Gender, Violence, and Disillusionment in Postwar El Salvador. (Genocide, Political Violence, Human Rights). Piscataway: Rutgers University Press.

Smith, David Livingstone (2011): Less than Human: Why we Demean, Enslave, and Exterminate others. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Staub, Ervin (2011): Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism. New York: Oxford University Press.

Stølen, Kristi Anne (2007): Guatemalans in the Aftermath of Violence: The Refugees’ Return. (Ethnography of Political Violence). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Stone, Dan (Ed.) (2008): The Historiography of Genocide. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Straus, Scott (2006): The Order of Genocide: Race, Power, and War in Rwanda. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Straus, Scott; Waldorf, Lars (Eds.) (2011): Remaking Rwanda: State Building and Human Rights after Mass Violence. (Critical Human Rights). Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.

Tams, Christian J.; Berster, Lars; Schiffbauer, Björn (Eds.) (2014): Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide: A Commentary. München; Oxford; Baden-Baden: C. H. Beck; Hart; Nomos.

Tatz, Colin; O’Brien, Darren (Eds.) (1997): Genocide Perspectives I: Essays in Comparative Genocide. Sydney: Center for Comparative Genocide Studies.

Tatz, Colin; Arnold, Peter; Tatz, Sandra (Eds.) (2003): Genocide Perspectives II: Essays on Holocaust and Genocide. Sydney: The Australian Institute for Holocaust & Genocide Studies; Brandl & Schlesinger.

Tatz, Colin; Arnold, Peter; Tatz, Sandra (Eds.) (2006): Genocide Perspectives III: Essays on the Holocaust and other Genocides. Sydney: The Australian Institute for Holocaust & Genocide Studies; Brandl & Schlesinger.

Tatz, Colin (Ed.) (2012): Genocide Perspectives IV: Essays on Holocaust and Genocide. [e-Book]. Sydney: The Australian Institute for Holocaust & Genocide Studies; UTSePress. URL: https://opus.lib.uts.edu.au/research/bitstream/handle/2100/1349/GenocidePerspectivesIV_Tatz.pdf

Taylor, Clark (1998): Return of Guatemala’s Refugees: Reweaving the Torn. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Ther, Philipp (2011): Die dunkle Seite der Nationalstaaten: “Ethnische Säuberungen” im modernen Europa. (Synthesen: Probleme Europäischer Geschichte, Vol. 5). Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Thompson, Allan (Ed.) (2007): The Media and the Rwanda Genocide. London: Pluto Press.

Thomson, Susan (2013): Whispering Truth to Power: Everyday Resistance to Reconciliation in Postgenocide Rwanda. (Africa and the Diaspora: History, Politics, Culture). Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.

Totten, Samuel (2011): An Oral and Documentary History of the Darfur Genocide. (Vol. 1 & 2). Santa Barbara: Praeger Security International.

Totten, Samuel; Markusen, Eric (Eds.) (2006): Genocide in Darfur: Investigating the Atrocities in the Sudan. New York: Routledge.

Totten, Samuel; Parsons, William S. (Eds.) (2013): Centuries of Genocide: Essays and Eyewitness Accounts. (4th ed.). New York: Routledge.

Totten, Samuel; Ubaldo, Rafiki (2011): We Cannot Forget: Interviews with Survivors of the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda. (Genocide, Political Violence, Human Rights). Piscataway: Rutgers University Press.

Travis, Hannibal (2013): Genocide, Ethnonationalism, and the United Nations: Exploring the Causes of Mass Killing since 1945. (Routledge Advances in International Relations and Global Politics, Vol. 99). New York: Routledge.

Uvin, Peter (2009): Life after Violence: A People’s Story of Burundi. (African Arguments). London: Zed Books.

Valentino, Benjamin A. (2004): Final Solutions: Mass Killing and Genocide in the 20th Century. (Cornell Studies in Security Affairs). Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Van Bruinessen, Martin (2000): Kurdish Ethno-Nationalism versus Nation-Building States: Collected Articles. (Analecta Isisiana). Istanbul: Isis Press.

Vandeginste, Stef (2010): Stones Left Unturned: Law and Transitional Justice in Burundi. (Series on Transitional Justice, Vol. 4). Antwerp: Intersentia.

Vest, Hans (2011): Völkerrechtsverbrecher verfolgen: Ein abgestuftes Mehrebenenmodell systemischer Tatherrschaft. Bern: Stämpfli.

Weitz, Eric D. (2003): A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Wheeler, Tony (2007): Badlands: A Tourist on the Axis of Evil. (Lonely Planet Travel Literature). Footscray: Lonely Planet Publications.

Whitworth, Wendy A. (2006): We Survived: Genocide in Rwanda: 28 Personal Testimonies. Nottinghampshire: Aegis in association with Quill Press.

Wilson, Kristi M.; Crowder-Taraborrelli, Tomás F. (2012): Film and Genocide. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.

Zartman, I. William; Anstey, Mark; Meerts, Paul (2012): The Slippery Slope to Genocide: Reducing Identity Conflicts and Preventing Mass Murder. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Bachman, Jeffrey S. (2013, May): The Genocide Convention and the Politics of Genocide Non-Prevention. (Doctoral Thesis, Northeastern University, Boston, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2047/d20003116

Baumgartner, Jessica (2012, Fall): Eight Years of Inaction: An Examination of the Struggle between State Self-Interest and Defending Human Rights in Darfur. (Master’s Thesis, George Mason University, Fairfax, United States; University of Malta, Valletta, Malta). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1920/7993

Bell, Kristin A. (2015, January): Victims’ Voices: Sexual Violence in the Armenian and Rwandan Genocides. (Doctoral Thesis, Northeastern University, Boston, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2047/d20018677

Benda, Richard Munyurangabo (2012): The Test of Faith: Christians and Muslims in the Rwandan Genocide. (Doctoral Thesis, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom). URL: https://www.escholar.manchester.ac.uk/uk-ac-man-scw:189285

Boroughs, Melissa Jean (2013): Testimony, Remhi and Senselessness in Guatemalan Memory. (Master’s Thesis, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, United States). URL: http://ecommons.luc.edu/luc_theses/1816

Bouka, Yolande A. F. (2013, May): In the Shadow of Prison: Power, Identity, and Transitional Justice in Post-Genocide Rwanda. (Doctoral Thesis, American University, Washington, DC, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1961/14807

Brounéus, Karen (2008): Rethinking Reconciliation: Concepts, Methods, and an Empirical Study of Truth Telling and Psychological Health in Rwanda. (Doctoral Thesis, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden). URL: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-8530

Calleja, Robert J., Jr. (2013, May): Neoliberalism and Genocide: The Desensitization of Global Politics. (Master’s Thesis, Arizona State University, Tempe, United States). URL: http://repository.asu.edu/items/18007

Chikuni, Eshilla (2013, June): The Role of the United Nations in Preventing Violent Conflicts: Lessons from Rwanda and Sudan. (Master’s Thesis, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa). URL: http://uir.unisa.ac.za/handle/10500/9741

Cruikshank, Sally Ann (2013, May): Peace under Fire: Building the Media Agenda in Post-Genocide Rwanda. (Doctoral Thesis, Ohio University, Athens, United States). URL: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=ohiou1365154180

Davis, Mandy Ann (2014): “A Puzzle Viewed From Within”: Problems with and Alternatives to Humanitarianism and Savior Narratives for Ethiopia and Rwanda. (Doctoral Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/107256

Dusabeyezu, Etienne (2013, October): Closing Gacaca: Analysing Rwanda’s Challenges with Regard to the End of Gacaca Courts. (Master’s Thesis, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11394/3500

Fleissner, René (2013): Responsibility to Protect: Die Entwicklung der internationalen Schutzverantwortung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der NATO-Intervention in Libyen. (Diploma Thesis, Universität Wien, Vienna, Austria). URL: http://othes.univie.ac.at/30937

Gulseth, Hege Løvdal (2004, May): The Use of Propaganda in the Rwandan Genocide: A Study of Radio-Télévision Libre des Mille Collines (RTLM). (Master’s Thesis, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway). URL: http://urn.nb.no/URN:NBN:no-9823

Horváth, Zsolt (2013): Genozid und Massenvergewaltigungen in Ruanda: Krieg gegen Frauen. (Diploma Thesis, Universität Wien, Vienna, Austria). URL: http://othes.univie.ac.at/30534

Hylan, Heval (2000, November): Genocide in Kurdistan. (Diploma Thesis, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand). URL: http://www.gendercide.org/genocideinkurdistan.html

Ingelaere, B. (2012). Peasants, Power and the Past: The Gacaca Courts and Rwanda’s Transition from below. (Unpublished Doctoral Thesis, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium).

King, Régine Uwibereyeho (2011): “A Foolish Adventure” in a Country that went Mad: Healing Psychosocial Suffering in Post-Genocide Rwanda. (Doctoral Thesis, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/42603

Kurtiş, Tuğçe (2013, August): What’s in a Name? Psychological Implications of the “Genocide” Label. (Doctoral Thesis, University of Kansas, Lawrence, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1808/12231

Lydic, Lauren Janora-Leigh (2010): Metaphor and Gender in Conflict: Discourse, the Bosnian War, the Rwandan Genocide, and the Chechen Wars. (Doctoral Thesis, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/32943

Martin, Michelle Elaine (2013): The Political Power of Diaspora as External Actors in Armed Civil Conflict: Ethnonationalist Conflict-Generated Diaspora Use of Social Media in Transnational Political Engagement in Homeland Conflict: The Case of Rwanda. (Doctoral Thesis, University of Bradford, Bradford, United Kingdom). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10454/6417

McCoy, Jason Todd (2013, April): Mbwirabumva (“I Speak to Those Who Understand”): Three Songs by Simon Bikindi and the War and Genocide in Rwanda. (Doctoral Thesis, Florida State University, Tallahassee, United States). URL: http://diginole.lib.fsu.edu/etd/7498

Mironko, Charles K. (2004): Social and Political Mechanisms of Mass Murder: An Analysis of the Perpetrators in the Rwandan Genocide. (Doctoral Thesis, Yale University, New Haven, United States). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3125265)

Mohamed, Gariballa A. (2013): The International Criminal Court and the Darfur Crisis: The Prospects of Prosecuting the Sudanese President. (Master’s Thesis, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23797

Salk, Rebecca L. (2012, May): Closing the Gap between International Law and Morality: Strengthening the Responsibility to Protect. (Bachelor of Arts with Honors Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/91802

Sezibera, Vincent (2008, September): Trauma and Bereavement: Symptomatology, Aetiology and Interventions: A Case of Young Survivors of the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda. (Doctoral Thesis, Catholic University of Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/20694

Thomson, Susan M. (2009, May): Resisting Reconciliation: State Power and Everyday Life in Post-Genocide Rwanda. (Doctoral Thesis, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada). URL: http://commons.trincoll.edu/rwandawire/files/2014/02/THomson-Dissertation-20095.pdf.pdf

White, Dean James (2012): The UK’s Response to the Rwandan Genocide of 1994. (Doctoral Thesis, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom). URL: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/10122

Wibabara, Charity (2013): Gacaca Courts versus the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and National Courts: Lessons to Learn from the Rwandan Justice Approaches to Genocide. (Doctoral Thesis, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11394/3821

Williams, Pamela Lagergren (2013, May): A Multidirectional Memory Approach to Representations of Colonization, Racism, and Genocide in Literature. (Doctoral Thesis, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, United States). URL: http://scholarworks.umass.edu/open_access_dissertations/772

Wilson, Katherine (2013, May): Genocide Genres: Reading Atrocity Testimonies. (Doctoral Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, United States). URL: http://dc.uwm.edu/etd/326

Journal Articles and Book Chapters

Ahram, Ariel I. (2014): The Role of State-Sponsored Militias in Genocide. Terrorism and Political Violence, 26(3), 488-503. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2012.734875

Aizenstatd Leistenschneider, Najman Alexander (2007, June): Origen y evolución del concepto de genocidio. Revista de Derecho, 25, 11-22. URL: https://ia601505.us.archive.org/35/items/revistadelafacu25univgua/revistadelafacu25univgua.pdf

Altman, Andrew (2012, January). Genocide and Crimes against Humanity: Dispelling the Conceptual Fog. Social Philosophy and Policy, 29(1), 280-308. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0265052511000033

Alvarez, Alex (2011, Spring): Reflections on the Mass Atrocity Response Operations Project. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(1), 70-76. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0101 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss1/10

Anderton, Charles H. (2014): A Research Agenda for the Economic Study of Genocide: Signposts from the Field of Conflict Economics. Journal of Genocide Research, 16(1), 113-138. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2014.878118

Anderton, Charles H.; Carter, John R. (2015, January): A New Look at Weak State Conditions and Genocide Risk. Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy, 21(1), 1-36. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/peps-2014-0008

Behrens, Paul (2012, July): Genocide and the Question of Motives. Journal of International Criminal Justice, 10(3), 501-523. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jicj/mqs038

Bekou, Olympia (2012, July): Crimes at Crossroads: Incorporating International Crimes at the National Level. Journal of International Criminal Justice, 10(3), 677-691. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jicj/mqs032

Bellamy, Alex J. (2012): Getting away with Mass Murder. Journal of Genocide Research, 14(1), 29-53. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2012.649894

Bellamy, Alex J. (2012, June): Mass Killing and the Politics of Legitimacy: Empire and the Ideology of Selective Extermination. Australian Journal of Politics & History, 58(2), 159-180. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8497.2012.01630.x

Bhavnani, Ravi; Backer, David (2000, June): Localized Ethnic Conflict and Genocide: Accounting for Differences in Rwanda and Burundi. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 44(3), 283-306. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022002700044003001 URL: http://graduateinstitute.ch/files/live/sites/iheid/files/sites/political_science/shared/political_science/Professors/Bhavnani/localizedEthnic.pdf

Bilali, Rezarta (2014, April): Between Fiction and Reality in Post-Genocide Rwanda: Reflections on a Social-Psychological Media Intervention for Social Change. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 2(1), 387-400. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/jspp.v2i1.288

Bilali, Rezarta; Vollhardt, Johanna Ray (2013, January): Priming Effects of a Reconciliation Radio Drama on Historical Perspective-Taking in the Aftermath of Mass Violence in Rwanda. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49(1), 144-151. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2012.08.011

Black, Christina (2012): Gendered Experiences of Genocide: Anfal Survivors in Kurdistan-Iraq. Journal of Genocide Research, 14(2), 250-253. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2012.684764

Boghossian, Paul (2010): The Concept of Genocide. Journal of Genocide Research, 12(1-2), 69-80. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2010.515402

Boghossian, Paul (2010): Response to my Critics. Journal of Genocide Research, 12(1-2), 105-112. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2010.515407

Boris, Neil W. et al. (2008, September): Depressive Symptoms in Youth Heads of Household in Rwanda: Correlates and Implications for Intervention. JAMA Pediatrics, 162(9), 836-843. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpedi.162.9.836

Brounéus, Karen (2008, March): Truth-Telling as Talking Cure? Insecurity and Retraumatization in the Rwandan Gacaca Courts. Security Dialogue, 39(1), 55-76. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0967010607086823

Buckley-Zistel, Susanne (2006, May): Remembering to Forget: Chosen Amnesia as a Strategy for Local Coexistence in Post-Genocide Rwanda. Africa, 76(2), 131-150. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/afr.2006.76.2.131

Burchianti, Margaret E. (2004): Building Bridges of Memory: The Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo and the Cultural Politics of Maternal Memories. History and Anthropology, 15(2), 133-150. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02757200410001689954 URL: http://www.erin.utoronto.ca/~w3his290/A-Burchianti.Mothers.Memory.pdf

Burgess, Stephen F. (2011, Spring): Comments on the Mass Atrocity Response Operations (MARO) Handbook. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(1), 66-69. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0097 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss1/9

Burgess, Stephen F. (2011, Summer): The African Standby Force, Genocide, and International Relations Theory. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(2), 121-133. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0121 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss2/4

Caballero-Anthony, Mely (2012): The Responsibility to Protect in Southeast Asia: Opening up Spaces for Advancing Human Security. The Pacific Review, 25(1), 113-134. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09512748.2011.632971

Card, Brittany L.; Baker, Isaac L. (2014, Fall): GRID: A Methodology Integrating Witness Testimony and Satellite Imagery Analysis for Documenting Alleged Mass Atrocities. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 8(3), 49-61. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5038/1911-9933.8.3.5 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol8/iss3/7

Cehajic, Sabina; Brown, Rupert; Castano, Emanuele (2008, June): Forgive and Forget? Antecedents and Consequences of Intergroup Forgiveness in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Political Psychology, 29(3), 351-367. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9221.2008.00634.x URL: http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic1063342.files/forgive%2008.pdf

Charny, Israel W. (2012, Spring): Requiem for the Prevention of Genocide in our Time: Working toward an Improbable Possibility but not Giving up. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 7(1), 108-122. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2012.0004 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol7/iss1/11

Clark, Janine Natalya (2010): National Unity and Reconciliation in Rwanda: A Flawed Approach? Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 28(2), 137-154. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02589001003736793

Clark, Janine Natalya (2012): The “Crime of Crimes”: Genocide, Criminal Trials and Reconciliation. Journal of Genocide Research, 14(1), 55-77. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2012.649895

Clark, Janine Natalya (2013, May): Courting Controversy: The ICTY’s Acquittal of Croatian Generals Gotovina and Markač. Journal of International Criminal Justice, 11(2), 399-423. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jicj/mqt009

Cohen, Mardge H. et al. (2009, November): Prevalence and Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Depression in HIV-Infected and At-Risk Rwandan Women. Journal of Women’s Health, 18(11), 1783-1791. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2009.1367

Conley-Zilkic, Bridget; de Waal, Alex (2014): Setting the Agenda for Evidence-Based Research on Ending Mass Atrocities. Journal of Genocide Research, 16(1), 55-76. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2014.878113

Conversi, Daniele (2006): Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing and Nationalism. In: Gerard Delanty; Krishan Kumar (Eds.): The SAGE Handbook of Nations and Nationalism. London: SAGE, 320-333.

Conway, Paul (2011, July): Righteous Hutus: Can Stories of Courageous Rescuers Help in Rwanda’s Reconciliation Process? International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, 3(7), 217-223. URL: http://www.academicjournals.org/article/article1379501721_Conway.pdf

Daly, John (2014, March): Counterterrorism or Neo-Colonialism? The French Army in Africa. Terrorism Monitor, 12(5), 6-10. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue5.pdf

Davenport, Christian; Ball, Patrick (2002, June): Views to a Kill: Exploring the Implications of Source Selection in the Case of Guatemalan State Terror, 1977-1995. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 46(3), 427-450. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022002702046003005 URL: http://www.gvpt.umd.edu/davenport/jcr2002.pdf

DeJong, Christina; Long, Eric (2014): The Death Penalty as Genocide: The Persecution of “Homosexuals” in Uganda. In: Dana Peterson; Vanessa R. Panfil (Eds.): Handbook of LGBT Communities, Crime, and Justice. New York: Springer, 339-362. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9188-0_16

Delrio, Walter et al. (2010, Summer): Discussing Indigenous Genocide in Argentina: Past, Present, and Consequences of Argentinean State Policies toward Native Peoples. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 5(2), 138-159. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2010.0010 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol5/iss2/3

de Sanctis, Francesco (2014, September): Reconciling Justice and Legality: A Quest for Fair Punishment in Cases on Bosnian Atrocity Crimes. Journal of International Criminal Justice, 12(4), 847-870. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jicj/mqu047

Devonshire, Sarah (2012, Summer-Winter): The True Measure of Success: The Leadership of Roméo Dallaire in the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 7(2-3), 184-203. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2012.0012 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol7/iss2/5

de Waal, Alex; Stanton, Gregory H. (2009, Winter): Should President Omar al-Bashir of Sudan Be Charged and Arrested by the International Criminal Court? An Exchange of Views. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 4(3), 329-353. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.0.0030 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol4/iss3/5

Donohue, William A. (2012, March): The Identity Trap: The Language of Genocide. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 31(1), 13-29. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0261927X11425033

Doughty, Kristin C. (2014, December): “Our Goal Is Not to Punish but to Reconcile”: Mediation in Postgenocide Rwanda. American Anthropologist, 116(4), 780-794. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aman.12144

Ducey, Kimberley A. (2010, Winter): Dilemmas of Teaching the “Greatest Silence”: Rape-as-Genocide in Rwanda, Darfur, and Congo. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 5(3), 310-322. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2010.0014 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol5/iss3/7

Ekern, Stener (2010): The Modernizing Bias of Human Rights: Stories of Mass Killings and Genocide in Central America. Journal of Genocide Research, 12(3-4), 219-241. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2010.528996

Emizet, Kisangani N. F. (2000): The Massacre of Refugees in Congo: A Case of UN Peacekeeping Failure and International Law. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 38(2), 163-202. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022278X0000330X

Eramian, Laura (2014): Personhood, Violence, and the Moral Work of Memory in Contemporary Rwanda. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 8(1), 16-29. URL: http://www.ijcv.org/index.php/ijcv/article/view/344

Feierstein, Daniel (2011, Spring): The Good, the Bad, and the Invisible: A Critical Look at the MARO Report. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(1), 39-44. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0107 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss1/5

Feierstein, Daniel (2011, Winter): Leaving the Parental Home: An Overview of the Current State of Genocide Studies. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(3), 257-269. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0133 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss3/7

Feierstein, Daniel; Theriault, Henry (2010, Summer): Editors’ Introduction. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 5(2), 133-137. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2010.0008 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol5/iss2/2

Ferrara, Antonio (2015): Beyond Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing: Demographic Surgery as a New Way to Understand Mass Violence. Journal of Genocide Research, 17(1), 1-20. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2015.991204

Finkel, Evgeny; Straus, Scott (2012, Spring): Macro, Meso, and Micro Research on Genocide: Gains, Shortcomings, and Future Areas of Inquiry. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 7(1), 56-67. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2012.0008 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol7/iss1/7

Fjelde, Hanne; Hultman, Lisa (2014, October): Weakening the Enemy: A Disaggregated Study of Violence against Civilians in Africa. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 58(7),1230-1257. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022002713492648

Fox, Nicole (2012, March): “God Must Have Been Sleeping”: Faith as an Obstacle and a Resource for Rwandan Genocide Survivors in the United States. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 51(1), 65-78. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5906.2011.01624.x

Gallagher, Adrian M. (2012, Summer-Winter): A System, Society, and Community Perspective on Genocide. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 7(2-3), 166-183. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2012.0011 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol7/iss2/4

Garaño, Santiago (2010, Summer): The Opposition Front against Compulsory Military Service: The Conscription Debate and Human-Rights Activism in Post-dictatorship Argentina. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 5(2), 174-190. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2010.0003 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol5/iss2/5

Gigliotti, Simone (2014): Introduction: The Memorialization of Genocide. Journal of Genocide Research, 16(4), 421-422. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2014.975944

Gishoma, Darius et al. (2014, August): Supportive-Expressive Group Therapy for People Experiencing Collective Traumatic Crisis during the Genocide Commemoration Period in Rwanda: Impact and Implications. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 2(1), 469-488. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/jspp.v2i1.292

Glick, Peter; Paluck, Elizabeth Levy (2013, March): The Aftermath of Genocide: History as a Proximal Cause. Journal of Social Issues, 69(1), 200-208. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/josi.12011

Goldsmith, Katherine (2010, Winter): The Issue of Intent in the Genocide Convention and its Effect on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide: Toward a Knowledge-Based Approach. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 5(3), 238-257. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2010.0018 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol5/iss3/3

Gready, Paul (2010): “You’re either with us or against us”: Civil Society and Policy Making in Post-Genocide Rwanda. African Affairs, 109(437), 637-657. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/afraf/adq038

Grodsky, Brian (2012): When Two Ambiguities Collide: The Use of Genocide in Self-Determination Drives. Journal of Genocide Research, 14(1), 1-27. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2012.649893

Grünfeld, Fred; Vermeulen, Wessel N. (2009, Summer): Failures to Prevent Genocide in Rwanda (1994), Srebrenica (1995), and Darfur (since 2003). Genocide Studies and Prevention, 4(2), 221-237. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.0.0016 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol4/iss2/13

Grünfeld, Fred; Vermeulen, Wessel N. (2014, Fall): The Role of the Netherlands in the European Framework for an International Response on Darfur during its Presidency in 2004–2005. Genocide Studies International, 8(2), 176-192. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/gsi.8.2.04

Haagensen, Lisa; Croes, Marnix (2012, Summer-Winter): Thy Brother’s Keeper? The Relationship between Social Distance and Intensity of Dehumanization during Genocide. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 7(2-3), 223-250. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2012.0014 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol7/iss2/7

Hairabedian, Federico Gaitan; Papazian, Alexis (2011, Spring): Critical Reflections on MARO: The View from Argentina. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(1), 45-51. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0111 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss1/6

Hall, Peter; Parkes, Colin Murray (2014): The Assassination and Genocide in Rwanda. In: Colin Murray Parkes (Ed.): Responses to Terrorism: Can Psychosocial Approaches Break the Cycle of Violence? Hove: Routledge, 118-132.

Hall, Peter; Parkes, Colin Murray (2014): The Roots of Conflict in Rwanda. In: Colin Murray Parkes (Ed.): Responses to Terrorism: Can Psychosocial Approaches Break the Cycle of Violence? Hove: Routledge, 67-74.

Harff, Barbara (2003, February): No Lessons Learned from the Holocaust? Assessing Risks of Genocide and Political Mass Murder since 1955. American Political Science Review, 97(1), 57-73. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0003055403000522 URL: http://www.colorado.edu/geography/class_homepages/geog_2002_s06/laptop_s06/current%20projects/Cox_Low%20Robinson%20Book%20chapter/Cox_Low%20Book%20chapter/Harff_genocide%20since%201955.pdf

Harff, Barbara; Gurr, Ted Robert (1998, September): Systematic Early Warning of Humanitarian Emergencies. Journal of Peace Research, 35(5), 551-579. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022343398035005002

Hayden, Patrick W.; Kappos, Katerina I. (2014, May): Current Developments at the Ad Hoc International Criminal Tribunals. Journal of International Criminal Justice, 12(2), 367-391. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jicj/mqu005

Hehir, Aidan (2010, Winter): An Analysis of Perspectives on the Office of the Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 5(3), 258-276. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2010.0011 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol5/iss3/4

Hehir, Aidan (2011): The Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide: Adding Value to the UN’s Mechanisms for Preventing Intra-State Crises? Journal of Genocide Research, 13(3), 271-286. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2011.606694

Heras, Nicholas A. (2014, February): Anti-Balaka Militias Target Muslims in the Central African Republic. Terrorism Monitor, 12(3), 5-7. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue3_01.pdf

Hiebert, Maureen S. (2011, Spring): MARO as the Partial Operationalization of R2P. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(1), 52-58. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0115 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss1/7

Hinton, Alexander Laban (2012, Spring): Critical Genocide Studies. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 7(1), 4-15. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2012.0001 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol7/iss1/3

Hirsch, Herbert (2011, Spring): Editor’s Introduction: MARO: Mass Atrocity Response Operations; A Military Planning Handbook: Selling the Mission and/or Protecting Human Rights? Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(1), 1-6. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0102 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss1/2

Hirsch, Herbert (2014, Spring): Preventing Genocide and Protecting Human Rights: A Failure of Policy. Genocide Studies International, 8(1), 1-22. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/gsi.8.1.01

Hitchcott, Nicki (2012, June): Benjamin Sehene vs Father Wenceslas Munyeshyaka: The Fictional Trial of a Genocide Priest. Journal of African Cultural Studies, 24(1), 21-34. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13696815.2012.666860

Hoare, Marko Attila (2011, Spring): A Case Study in Underachievement: The International Courts and Genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(1), 81-97. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0109 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss1/12

Holá, Barbora; van Wijk, Joris (2014, March): Life after Conviction at International Criminal Tribunals: An Empirical Overview. Journal of International Criminal Justice, 12(1), 109-132. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jicj/mqu003

Holmes, Georgina (2011, Summer): Did Newsnight Miss the Story? A Survey of how the BBC’s “Flagship Political Current Affairs Program” Reported Genocide and War in Rwanda between April and July 1994. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(2), 174-192. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0124 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss2/7

Honeyman, Catherine et al. (2004, March): Establishing Collective Norms: Potentials for Participatory Justice in Rwanda. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 10(1), 1-24. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327949pac1001_1

Ibreck, Rachel (2010, October): The Politics of Mourning: Survivor Contributions to Memorials in Post-Genocide Rwanda. Memory Studies, 3(4), 330-343. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1750698010374921

Imhoff, Roland; Wohl, Michael J. A.; Erb, Hans-Peter (2013, March): When the Past is Far from Dead: How Ongoing Consequences of Genocides Committed by the Ingroup Impact Collective Guilt. Journal of Social Issues, 69(1), 74-91. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/josi.12004

Ingelaere, Bert (2009): Living the Transition: Inside Rwanda’s Conflict Cycle at the Grassroots. Journal of Eastern African Studies, 3(3), 438-463. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17531050903273735

Ingelaere, Bert (2009, December): “Does the Truth Pass across the Fire without Burning?” Locating the Short Circuit in Rwanda’s Gacaca Courts. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 47(4), 507-528. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022278X0999005X URL: http://graduateinstitute.ch/files/live/sites/iheid/files/sites/international_history_politics/shared/history_course_support_2013-2014/HI022/Bert%202010.pdf

Jensen, Olaf (2013): Evaluating Genocidal Intent: The Inconsistent Perpetrator and the Dynamics of Killing. Journal of Genocide Research, 15(1), 1-19. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2012.759396

Jinks, Rebecca (2014): Thinking Comparatively about Genocide Memorialization. Journal of Genocide Research, 16(4), 423-440. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2014.975945

Jones, Adam (2011, Winter): Diffusing Genocide Studies, Defusing Genocides. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(3), 270-278. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0134 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss3/8

Juhl, Kirsten (2009, Summer): The Problem of Ethnic Politics and Trust: The Missing Persons Institute of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 4(2), 239-270. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.0.0018 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol4/iss2/14

Käihkö, Ilmari; Utas, Mats (2014): The Crisis in CAR: Navigating Myths and Interests. Africa Spectrum, 49(1), 69-77. URL: http://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/giga/afsp/article/view/715

Kanazayire, Clémentine et al. (2014, December): Does Identification with Rwanda Increase Reconciliation Sentiments between Genocide Survivors and Non-Victims? The Mediating Roles of Perceived Intergroup Similarity and Self-Esteem during Commemorations. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 2(1), 489-504. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/jspp.v2i1.319

Kantengwa, Odeth (2014, August): How Motherhood Triumphs over Trauma among Mothers with Children from Genocidal Rape in Rwanda. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 2(1), 417-434. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/jspp.v2i1.334

Kanyangara, Patrick et al. (2007, June): Collective Rituals, Emotional Climate and Intergroup Perception: Participation in “Gacaca” Tribunals and Assimilation of the Rwandan Genocide. Journal of Social Issues, 63(2), 387-404. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.2007.00515.x URL: http://www.ehu.es/documents/1463215/1504269/Kanyangara,%20Rim%C3%87_et_al_%282007%29.pdf

Kanyangara, Patrick et al. (2014, August): Trust, Individual Guilt, Collective Guilt and Dispositions toward Reconciliation among Rwandan Survivors and Prisoners before and after their Participation in Postgenocide Gacaca Courts in Rwanda. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 2(1), 401-416. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/jspp.v2i1.299

Kaplan, Suzanne (2013, March): Child Survivors of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide and Trauma-Related Affect. Journal of Social Issues, 69(1), 92-110. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/josi.12005

Kapteijns, Lidwien (2013): Test-Firing the “New World Order” in Somalia: The US/UN Military Humanitarian Intervention of 1992-1995. Journal of Genocide Research, 15(4), 421-442. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2013.856085

Kelly, Michael J. (2011, Fall): The Debate over Genocide in Darfur, Sudan. UC Davis Journal of International Law and Policy, 18(1), 205-223. URL: http://jilp.law.ucdavis.edu/issues/volume-18-1/Kelly_PDF.pdf

King, Elisabeth (2010, Winter): Memory Controversies in Post-Genocide Rwanda: Implications for Peacebuilding. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 5(3), 293-309. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2010.0013 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol5/iss3/6

King, Regine U. (2011, Summer): Healing Psychosocial Trauma in the Midst of Truth Commissions: The Case of Gacaca in Post-Genocide Rwanda. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(2), 134-151. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0122 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss2/5

Koktsidis, Pavlos Ioannis (2014): From Deprivation to Violence? Examining the Violent Escalation of Conflict in the Republic of Macedonia. Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward Terrorism and Genocide, 7(1), 1-29. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17467586.2013.876505

Kovanda, Karel (2010, Summer): The Czech Republic on the UN Security Council: The Rwandan Genocide. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 5(2), 192-218. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2010.0006 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol5/iss2/7

Krain, Matthew (1997, June): State-Sponsored Mass Murder: The Onset and Severity of Genocides and Politicides. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 41(3), 331-360. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022002797041003001

Krain, Matthew (2014): The Effects of Diplomatic Sanctions and Engagement on the Severity of ongoing Genocides or Politicides. Journal of Genocide Research, 16(1), 25-53. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2014.878112

Kuperman, Alan J. (2009, Winter): Darfur: Strategic Victimhood Strikes again? Genocide Studies and Prevention, 4(3), 281-303. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.0.0028 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol4/iss3/3

Kuperman, Alan J. (2011, Spring): Mass Atrocity Response Operations: Doctrine in Search of Strategy. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(1), 59-65. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0093 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss1/8

Kurtenbach, Sabine (2014): Postwar Violence in Guatemala: A Mirror of the Relationship between Youth and Adult Society. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 8(1), 119-133. URL: http://www.ijcv.org/index.php/ijcv/article/view/285

Lala, Girish et al. (2014, August): Messages of Hope: Using Positive Stories of Survival to Assist Recovery in Rwanda. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 2(1), 450-468. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/jspp.v2i1.290

Lang, Berel (2010): Response to Paul Boghossian, “The Concept of Genocide”. Journal of Genocide Research, 12(1-2), 81-89. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2010.515403

Leach, Colin Wayne; Zeineddine, Fouad Bou; Čehajić-Clancy, Sabina (2013, March): Moral Immemorial: The Rarity of Self-Criticism for Previous Generations’ Genocide or Mass Violence. Journal of Social Issues, 69(1), 34-53. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/josi.12002

Lemkin, Raphael (1947, January): Genocide as a Crime under International Law. American Journal of International Law, 41(1), 145-151.

Lessa, Francesca (2014): Elusive Justice, Changing Memories and the Recent Past of Dictatorship and Violence in Uruguay: An Analysis of the 2012 Public Act in the Gelman Case. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 8(1), 75-90. URL: http://www.ijcv.org/index.php/ijcv/article/view/349

Longman, Timothy (2009): An Assessment of Rwanda’s Gacaca Courts. Peace Review, 21(3), 304-312. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10402650903099369

Lutz, James M.; Lutz, Brenda J. (2013): State Use of Domestic Terrorism and Repression. In: Global Terrorism. (3rd ed.). Abingdon: Routledge, 230-256.

Madibbo, Amal Ibrahim (2012, May): Conflict and the Conceptions of Identities in the Sudan. Current Sociology, 60(3), 302-319. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0011392111426194

Maier, Charles S. (2014): Recounting, Retrieving, Rereading: Approaches to the History of Genocide. Journal of Genocide Research, 16(1), 101-111. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2014.878116

Mako, Shamiran (2012): Cultural Genocide and Key International Instruments: Framing the Indigenous Experience. International Journal on Minority and Group Rights, 19(2), 175-194. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/157181112X639078 URL: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2087175

Marsoobian, Armen T. (2009, Summer): Acknowledging Intergenerational Moral Responsibility in the Aftermath of Genocide. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 4(2), 211-220. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.0.0014 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol4/iss2/12

Mayersen, Deborah (2010, Spring): On the Timing of Genocide. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 5(1), 20-38. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.0.0034 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol5/iss1/3

Mayersen, Deborah; Mcloughlin, Stephen (2011): Risk and Resilience to Mass Atrocities in Africa: A Comparison of Rwanda and Botswana. Journal of Genocide Research, 13(3), 247-269. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2011.606687

Maynard, Jonathan Leader (2014): Rethinking the Role of Ideology in Mass Atrocities. Terrorism and Political Violence, 26(5), 821-841. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2013.796934 URL: https://counterideology2.files.wordpress.com/2014/11/rethinking-the-role-of-ideology-in-mass-atrocities.pdf

Mayroz, Eyal (2012): The Legal Duty to “Prevent”: After the Onset of “Genocide”. Journal of Genocide Research, 14(1), 79-98. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2012.649897 URL: http://www.genocidewatch.org/images/About_Genocide__12_3_2_Legal_Duty_to_Prevent.pdf

Mazzucelli, Colette (2014, Fall): Humanitarian Technologies and Genocide Prevention: A Critical Inquiry. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 8(3), 87-99. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5038/1911-9933.8.3.8 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol8/iss3/10

McGarty, Craig (Guest Ed.) (2014): Special Thematic Section on “20 Years after Genocide: Psychology’s Role in Reconciliation and Reconstruction in Rwanda”. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 2(1), 377-517. URL: http://jspp.psychopen.eu/issue/view/2

McGarty, Craig (2014, December): Twenty Years after Genocide: The Role of Psychology in the Reconciliation and Reconstruction Process in Rwanda. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 2(1), 377-386. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/jspp.v2i1.449

McLean Hilker, Lyndsay (2009): Everyday Ethnicities: Identity and Reconciliation among Rwandan Youth. Journal of Genocide Research, 11(1), 81-100. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623520802703640

Medina, Rafael Alarcón; Binford, Leigh (2014): Revisiting the El Mozote Massacre: Memory and Politics in Postwar El Salvador. Journal of Genocide Research, 16(4), 513-533. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2014.975953

Melson, Robert (2011, Winter): Critique of Current Genocide Studies. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(3), 279-286. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0135 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss3/9

Melvern, Linda (2011): A Response to Stephen Wertheim’s “A Solution from Hell: The United States and the Rise of Humanitarian Interventionism, 1991–2003”. [Letter to the editor]. Journal of Genocide Research, 13(1-2), 153-157. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2011.567845

Melvin, Jennifer (2010): Reconstructing Rwanda: Balancing Human Rights and the Promotion of National Reconciliation. The International Journal of Human Rights, 14(6), 932-951. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13642987.2010.512139

Mills, Brendon J. (2009, July-August): How to End the Genocide in Darfur and Why it Won’t Happen. Military Review, 7-8/2009, 80-86. URL: http://usacac.army.mil/CAC2/MilitaryReview/Archives/English/MilitaryReview_20090831_art013.pdf

Mitchell, Neil J.; Carey, Sabine C.; Butler, Christopher K. (2014): The Impact of Pro-Government Militias on Human Rights Violations. International Interactions, 40(5), 812-836. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03050629.2014.932783

Momartin, Shakeh et al. (2004, November-December): Complicated Grief in Bosnian Refugees: Associations with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Depression. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 45(6), 475-482. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2004.07.013

Morse, Jaimie (2014, Fall): Documenting Mass Rape: Medical Evidence Collection Techniques as Humanitarian Technology. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 8(3), 63-79. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5038/1911-9933.8.3.6 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol8/iss3/8

Moses, A. Dirk (2011, Winter): Revisiting a Founding Assumption of Genocide Studies. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(3), 287-300. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0127 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss3/10

Moss, Sigrun Marie (2014, August): Beyond Conflict and Spoilt Identities: How Rwandan Leaders Justify a Single Recategorization Model for Post-Conflict Reconciliation. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 2(1), 435-449. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/jspp.v2i1.291

Mukashema, Immaculee; Mullet, Etienne (2010, October): Reconciliation Sentiment among Victims of Genocide in Rwanda: Conceptualizations, and Relationships with Mental Health. Social Indicators Research, 99(1), 25-39. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11205-009-9563-1

Mukherjee, Geetanjali (2011, Spring): Achieving Reconciliation through Prosecution in the Courts: Lessons from Rwanda. Conflict Resolution Quarterly, 28(3), 331-348. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/crq.20026

Munyandamutsa, Naasson et al. (2012, November): Mental and Physical Health in Rwanda 14 Years after the Genocide. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 47(11), 1753-1761. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-012-0494-9

Neugebauer, Richard et al. (2009): Post-Traumatic Stress Reactions among Rwandan Children and Adolescents in the Early Aftermath of Genocide. International Journal of Epidemiology, 38(4), 1033-1045. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyn375

Neumann, Klaus; Anderson, Dan (2014): Introduction: Violence, Justice and the Work of Memory. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 8(1), 4-15. URL: http://www.ijcv.org/index.php/ijcv/article/view/426

Nielsen, Christian Axboe (2013): Surmounting the Myopic Focus on Genocide: The Case of the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Journal of Genocide Research, 15(1), 21-39. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2012.759397

Novic, Elisa (2015): Physical-Biological or Socio-Cultural “Destruction” in Genocide? Unraveling the Legal Underpinnings of Conflicting Interpretations. Journal of Genocide Research, 17(1), 63-82. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2015.991208

O’Connell, Tommy; Young, Stephen (2014, Fall): No More Hidden Secrets: Human Rights Violations and Remote Sensing. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 8(3), 5-31. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5038/1911-9933.8.3.3 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol8/iss3/5

Ornstein, Anna (2012): Mass Murder and the Individual: Psychoanalytic Reflections on Perpetrators and their Victims. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 62(1), 1-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/ijgp.2012.62.1.1

Otto, Sabine (2013, December): Coding One-Sided Violence from Media Reports. Cooperation and Conflict, 48(4), 556-566. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0010836713507668

Paluck, Elizabeth Levy (2009). Methods and ethics with research teams and NGOs: Comparing experiences across the border of Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo. In: Chandra Lekha Sriram et al. (Eds.): Surviving field research: Working in violent and difficult situations. Abingdon: Routledge, 38-56.

Paluck, Elizabeth Levy (2009, March): Reducing Intergroup Prejudice and Conflict Using the Media: A Field Experiment in Rwanda. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96(3), 574-587. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0011989 URL: http://static.squarespace.com/static/5186d08fe4b065e39b45b91e/t/51e2bac2e4b046d0d0080b29/1373813442281/Paluck+2009+JPSP+Rwanda.pdf

Paluck, Elizabeth Levy; Green, Donald P. (2009, November): Deference, Dissent, and Dispute Resolution: An Experimental Intervention Using Mass Media to Change Norms and Behavior in Rwanda. American Political Science Review, 103(4), 622-644. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0003055409990128

Parent, Geneviève (2010, Winter): Reconciliation and Justice after Genocide: A Theoretical Exploration. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 5(3), 277-292. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2010.0012 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol5/iss3/5

Parkes, Colin Murray; Hall, Peter (2014): After the Genocide: The Peace Process in Rwanda. In: Colin Murray Parkes (Ed.): Responses to Terrorism: Can Psychosocial Approaches Break the Cycle of Violence? Hove: Routledge, 208-229.

Pearlman, Laurie Anne (2013): Restoring Self in Community: Collective Approaches to Psychological Trauma after Genocide. Journal of Social Issues, 69(1), 111-124. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/josi.12006

Peskin, Victor (2009, Winter): The International Criminal Court, the Security Council, and the Politics of Impunity in Darfur. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 4(3), 304-328. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.0.0029 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol4/iss3/4

Pruitt, William R. (2015): Testing Hagan and Rymond-Richmond’s Collective Action Theory of Genocide. Global Crime, 16(1), 1-18. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17440572.2014.956167

Ranalletti, Mario (2010, Summer): Denial of the Reality of State Terrorism in Argentina as Narrative of the Recent Past: A New Case of “Negationism”? Genocide Studies and Prevention, 5(2), 160-173. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2010.0001 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol5/iss2/4

Raymond, Nathaniel A.; Card, Brittany L.; Baker, Isaac L. (2014, Fall): A New Forensics: Developing Standard Remote Sensing Methodologies to Detect and Document Mass Atrocities. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 8(3), 33-48. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5038/1911-9933.8.3.4 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol8/iss3/6

Reeves, Eric (2014, Spring): Failure to Prevent Genocide in Sudan and the Consequences of Impunity: Darfur as Precedent for Abyei, South Kordofan, and Blue Nile. Genocide Studies International, 8(1), 58-74. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/gsi.8.1.03

Reid-Cunningham, Allison Ruby (2008, Winter): Rape as a Weapon of Genocide. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 3(3), 279-296. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0043 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol3/iss3/4

Reyntjens, Filip (2004): Rwanda, Ten Years on: From Genocide to Dictatorship. African Affairs, 103(411), 177-210. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/afraf/adh045

Reyntjens, Filip (2011): Constructing the Truth, Dealing with Dissent, Domesticating the World: Governance in Post-Genocide Rwanda. African Affairs, 110(438), 1-34. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/afraf/adq075

Rimé, Bernard et al. (2011, October): The Impact of Gacaca Tribunals in Rwanda: Psychosocial Effects of Participation in a Truth and Reconciliation Process after a Genocide. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41(6), 695-706. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.822

Rogers, Damien (2010, Spring): Review Essay: Transforming R2P from Rhetoric to Reality. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 5(1), 106-113. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.0.0040 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol5/iss1/7

Rosenberg, Sheri P. (2012, Spring): Genocide Is a Process, Not an Event. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 7(1), 16-23. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2012.0003 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol7/iss1/4

Rost, Nicolas (2013): Will it Happen again? On the Possibility of Forecasting the Risk of Genocide. Journal of Genocide Research, 15(1), 41-67. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2012.759398

Rubanzana, Wilson et al. (2015): Exposure to Genocide and Risk of Suicide in Rwanda: A Population-Based Case-Control Study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 69(2), 117-122. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2014-204307

Rugema, Lawrence et al. (2013): Traumatic Episodes Experienced during the Genocide Period in Rwanda Influence Life Circumstances in Young Men and Women 17 Years Later. BMC Public Health, 13, Article 1235. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-1235

Sacre, Sandra (2013): Effects of Mass Homicide on Communities. In: Kathryn Gow; Marek Celinski (Eds.): Mass Trauma: Impact and Recovery Issues. (Natural Disaster Research, Prediction and Mitigation: Psychology Research Progress). Hauppauge: Nova Science Publishers, 95-110.

Sanford, Victoria (2014, Spring): Command Responsibility and the Guatemalan Genocide: Genocide as a Military Plan of the Guatemalan Army under the Dictatorships of Generals Lucas Garcia, Rios Montt, and Mejia Victores. Genocide Studies International, 8(1), 86-101. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/gsi.8.1.05

Schaal, Susanne et al. (2012, August): Mental Health 15 Years after the Killings in Rwanda: Imprisoned Perpetrators of the Genocide against the Tutsi versus a Community Sample of Survivors. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 25(4), 446-453. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jts.21728

Schabas, William A. (2010): Commentary on Paul Boghossian, “The Concept of Genocide”. Journal of Genocide Research, 12(1-2), 91-99. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2010.515404

Schaller, Dominik J. (2011, Winter): From Lemkin to Clooney: The Development and State of Genocide Studies. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(3), 245-256. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0132 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss3/6

Scheffer, David (2006, Winter): Genocide and Atrocity Crimes. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 1(3), 229-250. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0044 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol1/iss3/3

Schmid, Alex P. (1991). Repression, State Terrorism, and Genocide: Conceptual Clarifications. In: P. Timothy Bushnell (Ed.): State Organized Terror: The Case of Violent Internal Repression. Boulder, Westview Press, 23-37.

Schmid, Alex P.; Jongman, Albert J. (Berto) (1997): Violent Conflicts and Human Rights Violations in the Mid‐1990s. Terrorism and Political Violence, 9(4), 166-192. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09546559708427436

Schmid, Alex P. Human Rights and Genocide. In: Israel W. Charny (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Genocide. Vol. I. Santa Barbara, ABC-CLIO, 1999, pp. 343-345.

Schott, Robin May (2011): War Rape, Natality and Genocide. Journal of Genocide Research, 13(1-2), 5-21. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2011.559111

Semelin, Jacques (2012, Spring): Around the “G” Word: From Raphael Lemkin’s Definition to Current Memorial and Academic Controversies. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 7(1), 24-29. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2012.0005 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol7/iss1/5

Seymour, Lee J. M. (2014, Fall): Why Factions Switch Sides in Civil Wars: Rivalry, Patronage, and Realignment in Sudan. International Security, 39(2), 92-131. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/ISEC_a_00179

Shinar, Dov; Bratic, Vladimir (2010): Asymmetric War and Asymmetric Peace: Real Realities and Media Realities in the Middle East and the Western Balkans. Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward Terrorism and Genocide, 3(2), 125-142. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17467586.2010.531034

Singleterry, Douglas (2010, Spring): “Ethnic Cleansing” and Genocidal Intent: A Failure of Judicial Interpretation? Genocide Studies and Prevention, 5(1), 39-67. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.0.0036 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol5/iss1/4

Skillington, Tracey (2013, September): UN Genocide Commemoration, Transnational Scenes of Mourning and the Global Project of Learning from Atrocity. The British Journal of Sociology, 64(3), 501-525. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-4446.12029

Skjelsbæk, Inger (2015, March): The Military Perpetrator: A Narrative Analysis of Sentencing Judgments on Sexual Violence Offenders at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 3(1), 46-70. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/jspp.v3i1.273

Skloot, Robert (2010, Spring): Review Essay: Old Concerns and New Plays in the Theater of Genocide. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 5(1), 114-120. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.0.0041 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol5/iss1/8

Smith, Roger W. (2011, Spring): Utopian Goals, Unasked Questions: Reflections on a Proposed Military Planning Handbook for Response to Mass Atrocities against Civilians. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(1), 77-80. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0105 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss1/11

Smith, Roger W. (2014, Spring): Genocide Denial and Prevention. Genocide Studies International, 8(1), 102-109. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/gsi.8.1.06

Somerville, Keith (2011): Violence, Hate Speech and Inflammatory Broadcasting in Kenya: The Problems of Definition and Identification. Ecquid Novi: African Journalism Studies, 32(1), 82-101. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02560054.2011.545568

Spivey, Sue E.; Robinson, Christine M. (2010, Spring): Genocidal Intentions: Social Death and the Ex-Gay Movement. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 5(1), 68-88. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.0.0038 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol5/iss1/5

Staub, Ervin (2004, March): Justice, Healing, and Reconciliation: How the People’s Courts in Rwanda can Promote them. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 10(1), 25-32. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327949pac1001_2

Staub, Ervin (2006, December): Reconciliation after Genocide, Mass Killing, or Intractable Conflict: Understanding the Roots of Violence, Psychological Recovery, and Steps toward a General Theory. Political Psychology, 27(6), 867-894. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9221.2006.00541.x

Staub, Ervin (2013, March): A World without Genocide: Prevention, Reconciliation, and the Creation of Peaceful Societies. Journal of Social Issues, 69(1), 180-199. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/josi.12010

Staub, Ervin (2013, October): Building a Peaceful Society: Origins, Prevention, and Reconciliation after Genocide and other Group Violence. American Psychologist, 68(7), 576-589. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0032045

Staub, Ervin (2014, October): The Challenging Road to Reconciliation in Rwanda: Societal Processes, Interventions and their Evaluation. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 2(1), 505-517. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/jspp.v2i1.294

Staub, Ervin et al. (2005): Healing, Reconciliation, Forgiving and the Prevention of Violence after Genocide or Mass Killing: An Intervention and its Experimental Evaluation in Rwanda. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 24(3), 297-334. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/jscp.

Stepanova, Ekaterina (2009): Trends in Armed Conflicts: One-Sided Violence against Civilians. In: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) (Ed.): SIPRI Yearbook 2009: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 39-68. URL: http://www.sipri.org/yearbook/2009/files/SIPRIYB0902.pdf

Straus, Scott (2004): How many Perpetrators were there in the Rwandan Genocide? An Estimate. Journal of Genocide Research, 6(1), 85-98. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1462352042000194728 URL: http://users.polisci.wisc.edu/straus/Straus%20JGR%202004.pdf

Straus, Scott (2006, July): Rwanda and Darfur: A Comparative Analysis. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 1(1), 41-55. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0009 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol1/iss1/8

Straus, Scott (2007, April): Second-Generation Comparative Research on Genocide. World Politics, 59(3), 476-501. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S004388710002089X

Straus, Scott (2007, December): What is the Relationship between Hate Radio and Violence? Rethinking Rwanda’s “Radio Machete”. Politics & Society, 35(4), 609-637. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0032329207308181 URL: http://www.jewishculture.illinois.edu/events/conferences/holocaust/Straus.pdf

Straus, Scott (2012): “Destroy Them to Save Us”: Theories of Genocide and the Logics of Political Violence. Terrorism and Political Violence, 24(4), 544-560. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2012.700611 URL: http://users.polisci.wisc.edu/straus/Straus%20Destroy%20Them%20to%20Save%20Us%202012.pdf

Straus, Scott (2012, June): Retreating from the Brink: Theorizing Mass Violence and the Dynamics of Restraint. Perspectives on Politics, 10(2), 343-362. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1537592712000709 URL: http://users.polisci.wisc.edu/straus/Straus%20Retreating%20from%20the%20Brink.pdf

Szoke-Burke, Sam (2012, July): Avoiding Belittlement of Human Suffering: A Retributivist Critique of ICTR Sentencing Practices. Journal of International Criminal Justice, 10(3), 561-580. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jicj/mqs029

Szpak, Agnieszka (2012): National, Ethnic, Racial, and Religious Groups Protected against Genocide in the Jurisprudence of the ad hoc International Criminal Tribunals. European Journal of International Law, 23(1), 155-173. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejil/chs002

Tatz, Colin (2011, Winter): Genocide Studies: An Australian Perspective. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(3), 231-244. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0130 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss3/5

ten Bensel, Tusty; Sample, Lisa L. (2014, June): Stories of Wartime Rape Victims: The Deconstruction of Lived Experiences in the Balkan Conflict. Violence and Gender, 1(2), 77-89. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/vio.2014.0005

Thaler, Kai (2012): Foreshadowing Future Slaughter: From the Indonesian Killings of 1965-1966 to the 1974-1999 Genocide in East Timor. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 7(2-3), 204-222. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2012.0013 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol7/iss2/6

Theriault, Henry C. (2011, Spring): The MARO Handbook: New Possibilities or the Same Old Militarism? Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(1), 7-31. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0114 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss1/3

Theriault, Henry C. (2012, Spring): Against the Grain: Critical Reflections on the State and Future of Genocide Scholarship. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 7(1), 123-144. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2012.0006 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol7/iss1/12

Thomson, Susan M. (2009): Ethnic Twa and Rwandan National Unity and Reconciliation Policy. Peace Review, 21(3), 313-320. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10402650903099377

Thomson, Susan M. (2011): Whispering Truth to Power: The Everyday Resistance of Rwandan Peasants to Post-Genocide Reconciliation. African Affairs, 110(440), 439-456. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/afraf/adr021

Tinsley, Rebecca (2014, Spring): The Nuba People: Out of Sight, Out of Mind. Genocide Studies International, 8(1), 75-85. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/gsi.8.1.04

Totten, Samuel (2009, Winter): The UN International Commission of Inquiry on Darfur: New and Disturbing Findings. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 4(3), 354-378. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.0.0031 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol4/iss3/6

Totten, Samuel (2011, Winter): The State and Future of Genocide Studies and Prevention: An Overview and Analysis of some Key Issues. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(3), 211-230. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0128 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss3/4

Totten, Samuel (2014, Spring): Paying Lip Service to R2P and Genocide Prevention: The Muted Response of the US Atrocities Prevention Board and the USHMM’s Committee on Conscience to the Crisis in the Nuba Mountains. Genocide Studies International, 8(1), 23-57. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/gsi.8.1.02

Totten, Samuel (2014, Fall): Interview with Dr. Tom Catena, Physician-Surgeon, Mother of Mercy Hospital in Gidel, South Kordofan (Nuba Mountains), Sudan. Genocide Studies International, 8(2), 236-255. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/gsi.8.2.08

Travis, Hannibal (2012, Spring): On the Original Understanding of the Crime of Genocide. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 7(1), 30-55. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2012.0007 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol7/iss1/6

Travis, Hannibal (2014, Fall): The United Nations and Genocide Prevention: The Problem of Racial and Religious Bias. Genocide Studies International, 8(2), 122-152. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/gsi.8.2.02

Tuckwood, Christopher (2014, Fall): The State of the Field: Technology for Atrocity Response. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 8(3), 81-86. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5038/1911-9933.8.3.7 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol8/iss3/9

Tusan, Michelle (2015): Humanitarianism, Genocide and Liberalism. Journal of Genocide Research, 17(1), 83-105. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2015.991209

Üngör, Uğur Ümit (٢٠١١, Spring): Team America: Genocide Prevention? Genocide Studies and Prevention, 6(1), 32-38. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2011.0118 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol6/iss1/4

Üngör, Uğur Ümit (٢٠١٢, Spring): Studying Mass Violence: Pitfalls, Problems, and Promises. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 7(1), 68-80. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2012.0009 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol7/iss1/8

Verdeja, Ernesto (2012, Spring): On Situating the Study of Genocide within Political Violence. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 7(1), 81-88. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2012.0000 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol7/iss1/9

Verdeja, Ernesto (2012, June): The Political Science of Genocide: Outlines of an Emerging Research Agenda. Perspectives on Politics, 10(2), 307-321. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1537592712000680 URL: http://kroc.nd.edu/sites/default/files/Verdeja_Pol_Sci_of_Genocide.pdf

Vollhardt, Johanna Ray; Bilali, Rezarta (2014): The Role of Inclusive and Exclusive Victim Consciousness in Predicting Intergroup Attitudes: Findings from Rwanda, Burundi, and DRC. Political Psychology. Advance Online Publication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pops.12174

Vollhardt, Johanna Ray; Bilewicz, Michal (Eds.) (2013, March): The Aftermath of Genocide: Psychological Perspectives. [Special Issue]. Journal of Social Issues, 69(1), 1-208.

Vollhardt, Johanna Ray; Bilewicz, Michal (2013, March): After the Genocide: Psychological Perspectives on Victim, Bystander, and Perpetrator Groups. Journal of Social Issues, 69(1), 1-15. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/josi.12000

von Joeden-Forgey, Elisa (2010, Spring): The Devil in the Details: “Life Force Atrocities” and the Assault on the Family in Times of Conflict. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 5(1), 1-19. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.0.0042 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol5/iss1/2

von Joeden-Forgey, Elisa (2012, Spring): Gender and the Future of Genocide Studies and Prevention. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 7(1), 89-107. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/gsp.2012.0002 URL: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol7/iss1/10

Weitz, Eric D. (2010): Genocide and the Rigor of Philosophy: A Comment on Paul Boghossian. Journal of Genocide Research, 12(1-2), 101-104. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2010.515406

Wertheim, Stephen (2010): A Solution from Hell: The United States and the Rise of Humanitarian Interventionism, 1991-2003. Journal of Genocide Research, 12(3-4), 149-172. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2010.522053 URL: http://www.columbia.edu/~saw2156/SolutionfromHell.pdf

Wertheim, Stephen (2011): On Moralism and Rwanda: A Reply to Linda Melvern. Journal of Genocide Research, 13(1-2), 159-163. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2011.567846

Woessner, Martin (2011): Reconsidering the Slaughter Bench of History: Genocide, Theodicy, and the Philosophy of History. Journal of Genocide Research, 13(1-2), 85-105. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2011.559115

Zimmerer, Jürgen (2011): Genocide Studies for the Twenty-First Century: A Departing Editor’s Perspective. Journal of Genocide Research, 13(3), 205-208. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2011.603208

Zorbas, Eugenia (2009): What does Reconciliation after Genocide Mean? Public Transcripts and Hidden Transcripts in Post-Genocide Rwanda. Journal of Genocide Research, 11(1), 127-147. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14623520802703707

Zraly, Maggie; Rubin, Sarah E.; Mukamana, Donatilla (2013, December): Motherhood and Resilience among Rwandan Genocide-Rape Survivors. Ethos, 41(4), 411-439. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/etho.12031

Grey Literature

Albright, Madeleine K.; Cohen, William S. (2008, December): Preventing Genocide: A Blueprint for U.S. Policymakers. (USIP Report in Cooperation with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum & The American Academy of Diplomacy). URL: http://media.usip.org/reports/genocide_taskforce_report.pdf

Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies (ACRPS), Contemporary Syrian Studies Unit (2013, June): Deadly Neighbors: Jdaidet al-Fadl—A Paradigm for Sectarian Genocide in the Damascus Region. (Case Analysis). URL: http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/e0405347-d2fc-4b34-9b8a-7ad3d9abae0a

Arieff, Alexis (2014, May): Crisis in the Central African Republic. (CRS Report for Congress R43377). URL: http://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R43377.pdf

Binet, Laurence et al. (2003, October): Genocide of Rwandan Tutsi 1994. (MSF Speaking Out). URL: http://speakingout.msf.org/en/genocide-of-rwandan-tutsi

Binet, Laurence et al. (2003, October): Rwandan Refugee Camps in Zaire and Tanzania 1994-1995. (MSF Speaking Out). URL: http://speakingout.msf.org/en/rwandan-refugee-camps-in-zaire-and-tanzania

Binet, Laurence et al. (2003, October): The Violence of the New Rwandan Regime 1994-1995. (MSF Speaking Out). URL: http://speakingout.msf.org/en/the-violence-of-the-new-rwandan-regime

Binet, Laurence et al. (2004, August): The Hunting and Killing of Rwandan Refugees in Zaire-Congo: 1996-1997. (MSF Speaking Out). URL: http://speakingout.msf.org/en/the-hunting-and-killing-of-rwandan-refugees-in-zaire-congo

Binet, Laurence et al. (2006, September): Violence against Kosovar Albanians, NATO’s Intervention 1998-1999. (MSF Speaking Out). URL: http://speakingout.msf.org/en/violence-against-kosovar-albanians-nato-intervention

Bøås, Morten (2014, January): The Central African Republic: A History of a Collapse Foretold? (NOREF Policy Brief). URL: http://www.peacebuilding.no/Regions/Africa/Publications/The-Central-African-Republic-a-history-of-a-collapse-foretold

Bodansky,Yossef (2013, July): Iran and Sudan Plan and Begin to Execute Moves to Dominate Central and Western Africa. (ISPSW Strategy Series: Focus on Defense and International Security, Issue No. 235). URL: http://mercury.ethz.ch/serviceengine/Files/ISN/166344/ipublicationdocument_singledocument/e5550174-5151-4434-a86a-c8ea4630c7b3/en/235_Bodansky.pdf

Bodansky,Yossef (2013, December): The Central African Republic. (ISPSW Strategy Series: Focus on Defense and International Security, Issue No. 256). URL: http://mercury.ethz.ch/serviceengine/Files/ISN/174888/ipublicationdocument_singledocument/a7c7f50a-847a-4d66-b109-60622b9f7331/en/256_Bodansky.pdf

Breidlid, Ingrid Marie; Arensen, Michael J. (2014): “Anyone who can carry a gun can go”: The Role of the White Army in the Current Conflict in South Sudan. (PRIO Paper). URL: http://www.prio.org/Publications/Publication/?x=7417

California International Law Center (CILC); Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice & Human Rights (2011, March): Toward Peace with Justice in Darfur: A Framework for Accountability. (Joint Report). URL: https://law.ucdavis.edu/centers/cilc/files/Darfur%20Report_CILC%20and%20RFK_2011.pdf

Clark, Phil; Palmer, Nicola (2012, October): Testifying to Genocide: Victim and Witness Protection in Rwanda. (REDRESS Report). URL: http://www.redress.org/downloads/publications/TestifyingtoGenocide.pdf

Des Forges, Alison (1999, March): “Leave None to Tell the Story”: Genocide in Rwanda. (HRW Report). URL: http://www.hrw.org/reports/pdfs/r/rwanda/rwanda993.pdf

Farr, Thomas F. (2014, September): Islamist Terrorism, Genocide, and U.S. National Security: Empowering U.S. IRF Policy. Testimony presented before the Sub-Committees of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, September 10, 2014. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/FA/FA16/20140910/102642/HHRG-113-FA16-Wstate-FarrT-20140910.pdf

Ferroggiaro, William (2001, August 20): The US and the Genocide in Rwanda 1994: Evidence of Inaction. The National Security Archive. URL: http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB53/index.html

Ferroggiaro, William (2004, March 24): The U.S. and the Genocide in Rwanda 1994: Information, Intelligence and the U.S. Response. The National Security Archive. URL: http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB117/

Ferroggiaro, William (2004, April 7): The U.S. and the Genocide in Rwanda 1994: The Assassination of the Presidents and the Beginning of the “Apocalypse”. The National Security Archive. URL: http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB119/index.htm

Herbert, Siân; Dukhan, Nathalia; Debos, Marielle (2013, July): State Fragility in the Central African Republic: What Prompted the 2013 Coup? (GSDRC Rapid Literature Review). URL: http://www.gsdrc.org/docs/open/CAR_GSDRC2013.pdf

Human Rights Watch (1993): Genocide in Iraq: The Anfal Campaign against the Kurds. (Middle East Watch Report). URL: http://www.hrw.org/reports/1993/iraqanfal/

Human Rights Watch (2010): Genocide, War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity: A Digest of the Case Law of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. (HRW Digest). URL: http://www.hrw.org/reports/2010/01/12/genocide-war-crimes-and-crimes-against-humanity

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2013, June): Central African Republic: Priorities of the Transition. (Africa Report N°203). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/africa/central-africa/central-african-republic/203-central-african-republic-priorities-of-the-transition.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2013, December): Central African Republic: Better Late than Never. (Africa Briefing N°96). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/africa/central-africa/central-african-republic/b096-central-african-republic-better-late-than-never.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2014, April): The Security Challenges of Pastoralism in Central Africa. (Africa Report N°215). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/africa/central-africa/215-the-security-challenges-of-pastoralism-in-central-africa.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2014, June): The Central African Crisis: From Predation to Stabilisation. (Africa Report N°219). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/africa/central-africa/central-african-republic/219-the-central-african-crisis-from-predation-to-stabilisation.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2014, December): The Central African Republic’s Hidden Conflict. (Africa Briefing N°105). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/africa/central-africa/central-african-republic/b105-the-central-african-republic-s-hidden-conflict.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2015, January): Sudan and South Sudan’s Merging Conflicts. (Africa Report N°223). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/africa/horn-of-africa/sudan/223-sudan-and-south-sudan-s-merging-conflicts.aspx

Kantengwa, Odeth (2014, January): How Motherhood Triumphs over Traumahood among Mothers with Children from Genocidal Rape in Rwanda. (MSM Working Paper No. 2014/03). URL: http://www.msm.nl/resources/uploads/2014/02/MSM-WP2014-03.pdf

Lemarchand, René (1998): Genocide in the Great Lakes: Which Genocide? Whose Genocide? (Yale Center for International and Area Studies Working Paper Series, Genocide Studies Program, GS 03). URL: http://kms1.isn.ethz.ch/serviceengine/Files/ISN/46573/ipublicationdocument_singledocument/fd9789e7-c61d-40d4-a5b0-7f1beeca8b65/en/GS03.pdf

Masire, Ketumile et al. (2000): Rwanda: The Preventable Genocide: The Report of International Panel of Eminent Personalities to Investigate the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda and the Surrounding Events. URL: http://www.aegistrust.org/images/stories/oaureport.pdf

Mount, Gavin (2014, July): Remembering Rwanda: Patterns of Post-Conflict Scholarship (1994-2014). Refereed paper presented to the Sixth Oceanic Conference on International Studies, University of Melbourne, 9-11 July 2014. URL: http://www.ocis.org.au/files/pdf/full-papers/ocis14final00269.pdf

Outreach Programme on the Rwanda Genocide; United Nations (UN) (2014, March): Preventing Genocide. (Background Note). URL: http://www.un.org/en/preventgenocide/rwanda/about/bgpreventgenocide.shtml

Pospisil, Jan (2014, April): Civil War in South Sudan: Bloody Ethno-Politics and a Failed International Engagement. (OIIP Policy Paper 3/2014). URL: http://www.oiip.ac.at/fileadmin/Unterlagen/Dateien/Publikationen/Civil_War_South_Sudan_3_2014.pdf

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About the compiler: Judith Tinnes, Ph.D., studied Information Science and New German Literature and Linguistics at the Saarland University (Germany). Her doctoral thesis dealt with Internet usage of Islamist terrorists and insurgents. Currently she works in the research & development department of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information (ZPID). She also serves as Editorial Assistant for ‘Perspectives on Terrorism’.

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Perspectives on Terrorism is  a journal of the Terrorism Research Initiative and the Center for Terrorism and Security Studies

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