Bibliography: Lone Wolves/Actors of Terrorism

Compiled by Eric Price

[BSPT - EP -20150-2]

NB: some of the items listed below are clickable and allow access to the full text; those with an asterix [*] only have a clickable table of contents/or more information.

Anon. (2012) Understanding Lone Wolf Terrorism Global Patterns, Motivations and Prevention Springer Verlag [*http://lccn.loc.gov/2011944127][* http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy1304/2011944127-b.html]

Bazan, E. B & Yeh, B. T. (2006) Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004: “lone wolf” amendment to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act Washington, DC.: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress [http://www.worldcat.org/title/intelligence-reform-and-terrorism-prevention-act-of-2004-lone-wolf-amendment-to-the-foreign-intelligence-surveillance-act/oclc/79475048?referer=br&ht=edition]

Gardell, M. (2003) Gods of the Blood Durham, NC: Duke University Press [*https://www.dukeupress.edu/Gods-of-the-Blood/index-viewby=subject&categoryid=67&sort=newest.html]

Gill, P. (2015) Lone-actor terrorists: a behavioural analysis Abingdon, Oxon.; New York, N.Y.: Routledge [*http://lccn.loc.gov/2014032634]

Michael, G. (2012) Lone wolf terror and the rise of leaderless resistance Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press [*http://lccn.loc.gov/2011046021]

Phillips, P. J. (Ed.) (2013) In pursuit of the lone wolf terrorist: investigative economics and new horizons for the economic analysis of terrorism Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc. [*http://lccn.loc.gov/2013017758]

Posluszna, E. (2015) “Lone Wolves” Strategy: The Case of Volkert van der Graaf and Theodore Kaczynski [in] Environmental and Animal Rights Extremism, Terrorism, and National Security [pp.171-181] Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann[*http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128014783000102]

Posluszna, E. (2015) New Terrorism: Determinants, Working Methods, and Directions of Development [in] Environmental and Animal Rights Extremism, Terrorism, and National Security [pp.185-206] Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann [*http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128014783000114]

Simon, J. D. (2013) Lone wolf terrorism: understanding the growing threat Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books [*http://lccn.loc.gov/2012036327]

Spaaij, R.F. J. (2012) Understanding lone wolf terrorism: global patterns, motivations and prevention Dordrecht: Springer [*http://www.springer.com/gp/book/9789400729803]

Wenger, A. & Wilner, A. (eds.) (2012) Deterring Terrorism: Theory and Practice Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press [*http://www.sup.org/books/title/?id=21107]

Non-Conventional Literature

Asal, V. (et al) (2013) Understanding Lone-actor Terrorism: A Comparative Analysis with Violent Hate Crimes and Group-based Terrorism National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism – START: University of Maryland [https://www.start.umd.edu/pubs/START_IUSSD_UnderstandingLoneactorTerrorism_Sept2013.pdf]

Bakker, E. & de Graaf, B. (2010) Expert Meeting Lone Wolves [Summary of Proceedings; International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague: ICCT, November 2010] [http://www.icct.nl/download/file/ICCT-Expert-Meeting-Summary-Lone-Wolves.pdf]

Bakker, E. & de Graaf, B. (2010) Lone Wolves; How to Prevent This Phenomenon? International Centre for Counter-Terrorism–The Hague, ICCT [http://www.icct.nl/download/file/ICCT-Bakker-deGraaf-EM-Paper-Lone-Wolves.pdf]

Bakker, E. & de Graaf, B. (2011) Lone Wolves and their Enabling Environment ICCT International Centre for Counter-Terrorism–The Hague, ICCT [http://www.icct.nl/publications/icct-commentaries/lone-wolves-and-their-enabling-environment] Berwick, A. [alias Breivik, Anders Behring] (2011) 2083: A European Declaration of Independence Andrew Berwick: London

[http://fas.org/programs/tap/_docs/2083_-_A_European_Declaration_of_Independence.pdf] COT Instituut voor Veiigheids. en Crisismanagement (2007) Lone Wolf Terrorism COT Instituut voor Veiligheids- en Crisismanagement: Den Haag, The Netherlands [http://www.transnationalterrorism.eu/tekst/publications/Lone-Wolf%20Terrorism.pdf]

Dahlin, Maria (2001) al om terror : säkerhetspolitisk retorik i Sverige och Ryssland [in Swedish] [thesis] University at Umeå, Sweden.

Eby, C.A. (2012) The nation that cried Lone Wolf: a data-driven analysis of individual terrorists in the United States since 9/11 [thesis] Naval Postgraduate School: Monterey , California [https://calhoun.nps.edu/handle/10945/6789]

Hamm, M. (2013) Lone Wolf Terrorism in America [thesis] Indiana State University [*http://nij.ncjrs.gov/multimedia/video-hamm.htm#tab1]

EUROPOL (2012) EU Terrorism Situation and Trend Report: TE-SAT 2012: The Hague: Europol [https://admin.europol.europa.eu/sites/default/files/publications/europoltsat.pdf]

Heide, E.J. van der (2011) Individual Terrorism: Indicators of Lone Operators [thesis] Utrecht University [http://dspace.library.uu.nl/handle/1874/209487]

Hinton Jr., H.L. (2001) Combating Terrorism: Considerations for Investing Resources in Chemical and Biological Preparedness. Washington, D.C.: Government Accountability Office [*https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=191699] [http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02162t.pdf]

Kessels, E. (2012) Anders Breivik: A Terrorist on Trial. ICCT International Centre for Counter-Terrorism–The Hague, The Netherlands [http://www.icct.nl/publications/icct-commentaries/anders-breivik-a-terrorist-on-trial]

Pennington, J. L. (2012) Analytical Method for The Identification of Lone Wolf Terrorist [thesis] Pennington & Associates Ltd. [http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2041939]

Phillips, P.J. (2013) Female Lone Wolf Terrorism–The Economic Analysis of Uniquely Gendered Lived Experiences [thesis] University of Southern Queensland [http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2347881]

Phillips, P.J. (2014) Geographic Profiling of Lone Wolf Terrorists: The Application of Economics, Game Theory and Prospect Theory [thesis] University of Southern Queensland [http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2468272]

Phillips, P.J. (2013) Imitation Processes and Lone Wolf Terrorism: Who Will the Copycat Copy? [thesis] University of Southern Queensland [http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2364195]

Phillips, P.J. (2010) The Lone Wolf Suicide Terrorist: A Preliminary Application of Mean-Variance Methods [thesis] University of Southern Queensland [http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1597529]

Phillips, P.J. (2012) Lone Wolf Terrorism: Prudence in the Lone Wolf’s Planning and the Time Delay between Acts of Lone Wolf Terrorism [thesis] University of Southern Queensland [http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2149894]

Phillips, P.J. (2011) The Lone Wolf Terrorist: Sudden Sprees of Violence [thesis] University of Southern Queensland [http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1976102]

Phillips, P.J. (2013) Terrorism Perpetrated By Individuals in the United States and Canada University of Southern Queensland [http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2262106]

Rönnlund, Fredrik (2009) En gemensam fiende? [thesis] Turun University, Finland [http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:220824/FULLTEXT01.pdf]

RCMP National Media Relations (2015) RCMP Arrests One Individual and Charges Two Others with Terrorism Offences as part of Project SERVANT Ottawa: PCMP [http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/on/news-nouvelles/2015/15-02-03-ottawa-eng.htm]

Skillicorn, D. (2015) Empirical Assessment of Al Qaeda, ISIS, and Taliban Propaganda Queen’s University [http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2546478]

Springer, N. R. (2012) Patterns of radicalization identifying the markers and warning signs of domestic lone wolf terrorists in our midst [thesis] Naval Postgraduate School: Monterey, California [https://calhoun.nps.edu/handle/10945/4340]

Stottlemyre, S. (2014) The Effect of Country-Level Income on Domestic Terrorism: A Worldwide Analysis of the Difference Between Lone-Wolf and Group Affiliated Domestic Terrorism [thesis] Georgetown University [https://repository.library.georgetown.edu/handle/10822/709882]

Teich, S. (2013) Trends and Developments in Lone Wolf Terrorism in the Western World; An Analysis of Terrorist Attacks and Attempted Attacks by Islamic Extremists International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT) [http://www.ctcitraining.org/docs/LoneWolf_SarahTeich2013.pdf]

Tompkins Jr.,P.J. & Nathan Bos, (Eds.) (2013) Human factors considerations of undergrounds in insurgencies Fort Bragg, North Carolina: United States Army Special Operations Command; Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, National Security Analysis Department [*http://lccn.loc.gov/2014472194] [http://www.soc.mil/ARIS/HumanFactorsS.pdf] [http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/735332.pdf]

Vittori, J. (2008) Idealism is not enough: The role of resources in the autonomy and capability of terrorist groups [thesis] University of Denver [http://gradworks.umi.com/33/03/3303538.html]

Watts, C. (2012) Radicalization in the U.S.: Beyond al Qaeda; Treating the disease of the disconnection Foreign Policy Research Institute (FPRI): Philadelphia, United States [http://www.fpri.org/docs/media/201208.watts_.radicalization.pdf]

Prime Journal Articles

Ackerman, G. A. & Pinson, L. E.: An Army of One: Assessing CBRN Pursuit and Use by Lone Wolves and Autonomous Cells Terrorism and Political Violence 26 (1) 2014 pp. 226-245 [*http://www.start.umd.edu/publication/army-one-assessing-cbrn-pursuit-and-use-lone-wolves-and-autonomous-cells]

Appleton, C.: Lone wolf terrorism in Norway International Journal of Human Rights 18 (2) 2014 pp. 127-142. [*http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13642987.2014.889390?journalCode=fjhr20#.VQmpGdLF_z8]

Bakker, E. & de Graaf, B.: Preventing Lone Wolf Terrorism: some CT Approaches Addressed Perspectives on Terrorism 5 (5-6, December) 2011 pp. 43-50 [https://ensaiosjuridicos.files.wordpress.com/2013/04/334.pdf]

Beary, R.: The Global Threat of Violent Extremists The Police Chief 82 (2) 2015 p.6 [http://www.policechiefmagazine.org/magazine/index.cfm?fuseaction=display&issue_id=22015&category_ID=2]

Bellia, P.L.: The Lone Wolf Amendment and the Future of Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Law Villanova Law Review 50 (3) 2005 pp.425ff [http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=714244] [http://digitalcommons.law.villanova.edu/vlr/vol50/iss3/2]

Barnes, B.: Confronting the One-Man Wolf Pack: Adapting Law Enforcement and Prosecution Responses to the Threat of Lone Wolf Terrorism Boston University Law Review 92 (5, October, 1613) 2012 pp. 1613-1662 [http://www.bu.edu/law/central/jd/organizations/journals/bulr/volume92n4/documents/BARNES.pdf]

Bates, R.: Dancing With Wolves: Today’s Lone Wolf Terrorists The Journal of Public and Professional Sociology 4 (1) 2012 [http://digitalcommons.kennesaw.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1023&context=jpps]

Berntzen, L. E. & Sandberg, S.: The Collective Nature of Lone Wolf Terrorism: Anders Behring Breivik and the Anti-Islamic Social Movement Terrorism and Political Violence 26 (5) 2014 pp. 759-779 [*http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09546553.2013.767245#.VQmqpNLF_z8]

Borum, R. & Fein, R. & Vossekuil, B.: A dimensional approach to analyzing lone offender terrorism Aggression and Violent Behavior 17 (5, September–October) 2012 pp.389-396 [*http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1359178912000432]

Brym, R.: The six lessons of suicide bombers Contexts 6 (4) 2007pp.40–45 [http://projects.chass.utoronto.ca/brym/lessons.pdf]

Capellan, J.: Lone Wolf Terrorist or Deranged Shooter? A Study of Ideological Active Shooter events in the United States Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 38 (June) 2015 pp.395-413 [*http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1057610X.2015.1008341?journalCode=uter20]

Cohen, K. (et al.): Detecting Linguistic Markers for Radical Violence in Social Media Terrorism and Political Violence 26 (1) 2014 pp.246-256 [*http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09546553.2014.849948#abstract]

Corn, G.S.: Terrorism, Tips, and the Touchstone of Reasonableness: Seeking a Balance between Threat Response and Privacy Dilution Penn State Law Review 118 (April) 2013 pp.129-167 [http://www.pennstatelawreview.org/118/1/4-Corn%20(PS%20final).pdf]

Ellis, P. D.: Lone Wolf Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction: An Examination of Capabilities and Countermeasures Terrorism and Political Violence 26 (1) 2014 pp. 211-225 [*http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09546553.2014.849935#.VQmrQdLF_z8]

Feldman, M.: Comparative Lone Wolf Terrorism: Toward a Heuristic Definition Democracy and Security 9 (3) 2013 pp. 270-286 [*http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17419166.2013.792252#.VQmp7NLF_z8]

Gartenstein-Ross, D.: Lone Wolf Islamic Terrorism: Abdulhakim Mujahid Muhammad (Carlos Bledsoe) Case Study Terrorism and Political Violence 26 (1) 2014 pp. [*http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09546553.2014.849921#abstract]

Gill, P. & Horgan, J. & Deckert, P.: Bombing Alone: Tracing the Motivations and Antecedent Behaviors of Lone-Actor Terrorists Journal of Forensic Sciences 58 (2) 2013; pp.425-435 [*http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1556-4029.12312/abstract]

Gordon, T. & Sharan, Y. & Florescu, E.: Prospects for Lone Wolf and SIMAD terrorism Technological Forecasting and Social Change 91 (February) 2015 [*http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040162515000153]

Griffin, R.: Shattering crystals: The role of ‘dream time’ in extreme right-wing political violence Terrorism and Political Violence 15 (1) 2003, pp.57-95 [*http://resourcelists.st-andrews.ac.uk/items/F6B3F800-3372-CC5B-48E9-966AA10E2612.html]

Gruenewald, J. & Chermak, S. & Freilich, J.D.: Distinguishing “Loner” Attacks from Other Domestic Extremist Violence: A Comparison of Far-Right Homicide Incident and Offender Characteristics Criminology & Public Policy 12 (1, July) 2013 pp.65-91 [https://www.ncjrs.gov/app/publications/abstract.aspx?id=266956]

Gruenewald, J. & Chermak, S. & Freilich, J.D. & Joshua D.: Far-Right Lone Wolf Homicides in the United States Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 36 (12) 2013 pp. 1005-1024 [*http://www.start.umd.edu/publication/far-right-lone-wolf-homicides-united-states]

Jason-Leigh, S.: Early detection of the lone wolf: advancement of counter-terrorism investigations with an absence or abundance of information and intelligence Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism 8 (1) 2013 pp.35-53 [*http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/18335330.2013.789596#abstract]

Jensen, R. & B.: The Pre-1914 Anarchist “Lone Wolf” Terrorist and Governmental Responses Terrorism and Political Violence 26 (1) 2014 pp. 86-94 [*http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09546553.2014.849919#.VQmsoNLF_z8]

Kaplan, J. & Lööw, H. & Malkki, L.: Introduction to the Special Issue on Lone Wolf and Autonomous Cell Terrorism Terrorism and Political Violence 26 (1) 2014 pp.1-12 [*http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09546553.2014.854032#abstract]

Kaplan, J. C. & Costa, C. P.: On Tribalism: Auxiliaries, Affiliates, and Lone Wolf Political Violence Terrorism and Political Violence 26 (1) 2014 pp. 13-44 [*http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09546553.2014.849907#abstract]

Malkki, Leena: Ramón Spaaij. Understanding Lone Wolf Terrorism: Global Patterns, Motivations and Prevention Terrorism and Political Violence 24 (5) 2012 pp. 853-854 [*http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09546553.2012.728928#abstract]

McCauley, C. & Moskalenko, S. & Van Son, B.: Characteristics of Lone-Wolf Violent Offenders: a Comparison of Assassins and School Attackers Perspectives on Terrorism 7 (1) 2013 [http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/240]

Michael, G.: Counterinsurgency and Lone Wolf Terrorism Terrorism and Political Violence 26 (1) 2014 pp.45-57 [*http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09546553.2014.849912?journalCode=ftpv20#.VQmmfdLF_z8]

Moskalenko, S. & McCauley, C.: The psychology of lone-wolf terrorism Counselling Psychology Quarterly 24 (4) 2011 pp.115-126 [*http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09515070.2011.581835#abstract]

Nesser, P.: Research Note: Single Actor Terrorism: Scope, Characteristics and Explanations Perspectives on Terrorism 6 (6) 2012 [http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/231]

Meijer, E.H.: De biografie van een lone wolf Expertise en Recht 6 (12) 2013 pp.215-215 [http://www.researchgate.net/publication/263010152_De_Biografie_van_een_Lone_Wolf]

Murer, J.S.: Security, Identity, and the Discourse of Conflation in Far-Right Violence Journal of Terrorism Research 2 (2, November) 2011 pp.15-26 [http://ojs.st-andrews.ac.uk/index.php/jtr/article/view/188]

Nesser, P. & Stenersen, A.: The Modus Operandi of Jihadi Terrorists in Europe Perspectives on Terrorism 8 (6) 2014 http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/388]

Paffaello P.: Ramón Spaaij. Understanding Lone Wolf Terrorism: Global Patterns, Motivations and Prevention Terrorism and Political Violence 24 (5) 2012 pp. 855-856 [*http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09546553.2012.728929#abstract]

Pantucci, R.: A Death in Woolwich RUSI Journal 159 (5) 2014 pp.22-30 [http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/03071847.2014.969941]

Pantucci, R.: What Have We Learned about Lone Wolves from Anders Behring Breivik? Perspectives on Terrorism 5 (5-6) 2011 [http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/what-we-have-learned/html]

Phillips, P.J.: Lone Wolf Terrorism Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy 17 (1) 2011 [http://eprints.usq.edu.au/18630/2/Phillips_PEPSPP_v17n1_PV.pdf]

Post, J. M. & McGinnis, C. & Moody, K.: The Changing Face of Terrorism in the 21st Century: The Communications Revolution and the Virtual Community of Hatred Behavioral Sciences & the Law 32 (3, May/June) 2014 pp.306-334 [*http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/bsl.2123/abstract]

Rae, J. Will it Ever be Possible to Profile the Terrorist? Journal of Terrorism Research 3 (2) 2012 [http://ojs.st-andrews.ac.uk/index.php/jtr/article/view/380]

Rand, D.: Obama’s ‘lone wolf’ focus misguided as terrorist threat expands, critics say The Washington Times January 15, 2015 [http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2015/jan/14/obama-lone-wolf-focus-misguided-as-terrorist-threa/]

Reid M.J. & Yakeley, J.: The Violent True Believer as a “Lone Wolf” – Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Terrorism Behavioral Sciences & the Law 32 (3, May/June) 2014 pp. 347-365 [*http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/bsl.2109/pdf]

Spaaij, R.: The enigma of lone wolf terrorism: an assessment Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 33 (9) 2010 pp.854-870 [*http://dare.uva.nl/record/1/345304]

Spaaij, R. & Hamm, M. S.: Key Issues and Research Agendas in Lone Wolf Terrorism Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 38 (3, March) 2015 pp.167-178 [*http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/routledg/uter/2015/00000038/00000003/art00001]

Weimann, G.: Lone Wolves in Cyberspace Journal of Terrorism Research 3 (2) 2012 [http://ojs.st-andrews.ac.uk/index.php/jtr/article/view/405/431]

Zúquete, J. P.: Men in Black: Dynamics, Violence, and Lone Wolf Potential Terrorism and Political Violence 26 (1) 2014 pp. 95-109 [*http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09546553.2014.849920#.VQmr89LF_z8]

See also Resources on the Internet:

Lone wolf (terrorism) / Wikipedia [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lone_wolf_(terrorism)]

Lone Wolves / The Information Collection [http://informationcollective.org/lone-wolf/]

RAND Database of Worldwide Terrorism Incidents [http://www.rand.org/nsrd/projects/terrorism-incidents.htm]

The Rise of Lone Wolf Terrorists / Time (Magazine) [http://time.com/3533581/canada-ottawa-shooting-lone-wolf-terrorism/]

About the Compiler: Eric Price is a Professional Information Specialist who worked for many years for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna. After retirement he became an Editorial Assistant of ‘Perspectives on Terrorism’ where he has so far published 35 bibliographies (search archive for the topics covered).

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Perspectives on Terrorism is  a journal of the Terrorism Research Initiative and the Center for Terrorism and Security Studies

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