IV. Resources

Bibliography: Conflict in Syria (Part 2)

Compiled and selected by Judith Tinnes

[Bibliographic Series of Perspectives on Terrorism–BSPT-JT-2015-3]


This bibliography contains journal articles, book chapters, books, edited volumes, theses, grey literature, bibliographies and other resources on the Syrian conflict. To keep up with the rapid changing political events, more recent publications have been prioritized during the selection process. The literature has been retrieved by manually browsing more than 200 core and periphery sources in the field of Terrorism Studies. Additionally, full-text and reference retrieval systems have been employed to expand the search.

Keywords: bibliography, resources, literature, Syria, conflict, uprising, civil war, Assad regime, rebels, al-Nusra Front, Jabhat al-Nusra

NB: All websites were last visited on 08.06.2015. This subject bibliography was preceded by an earlier part (Part I). To avoid duplication, this compilation only includes literature not contained in the previous part. However, meta-resources, such as bibliographies, were included in both parts. Literature focusing specifically on the “Islamic State” (a.k.a. ISIS, ISIL, Daesh) has been excluded. ISIS will be covered in a forthcoming (summer/fall 2015) special thematic issue of ‘Perspectives on Terrorism’.–See also Note for the Reader at the end of this literature list.

Bibliographies and other Resources

Adelson, Samuel (2013, May): Annotated Bibliography for Syria. (Model Arab League Research Resources). URL: http://ncusar.org/modelarableague/resources/Annotated-Bibliography-Syria.pdf

Beede, Benjamin R. (2010): Iraq War, 2003 –. In: The Small Wars of the United States, 1899-2009: An Annotated Bibliography. (Rev. 2nd ed.). New York: Routledge, 472-508.

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (2012-): Syria in Crisis. URL: http://carnegieendowment.org/syriaincrisis

Global Observatory (2013, June 24): A Resource Guide to the Syrian Conflict. URL: http://theglobalobservatory.org/reports/522-a-resource-guide-to-the-syrian-conflict.html

Haddad, Bassam et al. (Eds.) (2010, July-): Jadaliyya: Syria Page. URL: http://www.jadaliyya.com/pages/index/17348/syria-media-roundup-%28april-16%29

Higgins, Eliot (2012, March-2014, July): Brown Moses Blog. URL: http://brown-moses.blogspot.co.uk

Higgins, Eliot et al. (2014, July-): Bellingcat. URL: https://www.bellingcat.com

Institute for the Study of War (ISW) (2013, August 30-): Institute for the Study of War Syria Updates. URL: http://iswsyria.blogspot.de

Lynch, Marc (2013, September 4): A Syria Reading List. Foreign Policy. URL: http://lynch.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2013/09/04/a_syria_reading_list

Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently (RBSS) (2014, April-): URL: http://www.raqqa-sl.com/en

Rogalski, Jürgen; Grimm, Jannis (2015, January): Länderspezifische Analysen und Kommentare: Syrien. In: Aktuelle Kurzbibliographie. (SWP [WIM] Bibliography). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/de/swp-themendossiers/umbruch-in-der-arabischen-welt/aktuelle-kurzbibliographie/laenderspezifische-analysen-und-kommentare.html#c4415

Syria Deeply (2012-): URL: http://beta.syriadeeply.org

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) (2006, May-): URL: http://www.syriahr.com/en

Syrian Studies Association (1993, Autumn-): Syrian Studies Association Bulletin. URL: https://ojcs.siue.edu/ojs/index.php/ssa/index

Tinnes, Judith (2013, December): Literature on the Conflict in Syria (2011 – November 2013). Perspectives on Terrorism, 7(6), 137-165. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/317

Books and Edited Volumes

Achcar, Gilbert (2013): The People Want: A Radical Exploration of the Arab Uprising. (G. M. Goshgarian, Trans.). Berkeley: University of California Press.

Baron, Xavier (2013): Aux origines du drame syrien (1918-2013). Paris: Tallandier.

Belhadj, Souhaïl (2013): La Syrie de Bashar al-Asad: Anatomie d’un régime autoritaire. Paris: Belin.

Bender, Larissa (Ed.) (2012): Syrien: Der schwierige Weg in die Freiheit. Bonn: J.H.W. Dietz.

Castellano, Isaac M. (2015): Civil War Interventions and their Benefits: Unequal Return. Lanham: Lexington Books.

Cooper, Tom (2014): Syrian Conflagration: The Syrian Civil War, 2011-2013. Solihull: Helion.

da Prata, Pierre Piccinin (2012): La bataille d’Alep: Chroniques de la révolution syrienne. Paris: L’Harmattan.

Dodge, Toby; Hokayem, Emile (Eds.) (2014): Middle Eastern Security, the US Pivot and the Rise of ISIS. (Adelphi Series, Vol. 447-448). Abingdon: Routledge.

Erlich, Reese (2014): Inside Syria: The Backstory of their Civil War and what the World can Expect. Amherst: Prometheus Books.

Estival, Jean-Pierre (2013): La tragédie syrienne: Révolte populaire ou complot international? Paris: L’Harmattan.

Filiu, Jean-Pierre (2013): Le nouveau Moyen-Orient: Les peuples à l’heure de la Révolution syrienne. Paris: Fayard.

Gunter, Michael M. (2014): Out of Nowhere: The Kurds of Syria in Peace and War. London: Hurst.

Halasa, Malu; Omareen, Zaher; Mahfoud, Nawara (Eds.) (2014): Syria Speaks: Art and Culture from the Frontline. London: Saqi Books.

Hinnebusch, Raymond; Zintl, Tina (Eds.) (2015): Syria from Reform to Revolt. (Vol. 1: Political Economy and International Relations). Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.

Javaher-Haghighi, Peyman; Azad, Hassan; Noshadi, Hamid Reza (2013): Arabellion: Die arabische Revolution für Freiheit und Brot von Kairo bis Damaskus. Münster: Unrast.

Kassim, Yang Razali (2014): The Geopolitics of Intervention: Asia and the Responsibility to Protect. (SpringerBriefs in Political Science). Singapore: Springer.

Kazimi, Nibras (2010): Syria through Jihadist Eyes: A Perfect Enemy. Stanford: Hoover Institution Press.

King, Robert; Loyd, Anthony (2014): Democratic Desert: The War in Syria. Amsterdam: Mets en Schilt.

Lister, Charles (in press): The Syrian Jihad: Al-Qaeda, the Islamic State and the Evolution of an Insurgency. London: Hurst.

Marty, Olivier; Kervran, Loïc (2013): Pour comprendre la crise syrienne: Éclairages sur un Printemps qui dure. Paris: L’Harmattan.

McHugo, John (2015): Syria: A History of the Last Hundred Years. New York: The New Press.

Ortiz, Alex (2014): The Syrian Conflict and its Grave Origins: From Civil Uprising to War: Surveying Domestic and Regional Political Relations in Syria. Saarbrücken: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing.

Osoegawa, Taku (2013): Syria and Lebanon: International Relations and Diplomacy in the Middle East. (Library of Modern Middle East Studies, Vol. 140). London: I.B. Tauris.

Phares, Walid (2014): The Lost Spring: U.S. Policy in the Middle East and Catastrophes to Avoid. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Romano, David; Gurses, Mehmet (Eds.) (2014): Conflict, Democratization, and the Kurds in the Middle East: Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Syria. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Sahner, Christian C. (2014): Among the Ruins: Syria Past and Present. London: Hurst.

Sardar, Ziauddin; Yassin-Kassab, Robin (Eds.) (2014): Syria. (Critical Muslim, Vol. 11). London: Hurst.

Scheller, Bente (2013): The Wisdom of Syria’s Waiting Game: Syrian Foreign Policy under the Assads. London: Hurst.

Silander, Daniel; Wallace, Don (Eds.) (2015): International Organizations and the Implementation of the Responsibility to Protect: The Humanitarian Crisis in Syria. (Global Politics and the Responsibility to Protect). Abingdon: Routledge.

Smith, Lee (2014): The Consequences of Syria. (The Great Unraveling: The Remaking of the Middle East; Hoover Institution Press Publication No. 651). Stanford: Hoover Institution Press.

Staudigl, Robert (2013): Baschar al-Assad: Von der Hoffnung in den Untergang. München: Herbert Utz Verlag.

Wakim, Jamal (2013): The Struggle of Major Powers over Syria. (Middle East Studies). Reading: Ithaca Press.

Wieland, Carsten (2012): Syria: A Decade of Lost Chances: Repression and Revolution from Damascus Spring to Arab Spring. Seattle: Cune Press.

Wieland, Carsten; Almqvist, Adam; Nassif, Helena (2013): The Syrian Uprising: Dynamics of an Insurgency. (St Andrews Papers on Contemporary Syria). St. Andrews, Fife: University of St Andrews Centre for Syrian Studies.

Ziter, Edward (2015): Political Performance in Syria: From the Six-Day War to the Syrian Uprising. (Studies in International Performance). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.


Al-Rashdi, Aisha (2014, August): Fomenting a Sectarian Crisis? Bashar Al-Assad’s Reforms of 2000s and their Impact on the 2011 Syrian Uprising. (Master’s Thesis, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/29500

Carr, Daryl Thomas (2013): The Syrian Conflict in Lebanese Media. (Master’s Thesis, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2152/22329

Crisp, Jeremy D. (2013): Media Framing, Proximity and Spheres: The Media Account before and after the August 21, 2013 Syrian Chemical Attack. (Master’s Thesis, Gonzaga University, Spokane, United States). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 1553276)

de Roy van Zuijdewijn, Jeanine (2014, January): Fearing the Western Muslim Foreign Fighter: The Connection between Fighting the Defensive Jihad and Terrorist Activity in the West. (Master’s Thesis, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands). URL: http://dspace.library.uu.nl:8080/handle/1874/290146

Eddin, Chams (2013, October): The Assad Regime’s Propaganda: Manipulation through Messaging at the Beginning of the Arab Spring Uprising in Syria. (Master’s Thesis, Georgetown University, Washington, DC, United States). URL: http://pqdtopen.proquest.com/doc/1539537449.html?FMT=AI

Haggerty, Brian Thomas (2014, September): Safe Havens in Syria: Missions and Requirements for an Air Campaign. (Master’s Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/95520

Hansen, Helle Hjordt (2014, July): Salafi-Jihadists in Syria: A Social Movement Theory Analysis. (Master’s Thesis, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark). URL: http://rudar.ruc.dk/handle/1800/15704

McLelland, Alex Key (2014): Emergency Cinema in Syria: (Re)Envisioning Documentary-As-Witness. (Master’s Thesis, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2152/26384

Ouardi, Karim (2014, May): The Long and Bloody Spring: The Uniqueness of the Syrian Uprising. (Master’s Thesis, Texas State University, San Marcos, United States). URL: https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/4958

Peeters, Bram (2014, August): Choosing Battles: A Cross-Case Analysis of Seven Muslim Foreign Fighter Mobilizations (1980-2014). (Master’s Thesis, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands). URL: http://dspace.library.uu.nl:8080/handle/1874/298875

Ramos, Cátia Filipa de Oliveira (2013): A Primavera Árabe no Egito e na Síria: Repercussões no Conflito Israelo-Palestiniano. (Master’s Thesis, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal). URL: https://www.repository.utl.pt/handle/10400.5/6468

Sedigh, Sanaz (2013, May): The Independent International Commission of Inquiry in the Syrian Arab Republic: An Evaluation of the Commission’s Effectiveness and Efficacy in Syria. (Master’s Thesis, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden). URL: http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A655988&dswid=-3346

Sichlau, Sandra et al. (2013, Winter): The Responsibility to Protect Syria: A Grounded Approach. (Bachelor Project Thesis, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark). URL: http://rudar.ruc.dk/handle/1800/13566

Spitz, René (2014, September): State-Civil Society Relations in Syria: EU Good Governance Assistance in an Authoritarian State. (Doctoral Thesis, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/28916

Steel, Giovanna M. (2014): The Impact of Counter-Terrorism Policies on Humanitarian Assistance to Children: Somalia and Syria. (Master’s Thesis, Georgetown University, Washington, DC, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10822/709747

Storck, Madeline (2014): Streaming the Syrian War: A Case Study of the Partnership between Professional and Citizen Journalists in the Syrian Conflict. (Master’s Thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, United Kingdom). URL: http://www.lse.ac.uk/[email protected]/research/mediaWorkingPapers/MScDissertationSeries/2013/99-Storck.pdf

Takieddine, Malda (2014): Oasis of Resilience, Healing and Empowering Syrian Children in Za’atari Refugee Camp. (Master’s Thesis, University of Washington, Seattle, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1773/27114

Townshend, Estelle Jane (2013): Unravelling Syria’s Ethno-Sectarian Politics. (Master’s Thesis, The University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/8726

van As, Shirley (2013, June): Why not in Syria? “R2P not the Rule but the Exception”. (Master’s Thesis, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/25879

Walasinski, Robert (2014): Die Allianz Syrien-Iran-Hisbollah: Eine Analyse der Entstehung und ideologischen Basis. (Diploma Thesis, Universität Wien, Vienna, Austria). URL: http://othes.univie.ac.at/31572/

Zintl, Tina (2013): Syria’s Authoritarian Upgrading 2000-2010: Bashar al-Asad’s Promotion of Foreign-Educated Returnees as Transnational Agents of Change. (Doctoral Thesis, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, United Kingdom). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10023/3745

Journal Articles and Book Chapters

Ainley, Kirsten (2015, January): The Responsibility to Protect and the International Criminal Court: Counteracting the Crisis. International Affairs, 91(1), 37-54. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2346.12185

Alawieh, Ali et al. (2014, December): Revisiting Leishmaniasis in the Time of War: The Syrian Conflict and the Lebanese Outbreak. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 29, e115-e119. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2014.04.023 URL: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ali_Alawieh/publication/267982501_Revisiting_leishmaniasis_in_the_time_of_war_the_Syrian_conflict_and_the_Lebanese_outbreak/links/54888c850cf289302e30b4d5.pdf

Al-Ghazzi, Omar (2014, November): “Citizen Journalism” in the Syrian Uprising: Problematizing Western Narratives in a Local Context. Communication Theory, 24(4), 435-454. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/comt.12047

Al-Om, Tamara (2015): Syria’s “Arab Spring”: Women and the Struggle to Live in Truth. In: Larbi Sadiki (Ed.): Routledge Handbook of the Arab Spring: Rethinking Democratization. (Routledge Handbooks). Abingdon: Routledge, 273-284.

al-Shishani, Murad Batal (2014, February): Islamist North Caucasus Rebels: Training a New Generation of Fighters in Syria. Terrorism Monitor, 12(3), 7-9. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue3.pdf

Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad (2014, Winter): Meria Special Report: Northern Storm and the Situation in Azaz. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 18(4). URL: http://www.rubincenter.org/2015/01/meria-special-report-northern-storm-and-the-situation-in-azaz/

al-`Ubaydi, Muhammad (2014, August): Stories of Foreign Fighter Migration to Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(8), 11-13. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss83.pdf

Banco, Erin (2015): Covering War for the First Time – in Syria. In: Committee to Protect Journalists (Ed.): Attacks on the Press: Journalism on the World’s Front Lines: 2015 Edition. Hoboken: Wiley, 9-14.

Bandak, Andreas (2014): Reckoning with the Inevitable: Death and Dying among Syrian Christians during the Uprising. Ethnos: Journal of Anthropology. Advance Online Publication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00141844.2014.941896

Barkey, Henri J. (2014): Turkey’s Syria Predicament. Survival, 56(6), 113-134. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2014.985440 URL: http://www.du.edu/korbel/middleeast/media/documents/turkeyssyriapredicament.pdf

Barna, Cristian (2015): The Road to Jihad in Syria – Using SOCMINT to Counter the Radicalization of Muslim Youth in Romania. In: Marco Lombardi et al. (Eds.): Countering Radicalisation and Violent Extremism among Youth to Prevent Terrorism. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series – E: Human and Societal Dynamics, Vol. 118). Amsterdam: IOS Press, 190-197. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-470-1-190

Batrawi, Samar; Chmoun, Ilona (2014, July): Dutch Foreign Fighters Continue to Travel to Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(7), 11-15. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss74.pdf

Becker, Michael (2015, February): When Terrorists and Target Governments Cooperate: The Case of Syria. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(1), 95-103. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/404

Behravesh, Maysam (2014): Iran and the Syria Crisis: Policies, Problems, and Prospects. In: Mohammed M. Aman; Mary Jo Aman (Eds.): Middle East Conflicts & Reforms. Washington, DC: Westphalia Press, 45-56.

Bellamy, Alex J. (2014, January): From Tripoli to Damascus? Lesson Learning and the Implementation of the Responsibility to Protect. International Politics, 51(1), 23-44. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/ip.2013.42

Bellamy, Jill (2014, Summer): Syria’s Silent Weapons. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 18(2), 1-7. URL: http://www.rubincenter.org/2014/07/syrias-silent-weapons

Biswas, Masudul; Sipes, Carrie (2014, Fall): Social Media in Syria’s Uprising and Post-Revolution Libya: An Analysis of Activists’ and Blogger’s Online Engagement. Arab Media & Society, 19. URL: http://www.arabmediasociety.com/?article=847

Bitari, Nidal (2013, Autumn): Yarmuk Refugee Camp and the Syrian Uprising: A View from within. Journal of Palestine Studies, 43(1), 61-78. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/jps.2013.43.1.61 URL: http://www.eutopic.lautre.net/coordination/IMG/pdf/BitariFinal_1_.pdf

Brown, James D. J. (2014, January): “Better one Tiger than Ten Thousand Rabid Rats”: Russian Media Coverage of the Syrian Conflict. International Politics, 51(1), 45-66. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/ip.2013.45

Byman, Daniel (2013): Outside Support for Insurgent Movements. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 36(12), 981-1004. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2013.842132

Chang, Jeanne; Clott, Alec (2014): (Non)Violence and Conflict: A Theoretical Assessment of Civil Resistance and the Syrian Conflict. In: James Hawdon; John Ryan; Marc Lucht (Eds.): The Causes and Consequences of Group Violence: From Bullies to Terrorists. Lanham: Lexington Books, 109-124.

Charountaki, Marianna (2015): Kurdish Policies in Syria under the Arab Uprisings: A Revisiting of IR in the New Middle Eastern Order. Third World Quarterly, 36(2), 337-356. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2015.1015786

Cragin, R. Kim (2015): Semi-Proxy Wars and U.S. Counterterrorism Strategy. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 38(5), 311-327. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2015.1018024

Cristiani, Dario (2014, October): The Geography of Discontent: Tunisia’s Syrian Fighter Dilemma. Terrorism Monitor, 12(20), 7-9. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue20_03.pdf

Daly, John C. K. (2014, October): The Islamic State’s Oil Network. Terrorism Monitor, 12(19), 7-10. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue19_03.pdf

Dantschke, Claudia (2014): „I am the opposite of Osama bin Laden“ : A conversation between Claudia Dantschke and Imam Abu Adam Hesham Shashaa about Salafism in Germany, the War in Syria and Questions of Reradicalization and Deradicalization of Adolescents [Interview]. JEX, 3/2014, 1-17. URL: http://journals.sfu.ca/jed/index.php/jex/article/view/89

Daymon, Chelsea (2014, November): A Ticket to Turkey and a Desire to Fight: Why some Foreign Fighters Travel to Syria. Small Wars Journal, 11/2014. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/a-ticket-to-turkey-and-a-desire-to-fight-why-some-foreign-fighters-travel-to-syria

Dechesne, Mark; De Roon, Charlotte (2013): Coming Home: Deradicalization for Returning Syria Jihadis. JEX, 3/2013, 84-95. URL: http://journals.sfu.ca/jed/index.php/jex/article/view/42

De Juan, Alexander; Bank, André (2015, January): The Ba‘athist Blackout? Selective Goods Provision and Political Violence in the Syrian Civil War. Journal of Peace Research, 52(1), 91-104. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022343314559437

de Roy van Zuijdewijn, Jeanine (2014, October): The Foreign Fighters’ Threat: What History Can (not) Tell Us. Perspectives on Terrorism, 8(5), 59-73. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/378

Dewachi, Omar et al. (2014, January): Changing Therapeutic Geographies of the Iraqi and Syrian Wars. The Lancet, 383(9915), 449-457. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(13)62299-0

di Giovanni, Janine (2015): The Rules of Conflict Reporting are Changing. In: Committee to Protect Journalists (Ed.): Attacks on the Press: Journalism on the World’s Front Lines: 2015 Edition. Hoboken: Wiley, 15-22.

Droz-Vincent, Philippe (2014, Winter): “State of Barbary” (Take Two): From the Arab Spring to the Return of Violence in Syria. The Middle East Journal, 68(1), 33-58. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3751/68.1.12

Dunia, Khawla (2013): And the Demonstrations Go On: Diary of an Unfinished Revolution (Syria). [Robin Moger, Trans.]. In: Layla Al-Zubaidi; Matthew Cassel; Nemonie Craven Roderick (Eds.): Writing Revolution: The Voices from Tunis to Damascus. London: I.B. Tauris, 179-208.

El-Hussari, Ibrahim A. (2014): Yet another Version of the “Arab Spring”: Ramifications of the Syrian Armed Conflict for the Existing Arab Order and Beyond. Central European Journal of International and Security Studies, 8(3), 118-137. URL: http://static.cejiss.org/data/uploaded/1417117796207226/Article%2005.pdf

Elliott, Kieran (2014, April): The Syrian Conflict and its Impact on Hezbollah’s Authority. Small Wars Journal, 4/2014. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/the-syrian-conflict-and-its-impact-on-hezbollah%E2%80%99s-authority

Fares, Obaida (2015): The Arab Spring Comes to Syria: Internal Mobilization for Democratic Change, Militarization and Internationalization. In: Larbi Sadiki (Ed.): Routledge Handbook of the Arab Spring: Rethinking Democratization. (Routledge Handbooks). Abingdon: Routledge, 145-159.

Farouk-Alli, Aslam (2014): Sectarianism in Alawi Syria: Exploring the Paradoxes of Politics and Religion. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 34(3), 207-226. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13602004.2014.946761 URL: http://www.ebookshia.com/upload/bookFiles/1579/Farouk-Alli_2014.pdf

Feinstein, Anthony; Starr, Stephen (2015): Civil War in Syria: The Psychological Effects on Journalists. Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 7(1), 57-64. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/JACPR-04-2014-0119

Fisher, Ali; Prucha, Nico (2014, August): The Call-up: The Roots of a Resilient and Persistent Jihadist Presence on Twitter. CTX, 4(3), 73-88. URL: https://globalecco.org/documents/10180/605826/Vol+4+No+3+latest/bbbc40e6-d819-4ccf-80be-24871bc0fd9e

Fishman, Ben (2014): Jordan: Caught in the Middle Again. Survival, 56(6), 39-48. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2014.985435

Fishman, Brian (2013, November): Syria Proving more Fertile than Iraq to Al-Qa`ida’s Operations. CTC Sentinel, 6(11-12), 1-5. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss11-12.pdf

Fitzpatrick, Mark (2013): Destroying Syria’s Chemical Weapons. Survival, 55(6), 107-114. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2013.862938

Freelon, Deen; Lynch, Marc; Aday, Sean (2015, May): Online Fragmentation in Wartime: A Longitudinal Analysis of Tweets about Syria, 2011-2013. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 659(1), 166-179. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716214563921 URL: http://dfreelon.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/06/freelonlynchaday_syria_annals_preprint.pdf

Glaus, Daniel; Vidino, Lorenzo (2014, July): Swiss Foreign Fighters Active in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(7), 8-11. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss73.pdf

Gleick, Peter H. (2014, July): Water, Drought, Climate Change, and Conflict in Syria. Weather, Climate, and Society, 6(3), 331-340. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/WCAS-D-13-00059.1

Greenwood, Keith; Jenkins, Joy (2015): Visual Framing of the Syrian Conflict in News and Public Affairs Magazines. Journalism Studies, 16(2), 207-227. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1461670X.2013.865969 URL: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Joy_Jenkins/publication/266912688_Visual_Framing_of_the_Syrian_Conflict_in_News_and_Public_Affairs_Magazines/links/543f4a1a0cf2eaec07e813b9.pdf

Gunter, Michael M. (2015, Spring): Iraq, Syria, ISIS and the Kurds: Geostrategic Concerns for the U.S. and Turkey. Middle East Policy, 22(1), 102-111. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12116

Hamade, Bilal (2014): Sectarianism and State Building in Lebanon and Syria. In: Maria do Céu Pinto (Ed.): Papers Presented to Conference I and II on Thinking out of the Box: Devising New European Policies to Face the Arab Spring. [e-Book]. Lisbon: Diário de Bordo Editores, 116-125. URL: http://nepasproject.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/nepas-ebook.pdf

Hegghammer, Thomas (2013, December 9): Syria’s Foreign Fighters. Foreign Policy. URL: http://foreignpolicy.com/2013/12/09/syrias-foreign-fighters

Heinke, Daniel H.; Raudszus, Jan (2015, January): German Foreign Fighters in Syria and Iraq. CTC Sentinel, 8(1), 18-21. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Sentinel-January-2015-vol-8-issue-122.pdf

Henriksen, Anders; Schack, Marc (2014, August): The Crisis in Syria and Humanitarian Intervention. Journal on the Use of Force and International Law, 1(1), 122-147. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5235/20531702.1.1.122

Heras, Nicholas A. (2014, March): The Battle for al-Quneitra, the “Gateway to Damascus”. Terrorism Monitor, 12(5), 5-6. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue5_01.pdf

Heras, Nicholas A. (2014, May): Iraqi Shi’a Militia Asa’ib Ahl al-Haq Expands Operations to Syria. Terrorism Monitor, 12(10), 4-5. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue10_01.pdf

Heras, Nicholas A. (2014, June): A Profile of Syria’s Strategic Dar`a Province. CTC Sentinel, 7(6), 20-23. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss6.pdf

Heras, Nicholas A. (2014, October): FSA Commander Abu Issa Becomes High Value Target for Islamic State in Syria. Militant Leadership Monitor, 5(10). URL: http://mlm.jamestown.org/feature-single/?tx_ttnews[tt_news]=43036&tx_ttnews[backPid]=539&cHash=b8f44e57d3494dffb5c785c08b85eb26#.VQ6Wy8t3_tQ

Heras, Nicholas A. (2014, November): Leading the Fight against Islamic State: FSA Commanders Ahmad Absi Al-Su’oud and Hassan Mar’i Al-Hamadeh. Militant Leadership Monitor, 5(11). URL: http://mlm.jamestown.org/single/?tx_ttnews[tt_news]=43139

Heras, Nicholas A. (2015, January): Jabhat Al-Nusra Accuses Shaykh Muhammad Sa’ad Al-Din Al-Baridi of Defecting to Islamic State. Militant Leadership Monitor, 6(1). URL: http://mlm.jamestown.org/single/?tx_ttnews[tt_news]=43477&tx_ttnews[backPid]=791

Heras, Nicholas A. (2015, February): Three New Commanders Coalesce to Form Syrian Rebel Al-Jaysh Al-Awal Formation. Militant Leadership Monitor, 6(2). URL: http://mlm.jamestown.org/single/?tx_ttnews[tt_news]=43600&tx_ttnews[backPid]=539

Heras, Nicholas A. (2015, March): Shaykh Muhammad Al-Faris: Assad’s Man in Qamishli. Militant Leadership Monitor, 6(3). URL: http://mlm.jamestown.org/single/?tx_ttnews[tt_news]=43713&tx_ttnews[backPid]=791

Heras, Nicholas A. (2015, April): The Struggle for Syria’s al-Hasakah Governorate: Kurds, the Islamic State and the IRGC. Terrorism Monitor, 13(7), 8-11. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue7_03.pdf

Herbert, Matt (2014, Winter): Partisans, Profiteers, and Criminals: Syria’s Illicit Economy. The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 38(1), 69-86. URL: http://www.fletcherforum.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/38-1_Herbert1.pdf

Hevian, Rodi (2013, Fall): The Resurrection of Syrian Kurdish Politics. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 17(3), 45-56. URL: http://www.rubincenter.org/2013/12/the-ressurection-of-syrian-kurdish-politics

Heydemann, Steven (2013, October): Tracking the “Arab Spring”: Syria and the Future of Authoritarianism. Journal of Democracy, 24(4), 59-73. URL: http://www.journalofdemocracy.org/article/tracking-arab-spring-syria-and-future-authoritarianism

Hinnebusch, Raymond (2013, Summer): Documenting the Roots and Dynamics of the Syrian Uprising [Review Article]. The Middle East Journal, 67(3), 467-474. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3751/67.3.3

Hokayem, Emile (2014): Iran, the Gulf States and the Syrian Civil War. Survival, 56(6), 59-86. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2014.985438

Holman, Timothy (2014, June): Foreign Fighters from the Western Balkans in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(6), 8-13. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss6.pdf

Holmes, Oliver (2013): Running toward Danger, Syria’s Citizens Become Journalists. In: Committee to Protect Journalists (Ed.): Attacks on the Press: Journalism on the World’s Front Lines: 2013 Edition. Hoboken: Wiley, 69-76.

Hughes, Geraint Alun (2014): Syria and the Perils of Proxy Warfare. Small Wars & Insurgencies, 25(3), 522-538. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09592318.2014.913542

Ibrahimov, Rovshan (2015): The Participation of Azerbaijan Citizens in Conflicts in Syria and Iraq and its Potential Radicalization Effect in Azerbaijan. In: Marco Lombardi et al. (Eds.): Countering Radicalisation and Violent Extremism among Youth to Prevent Terrorism. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series – E: Human and Societal Dynamics, Vol. 118). Amsterdam: IOS Press, 164-170. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-470-1-164

Ifesinachi, Ken; Adibe, Raymond (2014, December): The United States and Russian Governments Involvement in the Syrian Crisis and the United Nations’ Kofi Annan Peace Process. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(27 P2), 1154-1162. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n27p1154

Jabbar, Sinaria Abdel; Zaza, Haidar Ibrahim (2014): Impact of Conflict in Syria on Syrian Children at the Zaatari Refugee Camp in Jordan. Early Child Development and Care, 184(9-10), 1507-1530. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2014.916074

Joubin, Rebecca (2014, Winter): Resistance amid Regime Co-optation on the Syrian Television Series Buq‘at Daw’, 2001-2012. The Middle East Journal, 68(1), 9-32. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3751/68.1.11

Kandeel, Amal A. (2013, Winter): Regional Upheaval: The Stakes for the GCC. Middle East Policy, 20(4), 59-67. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12046

Kaplan, Oliver (2013): Nudging Armed Groups: How Civilians Transmit Norms of Protection. Stability, 2(3), Article 62. http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/sta.cw

Karmon, Ely (2015, April): Islamic State and al-Qaeda Competing for Hearts & Minds. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(2), 71-79. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/420

Kaya, Karen (2014, March-April): The Syrian Crisis from a Neighbor’s Perspective: View from Turkey. Military Review, 3-4/2014, 43-50. URL: http://usacac.army.mil/CAC2/MilitaryReview/Archives/English/MilitaryReview_20140430_art010.pdf

Keatinge, Tom (2014, August): The Importance of Financing in Enabling and Sustaining the Conflict in Syria (and beyond). Perspectives on Terrorism, 8(4), 53-61. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/360

Klausen, Jytte (2015): Tweeting the Jihad: Social Media Networks of Western Foreign Fighters in Syria and Iraq. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 38(1), 1-22. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2014.974948

Knaub, Zayn (2013, November): Why is Hezbollah in Syria? Small Wars Journal, 11/2013. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/why-is-hezbollah-in-syria

Koehler, Daniel (2013): Family Counselling as Prevention and Intervention Tool against “Foreign Fighters”: The German “Hayat” Program. JEX, 3/2013, 182-204. URL: http://journals.sfu.ca/jed/index.php/jex/article/view/49

Kohlmann, Evan; Alkhouri, Laith (2014, September): Profiles of Foreign Fighters in Syria and Iraq. CTC Sentinel, 7(9), 1-5. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss9.pdf

Koß, Maren (2014): Der Libanon im Sog des syrischen Bürgerkrieges. GIGA Focus Nahost, 02/2014. URL: http://www.giga-hamburg.de/de/publication/der-libanon-im-sog-des-syrischen-b%C3%BCrgerkrieges

Lahoud, Nelly; al-`Ubaydi, Muhammad (2014, March): The War of Jihadists against Jihadists in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(3), 1-6. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss3.pdf

Lawson, Fred H. (2014, November): Syria’s Mutating Civil War and its Impact on Turkey, Iraq and Iran. International Affairs, 90(6), 1351-1365. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2346.12173

Levitt, Matthew (2014, September): Hezbollah’s Syrian Quagmire. PRISM, 5(1), 101-115. URL: http://cco.dodlive.mil/files/2014/09/Hezbollahs_syrian_quagmire.pdf

Levitt, Matthew (2015, February): Hezbollah: Pulled between Resistance to Israel and Defense of Syria. CTC Sentinel, 8(2), 5-8. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/CTCSentinel-Vol8Issue24.pdf

Lister, Charles (2014): Assessing Syria’s Jihad. Survival, 56(6), 87-112. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2014.985439

Lombardi, Marco (2015): Violent Radicalization Concerns in the Euro-Mediterranean Region. In: Marco Lombardi et al. (Eds.): Countering Radicalisation and Violent Extremism among Youth to Prevent Terrorism. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series – E: Human and Societal Dynamics, Vol. 118). Amsterdam: IOS Press, 83-100. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-470-1-83

Luterbacher, Urs; Sandi, Carmen (2014, August): Breaking the Dynamics of Emotions and Fear in Conflict and Reconstruction. Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy, 20(3), 479-522. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/peps-2014-0015

Mansour, Ahmad (2013): Mum, I’m Fighting for Allah now. JEX, 3/2013, 24-28. URL: http://journals.sfu.ca/jed/index.php/jex/article/view/38

Ma’oz, Moshe (2014): The Arab Spring in Syria: Domestic and Regional Developments. Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward Terrorism and Genocide, 7(1), 49-57. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17467586.2014.894249

Marauhn, Thilo (2013, Spring): Sailing Close to the Wind: Human Rights Council Fact-Finding in Situations of Armed Conflict – The Case of Syria. California Western International Law Journal, 43(2), 401-459. URL: http://www.peacepalacelibrary.nl/ebooks/files/363029605.pdf

Marnicio, Ariana (2014, April): From Progressive to Repressive: The Role of Social Media in the Syrian Conflict. In: James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy, Center for the Middle East (Ed.): Trajectories of Change: Challenge and Transformation in the Wake of the Arab Spring. Houston: Editor, 43-47. URL: http://bakerinstitute.org/research/trajectories-change-challenge-and-transformation-wake-arab-spring

Mégret, Frédéric (2014): Helping the Syrians Help Themselves? The Ambiguities of International Assistance to the Rebellion. Stability, 3(1), Article 10. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/sta.dh

Merz, Fabien (2014, May): Adversarial Framing: President Bashar al-Assad’s Depiction of the Armed Syrian Opposition. Journal of Terrorism Research, 5(2), 30-44. URL: http://ojs.st-andrews.ac.uk/index.php/jtr/article/view/881

Milani, Mohsen (2013, Fall): Why Tehran Won’t Abandon Assad(ism). The Washington Quarterly, 36(4), 79-93. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0163660X.2013.861715 URL: http://csis.org/files/publication/TWQ_13Winter_Milani.pdf

Miller, Paul D. (2014): Getting to Negotiations in Syria: The Shadow of the Future and the Syrian Civil War. (RAND Perspectives, PE-126-OSD). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/perspectives/PE126.html

Mironova, Vera; Mrie, Loubna; Whitt, Sam (2014, October): The Motivations of Syrian Islamist Fighters. CTC Sentinel, 7(10), 15-17. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss10.pdf

Mironova, Vera; Whitt, Sam (2014, June): A Glimpse into the Minds of Four Foreign Fighters in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(6), 5-7. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss6.pdf

Mneimneh, Hassan (2014): Can the World Afford to Condone the “Divided States of Syria”? The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs, 49(3), 21-26. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03932729.2014.929265 URL: http://www.iai.it/sites/default/files/mneimneh.pdf

Morad, Kawa (2014): Living on the Edge: Syrian Kurdish Refugees in the KRG. Syrian Studies Association Bulletin, 19(1). URL: https://ojcs.siue.edu/ojs/index.php/ssa/article/view/3019/977

Mucha, Witold (2014): The State’s Muscles: Radicalization and De-Radicalization of Violence in Egypt, Libya and Syria. JEX, 2/2014, 104-138. URL: http://journals.sfu.ca/jed/index.php/jex/article/view/73

Mullins, Sam (2014): Foreign Fighters in Syria. per Concordiam, 5(3), 36-43. URL: http://www.marshallcenter.org/mcpublicweb/MCDocs/files/College/F_Publications/perConcordiam/pC_V5N3_en.pdf

Nilsson, Marco (2015): Foreign Fighters and the Radicalization of Local Jihad: Interview Evidence from Swedish Jihadists. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 38(5), 343-358. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2015.1005459

Orhan, Mehmet (2014): Transborder Violence: The PKK in Turkey, Syria and Iraq. Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide, 7(1), 30-48. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17467586.2014.909946

Ospina, Mariano V.; Gray, David H. (2014, Winter): Syria, Iran, and Hizballah: A Strategic Alliance. Global Security Studies, 5(1), 27-36. URL: http://globalsecuritystudies.com/Ospina%20Alliance%20-%20AG.pdf

Ozcan, Nihat Ali (2014, November): Understanding Turkey’s Hesitation over the Kobane Crisis. Terrorism Monitor, 12(21), 6-9. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue21_01.pdf

Paasche, Till F. (2015, Spring): Syrian and Iraqi Kurds: Conflict and Cooperation. Middle East Policy, 22(1), 77-88. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12114

Pantucci, Raffaello (2014, May): The British Foreign Fighter Contingent in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(5), 17-21. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss5.pdf

Pantucci, Raffaello (2015, January): Britain’s Terror Threat from the Levant. CTC Sentinel, 8(1), 14-17. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/britains-terror-threat-from-the-levant

Pantti, Mervi (2013, November): Seeing and not Seeing the Syrian Crisis: New Visibility and the Visual Framing of the Syrian Conflict in Seven Newspapers and their Online Editions. JOMEC Journal, 4. URL: http://www.cardiff.ac.uk/jomec/jomecjournal/4-november2013/Pantti_Syria.pdf

Paulussen, Christophe; Entenmann, Eva (2014): Addressing Europe’s Foreign Fighter Issue: Legal Avenues at the International and National Level. Security and Human Rights, 25(1), 86-118. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/18750230-02501010

Phillips, Christopher (2015): Sectarianism and Conflict in Syria. Third World Quarterly, 36(2), 357-376. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2015.1015788

Pilster, Ulrich; Böhmelt, Tobias (2014, August): Predicting the Duration of the Syrian Insurgency. Research & Politics, 7-9/2014. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2053168014544586

Qaddour, Jomana (2013, Fall): Unlocking the Alawite Conundrum in Syria. The Washington Quarterly, 36(4), 67-78. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0163660X.2013.861714 URL: http://csis.org/files/publication/TWQ_13Winter_Qaddour.pdf

Radin, Andrew (2015, Winter): The Misunderstood Lessons of Bosnia for Syria. The Washington Quarterly, 37(4), 55-69. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0163660X.2014.1002154 URL: https://twq.elliott.gwu.edu/sites/twq.elliott.gwu.edu/files/downloads/Radin.pdf

Reinares, Fernando; García-Calvo, Carola (2014, January): The Spanish Foreign Fighter Contingent in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(1), 12-14. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss1.pdf

Rich, Ben; Conduit, Dara (2015): The Impact of Jihadist Foreign Fighters on Indigenous Secular-Nationalist Causes: Contrasting Chechnya and Syria. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 38(2), 113-131. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2014.979605

Roul, Animesh (2014, November): The Maldives-Syria Connection: Jihad in Paradise? Terrorism Monitor, 12(22), 3-5. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue22_01.pdf

Ruys, Tom (2014, Summer): The Syrian Civil War and the Achilles’ Heel of the Law of Non-International Armed Conflict. Stanford Journal of International Law, 50(2), 247-280.

Saarinen, Juha (2014, March): The Finnish Foreign Fighter Contingent in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(3), 6-10. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss3.pdf

Salazar-Ferro, María (2014): Syrian Journalists Strive to Report, Despite Shifting Dangers. In: Committee to Protect Journalists (Ed.): Attacks on the Press: Journalism on the World’s Front Lines: 2014 Edition. Hoboken: Wiley, 51-60.

Saleh, Layla (2015): A Process of Perpetual “Uncovering”: The Syrian Thawrah in its Fourth Year. In: Larbi Sadiki (Ed.): Routledge Handbook of the Arab Spring: Rethinking Democratization. (Routledge Handbooks). Abingdon: Routledge, 173-186.

Salman, Mohammad; Zahid, Farhan (2013, December): Turkey Faces Security Challenges and Political Dilemmas in the Syrian Conflict. Terrorism Monitor, 11(22), 6-7. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue22_01.pdf

Sapper, Manfred et al. (Eds.) (2013): Machtlabyrinth: Russland und der Bürgerkrieg in Syrien. [Special Issue]. Osteuropa, 63(9).

Schaebler, Birgit (2013, January): Constructing an Identity between Arabism and Islam: The Druzes in Syria. The Muslim World, 103(1), 62-79. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/muwo.12002

Schmitt, Michael N. (2014, February): Legitimacy versus Legality Redux: Arming the Syrian Rebels. Journal of National Security Law & Policy, 7(1), 139-159. URL: http://jnslp.com/2014/02/12/legitimacy-versus-legality-redux-arming-the-syrian-rebels

Sevi, Semra (2014, Spring): Turkey’s Twists and Turns on Syria. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 18(1), 1-7. URL: http://www.rubincenter.org/2014/04/turkeys-twists-and-turns-on-syria

Sharara, Sima L.; Kanj, Souha S. (2014, November): War and Infectious Diseases: Challenges of the Syrian Civil War. PLOS Pathogens, 10(11), Article e1004438. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1004438

Simon, Joel; Libby, Samantha (2015): Broadcasting Murder: Militants Use Media for Deadly Purpose. In: Committee to Protect Journalists (Ed.): Attacks on the Press: Journalism on the World’s Front Lines: 2015 Edition. Hoboken: Wiley, 23-34.

Sinai, Joshua (2014, Fall): Assessing the Threat of Westerners who become Fighters on Behalf of Al Qaeda Insurgents in Syria. The Journal of Counter Terrorism & Homeland Security International, 20(3), 16-18. URL: http://issuu.com/fusteros/docs/iacsp_magazine_v20n3

Souleimanov, Emil A. (2014, Fall): Globalizing Jihad? North Caucasians in the Syrian Civil War. Middle East Policy, 21(3), 154-162. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12090

Souleimanov, Emil; Ouellette, Megan (2014, Winter): The Participation of North Caucasian Jihadists in the Syrian Civil War and its Security Implications. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 18(4). URL: http://www.rubincenter.org/2015/02/the-participation-of-north-caucasian-jihadists-in-the-syrian-civil-war-and-its-security-implications

Spyer, Jonathan (2013, Fall): Fragmented Syria: The Balance of Forces as of late 2013. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 17(3), 9-18. URL: http://www.rubincenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/Spyer-YA-au1-PDF.pdf

Spyer, Jonathan (2014, Summer): Proceeding with Caution: The Current Balance of Forces in the Syrian Civil War and Israeli Concerns. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 18(2), 51-53. URL: http://www.rubincenter.org/2014/07/proceeding-with-caution-the-current-balance-of-forces-in-the-syrian-civil-war-and-israeli-concerns

Spyer, Jonathan (2014, Winter): The Islamic State vs. the Kurdish YPG in Northern-Central Syria: An Eyewitness Account. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 18(4). URL: http://www.rubincenter.org/2015/02/the-islamic-state-vs-the-kurdish-ypg-in-northern-central-syria-an-eyewitness-account

Stahn, Carsten (2013): Syria and the Semantics of Intervention, Aggression and Punishment: On “Red Lines” and “Blurred Lines”. Journal of International Criminal Justice, 11(5), 955-977. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jicj/mqt066

Starr, Stephen (2014, August): A Deeper Look at Syria-Related Jihadist Activity in Turkey. CTC Sentinel, 7(8), 7-10. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss82.pdf

Steels, James (2014, April): Why Russia Supports Syria. Small Wars Journal, 4/2014. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/why-russia-supports-syria

Stevenson, Jonathan (2014): The Syrian Tragedy and Precedent. Survival, 56(3), 121-140. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2014.920151

Strong, James (2014, June): Why Parliament now Decides on War: Tracing the Growth of the Parliamentary Prerogative through Syria, Libya and Iraq. The British Journal of Politics & International Relations. Advance Online Publication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-856X.12055

Sutherland, Raja (2014, September): Syria’s Foreign Fighter Dilemma. Small Wars Journal, 9/2014. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/syria%E2%80%99s-foreign-fighter-dilemma

Tabler, Andrew J. (2014, June 25): Securing al-Sham: Syria and the Violence in Iraq. Foreign Affairs. URL: http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/141600/andrew-j-tabler/securing-al-sham

Terrill, W. Andrew (2015, Spring): Iran’s Strategy for Saving Asad. The Middle East Journal, 69(2), 222-236. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3751/69.2.13

Tokmajyan, Armenak (2015): Militarization of the Syrian Revolution: Was this the Wrong Choice? Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 7(2), 101-111. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/JACPR-03-2014-0011

Van de Velde, James (2014, May): Syria’s Future is Sectarian Division. Small Wars Journal, 5/2014. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/syria%E2%80%99s-future-is-sectarian-division

Van San, Marion (2015): Striving in the Way of God: Justifying Jihad by Young Belgian and Dutch Muslims. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 38(5), 328-342. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2015.1013776

van Wilgenburg, Wladimir (2013, December): Kurdish Strategy towards Ethnically-Mixed Areas in the Syrian Conflict. Terrorism Monitor, 11(23), 7-9. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue23_01.pdf

van Wilgenburg, Wladimir (2014, May): Kurdish Enclaves in Syria Battle Islamist Militant Groups. Terrorism Monitor, 12(9), 6-7. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue9_02.pdf

van Wilgenburg, Wladimir (2014, September): Kurdish Stronghold in Eastern Syria Defies Assaults by Islamic State. Terrorism Monitor, 12(18), 6-7. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue18_01.pdf

van Wilgenburg, Wladimir (2014, December): Islamic State’s Threat to the Kurds in Syria and Northern Iraq. Terrorism Monitor, 12(24), 11-13. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue24_01.pdf

van Wilgenburg, Wladimir (2015, March): Islamic State Develops New Strategies to Destabilize the KRG. Terrorism Monitor, 13(6), 6-7. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue6_02.pdf

Vergani, Matteo (2014): Neo-Jihadist Prosumers and Al Qaeda Single Narrative: The Case Study of Giuliano Delnevo. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 37(7), 604-617. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2014.913122 URL: http://www.itstime.it/w/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/2014_Vergani_SCT_Delnevo.pdf

Wall, Melissa; El Zahed, Sahar (2015, February): Embedding Content from Syrian Citizen Journalists: The Rise of the Collaborative News Clip. Journalism, 16(2), 163-180. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1464884914529213

Waxman, Matthew C. (2013, November): Syria, Threats of Force, and Constitutional War Powers. The Yale Law Journal, 123. URL: http://www.yalelawjournal.org/forum/syria-threats-of-force-and-constitutional-war-powers

Weenink, Anton W. (2015, April): Behavioral Problems and Disorders among Radicals in Police Files. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(2), 17-33. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/416

Weggemans, Daan; Bakker, Edwin; Grol, Peter (2014, August): Who Are They and Why Do They Go? The Radicalisation and Preparatory Processes of Dutch Jihadist Foreign Fighters. Perspectives on Terrorism, 8(4), 100-110. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/365

Weiss, Thomas G. (2014, Spring): Military Humanitarianism: Syria Hasn’t Killed it. The Washington Quarterly, 37(1), 7-20. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0163660X.2014.893171

White, Jeffrey (2014, January): Hizb Allah at War in Syria: Forces, Operations, Effects and Implications. CTC Sentinel, 7(1), 14-18. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss1.pdf

Winter, Lucas (2014, July): Raqqa: From Regime Overthrow to Inter-Rebel Fighting. Small Wars Journal, 7/2014. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/raqqa-from-regime-overthrow-to-inter-rebel-fighting

Wood, Paul (2013): In Syria, Facing Danger from all Sides. In: Committee to Protect Journalists (Ed.): Attacks on the Press: Journalism on the World’s Front Lines: 2013 Edition. Hoboken: Wiley, 3-12.

Yacoubian, Mona (2011): Syria and the New Iraq: Between Rivalry and Rapprochement. In: Henri J. Barkey; Scott B. Lasensky; Phebe Marr (Eds.): Iraq, its Neighbors, and the United States: Competition, Crisis, and the Reordering of Power. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace, 145-164.

Yaphe, Judith; Marmorstein, Oren; Al Sharif, Mohammed Al Hussaini (2015, January): The Middle East Crisis: Updates on Strategic Challenges and Opportunities (Iraq, Syria, Iran, and Gaza). Terrorism: An Electronic Journal and Knowledge Base, 4(1). URL: http://www.terrorismelectronicjournal.org/terrorism-journal-1/volume-iv-number-1/middle-east-crisis

Yilmaz, Kamil (2015): Prolongation of the Syrian Crisis and its Gravitational Force on Foreign Fighters: A Critical Analysis in Light of the Concept of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). In: Marco Lombardi et al. (Eds.): Countering Radicalisation and Violent Extremism among Youth to Prevent Terrorism. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series – E: Human and Societal Dynamics. Vol. 118). Amsterdam: IOS Press, 182-189. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-470-1-182

Zambelis, Chris (2014, March): Assad’s Hurricane: A Profile of the Paramilitary Wing of the Syrian Social Nationalist Party. Terrorism Monitor, 12(6), 5-6. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue6.pdf

Zammit, Andrew (2014, September): New Developments in Australian Foreign Fighter Activity. CTC Sentinel, 7(9), 5-8. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss9.pdf

Zelin, Aaron Y. (2014, April): The Saudi Foreign Fighter Presence in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(4), 10-14. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss4.pdf

Zelin, Aaron Y. (2014, September): The Radicalization of Syria. per Concordiam, 5(3), 26-29. URL: http://www.marshallcenter.org/mcpublicweb/MCDocs/files/College/F_Publications/perConcordiam/pC_V5N3_en.pdf

Zelin, Aaron Y.; Smyth, Phillip (2014, January 29): The Vocabulary of Sectarianism. Foreign Policy. URL: http://foreignpolicy.com/2014/01/29/the-vocabulary-of-sectarianism/

Ziadeh, Radwan (2014): The Wall of Fear and the Intelligence Apparatus in Syria. In: Mohammed M. Aman; Mary Jo Aman (Eds.): Middle East Conflicts & Reforms. Washington, DC: Westphalia Press, 37-44.

Zintl, Tina (2014): Mediterranean Players Par Excellence? Sketching Foreign-Educated Syrians’ Logics of Action. In: Jakob Horst; Annette Jünemann; Delf Rothe (Eds.): Euro-Mediterranean Relations after the Arab Spring: Persistence in Times of Change. Farnham: Ashgate, 205-224.

Zisser, Eyal (2014, October): The End of the Syrian Revolution: Between Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi’s Islamic Caliphate and Bashar al-Assad’s Baath Regime. Strategic Assessment, 17(3), 55-65. URL: http://www.inss.org.il/uploadImages/systemFiles/adkan17_3ENG%20%283%29_Zisser.pdf

Grey Literature

Aday, Sean et al. (2012, July): Blogs and Bullets II: New Media and Conflict after the Arab Spring. (USIP Peaceworks, No. 80). URL: http://www.usip.org/publications/blogs-and-bullets-ii-new-media-and-conflict-after-the-arab-spring

Ahmadoun, Souad (2014, November): Turkey’s Policy toward Syrian Refugees: Domestic Repercussions and the Need for International Support. (SWP Comments, 2014/C 47). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/en/publications/swp-comments-en/swp-aktuelle-details/article/turkeys_policy_toward_syrian_refugees.html

Ahmed, Reem; Pisoiu, Daniela (2014, December): Foreign Fighters: An Overview of Existing Research and a Comparative Study of British and German Foreign Fighters. (ZEUS IFSH Working Paper 8). URL: http://ifsh.de/file-ZEUS/pdf/ZEUS_WP_8.pdf

Alami, Mona (2014, April): The Impact of the Syria Crisis on Salafis and Jihadis in Lebanon. (MEI Policy Focus 2014-3). URL: http://www.mei.edu/content/impact-syria-conflict-salafis-and-jihadis-lebanon

Alcaro, Riccardo (2015, February): A Changing Picture with Unaltered Contours: US-Iran Antagonism in the Context of the Iraq-Syria Crisis. (IAI Working Papers, 15 | 07). URL: http://www.iai.it/sites/default/files/iaiwp1507.pdf

Alexander, Yonah et al. (2014, May): Reassessing the WMD Challenges: The Next Phase? (Inter-University Center for Terrorism Studies Report). URL: http://www.terrorismelectronicjournal.org/seminar-reports/reassessing-the-wmd-challenges

Algemene Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdienst (AIVD) (2014, October): The Transformation of Jihadism in the Netherlands: Swarm Dynamics and New Strength. (Report). URL: https://www.aivd.nl/english/publications-press/@3139/transformation-0/

Al Jazeera Center for Studies (2013, December): Syrian Opposition: Risks of Fragmentation and Necessity of Consensus. (Position Paper). URL: http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/positionpapers/2013/12/2013122210260533707.htm

Al Jazeera Center for Studies (2014, February): Consent by Force: Strategies to Avoid Failure in Syria. (Position Paper). URL: http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/positionpapers/2014/02/201422062755815438.htm

Al-Moustafa, Hamzeh (2014, November): Arsal. (ACRPS Policy Analysis). URL: http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/75864ad2-7342-4bfe-9986-791fbc34357b

Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad (2015, March): The Return of Iraqi Shi‘i Militias to Syria. (MEI Article). URL: http://www.mei.edu/content/at/return-iraqi-shi%E2%80%98i-militias-syria

Amnesty International (2014, March): Squeezing the Life out of Yarmouk: War Crimes against Besieged Civilians. (Report MDE 24/008/2014). URL: https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/MDE24/008/2014/en

Amnesty International (2015, March): Al-Raqqa under Attack: Syrian Airforce Strikes against Civilians. (Report MDE 24/1029/2015). URL: https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/mde24/1029/2015/en

Amnesty International (2015, May): “Death Everywhere”: War Crimes and Human Rights Abuses in Aleppo, Syria. (Report MDE 24/1370/2015). URL: https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/mde24/1370/2015/en

Anderson, Kristine et al. (2014, March): Diaspora and Disinvestment: Perspectives of Syrian Religious Minorities. (SREO Report). URL: http://www.syrialearning.org/resource/12706

Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies (ACRPS), Contemporary Syrian Studies Unit (2013, June): Deadly Neighbors: Jdaidet al-Fadl: A Paradigm for Sectarian Genocide in the Damascus Region. (Case Analysis). URL: http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/e0405347-d2fc-4b34-9b8a-7ad3d9abae0a

Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies (ACRPS), Policy Analysis Unit (2014, March): Geneva Conference II: Challenges Faced in Syria and the Region. (Policy Analysis). URL: http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/9f00bacd-1769-490c-9c10-1c7a8b68bfd4

Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies (ACRPS), Policy Analysis Unit (2014, September): Syria on Gaza: Incongruity in the Regime’s Resistance Discourse. (Assessment Report). URL: http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/d3f31777-ea0c-4dc1-b872-1ce72eaed0b5

Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies (ACRPS), Policy Analysis Unit (2014, September): The Syrian Dilemma: Assad and his Allies’ Response to the US-Led Intervention. (Assessment Report). URL: http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/eda21090-510e-4add-843f-77c6c0bde31e

Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies (ACRPS), Policy Analysis Unit (2014, November): The US and Turkey: Diverging Views on Syria. (Policy Analysis). URL: http://english.dohainstitute.org/file/Get/af22a11f-c277-4ce1-b536-cad5efab509c

Arimatsu, Louise; Choudhury, Mohbuba (2014, March): The Legal Classification of the Armed Conflicts in Syria, Yemen and Libya. (Chatham House Programme Paper, International Law PP 2014/01). URL: http://www.chathamhouse.org/publications/papers/view/198023

Asseburg, Muriel; Wimmen, Heiko (2014, January): Geneva II – A Chance to Contain the Syrian Civil War. (SWP Comments, 2014/C 10). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/en/publications/swp-comments-en/swp-aktuelle-details/article/geneva_ii_a_chance_to_contain_the_syrian_civil_war.html

Bakker, Edwin; Paulussen, Christophe; Entenmann, Eva (2013, December): Dealing with European Foreign Fighters in Syria: Governance Challenges & Legal Implications. (ICCT Research Paper). URL: http://icct.nl/publication/dealing-with-european-foreign-fighters-in-syria-governance-challenges-and-legal-implications

Barrett, Richard (2014, June): Foreign Fighters in Syria. (TSG Report). URL: http://soufangroup.com/foreign-fighters-in-syria

Baruch, Pnina Sharvit; Weinstock, Brandon (2014, July): The Use of Chemical Weapons against the Syrian People: Does it Justify Forceful Intervention? In: Pnina Sharvit Baruch; Anat Kurz (Eds.): Law and National Security: Selected Issues. (INSS Memorandum No. 138), 11-27. URL: http://www.inss.org.il/uploadImages/systemFiles/memo138110618427.pdf

Becker, Petra (2014, June): Caught between Autocracy and Jihadism: Syria’s Christians Hope for the Implementation of Geneva I. (SWP Comments, 2014/C 29). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/en/publications/swp-comments-en/swp-aktuelle-details/article/syriens_christen_im_buergerkrieg.html

Becker, Petra (2014, October): Support for Syria’s Civil Society – Misguided and Ineffective. (SWP Comments, 2014/C 45). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/en/publications/swp-comments-en/swp-aktuelle-details/article/syria_military_support_necessary.html

Bell, Theodore (2014, October): Increased Rebel Unity Threatens Assad in Damascus and Southern Syria. (ISW Backgrounder). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/increased-rebel-unity-threatens-assad-damascus-and-southern-syria

Blanchard, Christopher M.; Belasco, Amy (2014, December): Proposed Train and Equip Authorities for Syria: In Brief. (CRS Report for Congress R43727). URL: http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/234998.pdf

Bodansky, Yossef (2013, May): A Heretic’s Musings on Victory in Syria. (ISPSW Strategy Series: Focus on Defense and International Security, Issue No. 234). URL: http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?id=164849

Bodansky, Yossef (2013, September): Heretic’s Musings on the Chemical Strike in Damascus. (ISPSW Strategy Series: Focus on Defense and International Security, Issue No. 245). URL: http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?id=169158

Bodansky, Yossef (2013, September): The Emergence of the “Islamist Alliance” in Syria. (ISPSW Strategy Series: Focus on Defense and International Security, Issue No. 251). URL: http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?id=170256

Bruderlein, Claude (2014, January): Harvard Field Study Course: International Response to the Syrian Refugee Crisis. (Paper). URL: http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/23842/harvard_field_study_course.html

Bubalo, Anthony (2014, March): Next-Gen Jihad in the Middle East. (Lowy Institute for International Policy Analysis). URL: http://www.lowyinstitute.org/publications/next-gen-jihad-middle-east

Byman, Daniel L. (2015, April): Terrorism in Africa: The Imminent Threat to the United States. Testimony presented before the Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence of the House Committee on Homeland Security, April 29, 2015. URL: http://www.brookings.edu/research/testimony/2015/04/29-terrorism-in-africa-byman

Byman, Daniel L.; Shapiro, Jeremy (2014, November): Be Afraid. Be A Little Afraid: The Threat of Terrorism from Western Foreign Fighters in Syria and Iraq. (Brookings Foreign Policy Paper Series, No. 34). URL: http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2015/01/western-foreign-fighters-in-syria-and-iraq-byman-shapiro

Cabayan, Hriar; Wright, Nicholas (Eds.) (2014, February): A Multi-Disciplinary, Multi-Method Approach to Leader Assessment at a Distance: The Case of Bashar al-Assad: Part I: Summary, Comparison of Results, and Recommendations. (SMA Quick Look Assessment). URL: http://nsiteam.com/scientist/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Kuznar_al-Assad-Assessment-Part-I-April-2014-Final.pdf

Cabayan, Hriar; Wright, Nicholas (Eds.) (2014, February): A Multi-Disciplinary, Multi-Method Approach to Leader Assessment at a Distance: The Case of Bashar al-Assad: Part II: Analytical Approaches. (SMA Quick Look Assessment). URL: http://nsiteam.com/scientist/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Kuznar_al-Assad-Assessment-Part-II-April-2014-Final.pdf

Cafarella, Jennifer (2014, November): Jabhat al-Nusra Deepens its Foothold in Northwestern Syria. (ISW Backgrounder). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/jabhat-al-nusra-deepens-its-foothold-northwestern-syria

Cafarella, Jennifer (2014, December): Jabhat al-Nusra in Syria. (ISW Middle East Security Report 25). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/report/jabhat-al-nusra-syria

Cafarella, Jennifer (2015, March): Syrian Jihadists Signal Intent for Lebanon. (ISW Backgrounder). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/syrian-jihadists-signal-intent-lebanon

Cagaptay, Soner (2014, July): The Impact of Syria’s Refugees on Southern Turkey: Revised and Updated. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Focus 130). URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/the-impact-of-syrias-refugees-on-southern-turkey

Carter, Joseph A.; Maher, Shiraz; Neumann, Peter R. (2014, April): #Greenbirds: Measuring Importance and Influence in Syrian Foreign Fighter Networks. (ICSR Insights). URL: http://icsr.info/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/ICSR-Report-Greenbirds-Measuring-Importance-and-Infleunce-in-Syrian-Foreign-Fighter-Networks.pdf

Chabkoun, Malak (2014, July): Pro-Regime Militias in Syria: SAA Unit or Ad-Hoc Apparatus? (Al Jazeera Center for Studies Report). URL: http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/reports/2014/07/201472494759578879.htm

Chabkoun, Malak (2014, September): Syrian Revolution’s Path after Attacks on Ahrar al-Sham. (Al Jazeera Center for Studies Report). URL: http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/reports/2014/09/20149147499306405.htm

Chabkoun, Malak (2015, March): Avoiding Chaos Post-Liberation of Idlib City. (Al Jazeera Center for Studies Report). URL: http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/reports/2015/03/2015328181730156563.htm

Chatham House; Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre (NOREF) (2014, February): Syria and its Neighbours: Regional Dimensions of the Conflict. (Middle East and North Africa Summary). URL: http://www.peacebuilding.no/Regions/Middle-East-and-North-Africa/Syria/Publications/Syria-and-Its-Neighbours-Regional-Dimensions-of-the-Conflict

Daniels, Geoffrey (2014, May): Fallout in Lebanon: The Impact of Yabroud. (ISW Backgrounder). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/fallout-lebanon-impact-yabroud

Dardagan, Hamit; Salama, Hana (2013, November): Stolen Futures: The Hidden Toll of Child Casualties in Syria. (ORG Report). URL: http://oxfordresearchgroup.org.uk/sites/default/files/Stolen%20Futures.pdf

David, Alexandra; Karmon, Ely (2014, May): The Strategic Significance of Syrian Regime’s Chemical Attacks (Jan.-Apr. 2014). (ICT Articles). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article/1132/Syria%E2%80%99s_Chemical_Attacks,_the_Strategic_Significance

Dickinson, Elizabeth (2013, December): Playing with Fire: Why Private Gulf Financing for Syria’s Extremist Rebels Risks Igniting Sectarian Conflict at Home. (Center for Middle East Policy Analysis Papers, No. 16). URL: http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2013/12/06-private-gulf-financing-syria-extremist-rebels-sectarian-conflict-dickinson

Dinçer, Osman Bahadır et al. (2013, November): Turkey and Syrian Refugees: The Limits of Hospitality. (Brookings Doha Center / USAK Report). URL: http://www.brookings.edu/research/reports/2013/11/14-syria-turkey-refugees-ferris-kirisci-federici

Diwan, Ishac; Chaitani, Youssef (2015, February): Lebanon in the Syrian Quagmire: Fault-Lines, Resilience and Possible Futures. (Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs Working Paper). URL: http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/25050/lebanon_in_the_syria_quagmire.html

Djerejian, Edward P. (2015, February): The Middle East Cauldron and United States Policy. (James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy, Center for the Middle East Report). URL: http://bakerinstitute.org/research/middle-east-cauldron-and-us-policy

Eisenstadt, Michael et al. (2013, November): No Good Outcome: How Israel Could be Drawn into the Syrian Conflict. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Focus 131). URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/no-good-outcome-how-israel-could-be-drawn-into-the-syrian-conflict

Ferris, Elizabeth; Kirişci, Kemal; Shaikh, Salman (2013, September): Syrian Crisis: Massive Displacement, Dire Needs and a Shortage of Solutions. (Brookings Foreign Policy Report). URL: http://www.brookings.edu/research/reports/2013/09/18-syria-humanitarian-political-crisis-ferris-shaikh-kirisci

Friedland, Elliot; Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad; Landis, Joshua (2014): Who’s Who in the Syrian Civil War. (The Clarion Project Fact Sheet). URL: http://www.clarionproject.org/factsheet/whos-who-syrian-war

Gal, Danit (2014, April): Cyber Jihadi Propaganda: The Curious Case of Jabhat Al-Nusra. (The ICT Working Papers Series, 29). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article/1117/Cyber%20Jihadi%20Propaganda%20The%20Curious%20Case%20of%20Jabhat%20Al-Nusra

Gardner, David (2015, February): The New War for the Middle East. (NOREF Report). URL: http://www.peacebuilding.no/Regions/Middle-East-and-North-Africa/Publications/The-new-war-for-the-Middle-East

Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed (2014, March): Syria Spillover: The Growing Threat of Terrorism and Sectarianism in the Middle East. Hearing before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Washington, DC, March 6, 2014. URL: http://www.defenddemocracy.org/media-hit/syria-spillover-the-growing-threat-of-terrorism-and-sectarianism-in-the-mid

Global Center on Cooperative Security; Human Security Collective (HSC); International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT) (2014, December): Addressing the Foreign Terrorist Fighters Phenomenon from a European Union Perspective. (ICCT Policy Brief). URL: http://icct.nl/publication/addressing-the-foreign-terrorist-fighters-phenomenon-from-a-european-union-perspective

Groarke, Emer (2015, January): Power Sharing in Syria. (Hamburger Beiträge zur Friedensforschung und Sicherheitspolitik, Issue 163). URL: http://ifsh.de/file-IFSH/IFSH/pdf/Publikationen/hb/hb163-1-1-2.pdf

Haggerty, Brian (2013, September): Debating U.S. Interests in Syria’s Civil War. (MIT Center for International Studies Audit). URL: http://web.mit.edu/cis/editorspick_audit_091613_syria.html

Haines, John R. (2014, November): The Inseparable Twins: Diaspora Shishan and Chechen Muwaḥḥidun & Jihadis in al-Sham. (FPRI The Philadelphia Papers, No. 7). URL: http://www.fpri.org/articles/2014/11/inseparable-twins-diaspora-shishan-and-chechen-muwahhidun-jihadis-al-sham

Handicap International (2014, January): Causes and Types of Injuries Encountered by Handicap International while Working with Internally Displaced Persons in Syria: A Focus on the Impact of Explosive Weapons. (Factsheet Syria). URL: http://www.handicap-international.org.uk/Resources/Handicap%20International/PDF%20Documents/HI%20Associations/2014-01-21%20Focus%20on%20impact%20of%20explosive%20weapons%20in%20Syria-HI-English.pdf

HelpAge International; Handicap International (2014, April): Hidden Victims of the Syrian Crisis: Disabled, Injured and Older Refugees. (Report). URL: http://www.handicap-international.org.uk/Resources/Handicap%20International/PDF%20Documents/HI%20UK/Hidden%20Victims%20Report%20April%202014%20online%20version.pdf

Heras, Nicholas A. (2013, December): The Potential for an Assad Statelet in Syria. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Focus 132). URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/the-potential-for-an-assad-statelet-in-syria

Hilal, Leila (2014, November): The United Nations and a Peace Process Strategy for Syria. (NOREF Policy Brief). URL: http://www.peacebuilding.no/var/ezflow_site/storage/original/application/f64b95f6fb50391b5d4fdce3052f10a8.pdf

Hoffman, Bruce (2014, July 9): Perfect Storm: The Arab Spring and the Syrian Civil War. inSITE Blog on Terrorism and Extremism. URL: http://news.siteintelgroup.com/blog/index.php/entry/203-perfect-storm-the-arab-spring-and-the-syrian-civil-war

Holliday, Joseph (2013, February): The Syrian Army: Doctrinal Order of Battle. (ISW Report). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/syrian-army-doctrinal-order-battle

Holliday, Joseph (2013, March): The Assad Regime: From Counterinsurgency to Civil War. (ISW Middle East Security Report 8). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/report/assad-regime

Human Rights Watch (2014, January): Razed to the Ground: Syria’s Unlawful Neighborhood Demolitions in 2012-2013. (Report). URL: http://www.hrw.org/reports/2014/01/30/razed-ground-0

Human Rights Watch (2014, August): Not Welcome: Jordan’s Treatment of Palestinians Escaping Syria. (Report). URL: http://www.hrw.org/node/126091

Human Rights Watch (2015, March): “He Didn’t Have to Die”: Indiscriminate Attacks by Opposition Groups in Syria. (Report). URL: http://www.hrw.org/node/133423

Ianchovichina, Elena; Ivanic, Maros (2014, December): Economic Effects of the Syrian War and the Spread of the Islamic State on the Levant. (World Bank Group Policy Research Working Paper 7135). URL: http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/IW3P/IB/2014/12/08/000158349_20141208155229/Rendered/PDF/WPS7135.pdf

Ibrahim, Asmae Badr; Malmvig, Helle (2014, November): How Can a Regional Accord Help End the War in Syria? (Conference Report). URL: https://www.diis.dk/en/node/4524

Ibrahim, Azeem (2014, May): The Resurgence of Al-Qaeda in Syria and Iraq. (SSI Monograph). URL: http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1210

Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic (2014, November): Rule of Terror: Living under ISIS in Syria. (Report). URL: http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/HRCouncil/CoISyria/HRC_CRP_ISIS_14Nov2014.doc

Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic (2015, February): 9th Report of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic. (A/HRC/28/69). URL: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/RegularSessions/Session28/Documents/A.HRC.28.69_E.doc

Institute for Policy Analysis of Conflict (IPAC) (2014, January): Indonesians and the Syrian Conflict. (IPAC Report No. 6). URL: http://file.understandingconflict.org/file/2014/01/IPAC_Indonesians_the_Syrian_Conflict.pdf

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2014, April): The Rising Costs of Turkey’s Syrian Quagmire. (Europe Report N°230). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/europe/turkey-cyprus/turkey/230-the-rising-costs-of-turkey-s-syrian-quagmire.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2014, May): Flight of Icarus? The PYD’s Precarious Rise in Syria. (Middle East Report N°151). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/syria-lebanon/syria/151-flight-of-icarus-the-pyd-s-precarious-rise-in-syria.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2014, May): Lebanon’s Hizbollah Turns Eastward to Syria. (Middle East Report N°153). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/syria-lebanon/lebanon/153-lebanon-s-hizbollah-turns-eastward-to-syria.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2014, September): Rigged Cars and Barrel Bombs: Aleppo and the State of the Syrian War. (Middle East Report N°155). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/syria-lebanon/syria/155-rigged-cars-and-barrel-bombs-aleppo-and-the-state-of-the-syrian-war.aspx

International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)’s Jihadi Websites Monitoring Group (2013, October): The Crisis in the Syrian Arena of Jihad. (JWMG Insights). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article.aspx?ID=207

International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)’s Jihadi Websites Monitoring Group (2014, January): Sheikh Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi’s Letter as Evidence of a Deep Rift between the Islamic State of Iraq and Al-Sham, and the Al-Nusra Front and Al-Qaeda. (JWMG Insights). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article.aspx?ID=208

Jenkins, Brian Michael (2013, November): The Role of Terrorism and Terror in Syria’s Civil War. (RAND Testimonies, CT-402). URL:http://www.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/CT402.html

Jenkins, Brian Michael (2014): The Dynamics of Syria’s Civil War. (RAND Perspectives, PE-115-RC). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/perspectives/PE115.html

Jenkins, Brian Michael (2014): When Jihadis Come Marching Home: The Terrorist Threat Posed by Westerners Returning from Syria and Iraq. (RAND Perspectives, PE-130-1-RC). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/perspectives/PE130-1.html

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About the compiler: Judith Tinnes, Ph.D., studied Information Science and New German Literature and Linguistics at the Saarland University (Germany). Her doctoral thesis dealt with Internet usage of Islamist terrorists and insurgents. Currently she works in the research & development department of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information (ZPID). She also serves as Editorial Assistant for ‘Perspectives on Terrorism’.

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