II. Resources

Bibliography: Islamic State (Part 1)

Compiled and selected by Judith Tinnes

[Bibliographic Series of Perspectives on Terrorism - BSPT-JT-2015-4]


This bibliography contains journal articles, book chapters, books, edited volumes, theses, grey literature, bibliographies and other resources on the Islamic State (IS / ISIS / ISIL / Daesh) and its predecessor organizations. To keep up with the rapid changing political events, more recent publications have been prioritized during the selection process. The literature has been retrieved by manually browsing more than 200 core and periphery sources in the field of Terrorism Studies. Additionally, full-text and reference retrieval systems have been employed to expand the search.

Keywords: bibliography, resources, literature, Islamic State, IS, ISIS, ISIL, Daesh, Al-Qaeda in Iraq, AQI

NB: All websites were last visited on 19.07.2015. - See also Note for the Reader at the end of this literature list.

Bibliographies and other Resources

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (2012-): Syria in Crisis. URL: http://carnegieendowment.org/syriaincrisis

Combating Terrorism Center (CTC) (n.d.-): ISIL, Syria & Iraq Resources. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/isil-resources

Higgins, Eliot et al. (2014, July-): Bellingcat. URL: https://www.bellingcat.com

IntelCenter (2014, August-): Islamic State’s Global Affiliates Interactive World Map. URL: http://www.intelcenter.com/maps/is-affiliates-map.html

Mosul Eye (2014, June-): URL: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Mosul-Eye/552514844870022?fref=nf

Paraszczuk, Joanna (2013, August-): From Chechnya to Syria: Tracking Russian-Speaking Foreign Fighters in Syria. URL: http://www.chechensinsyria.com

Paraszczuk, Joanna (2014, October-): Under The Black Flag. URL: http://www.rferl.org/archive/under-the-black-flag/latest/17257/17257.html

Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently (RBSS) (2014, April-): URL: http://www.raqqa-sl.com/en

Rogalski, Jürgen; Grimm, Jannis (2015, January): Länderspezifische Analysen und Kommentare: Syrien. In: Aktuelle Kurzbibliographie. (SWP [WIM] Bibliography). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/de/swp-themendossiers/umbruch-in-der-arabischen-welt/aktuelle-kurzbibliographie/laenderspezifische-analysen-und-kommentare.html#c4415

Setrakian, Lara et al. (2012, December-): Syria Deeply. URL: http://beta.syriadeeply.org

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) (2006, May-): URL: http://www.syriahr.com/en

Wing, Joel (2008, June-): Musings on Iraq. URL: http://musingsoniraq.blogspot.co.uk

Zelin, Aaron Y. (2010, June-): Jihadology. URL: http://jihadology.net

Zelin, Aaron Y. (2014, June): Bibliography on the History and Evolution of the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham. URL: http://jihadology.net/2014/06/14/bibliography-on-the-history-and-evolution-of-the-islamic-state-of-iraq-and-al-sham

Books and Edited Volumes

Al-Ali, Zaid (2014): The Struggle for Iraq’s Future: How Corruption, Incompetence and Sectarianism Have Undermined Democracy. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Al-Qarawee, Harith (2012): Imagining the Nation: Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq. Bacup: Rossendale Books.

Ardolino, Bill (2013): Fallujah Awakens: Marines, Sheikhs, and the Battle against al Qaeda. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press.

Atwan, Abdel Bari (2015): Islamic State: The Digital Caliphate. London: Saqi Books.

Baker, James A., III et al. (2006): The Iraq Study Group Report. [e-Book]. New York: Vintage Books. URL: http://i.a.cnn.net/cnn/2006/images/12/06/iraq.report.pdf

Basinsky, Kathryn; Brandon, James (Eds.) (2015): Al-Qaeda and its Heirs: Select Conference Papers from the Eighth Annual Terrorism Conference, December 9, 2014. Washington, DC: The Jamestown Foundation.

Brisard, Jean-Charles; Martinez, Damien (2005): Zarqawi: The New Face of al-Qaeda. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Byman, Daniel (2015): Al Qaeda, the Islamic State, and the Global Jihadist Movement: What Everyone Needs to Know. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Carlton-Ford, Steven; Ender, Morten G. (Eds.) (2011): The Routledge Handbook of War and Society: Iraq and Afghanistan. (Routledge International Handbooks). Abingdon: Routledge.

Cockburn, Patrick (2015): The Rise of Islamic State: ISIS and the New Sunni Revolution. London: Verso.

Dhiman, S. C. (2015): Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS): Reconciliation, Democracy and Terror. Delhi: Neha Publishers & Distributors.

Dodge, Toby (2012): Iraq: From War to a New Authoritarianism. (IISS Adelphi Series, Vol. 52, Iss. 434-435). Abingdon: Routledge.

Filiu, Jean-Pierre (2015): From Deep State to Islamic State: The Arab Counter-Revolution and its Jihadi Legacy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fitzgerald, David (2013): Learning to Forget: US Army Counterinsurgency Doctrine and Practice from Vietnam to Iraq. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Freeman, Liam (Ed.) (2015): The Islamic State and ISIS Crisis: An Examination. (The Middle East in Turmoil). New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Green, Daniel R.; Mullen, William F., III (2014): Fallujah Redux: The Anbar Awakening and the Struggle with Al-Qaeda. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press.

Günther, Christoph (2014, June): Ein zweiter Staat im Zweistromland? Genese und Ideologie des Islamischen Staates Irak. Würzburg: Ergon.

Hafez, Mohammed M. (2007): Suicide Bombers in Iraq: The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom. Washington: United States Institute of Peace.

Hall, Benjamin (2015): Inside ISIS: The Brutal Rise of a Terrorist Army. New York: Center Street.

Hashim, Ahmed S. (2006): Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency in Iraq. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Hashim, Ahmed S. (2008): Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency. (IISS Adelphi Series, Vol. 48, Iss. 402). Abingdon: Routledge.

Kagan, Kimberly (2009): The Surge: A Military History. New York: Encounter Books.

Kazimi, Nibras (2010): Syria through Jihadist Eyes: A Perfect Enemy. Stanford: Hoover Institution Press.

Ledwidge, Frank (2011): Losing Small Wars: British Military Failure in Iraq and Afghanistan. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Lister, Charles R. (2015): The Islamic State: A Brief Introduction. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution Press.

Lister, Charles (in press): The Syrian Jihad: Al-Qaeda, the Islamic State and the Evolution of an Insurgency. London: Hurst.

Mardini, Ramzy (2011): Volatile Landscape: Iraq and its Insurgent Movements. Washington, DC: The Jamestown Foundation.

McCants, William (in press): The ISIS Apocalypse: The History, Strategy, and Doomsday Vision of the Islamic State. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Nance, Malcolm W. (2015): The Terrorists of Iraq: Inside the Strategy and Tactics of the Iraq Insurgency 2003-2014. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

Napoleoni, Loretta (2005): Insurgent Iraq: Al Zarqawi and the New Generation. New York: Seven Stories Press.

Napoleoni, Loretta (2014): The Islamist Phoenix: The Islamic State and the Redrawing of the Middle East. New York: Seven Stories Press.

Rajan, V. G. Julie (2015): Al Qaeda’s Global Crisis: The Islamic State, takfir, and the Genocide of Muslims. (Contemporary Terrorism Studies). Abingdon: Routledge.

Rayburn, Joel (2014): Iraq after America: Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance. (The Great Unraveling: The Remaking of the Middle East; Hoover Institution Press Publication, No. 643). Stanford: Hoover Institution Press.

Reuter, Christoph (2015): Die schwarze Macht: Der “Islamische Staat” und die Strategen des Terrors. München: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt.

Said, Behnam T. (2014): Islamischer Staat: IS-Miliz, al-Qaida und die deutschen Brigaden. München: C.H.Beck.

Saikal, Amin (2014): Zone of Crisis: Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran and Iraq. London: I.B. Tauris.

Schirra, Bruno (2014): ISIS – Der globale Dschihad: Wie der “Islamische Staat” den Terror nach Europa trägt. Berlin: Econ.

Sekulow, Jay et al. (2014): Rise of ISIS: A Threat we Can’t Ignore. New York: Howard Books.

Serena, Chad C. (2014): It Takes more than a Network: The Iraqi Insurgency and Organizational Adaptation. (Stanford Security Studies). Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Shultz, Richard H., Jr. (2013): The Marines Take Anbar: The Four-Year Fight against Al Qaeda. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press.

Sky, Emma (2015): The Unraveling: High Hopes and Missed Opportunities in Iraq. Philadelphia: Perseus Books.

Spencer, Claire; Kinninmont, Jane; Sirri, Omar (Eds.) (2013, May): Iraq Ten Years on. [e-Book]. London: Chatham House. URL: http://www.chathamhouse.org/sites/files/chathamhouse/public/Research/Middle%20East/0513pr_iraqtenyearson.pdf

Steinberg, Guido (2015): Kalifat des Schreckens: IS und die Bedrohung durch den islamistischen Terror. München: Knaur.

Stern, Jessica; Berger, J. M. (2015): ISIS: The State of Terror. New York: HarperCollins.

Underhill, Natasha (2014): Countering Global Terrorism and Insurgency: Calculating the Risk of State Failure in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iraq. (New Security Challenges). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Webb, Brandon et al. (2014): The ISIS Solution: How Unconventional Thinking and Special Operations can Eliminate Radical Islam. [e-Book]. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Weiss, Michael; Hassan, Hassan (2015): ISIS: Inside the Army of Terror. New York: Regan Arts.


Anc, Monica Julia (2014, May): To Follow or to Lead? The Impact of Violence and U.S. Troop Presence in Iraq. (Master’s Thesis, Northeastern University, Boston, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2047/d20004949

Buchanan, Jason A. (2010, Fall): The Anbar Awakening: A Guide to Understanding the Descent of Islamic Fundamentalists. (Master’s Thesis, San Diego State University, San Diego, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10211.10/440

Cohen, Raphael Saadya (2014, May): Beyond “Hearts and Minds”. (Doctoral Thesis, Georgetown University, Washington, DC, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10822/710012

Gastal, Piotr (2008, March): Targeting Civilians with Indiscriminate Violence. (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/4266

Gill, Cory R. (2014, December): Rational Ideologues or Orthodox Fanatics? Discerning Ideology’s Role in Terrorist Organization Behavior. (Master’s Thesis, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, United States). URL: http://jhir.library.jhu.edu/handle/1774.2/37317

Hansen, Helle Hjordt (2014, July): Salafi-Jihadists in Syria: A Social Movement Theory Analysis. (Master’s Thesis, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark). URL: http://rudar.ruc.dk/handle/1800/15704

Hea, William (2011, July): The Sinjar Records: A Case Study of the Origins and Motivations of Al Qaeda in Iraq Recruits. (Honors Capstone, American University, Washington, DC, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1961/9916

Kafeyan, Kelly F. (2010, December): Sunni and Shiite Martyrdom: A Comparative Analysis of Historical and Contemporary Expressions. (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/5061

Kraner, Timothy A. (2005, December): Al Qaeda in Iraq: Demobilizing the Threat. (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/1765

McClure, Sean M. (2010, June): The Lost Caravan: The Rise and Fall of Al Qaeda in Iraq, 2003-2007. (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/5247

Peeters, Bram (2014, August): Choosing Battles: A Cross-Case Analysis of Seven Muslim Foreign Fighter Mobilizations (1980-2014). (Master’s Thesis, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands). URL: http://dspace.library.uu.nl:8080/handle/1874/298875

Tinnes, Judith (2010, May): Internetnutzung islamistischer Terror- und Insurgentengruppen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von medialen Geiselnahmen im Irak, Afghanistan, Pakistan und Saudi-Arabien. (Doctoral Dissertation, Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken, Germany). URL: http://scidok.sulb.uni-saarland.de/volltexte/2010/3117

Whalen, Michelle (2005): The Effects of Suicide Terrorism in Afghanistan and Iraq on US Policy and Military Strategy. (Master’s Thesis, University of Central Florida, Orlando, United States). URL: http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/etd/CFE0002921

Whiteside, Craig Andrew (2014): The Smiling, Scented Men: The Political Worldview of the Islamic State of Iraq, 2003-2013. (Doctoral Dissertation, Washington State University, Pullman, United States). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3684808)

Journal Articles and Book Chapters

Abbadi, Salim (2015, March): Jordan in the Shadow of ISIS. Counter Terrorist Trends and Analysis, 7(2), 8-12. URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/CTTA-March-2015.pdf

Abou-Taam, Marwan; Sarhan, Aladdin (2015, March): Salafismus als ideologisches Fundament des Islamischen Staats (IS). Die Kriminalpolizei, 3/2015. URL: http://www.kriminalpolizei.de/ausgaben/2015/maerz/detailansicht-maerz/artikel/salafismus-als-ideologisches-fundament-des-islamischen-staats-is.html

Adelkah, Nima (2014, July): Iran’s Revolutionary Guards and Iraq’s Security Breakdown. Terrorism Monitor, 12(14), 7-9. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue14_02.pdf

Adelkah, Nima (2014, November): Iran and the Anti-Islamic State Coalition. Terrorism Monitor, 12(21), 3-4. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue21_01.pdf

Adelkah, Nima (2015, January): Iranian Intervention in Iraq against the Islamic State: Strategy, Tactics and Impact. Terrorism Monitor, 13(2), 9-11. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue2_03.pdf

Ahram, Ariel I. (2015): Sexual Violence and the Making of ISIS. Survival, 57(3), 57-78. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2015.1047251

Al-Khateeb, Samer; Agarwal, Nitin (2015, March): Analyzing Deviant Cyber Flash Mobs of ISIL on Twitter. In: Nitin Agarwal; Kevin Xu; Nathaniel Osgood (Eds.): Social Computing, Behavioral-Cultural Modeling, and Prediction: 8th International Conference, SBP 2015, Washington, DC, USA, March 31-April 3, 2015: Proceedings. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 9021). Cham: Springer, 251-257. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16268-3_26

al-Shishani, Murad Batal (2014, August): The Islamic State’s Strategic and Tactical Plan for Iraq. Terrorism Monitor, 12(16), 6-7. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue16_02.pdf

al-Shishani, Murad Batal (2014, December): The Political Economy of the Islamic State. Terrorism Monitor, 12(24), 8-11. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue24_01.pdf

al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad (2013, Fall): The Islamic State of Iraq and Al-Sham. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 17(3), 19-44. URL: http://www.rubincenter.org/2013/12/the-islamic-state-of-iraq-and-al-sham

al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad (2014, March): The Dawn of the Islamic State of Iraq and ash-Sham. Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, 16, 5-15. URL: http://www.hudson.org/content/researchattachments/attachment/1393/ct_16_posting.pdf

al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad (2014, Fall): Sunni Opposition to the Islamic State. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 18(3), 1-13. URL: http://www.rubincenter.org/2014/09/sunni-opposition-to-the-islamic-state

al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad (2015, June): Enemy of my Enemy: Re-Evaluating the Islamic State’s Relationship with the Ba’athist JRTN. IHS Jane’s Terrorism and Insurgency Monitor, 6/2015. URL: http://www.aymennjawad.org/16692/enemy-of-my-enemy-re-evaluating-the-islamic-state

al-`Ubaydi, Muhammad (2014, August): Stories of Foreign Fighter Migration to Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(8), 11-13. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss83.pdf

Alvi, Hayat (2014, Summer): The Diffusion of Intra-Islamic Violence and Terrorism: The Impact of the Proliferation of Salafi/Wahhabi Ideologies. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 18(2), 38-50. URL: http://www.rubincenter.org/2014/07/the-diffusion-of-intra-islamic-violence-and-terrorism-the-impact-of-the-proliferation-of-salafiwahhabi-ideologies

Anderson, Eric C. (2015, January): Confusing a “Revolution” with “Terrorism”. Small Wars Journal, 1/2015. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/confusing-a-%E2%80%9Crevolution%E2%80%9D-with-%E2%80%9Cterrorism%E2%80%9D

Anderson, Gary (2014, August): Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi and the Theory and Practice of Jihad. Small Wars Journal, 8/2014. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/abu-bakr-al-baghdadi-and-the-theory-and-practice-of-jihad

Anzalone, Christopher (2015, April): Canadian Foreign Fighters in Iraq and Syria. CTC Sentinel, 8(4), 14-19. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/CTCSentinel-Vol8Issue46.pdf

Armborst, Andreas (2014): Dschihadismus im Irak. Österreichische Militärische Zeitschrift, 4/2014, 24-30. URL: http://www.bundesheer.at/pdf_pool/omz/oemz2014_04.pdf

Azzam, Chantal (2014, October): Australian Foreign Fighters: The Long Reach of the Syrian Conflict. Counter Terrorist Trends and Analysis, 6(9), 9-13. URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/CTTA-October14.pdf

Bahari, Mustazah; Hassan, Muhammad Haniff (2014, September): The Black Flag Myth: An Analysis from Hadith Studies. Counter Terrorist Trends and Analysis, 6(8), 15-20. URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/CTTA-September14.pdf

Bahney, Benjamin W. et al. (2013): Insurgent Compensation: Evidence from Iraq. American Economic Review, 103(3), 518-522. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/aer.103.3.518 URL: http://www.princeton.edu/~jns/publications/BIJJSS_2013_Insurgent_Compensation_Final.pdf

Bakier, Abdul Hameed (2009, August): Jihadis Ask how the Mujahideen will Control an Islamic State of Iraq. Terrorism Monitor, 7(24), 3-5. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_007_71.pdf

Bakier, Abdul Hameed (2010, May): Internet Jihadists React to the Deaths of Al-Qa`ida’s Leaders in Iraq. CTC Sentinel, 3(5), 13-15. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/CTCSentinel-Vol3Iss5-art4.pdf

Bakier, Abdul Hameed (2014, October): IS Spokesman Issues Appeal to End Inter-Jihadist Rivalry. Terrorism Monitor, 12(19), 3-4. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue19_02.pdf

Bank, André (2014): Jordaniens Innenpolitik im Schatten des Islamischen Staates. GIGA Focus Nahost, 9/2014. URL: http://www.giga-hamburg.de/de/publication/jordaniens-innenpolitik-im-schatten-des-islamischen-staates

Barker, Brig (2014, Winter): ISIS: Nothing New under the Sun. The Journal of Counter Terrorism & Homeland Security International, 20(4), 10-12. URL: http://issuu.com/fusteros/docs/iacsp_magazine_v20n4_issuu

Barkey, Henri J. (2014, December-2015, January): Turkey’s Syria Predicament. Survival, 56(6), 113-134. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2014.985440 URL: http://www.du.edu/korbel/middleeast/media/documents/turkeyssyriapredicament.pdf

Basit, Abdul (2014, October): Foreign Fighters in Iraq and Syria – Why so many? Counter Terrorist Trends and Analysis, 6(9), 4-8. URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/CTTA-October14.pdf

Batrawi, Samar; Chmoun, Ilona (2014, July): Dutch Foreign Fighters Continue to Travel to Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(7), 11-15. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss74.pdf

Bazin, Aaron (2014, September): Defeating ISIS and their Complex Way of War. Small Wars Journal, 9/2014. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/defeating-isis-and-their-complex-way-of-war

Beaurpere, Guillaume N. (2014, September): ISIS and Protracted War: Why Violent Extremists Persist in the Face of Defeat. Counter Terrorist Trends and Analysis, 6(8), 4-8. URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/CTTA-September14.pdf

Becker, Joseph (2014, December): Obama’s Strategy for Defeating ISIS is the only Viable Option. It Can Work. Small Wars Journal, 12/2014. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/obama%E2%80%99s-strategy-for-defeating-isis-is-the-only-viable-option-it-can-work

Becker, Michael (2015, February): When Terrorists and Target Governments Cooperate: The Case of Syria. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(1), 95-103. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/404

Berger, J. M. (2014, September 2): The Islamic State vs. al Qaeda: Who’s Winning the War to become the Jihadi Superpower? Foreign Policy. URL: http://foreignpolicy.com/2014/09/02/the-islamic-state-vs-al-qaeda/

Berger, J. M. (2015, May 22): Barack Obama still Misunderestimates ISIL. POLITICO Magazine. URL: http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2015/05/barack-obama-still-misunderestimates-isil-118204.html

Berman, Eli; Felter, Joseph H.; Shapiro, Jacob H. (2015, February 27): The Super Smart Way to Dismantle ISIS. The National Interest. URL: http://nationalinterest.org/feature/the-super-smart-way-dismantle-isis-12333

Berman, Eli; Shapiro, Jacob N.; Felter, Joseph H. (2011, August): Can Hearts and Minds Be Bought? The Economics of Counterinsurgency in Iraq. Journal of Political Economy, 119(4), 766-819. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/661983 URL: http://econweb.ucsd.edu/~elib/ham.pdf

Berman, Eli et al. (2011, August): Do Working Men Rebel? Insurgency and Unemployment in Afghanistan, Iraq, and the Philippines. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 55(4), 496-528. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022002710393920

Biddle, Stephen; Friedman, Jeffrey A.; Shapiro, Jacob N. (2012, Summer): Testing the Surge: Why Did Violence Decline in Iraq in 2007? International Security, 37(1), 7-40. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/ISEC_a_00087

Birke, Sarah (2015, February 5): How ISIS Rules. The New York Review of Books. URL: http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2015/feb/05/how-isis-rules

Blain, Michael (2015, March): Social Science Discourse and the Biopolitics of Terrorism. Sociology Compass, 9(3), 161-179. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/soc4.12246

Bove, Vincenzo; Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede; Sekeris, Petros G. (2015, January): “Oil above Water”: Economic Interdependence and Third-Party Intervention. Journal of Conflict Resolution. Advance Online Publication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022002714567952 URL: http://petros.sekeris.org/BGS.pdf

Bradford, Alexandra (2015, May): Western Women who Join the Islamic State. Terrorism Monitor, 13(9), 3-5. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue9_01.pdf

Braithwaite, Alex; Johnson, Shane D. (2015): The Battle for Baghdad: Testing Hypotheses about Insurgency from Risk Heterogeneity, Repeat Victimization, and Denial Policing Approaches. Terrorism and Political Violence, 27(1), 112-132. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2014.972160

Brooks, Daniel Tyler (2015, January): Legitimate Deliberate Democracy in Transition: Failure in the Democratization of Iraq by the United States from 2003-2014. Small Wars Journal, 1/2015. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/legitimate-deliberate-democracy-in-transition-failure-in-the-democratization-of-iraq-by-the

Bunker, Robert (2014, August): An Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) First Strategy. [Op-Ed]. Small Wars Journal, 8/2014. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/an-islamic-state-of-iraq-and-syria-isis-first-strategy

Celso, Anthony N. (2014): Zarqawi: Al-Qaeda’s Tragic Antihero and the Destructive Role of the Iraqi Jihad. In: Al-Qaeda’s Post-9/11 Devolution: The Failed Jihadist Struggle against the Near and Far Enemy. New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 105-128.

Celso, Anthony N. (2015): The Islamic State and Boko Haram: Fifth Wave Jihadist Terror Groups. Orbis, 59(2), 249-268. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.orbis.2015.02.010

Chaziza, Mordechai (2014, Fall): Ten Years Later: Who Won the Iraq War, the US or China? Middle East Review of International Affairs, 18(3), 14-31. URL: http://www.rubincenter.org/2014/09/ten-years-later-who-won-the-iraq-war-the-us-or-china

Cheterian, Vicken (2015): ISIS and the Killing Fields of the Middle East. Survival, 57(2), 105-118. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2015.1026089

Clarke, Colin P. (2015): The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS): Building a Caliphate in the Levant. In: Terrorism, Inc.: The Financing of Terrorism, Insurgency, and Irregular Warfare. Santa Barbara: Praeger Security International, 153-170.

Clayton, Govinda; Thomson, Andrew (2014): The Enemy of my Enemy is my Friend … The Dynamics of Self-Defense Forces in Irregular War: The Case of the Sons of Iraq. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 37(11), 920-935. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2014.952262 URL: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/41696/1/Pre_Proof_Copy.pdf

Combelles Siegel, Pascale (2008, October): Islamic State of Iraq Commemorates its Two-Year Anniversary. CTC Sentinel, 1(11), 5-7. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/CTCSentinel-Vol1Iss11.pdf

Condra, Luke N.; Shapiro, Jacob N. (2012, January): Who Takes the Blame? The Strategic Effects of Collateral Damage. American Journal of Political Science, 56(1), 167-187. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5907.2011.00542.x URL: http://www.princeton.edu/~jns/publications/Who%20Takes%20Blame_AJPS_2012.pdf

Cragin, R. Kim (2015): Semi-Proxy Wars and U.S. Counterterrorism Strategy. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 38(5), 311-327. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2015.1018024

Cristiani, Dario (2014, October): The Geography of Discontent: Tunisia’s Syrian Fighter Dilemma. Terrorism Monitor, 12(20), 7-9. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue20_03.pdf

Cristiani, Dario (2015, March): The Ongoing Unrest in Libya and the Hyped Threat Posed by Islamic State. Terrorism Monitor, 13(6), 8-10. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue6_03.pdf

Daly, John C. K. (2014, November): Spain Grapples with Growing Islamic State Threat. Terrorism Monitor, 12(22), 7-9. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue22_03.pdf

Daly, John C. K. (2015, February): Islamic State Loots Archaeological Sites for Cash. Terrorism Monitor, 13(4), 9-11. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue4_03.pdf

Daymon, Chelsea (2014, August): From the Guy Next Door to the Fighter Overseas: A Look at Four Foreign Fighters who Joined the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria. Small Wars Journal, 8/2014. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/from-the-guy-next-door-to-the-fighter-overseas-a-look-at-four-foreign-fighters-who-joined-t

Daymon, Chelsea (2014, November): A Ticket to Turkey and a Desire to Fight: Why some Foreign Fighters Travel to Syria. Small Wars Journal, 11/2014. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/a-ticket-to-turkey-and-a-desire-to-fight-why-some-foreign-fighters-travel-to-syria

Dechesne, Mark; De Roon, Charlotte (2013): Coming Home: Deradicalization for Returning Syria Jihadis. JEX, 3/2013, 84-95. URL: http://journals.sfu.ca/jed/index.php/jex/article/view/42

Deegan, Michael; Moreno, Joseph V. (2015, March): A Military Practitioner’s Guide to Jordan. Small Wars Journal, 3/2015. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/a-military-practitioner%E2%80%99s-guide-to-jordan

De Graaff, Bob (2015): “There’s a Good Reason they are Called al-Qaeda in Iraq. They Are al-Qaeda … in … Iraq.” The Impossibility of a Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, or the End of the Nation State. In: Lee Jarvis; Michael Lister (Eds.): Critical Perspectives on Counter-Terrorism. (Routledge Critical Terrorism Studies). Abingdon: Routledge, 11-40.

Dehez, Dustin (2014, November-December): Ein neuer langer Krieg? Die Herausforderung durch das Islamische Kalifat. KAS Auslandsinformationen, 11-12/2014, 89-110. URL: http://www.kas.de/wf/de/33.39604

de Roy van Zuijdewijn, Jeanine (2014, October): The Foreign Fighters’ Threat: What History Can (not) Tell us. Perspectives on Terrorism, 8(5), 59-73. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/378

Dodge, Toby (2014): Can Iraq Be Saved? Survival, 56(5), 7-20. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2014.962795

Edwards, David L. (2015, January): Ignored in Asia: The ISIL Threat. Small Wars Journal, 1/2015. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/ignored-in-asia-the-isil-threat

Eikenberry, Karl (2014): The American Calculus of Military Intervention. Survival, 56(3), 264-271. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2014.920157

El-Adawy, Adel (2014, December): The Need for an Effective and Comprehensive Counter-Terrorism Strategy in Combatting Regional Jihadism: The View from Cairo. Terrorism Monitor, 12(24), 13-16. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue24_06.pdf

El Kurd, Dana (2014, Autumn): The Jordanian Military: A Key Regional Ally. Parameters, 44(3), 47-55. URL: http://strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/parameters/issues/Autumn_2014/8_ElKurdDana_The%20Jordanian%20Military%20A%20Key%20Regional%20Ally.pdf

Esfandiary, Dina; Tabatabai, Ariane (2015, January): Iran’s ISIS Policy. International Affairs, 91(1), 1-15. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2346.12183

Esposito, William; Lenhard, April, Doyle, Harrison (2014, Winter): Funding ISIS: The Business of Terror. The Journal of Counter Terrorism & Homeland Security International, 20(4), 14-17. URL: http://issuu.com/fusteros/docs/iacsp_magazine_v20n4_issuu

Farwell, James P. (2014): The Media Strategy of ISIS. Survival, 56(6), 49-55. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2014.985436

Fisher, Ali (2015, June): Swarmcast: How Jihadist Networks Maintain a Persistent Online Presence. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(3), 3-20. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/426

Fisher, Ali; Prucha, Nico (2014, August): The Call-up: The Roots of a Resilient and Persistent Jihadist Presence on Twitter. CTX, 4(3), 73-88. URL: https://globalecco.org/documents/10180/605826/Vol+4+No+3+latest/bbbc40e6-d819-4ccf-80be-24871bc0fd9e

Fishman, Brian (2013, November): Syria Proving more Fertile than Iraq to Al-Qa`ida’s Operations. CTC Sentinel, 6(11-12), 1-5. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss11-12.pdf

Flood, Derek Henry (2014, November-December): The Battle for Kobani Comes to the Fore. CTC Sentinel, 7(11), 5-9. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss113.pdf

Fontan, Victoria (2015): Out beyond Occupy Fallujah and the Islamic State in Iraq and Sham, there is a Field… In: Ioannis Tellidis; Harmonie Toros (Eds.): Researching Terrorism, Peace and Conflict Studies: Interaction, Synthesis, and Opposition. (Routledge Critical Terrorism Studies). Abingdon: Routledge, 165-186.

Fromson, James; Simon, Steven (2015): ISIS: The Dubious Paradise of Apocalypse Now. Survival, 57(3), 7-56. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2015.1046222

Ganor, Boaz (2015, June): Four Questions on ISIS: A “Trend” Analysis of the Islamic State. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(3), 56-64. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/436

Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed (2015): Islamic State’s Rise and Decline. In: Robert J. Bunker et al. (Eds.): Counterterrorism: Bridging Operations and Theory. [e-Book]. Bloomington: iUniverse.

George, Robert P. (2015): The State of International Religious Freedom and why it Matters. Orbis, 59(1), 7-18. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.orbis.2014.11.002

Gewirtz, David (2014, Fall): Iraq: Ancient Hatreds Fuel Modern Unrest. The Journal of Counter Terrorism & Homeland Security International, 20(3), 8-10. URL: http://issuu.com/fusteros/docs/iacsp_magazine_v20n3

Gielen, Amy-Jane (2015, Spring): Supporting Families of Foreign Fighters: A Realistic Approach for Measuring the Effectiveness. Journal for Deradicalization, 2, 21-48. URL: http://journals.sfu.ca/jd/index.php/jd/article/view/10

Glaus, Daniel; Vidino, Lorenzo (2014, July): Swiss Foreign Fighters Active in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(7), 8-11. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss73.pdf

Gunaratna, Rohan (2015, March): Combating Terrorism and Extremism: A Shift in US Approach? Counter Terrorist Trends and Analysis, 7(2), 4-7. URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/CTTA-March-2015.pdf

Gunter, Michael M. (2015, Spring): Iraq, Syria, ISIS and the Kurds: Geostrategic Concerns for the U.S. and Turkey. Middle East Policy, 22(1), 102-111. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12116

Haddad, Fanar (2014, August): A Sectarian Awakening: Reinventing Sunni Identity in Iraq after 2003. Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, 17, 70-101. URL: http://www.hudson.org/content/researchattachments/attachment/1426/ct_17_inal.pdf

Hafez, Mohammed M. (2006): Suicide Terrorism in Iraq: A Preliminary Assessment of the Quantitative Data and Documentary Evidence. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 29(6), 591-619. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10576100600790878

Hafez, Mohammed M. (2007): Martyrdom Mythology in Iraq: How Jihadists Frame Suicide Terrorism in Videos and Biographies. Terrorism and Political Violence, 19(1), 95-115. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09546550601054873 URL: http://international.ucla.edu/media/files/Martyrdom%20Mythology%20in%20Iraq.pdf

Hafez, Mohammed M. (2014): The Origins of Sectarian Terrorism in Iraq. In: Bruce Hoffman; Fernando Reinares (Eds.): The Evolution of the Global Terrorist Threat: From 9/11 to Osama bin Laden’s Death. (Columbia Studies in Terrorism and Irregular Warfare). New York: Columbia University Press, 436-460.

Hagan, John et al. (2013, Spring): Correspondence: Assessing the Synergy Thesis in Iraq. International Security, 37(4), 173-198. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/ISEC_c_00118

Haqqani, Husain (2015, May): Prophecy and the Jihad in the Indian Subcontinent. Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, 18, 5-17. URL: http://www.hudson.org/content/researchattachments/attachment/1470/current_trends18.pdf

Harris, Winston (2014, August): Chaos in Iraq: Are the Kurds Truly Set to Win? Small Wars Journal, 8/2014. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/chaos-in-iraq-are-the-kurds-truly-set-to-win

Harrison, Ross (2014, Autumn): Towards a Regional Strategy contra ISIS. Parameters, 44(3), 37-46. URL: http://strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/parameters/issues/Autumn_2014/7_HarrisonRoss_Towards%20a%20Regional%20Strategy%20Contra%20ISIS.pdf

Hashim, Ahmed S. (2014, Winter): The Islamic State: From al-Qaeda Affiliate to Caliphate. Middle East Policy, 21(4), 69-83. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12096

Hassan, Riaz (2011): Suicide Bombings in Iraq. In: Life as a Weapon: The Global Rise of Suicide Bombings. Abingdon: Routledge, 50-76.

Hegghammer, Thomas (2006, Winter): Global Jihadism after the Iraq War. Middle East Journal, 60(1), 11-32. URL: http://hegghammer.com/_files/Global_Jihadism_after_the_Iraq_War.pdf

Hegghammer, Thomas (2013, December 9): Syria’s Foreign Fighters. Foreign Policy. URL: http://foreignpolicy.com/2013/12/09/syrias-foreign-fighters

Heinke, Daniel H.; Raudszus, Jan (2015, January): German Foreign Fighters in Syria and Iraq. CTC Sentinel, 8(1), 18-21. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Sentinel-January-2015-vol-8-issue-122.pdf

Henderson, Christian (2014): The Use of Force and Islamic State. [Editorial Comment]. Journal on the Use of Force and International Law, 1(2), 209-222. http://dx.doi.org/10.5235/20531702.1.2.209

Heras, Nicholas A. (2014, October): FSA Commander Abu Issa Becomes High Value Target for Islamic State in Syria. Militant Leadership Monitor, 5(10). URL: http://mlm.jamestown.org/feature-single/?tx_ttnews[tt_news]=43036&tx_ttnews[backPid]=539&cHash=b8f44e57d3494dffb5c785c08b85eb26#.VQ6Wy8t3_tQ

Heras, Nicholas A. (2014, November): Leading the Fight against Islamic State: FSA Commanders Ahmad Absi Al-Su’oud and Hassan Mar’i Al-Hamadeh. Militant Leadership Monitor, 5(11). URL: http://mlm.jamestown.org/single/?tx_ttnews[tt_news]=43139&tx_ttnews[backPid]=539&cHash=628ff560a9cf4fa617c63129464f7965#.VX15Nrz7vtQ

Heras, Nicholas A. (2014, December): Swimming in a Turbulent Sea? Non-State Threats to the Islamic State. Terrorism Monitor, 12(24), 4-8. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue24_01.pdf

Heras, Nicholas A. (2015, January): Islamic State Convinces Homs Commander Rafid Abd Al-Razaq Taha to Switch Sides. Militant Leadership Monitor, 6(1). URL: http://mlm.jamestown.org/single/?tx_ttnews[tt_news]=43477&tx_ttnews[backPid]=791&no_cache=1#.VX1wPbz7vtR

Heras, Nicholas A. (2015, January): Jabhat Al-Nusra Accuses Shaykh Muhammad Sa’ad Al-Din Al-Baridi of Defecting to Islamic State. Militant Leadership Monitor, 6(1). URL: http://mlm.jamestown.org/single/?tx_ttnews[tt_news]=43477

Heras, Nicholas A. (2015, April): Islamic State’s Saudi Cleric: Anas Bin Ali Bin Abdul Aziz Al-Nashwan. Militant Leadership Monitor, 6(4). URL: http://mlm.jamestown.org/single/?tx_ttnews[tt_news]=43844&tx_ttnews[backPid]=791&no_cache=1#.VX1x9Lz7vtR

Heras, Nicholas A. (2015, April): The Struggle for Syria’s al-Hasakah Governorate: Kurds, the Islamic State and the IRGC. Terrorism Monitor, 13(7), 8-11. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue7_03.pdf

Heras, Nicholas A. (2015, May): Syrian-Palestinian Commander Fights off Attacks by Islamic State in Damascus Suburb. Militant Leadership Monitor, 6(5). URL: http://mlm.jamestown.org/single/?tx_ttnews[tt_news]=43977&tx_ttnews[backPid]=791&no_cache=1#.VXfHBbz7vtQ

Heras, Nicholas A. (2015, May): Trans-Saharan Jihadist Leader Declares Allegiance to the Islamic State. Militant Leadership Monitor, 6(5). URL: http://mlm.jamestown.org/single/?tx_ttnews[tt_news]=43977&tx_ttnews[backPid]=791&no_cache=1#.VX1u0bz7vtR

Hewitt, Christopher; Kelley-Moore, Jessica (2009): Foreign Fighters in Iraq: A Cross-National Analysis of Jihadism. Terrorism and Political Violence, 21(2), 211-220. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09546550802544839

Hoffman, Bruce (2015): A First Draft of the History of America’s ongoing Wars on Terrorism. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 38(1), 75-83. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2014.974405

Holbrook, Donald (2015): Al-Qaeda and the Rise of ISIS. Survival, 57(2), 93-104. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2015.1026070

Holman, Timothy (2014, June): Foreign Fighters from the Western Balkans in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(6), 8-13. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss6.pdf

Holtmann, Philipp (2013, June): Syria: A Best Case, a Worst Case and Two Most Likely Scenarios. [Op-Ed]. Perspectives on Terrorism, 7(3), 135-146. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/275

Holtmann, Philipp (2014, October): The IS-Caliphate: What Should Be Done to Prevent it from Spinning out of Control? [Op-Ed]. Perspectives on Terrorism, 8(5), 127-128. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/384

Holtmann, Philipp (2015, April): Challenging Jihadi Chains of Authorization (ijazat). [Op-Ed]. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(2), 120-121. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/423

Howard, Russell; Elliott, Marc; Prohov, Jonathan (2015, February): Digging in and Trafficking out: How the Destruction of Cultural Heritage Funds Terrorism. CTC Sentinel, 8(2), 14-18. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/CTCSentinel-Vol8Issue27.pdf

Hughson, Holly (2015, January): Unmasking the Executioner: What this Gesture Means and how it can Help in the Fight against ISIS. Small Wars Journal, 1/2015. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/unmasking-the-executioner-what-this-gesture-means-and-how-it-can-help-in-the-fight-against-

Hummel, Stephen (2014, July): The ISIL’s Theft of WMD Components in Iraq. CTC Sentinel, 7(7), 1-4. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss71.pdf

Ibrahimov, Rovshan (2015): The Participation of Azerbaijan Citizens in Conflicts in Syria and Iraq and its Potential Radicalization Effect in Azerbaijan. In: Marco Lombardi et al. (Eds.): Countering Radicalisation and Violent Extremism among Youth to Prevent Terrorism. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series – E: Human and Societal Dynamics, Vol. 118). Amsterdam: IOS Press, 164-170. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-470-1-164

Ingram, Haroro J. (2014): Three Traits of the Islamic State’s Information Warfare. The RUSI Journal, 159(6), 4-11. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03071847.2014.990810

Ismaeel, Bashdar Pusho (2014, July): A Marriage of Convenience: The Many Faces of Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency. Terrorism Monitor, 12(15), 4-6. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue15_01.pdf

Jabareen, Yosef (2015, January): The Emerging Islamic State: Terror, Territoriality, and the Agenda of Social Transformation. Geoforum, 58, 51-55. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2014.10.009

Jasper, Scott; Moreland, Scott (2014, December): The Islamic State is a Hybrid Threat: Why Does that Matter? Small Wars Journal, 12/2014. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/the-islamic-state-is-a-hybrid-threat-why-does-that-matter

Jayamaha, Buddhika ‘Jay’ (2014, November-December): A Daunting Triangle: Turkey, the Kurds, and the ISIL Threat. CTC Sentinel, 7(11), 1-4. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss111.pdf

Kainikara, Sanu (2015): The Articulated Strategy to Fight the Islamic State: Is it Self-Defeating? Strategic Analysis, 39(1), 16-21. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09700161.2014.980541

Kamolnick, Paul (2015, June): On Self-Declared Caliph Ibrahim’s May 2015 Message to Muslims. Small Wars Journal, 6/2015. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/on-self-declared-caliph-ibrahim%E2%80%99s-may-2015-message-to-muslims

Kan, Paul Rexton (2014, Winter): Defeating the Islamic State: A Financial-Military Strategy. Parameters, 44(4), 71-80. URL: http://strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/parameters/Issues/Winter_2014-15/10_KanPaul_DefeatingIslamicState.pdf

Karakoç, Jülide (2014): The Failure of Indirect Orientalism: Islamic State. Critique, 42(4), 597-606. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03017605.2014.984500

Karmon, Ely (2015, April): Islamic State and al-Qaeda Competing for Hearts & Minds. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(2), 71-79. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/420

Katagiri, Noriyuki (2015): ISIL, Insurgent Strategies for Statehood, and the Challenge for Security Studies. Small Wars & Insurgencies, 26(3), 542-556. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09592318.2014.989672

Kazimi, Nibras (2006, November): Zarqawi’s Anti-Shi’a Legacy: Original or Borrowed? Current Trends in Islamic Ideology, 4, 53-72. URL: http://www.hudson.org/content/researchattachments/attachment/1351/kizimi_vol4.pdf

Keatinge, Tom (2014, August): The Importance of Financing in Enabling and Sustaining the Conflict in Syria (and beyond). Perspectives on Terrorism, 8(4), 53-61. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/360

Kfir, Isaac (2015): Social Identity Group and Human (In)Security: The Case of Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 38(4), 233-252. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2014.997510

Klausen, Jytte (2014, December): Tweeting the Jihad: Social Media Networks of Western Foreign Fighters in Syria and Iraq. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 38(1), 1-22. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2014.974948

Knights, Michael (2014, May): The ISIL’s Stand in the Ramadi-Falluja Corridor. CTC Sentinel, 7(5), 8-12. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss5.pdf

Knights, Michael (2014, August): ISIL’s Political-Military Power in Iraq. CTC Sentinel, 7(8), 1-7. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss81.pdf

Knights, Michael; Mello, Alexandre (2015, April): The Cult of the Offensive: The Islamic State on Defense. CTC Sentinel, 8(4), 1-7. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/CTCSentinel-Vol8Issue43.pdf

Koehler, Daniel (2013): Family Counselling as Prevention and Intervention Tool against “Foreign Fighters”: The German “Hayat” Program. JEX, 3/2013, 182-204. URL: http://journals.sfu.ca/jed/index.php/jex/article/view/49

Kohlmann, Evan; Alkhouri, Laith (2014, September): Profiles of Foreign Fighters in Syria and Iraq. CTC Sentinel, 7(9), 1-5. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss9.pdf

Kosker, Maksut (2014, July): Oil Fuels the Kurdistan-ISIS Conflict. Terrorism Monitor, 12(14), 6-7. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue14_01.pdf

Krech, Hans (2012): Al Qaeda in the Levant and the Civil War in Syria. Orient, 53(3), 45-50.

Krech, Hans (2014): Has Al Qaeda in Iraq Been Destroyed? Reasons for the Power Struggles in Iraq after the Withdrawal of US Forces. ENDC Proceedings, 18, 25-39. URL: http://www.ksk.edu.ee/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/KVUOA_Toimetised_18_Iraak_3_Krech.pdf

Krech, Hans (2014): How Stable is the Caliphate of the Islamic State? ENDC Proceedings, 19, 148-163. URL: http://www.ksk.edu.ee/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/KVUOA_Toimetised_19_08_krech.pdf

Lahoud, Nelly (2015, March): The Province of Sinai: Why Bother with Palestine if you Can Be Part of the “Islamic State”? CTC Sentinel, 8(3), 12-14. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/CTCSentinel-Vol8Issue321.pdf

Lahoud, Nelly; al-`Ubaydi, Muhammad (2014, March): The War of Jihadists against Jihadists in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(3), 1-6. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss3.pdf

Lawson, Fred H. (2014, November): Syria’s Mutating Civil War and its Impact on Turkey, Iraq and Iran. International Affairs, 90(6), 1351-1365. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2346.12173

Lentini, Pete (2015): Demonizing ISIL and Defending Muslims: Australian Muslim Citizenship and Tony Abbott’s “Death Cult” Rhetoric. Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, 26(2), 237-252. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09596410.2015.1007605

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Li, Xi et al. (2015): Detecting 2014 Northern Iraq Insurgency Using Night-Time Light Imagery. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 36(13), 3446-3458. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2015.1059968

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Lin, Christina (2014, Winter): ISIS Caliphate Meets China’s Silk Road Economic Belt. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 18(4). URL: http://www.rubincenter.org/2015/02/isis-caliphate-meets-chinas-silk-road-economic-belt

Lister, Charles (2014): Assessing Syria’s Jihad. Survival, 56(6), 87-112. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2014.985439

Lombardi, Marco (2015): Violent Radicalization Concerns in the Euro-Mediterranean Region. In: Marco Lombardi et al. (Eds.): Countering Radicalisation and Violent Extremism among Youth to Prevent Terrorism. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series – E: Human and Societal Dynamics, Vol. 118). Amsterdam: IOS Press, 83-100. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-470-1-83

Long, Austin (2014): Whack-a-Mole or Coup de Grace? Institutionalization and Leadership Targeting in Iraq and Afghanistan. Security Studies, 23(3), 471-512. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09636412.2014.935229

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Paulussen, Christophe; Entenmann, Eva (2014): Addressing Europe’s Foreign Fighter Issue: Legal Avenues at the International and National Level. Security and Human Rights, 25(1), 86-118. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/18750230-02501010

Penney, Matthew T. (2015, March-April): The Anbar Awakening in Context ... and Why it Is so Hard to Replicate. Military Review, 3-4/2015, 106-117. URL: http://usacac.army.mil/CAC2/MilitaryReview/Archives/English/MilitaryReview_20150430_art016.pdf

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Perešin, Anita; Cervone, Alberto (2015): The Western Muhajirat of ISIS. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 38(7), 495-509. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2015.1025611

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Pinheiro, Cole (2015, February): The Role of Child Soldiers in a Multigenerational Movement. CTC Sentinel, 8(2), 11-13. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/CTCSentinel-Vol8Issue26.pdf

Pisoiu, Daniela (2015, Spring): Subculture: The Third Wave of European Jihad. [Op-Ed]. Journal for Deradicalization, 2, 163-170. URL: http://journals.sfu.ca/jd/index.php/jd/article/view/15

Plebani, Andrea (2010, January): Ninawa Province: Al-Qa`ida’s Remaining Stronghold. CTC Sentinel, 3(1), 19-22. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/Pages-from-CTCSentinel-Vol3Iss1-art6.pdf

Porter, Geoff D. (2015, February): Terrorist Targeting of the Libyan Oil and Gas Sector. CTC Sentinel, 8(2), 8-10. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/CTCSentinel-Vol8Issue25.pdf

Porter, Geoff D. (2015, March): What to Make of the Bay`a in North Africa? CTC Sentinel, 8(3), 14-17. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/CTCSentinel-Vol8Issue316.pdf

Powers, Samuel Tyler (2015, January): Expanding the Paradigm: Countering Violent Extremism in Britain and the Need for a Youth Centric Community Based Approach. Journal of Terrorism Research, 6(1), 19-26. URL: http://ojs.st-andrews.ac.uk/index.php/jtr/article/view/1074

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Quiggle, Doyle (2015, February): The ISIS Beheading Narrative. Small Wars Journal, 2/2015. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/the-isis-beheading-narrative

Radin, Andrew (2015, Winter): The Misunderstood Lessons of Bosnia for Syria. The Washington Quarterly, 37(4), 55-69. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0163660X.2014.1002154 URL: https://twq.elliott.gwu.edu/sites/twq.elliott.gwu.edu/files/downloads/Radin.pdf

Rassler, Don (2015, March): Situating the Emergence of the Islamic State of Khorasan. CTC Sentinel, 8(3), 7-11. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/CTCSentinel-Vol8Issue316.pdf

Reinares, Fernando; García-Calvo, Carola (2014, January): The Spanish Foreign Fighter Contingent in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(1), 12-14. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss1.pdf

Reuter, Christoph (2015, April 18): The Terror Strategist: Secret Files Reveal the Structure of Islamic State. Spiegel Online. URL: http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/islamic-state-files-show-structure-of-islamist-terror-group-a-1029274.html

Rich, Ben; Conduit, Dara (2015): The Impact of Jihadist Foreign Fighters on Indigenous Secular-Nationalist Causes: Contrasting Chechnya and Syria. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 38(2), 113-131. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2014.979605

Robbins, James S. (2006): Iraq. In: Derek S. Reveron; Jeffrey Stevenson Murer (Eds.): Flashpoints in the War on Terrorism. New York: Routledge, 23-42.

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Romano, David (2014, Autumn): Iraq’s Descent into Civil War: A Constitutional Explanation. The Middle East Journal, 68(4), 547-566. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/mej.2014.008 URL: http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/the_middle_east_journal/v068/68.4.romano.html

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Rosiny, Stephan (2015, Summer): The Rise and Demise of the IS Caliphate. Middle East Policy, 22(2), 94-107. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12131

Roul, Animesh (2014, November): The Maldives-Syria Connection: Jihad in Paradise? Terrorism Monitor, 12(22), 3-5. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue22_01.pdf

Roul, Animesh (2015, February): Spreading Tentacles: The Islamic State in Bangladesh. Terrorism Monitor, 13(3), 3-5. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue3.pdf

Roul, Animesh (2015, April): “Wilayat Khurasan”: Islamic State Consolidates Position in AfPak Region. Terrorism Monitor, 13(7), 3-5. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue7_01.pdf

Ryan, Michael W. S. (2014, July): From Theory to Action: The Rationale behind the Re-Establishment of the Caliphate. Terrorism Monitor, 12(15), 8-11. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue15_03.pdf

Ryan, Michael W. S. (2014, December): The Islamic State: What Victory Means. Terrorism Monitor, 12(24), 1-4. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue24_07.pdf

Saarinen, Juha (2014, March): The Finnish Foreign Fighter Contingent in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(3), 6-10. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss3.pdf

Salzmann, Andrew (2014, August): ISIS: Public Legitimacy through the Reenactment of Islam’s Early History. Small Wars Journal, 8/2014. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/isis-public-legitimacy-through-the-reenactment-of-islam%E2%80%99s-early-history

Saripi, Nur Irfani Binte (2015, April): Female Members of ISIS: A Greater Need for Rehabilitation. Counter Terrorist Trends and Analysis, 7(3), 26-31. URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/CTTA-April-2015.pdf

Satke, Ryskeldi; Michel, Casey; Korkmaz, Sertaç Canalp (2015, March): The Islamic State Threat in Central Asia: Reality or Spin? Terrorism Monitor, 13(6), 3-5. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue6_01.pdf

Satti, Mohamed (2015, March): Framing the Islamic State on Al Jazeera English and the BBC Websites. Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, 8(1), 37-53. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1386/jammr.8.1.37_1

Scheibel, Joseph (2014, Fall): Opportunities in Crisis: Iraq’s Steps toward Inclusion. Middle East Policy, 21(3), 145-153. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12089

Seifert, Katherine R.; McCauley, Clark (2014): Suicide Bombers in Iraq, 2003-2010: Disaggregating Targets Can Reveal Insurgent Motives and Priorities. Terrorism and Political Violence, 26(5), 803-820. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2013.778198

Shapiro, Jacob N. (2012, October): Terrorist Decision-Making: Insights from Economics and Political Science. Perspectives on Terrorism, 6(4-5), 5-20. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/214

Shapiro, Jacob N.; Siegel, David A. (2015, May): Coordination and Security: How Mobile Communications Affect Insurgency. Journal of Peace Research, 52(3), 312-322. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022343314559624

Shapiro, Jacob N.; Weidmann, Nils B. (2015, Spring): Is the Phone Mightier than the Sword? Cellphones and Insurgent Violence in Iraq. International Organization, 69(2), 247-274. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0020818314000423 URL: http://www.princeton.edu/~jns/publications/Shapiro_Weidmann_2015_Cellphones_Iraq.pdf

Shtuni, Adrian (2015, April): Ethnic Albanian Foreign Fighters in Iraq and Syria. CTC Sentinel, 8(4), 11-14. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/CTCSentinel-Vol8Issue49.pdf

Siegrist, Marc Andre (2015, March): Lebanon ̶ Can the Islamic State Set the Cedar Country Aflame? Counter Terrorist Trends and Analysis, 7(2), 13-18. URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/CTTA-March-2015.pdf

Sinai, Joshua (2014, Fall): Assessing the Threat of Westerners who become Fighters on Behalf of Al Qaeda Insurgents in Syria. The Journal of Counter Terrorism & Homeland Security International, 20(3), 16-18. URL: http://issuu.com/fusteros/docs/iacsp_magazine_v20n3

Sorenson, David S. (2014, Autumn): Priming Strategic Communications: Countering the Appeal of ISIS. Parameters, 44(3), 25-36. URL: http://strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/parameters/issues/Autumn_2014/6_SorensonDavid_Priming%20Strategic%20Communications%20Countering%20the%20Appeal%20of%20ISIS.pdf

Souleimanov, Emil; Ouellette, Megan (2014, Winter): The Participation of North Caucasian Jihadists in the Syrian Civil War and its Security Implications. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 18(4). URL: http://www.rubincenter.org/2015/02/the-participation-of-north-caucasian-jihadists-in-the-syrian-civil-war-and-its-security-implications

Sowell, Kirk H. (2014, August): Iraq’s Second Sunni Insurgency. Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, 17, 40-69. URL: http://www.hudson.org/content/researchattachments/attachment/1426/ct_17_inal.pdf

Sowell, Kirk H. (2015, May): Jordanian Salafism and the Jihad in Syria. Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, 18, 41-71. URL: http://www.hudson.org/content/researchattachments/attachment/1470/current_trends18.pdf

Spahiu, Ebi (2015, May): Ethnic Albanian Foreign Fighters and the Islamic State. Terrorism Monitor, 13(10), 3-5. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue10_01.pdf

Spyer, Jonathan (2014, Fall): Meria Special Report: Did ISIS Use Chemical Weapons against the Kurds in Kobani? Middle East Review of International Affairs, 18(3), 90-94. URL: http://www.rubincenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/v18n03a07_Spyer_PDF.pdf

Spyer, Jonathan (2014, Winter): The Islamic State vs. the Kurdish YPG in Northern-Central Syria: An Eyewitness Account. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 18(4). URL: http://www.rubincenter.org/2015/02/the-islamic-state-vs-the-kurdish-ypg-in-northern-central-syria-an-eyewitness-account

Stansfield, Gareth (2014, November): The Islamic State, the Kurdistan Region and the Future of Iraq: Assessing UK Policy Options. International Affairs, 90(6), 1329-1350. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2346.12167

Starr, Stephen (2014, August): A Deeper Look at Syria-Related Jihadist Activity in Turkey. CTC Sentinel, 7(8), 7-10. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss82.pdf

Steinberg, Guido et al. (2014, September-October): Mächte und Milizen: Wer sind die wichtigsten Akteure des Nahen Ostens? Und was wollen sie? IP – Internationale Politik, 9-10/2014, 16-39. URL: https://zeitschrift-ip.dgap.org/de/article/getFullPDF/25809

Stone, Douglas M. (2011): Thinking Strategically about Terrorist Rehabiliation: Lessons from Iraq. In: Rohan Gunaratna; Jolene Jerard; Lawrence Rubin (Eds.): Terrorist Rehabilitation and Counter-Radicalisation: New Approaches to Counter-Terrorism. (Cass Series on Political Violence). Abingdon: Routledge, 91-108.

Stone, Jennie; Pattillo, Katherine (2011): Al-Qaeda’s Use of Female Suicide Bombers in Iraq: A Case Study. In: Laura Sjoberg; Caron E. Gentry (Eds.): Women, Gender, and Terrorism. (Studies in Security and International Affairs). Athens: University of Georgia Press, 159-175.

Styszynski, Marcin (2014, September): ISIS and Al Qaeda: Expanding the Jihadist Discourse. Counter Terrorist Trends and Analysis, 6(8), 9-14. URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/CTTA-September14.pdf

Tabler, Andrew J. (2014, June 25): Securing al-Sham: Syria and the Violence in Iraq. Foreign Affairs. URL: http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/141600/andrew-j-tabler/securing-al-sham

Taylor, Rob (2014, August): State Piracy in Syria (and Iraq). Small Wars Journal, 8/2014. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/state-piracy-in-syria-and-iraq

Terrill, W. Andrew (2014, Autumn): Understanding the Strengths and Vulnerabilities of ISIS. Parameters, 44(3), 13-23. URL: http://strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/parameters/issues/Autumn_2014/5_TerrillAndrew_Understanding%20the%20Strengths%20and%20Vulnerabilities%20of%20ISIS.pdf

Terrill, W. Andrew (2015, Spring): Iran’s Strategy for Saving Asad. The Middle East Journal, 69(2), 222-236. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3751/69.2.13

Thakur, Udit (2014, September): The Islamic State Eyes Expansion and Recruitment in India. Terrorism Monitor, 12(17), 5-7. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue17_02.pdf

Tinnes, Judith (2010, November): Counting Lives in a Theater of Terror: An Analysis of Media- Oriented Hostage Takings in Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. Perspectives on Terrorism, 4(5), 3-21. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/120

Tinnes, Judith (2015, February): Although the (Dis-)Believers Dislike it: A Backgrounder on IS Hostage Videos – August - December 2014. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(1), 76-94. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/403

Tønnessen, Truls Hallberg (2008): Training on a Battlefield: Iraq as a Training Ground for Global Jihadis. Terrorism and Political Violence, 20(4), 543-562. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09546550802257242

Torelli, Stefano M. (2015, May): The Jihadist Threat in Italy. Terrorism Monitor, 13(11), 6-7. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue11_02.pdf

Turner, John (2015): Strategic Differences: Al Qaeda’s Split with the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham. Small Wars & Insurgencies, 26(2), 208-225. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09592318.2015.1007563

Uludag, Mekki (2014, October): Turkish Hostages Freed by ISIS after 102 Days – Why and How? Counter Terrorist Trends and Analysis, 6(9), 14-17. URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/CTTA-October14.pdf

Van San, Marion (2015): Striving in the Way of God: Justifying Jihad by Young Belgian and Dutch Muslims. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 38(5), 328-342. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2015.1013776

Van Vlierden, Guy (2015, May): How Belgium Became a Top Exporter of Jihad. Terrorism Monitor, 13(11), 3-5. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue11_01.pdf

van Wilgenburg, Wladimir (2014, May): Kurdish Enclaves in Syria Battle Islamist Militant Groups. Terrorism Monitor, 12(9), 6-7. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue9_02.pdf

van Wilgenburg, Wladimir (2014, September): Kurdish Stronghold in Eastern Syria Defies Assaults by Islamic State. Terrorism Monitor, 12(18), 6-7. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue18_01.pdf

van Wilgenburg, Wladimir (2014, December): Islamic State’s Threat to the Kurds in Syria and Northern Iraq. Terrorism Monitor, 12(24), 11-13. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue24_01.pdf

van Wilgenburg, Wladimir (2015, February): “Fight them until there is no Fitnah”: The Islamic State’s War with al-Qaeda. Terrorism Monitor, 13(4), 6-9. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue4_02.pdf

van Wilgenburg, Wladimir (2015, March): Islamic State Develops New Strategies to Destabilize the KRG. Terrorism Monitor, 13(6), 6-7. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue6_02.pdf

van Wilgenburg, Wladimir (2015, May): Kurdish-Shi’a Tensions in Iraq amid the Struggle against the Islamic State. Terrorism Monitor, 13(10), 6-8. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue10_02.pdf

Vergani, Matteo (2014): Neo-Jihadist Prosumers and Al Qaeda Single Narrative: The Case Study of Giuliano Delnevo. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 37(7), 604-617. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2014.913122 URL: http://www.itstime.it/w/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/2014_Vergani_SCT_Delnevo.pdf

Visser, Reidar (2014, September): Iraq’s New Government and the Question of Sunni Inclusion. CTC Sentinel, 7(9), 14-16. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss94.pdf

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Watkins, Andrew (2015, May): Islamic State Operations and Iraqi Fault Lines. CTC Sentinel, 8(5), 17-20. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/CTCSentinel-Vol8Issue55.pdf

Watts, Clinton (2008, June): Foreign Fighters: How are they being Recruited? Small Wars Journal, 6/2008. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/foreign-fighters-how-are-they-being-recruited

Weenink, Anton W. (2015, April): Behavioral Problems and Disorders among Radicals in Police Files. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(2), 17-33. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/416

Weggemans, Daan; Bakker, Edwin; Grol, Peter (2014, August): Who Are they and why Do they Go? The Radicalisation and Preparatory Processes of Dutch Jihadist Foreign Fighters. Perspectives on Terrorism, 8(4), 100-110. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/365

Weidmann, Nils B.; Salehyan, Idean (2013, March): Violence and Ethnic Segregation: A Computational Model Applied to Baghdad. International Studies Quarterly, 57(1), 52-64. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/isqu.12059 URL: http://riirpolitics.com/sites/default/files/isqu12059.pdf

Weinberg, Leonard (2014): The Islamic State and American National Security. Democracy and Security, 10(4), 335-342. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17419166.2014.983391

White, Nathan (2014, December): Organizing for War: Overcoming Barriers to Whole-of-Government Strategy in the ISIL Campaign. Small Wars Journal, 12/2014. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/organizing-for-war-overcoming-barriers-to-whole-of-government-strategy-in-the-isil-campaign

Wichmann, Peter (2014): Der zweite konzentrische Kreis der Al-Qaida: Die Tochterorganisationen. In: Al-Qaida und der globale Djihad: Eine vergleichende Betrachtung des transnationalen Terrorismus. Wiesbaden: Springer, 271-301. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-05674-2_13

Williams, Brian Glyn (2015, June): The Drone Campaign against Al Qaeda and ISIS: Interview with Lt. General David Deptula USAF (Ret.). Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(3), 65-70. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/428

Yaphe, Judith; Marmorstein, Oren; Al Sharif, Mohammed Al Hussaini (2015, January): The Middle East Crisis: Updates on Strategic Challenges and Opportunities (Iraq, Syria, Iran, and Gaza). Terrorism: An Electronic Journal and Knowledge Base, 4(1). URL: http://www.terrorismelectronicjournal.org/terrorism-journal-1/volume-iv-number-1/middle-east-crisis

Yilmaz, Kamil (2015): Prolongation of the Syrian Crisis and its Gravitational Force on Foreign Fighters: A Critical Analysis in Light of the Concept of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). In: Marco Lombardi et al. (Eds.): Countering Radicalisation and Violent Extremism among Youth to Prevent Terrorism. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series – E: Human and Societal Dynamics. Vol. 118). Amsterdam: IOS Press, 182-189. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-470-1-182

Zahid, Farhan (2014, October): Al-Qaeda’s Future in Pakistan amid the Rise of Islamic State. Terrorism Monitor, 12(20), 5-7. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue20_02.pdf

Zaideman, Wayne H. et al. (2015, January): ISIS: An Emerging Global Sunni Caliphate? Terrorism: An Electronic Journal and Knowledge Base, 4(1). URL: http://www.terrorismelectronicjournal.org/terrorism-journal-1/volume-iv-number-1/isis

Zambelis, Chris (2015, March): To Topple the Throne: Islamic State Sets its Sights on Saudi Arabia. Terrorism Monitor, 13(5), 7-10. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue5_03.pdf

Zammit, Andrew (2014, September): New Developments in Australian Foreign Fighter Activity. CTC Sentinel, 7(9), 5-8. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss9.pdf

Zammit, Andrew (2015, February): Islamic State Spurs Increased Jihadist Activity in Australia. Terrorism Monitor, 13(4), 3-5. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue4_01.pdf

Zech, Steven T.; Kelly, Zane M. (2015, May): Off with their Heads: The Islamic State and Civilian Beheadings. Journal of Terrorism Research, 6(2), 83-93. URL: http://ojs.st-andrews.ac.uk/index.php/jtr/article/view/1157

Zelin, Aaron Y. (2014, April): The Saudi Foreign Fighter Presence in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(4), 10-14. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss4.pdf

Zelin, Aaron Y. (2014, June 30): ISIS Is Dead, Long Live the Islamic State: Will the Declaration of a New Caliphate Unite the World’s Jihadists – or Tear them Apart? Foreign Policy. URL: http://foreignpolicy.com/2014/06/30/isis-is-dead-long-live-the-islamic-state

Zelin, Aaron Y. (2014, September): The Radicalization of Syria. per Concordiam, 5(3), 27-29. URL: http://www.marshallcenter.org/mcpublicweb/MCDocs/files/College/F_Publications/perConcordiam/pC_V5N3_en.pdf

Zenn, Jacob (2014, April): From Syria to Sulawesi: Could Mujahideen Indonesia Timor become an ISIS Ally? Terrorism Monitor, 12(7), 7-9. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue7_02.pdf

Zenn, Jacob (2014, December): Boko Haram, Islamic State and the Archipelago Strategy. Terrorism Monitor, 12(24), 20-23. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue24_06.pdf

Zenn, Jacob (2015, March): A Biography of Boko Haram and the Bay`a to al-Baghdadi. CTC Sentinel, 8(3), 17-21. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/CTCSentinel-Vol8Issue316.pdf

Zenn, Jacob (2015, May): Al-Qaeda-Aligned Central Asian Militants in Syria Separate from Islamic State-Aligned IMU in Afghanistan. Terrorism Monitor, 13(11), 8-10. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue11_03.pdf

Zisser, Eyal (2014, October): The End of the Syrian Revolution: Between Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi’s Islamic Caliphate and Bashar al-Assad’s Baath Regime. Strategic Assessment, 17(3), 55-65. URL: http://www.inss.org.il/uploadImages/systemFiles/adkan17_3ENG%20%283%29_Zisser.pdf

Grey Literature

Adams, Patrick (2014, October): The Implications of a Victory for the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq. (RIEAS Editorial). URL: http://www.rieas.gr/research-areas/editorial/2291-rieas-exclusive-the-implications-of-a-victory-for-the-islamic-state-in-syria-and-iraq

Adnan, Sinan; Reese, Aaron (2014, October): Beyond the Islamic State: Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency. (ISW Middle East Security Report 24). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/report/beyond-islamic-state-iraqs-sunni-insurgency

Aftandilian, Gregory (2015, February): Assessing Egyptian Public Support for Security Crackdowns in the Sinai. (SSI Monograph). URL: http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1249

Ahmed, Reem; Pisoiu, Daniela (2014, December): Foreign Fighters: An Overview of Existing Research and a Comparative Study of British and German Foreign Fighters. (ZEUS IFSH Working Paper 8). URL: http://ifsh.de/file-ZEUS/pdf/ZEUS_WP_8.pdf

Alcaro, Riccardo (2015, February): A Changing Picture with Unaltered Contours: US-Iran Antagonism in the Context of the Iraq-Syria Crisis. (IAI Working Papers, 15|07). URL: http://www.iai.it/sites/default/files/iaiwp1507.pdf

Algemene Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdienst (AIVD) (2014, October): The Transformation of Jihadism in the Netherlands: Swarm Dynamics and New Strength. (Report). URL: https://www.aivd.nl/english/publications-press/@3139/transformation-0/

Al Jazeera Center for Studies (2014, October): Trends in the International Community’s War on IS. (Position Paper). URL: http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/positionpapers/2014/10/201410210522228142.htm

Al Jazeera Center for Studies (2015, February): Daesh Trumps Assad amid Shifting International Priorities in Syria. [AMEC, Trans.]. (Position Paper). URL: http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/positionpapers/2015/02/201521912169689802.htm

Allison, Simon (2014, September): The Islamic State: Why Africa should be Worried. (ISS Policy Brief 68). URL: http://www.issafrica.org/the-islamic-state-why-africa-should-be-worried

Alpher, Yossi (2014, June): The ISIS Conquests in Iraq: The New Levant Reality. (NOREF Expert Analysis). URL: http://www.peacebuilding.no/Regions/Middle-East-and-North-Africa/Publications/The-ISIS-conquests-in-Iraq-the-new-Levant-reality

Alpher, Yossi (2014, October): The U.S.-led Campaign against the Islamic State: Many Questions, Few Answers. (NOREF Expert Analysis). URL: http://www.peacebuilding.no/var/ezflow_site/storage/original/application/71503185d0c14c6db63e91496ef0c464.pdf

Al-Sarhan, Saud (2014): A House Divided: AQAP, IS, and Intra-Jihadi Conflict. (King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies Commentaries). URL: http://rd-kfcris.com/all-commentaries-pdf/Commentaries-1.pdf

al-Smadi, Fatima (2014, October): Iraq in Iran’s Strategy: Growing Security Preoccupation and Declining Opportunities. (Al Jazeera Center for Studies Report). URL: http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/reports/2014/10/20141017476934755.htm

al-`Ubaydi, Muhammad et al. (2014, December): The Group that Calls itself a State: Understanding the Evolution and Challenges of the Islamic State. (CTC Report). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/the-group-that-calls-itself-a-state-understanding-the-evolution-and-challenges-of-the-islamic-state

Amnesty International (2013, December): Rule of Fear: ISIS Abuses in Detention in Northern Syria. (Briefing MDE 24/063/2013). URL: http://www.countercurrents.org/amnesty201213.pdf

Ashraf, Sajjad (2015, May): Pakistan’s Widening Sectarian Divide. (ISAS Brief, No. 368). URL: http://www.isas.nus.edu.sg/Attachments/PublisherAttachment/ISAS_Brief_No._368_-_Pakistan’s_Widening_Sectarian_Divide_26052015150502.pdf

Atwan, Abdel Bari et al. (2015, June): ISIS: Marketing Terror. (Chatham House Events). (Audio and Transcript). URL: http://www.chathamhouse.org/event/isis-marketing-terror

Bahney, Benjamin et al. (2010): An Economic Analysis of the Financial Records of al-Qa’ida in Iraq. (RAND Monographs, MG-1026-OSD). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG1026.html

Bakker, Edwin; de Leede, Seran (2015, April): European Female Jihadists in Syria: Exploring an Under-Researched Topic. (ICCT Background Note). URL: http://icct.nl/publication/european-female-jihadists-in-syria-exploring-an-under-researched-topic

Bakker, Edwin; Paulussen, Christophe; Entenmann, Eva (2013, December): Dealing with European Foreign Fighters in Syria: Governance Challenges & Legal Implications. (ICCT Research Paper). URL: http://icct.nl/publication/dealing-with-european-foreign-fighters-in-syria-governance-challenges-and-legal-implications/

Baram, Amatzia (2005, April): Who Are the Insurgents? Sunni Arab Rebels in Iraq. (USIP Special Report 134). URL: http://www.usip.org/publications/who-are-the-insurgents-sunni-arab-rebels-in-iraq

Barnes, Joe; Bowen, Andrew (2015, June): Rethinking U.S. Strategy in the Middle East. (James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy, Center for the Middle East / Center for the National Interest Research Paper). URL: http://bakerinstitute.org/research/rethinking-us-strategy-middle-east

Barnes-Dacey, Julien; Geranmayeh, Ellie; Levy, Daniel (Eds.) (2015, January): The Islamic State through the Regional Lens. (ECFR Report ECFR/122). URL: http://www.ecfr.eu/publications/summary/the_islamic_state_through_the_regional_lens328

Barrett, Richard (2014, June): Foreign Fighters in Syria. (TSG Report). URL: http://soufangroup.com/foreign-fighters-in-syria

Barrett, Richard (2014, November): The Islamic State. (TSG Report). URL: http://soufangroup.com/the-islamic-state

Benotman, Noman; Winter, Charlie (2015, June): Islamic State – One Year on: Understanding and Countering the Caliphate’s Brand. (Quilliam Strategic Assessment). URL: http://www.quilliamfoundation.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/publications/free/quilliam-strategic-assessment-is-one-year-on.pdf

Berger, J. M.; Morgan, Jonathon (2015, March): The ISIS Twitter Census: Defining and Describing the Population of ISIS Supporters on Twitter. (The Brookings Project on U.S. Relations with the Islamic World Analysis Paper No. 20). URL: http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2015/03/isis-twitter-census-berger-morgan#.VPkqQqMvw_8.twitter

Bilger, Alex (2014, May): ISIS Annual Reports Reveal a Metrics-Driven Military Command. (ISW Backgrounder). URL: http://understandingwar.org/backgrounder/ISIS-Annual-Reports-Reveal-Military-Organization

Blanchard, Christopher M. et al. (2015, June): The “Islamic State” Crisis and U.S. Policy. (CRS Report for Congress R43612). URL: https://fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/R43612.pdf

Blockmans, Steven (2014, September): War Crimes and Shifting Borders in the Middle East. (CEPS Essay No. 14). URL: http://www.ceps.eu/publications/war-crimes-and-shifting-borders-middle-east

Bodansky, Yossef (2014, April): The Khorasan Pledge. (ISPSW Strategy Series: Focus on Defense and International Security, Issue No. 270). URL: http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?id=179342

Bodansky, Yossef (2014, May): The Khorasan Pledge – Up-Date. (ISPSW Strategy Series: Focus on Defense and International Security, Issue No. 271). URL: http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?id=179590

Bodansky, Yossef (2015, March): Libya now Assuming a Central Place in Islamic Caliphate Thrust against Egypt, Maghrebi States, and Africa. (ISPSW Strategy Series: Focus on Defense and International Security, Issue No. 327). URL: http://mercury.ethz.ch/serviceengine/Files/ISN/188802/ipublicationdocument_singledocument/b2fcb3b4-d5c8-47e7-8bdd-d89fac0afab6/en/327_Bodansky.pdf

Bodansky, Yossef (2015, April): The Islamic State in West Africa – Boko Haram Up-Date. (ISPSW Strategy Series: Focus on Defense and International Security, Issue No. 341). URL: http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?id=190297

Bodansky, Yossef (2015, May): The Islamic State in West Africa – Boko Haram Up‐Date II. (ISPSW Strategy Series: Focus on Defense and International Security, Issue No. 349). URL: http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?id=190986

Brachman, Jarret (2014, June): Transcending Organization: Individuals and “The Islamic State”. (START Analytical Brief). URL: http://www.start.umd.edu/pubs/START_TranscendingOrganizationIndividualsandtheIslamicState_AnalyticalBrief_June2014.pdf

Braniff, William (2015, February): n.t. Testimony presented at the House Armed Services Committee Hearing “What is the State of Islamic Extremism: Key Trends, Challenges and Implications for U.S. Policy”. URL: https://www.start.umd.edu/pubs/WilliamBraniff_HASCTestimony_Feb15.pdf

Brennan, Richard R., Jr. (2015, February): The Growing Strategic Threat of Radical Islamist Ideology. (RAND Testimonies, CT-422). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/CT422.html

Brennan, Richard R., Jr. et al. (2013): Ending the U.S. War in Iraq: The Final Transition, Operational Maneuver, and Disestablishment of United States Forces-Iraq. (RAND Research Reports, RR-232-USFI). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR232.html

Brookes, Peter (2014, July): Jihadist Safe Havens: Efforts to Detect and Deter Terrorist Travel. Testimony presented before the House Committee on Homeland Security, Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence, July 24, 2014. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM05/20140724/102517/HHRG-113-HM05-Wstate-BrookesP-20140724.pdf

Bubalo, Anthony (2014, March): Next-Gen Jihad in the Middle East. (Lowy Institute for International Policy Analysis). URL: http://www.lowyinstitute.org/publications/next-gen-jihad-middle-east

Bunzel, Cole (2014, July): Understanding the Islamic State (of Iraq and al-Sham). (NOREF Expert Analysis). URL: http://www.peacebuilding.no/var/ezflow_site/storage/original/application/21133bd9f295f4d55a562e877fd4d12f.pdf

Bunzel, Cole (2015, March): From Paper State to Caliphate: The Ideology of the Islamic State. (The Brookings Project on U.S. Relations with the Islamic World Analysis Paper No. 19). URL: http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Research/Files/Papers/2015/03/ideology-of-islamic-state-bunzel/The-ideology-of-the-Islamic-State.pdf

Burweila, Aya (2014, October): How to Lose a War: When your Allies Aid your Enemies. (RIEAS Editorial). URL: http://www.rieas.gr/research-areas/editorial/2278-how-to-lose-a-war-when-your-allies-are-your-enemies

Byman, Daniel L. (2015, April): Terrorism in Africa: The Imminent Threat to the United States. Testimony presented before the House Committee on Homeland Security, Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence, April 29, 2015. URL: http://www.brookings.edu/research/testimony/2015/04/29-terrorism-in-africa-byman

Byman, Daniel L.; Shapiro, Jeremy (2014, November): Be Afraid. Be a Little Afraid: The Threat of Terrorism from Western Foreign Fighters in Syria and Iraq. (Brookings Foreign Policy Paper Series, No. 34). URL: http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2015/01/western-foreign-fighters-in-syria-and-iraq-byman-shapiro

Cabayan, Hriar; Canna, Sarah (Eds.) (2014, December): Multi-Method Assessment of ISIL. (SMA White Volume). URL: http://nsiteam.com/scientist/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/U_SMA-SOCCENT-White-Paper-Final-Dec2014.pdf

Cafarella, Jennifer (2015, March): Syrian Jihadists Signal Intent for Lebanon. (ISW Backgrounder). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/syrian-jihadists-signal-intent-lebanon

Cafarella, Jennifer; Kozak, Christopher (2015, June): Likely Courses of Action in the Syrian Civil War June - December 2015. (ISW Backgrounder). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/likely-courses-action-syrian-civil-war-june-december-2015

Caillet, Romain (2014, August): The Governorate of Homs: Is this the Islamic State’s New Fiefdom? (NOREF Expert Analysis). URL: http://www.peacebuilding.no/Regions/Middle-East-and-North-Africa/Syria/Publications/The-Governorate-of-Homs-is-this-the-Islamic-State-s-new-fiefdom

Caillet, Romain (2015, June): From the Ba’th to the Caliphate: The Former Officers of Saddam and the Islamic State. (NOREF Expert Analysis). URL: http://www.peacebuilding.no/Regions/Middle-East-and-North-Africa/Publications/From-the-Ba-th-to-the-Caliphate-the-former-officers-of-Saddam-and-the-Islamic-State

Canna, Sarah; Rieger, Tom (Eds.) (2015, January): Multi-Method Assessment of ISIL in Support of SOCCENT: Subject Matter Expert Elicitation Summary Report (July-November 2014). (SMA Report). URL: https://info.publicintelligence.net/SOCCENT-ISIL-Elicitation.pdf

Caris, Charles C.; Reynolds, Samuel (2014, July): ISIS Governance in Syria. (ISW Middle East Security Report 22). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/report/isis-governance-syria

Carter, Joseph A.; Maher, Shiraz; Neumann, Peter R. (2014, April): #Greenbirds: Measuring Importance and Influence in Syrian Foreign Fighter Networks. (ICSR Insights). URL: http://icsr.info/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/ICSR-Report-Greenbirds-Measuring-Importance-and-Infleunce-in-Syrian-Foreign-Fighter-Networks.pdf

Centre for the Response to Radicalisation and Terrorism at The Henry Jackson Society (CRT) (2015, January): The First 100 Days of the UK’s Campaign against the Islamic State – 30 Sep 2014-8 Jan 2015). (Briefing). URL: http://henryjacksonsociety.org/2015/01/22/the-first-100-days-of-the-uks-campaign-against-the-islamic-state

Chabkoun, Malak (Ed.) (2015, April): Deciphering Daesh: Origins, Impact and Future. (Al Jazeera Center for Studies Dossier). URL: http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/dossiers/decipheringdaeshoriginsimpactandfuture/2014/12/20141238492604185.html

Cilluffo, Frank J. (2015, June): Wanted: Foreign Fighters – The Escalating Threat of ISIL in Central Asia. Testimony presented before the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe, June 10, 2015. URL: https://cchs.gwu.edu/sites/cchs.gwu.edu/files/downloads/CentralAsianForeignFighters.pdf

Collombier, Virginie (2015, March): Fighting the Islamic State in Libya: By Political Means First. (NOREF Expert Analysis). URL: http://www.peacebuilding.no/Regions/Middle-East-and-North-Africa/Publications/Fighting-the-Islamic-State-in-Libya-by-political-means-first

Condra, Luke N. et al. (2010, July): The Effect of Civilian Casualties in Afghanistan and Iraq. (NBER Working Paper Series, No. 16152). URL: https://esoc.princeton.edu/files/effect-civilian-casualties-afghanistan-and-iraq

Connable, Ben (2014): Defeating the Islamic State in Iraq. (RAND Testimonies CT-418). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/CT418.html

Cordesman, Anthony H. (2006, February): Iraq’s Evolving Insurgency: The Nature of Attacks and Patterns and Cycles in the Conflict. (CSIS Report). URL: http://csis.org/publication/iraqs-evolving-insurgency-nature-attacks-and-patterns-and-cycles-conflict

Cordesman, Anthony H. (2014, July): The New “Great Game” in the Middle East: Looking beyond the “Islamic State” and Iraq. (CSIS Report). URL: http://csis.org/files/publication/140809_NewGreatGame.pdf

Cordesman, Anthony H. (2014, November): The Islamic State War: No Clear U.S. Strategy. (CSIS Report). URL: http://csis.org/publication/islamic-state-war-no-clear-us-strategy

Cordesman, Anthony H. (2015, June): Creating a Strategy for Iraq, Syria, and the War against ISIL: A Need for Change, Integrity, and Transparency. Testimony presented before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa, June 3, 2015. URL: http://csis.org/publication/creating-strategy-iraq-syria-and-war-against-isil-need-change-integrity-and-transparency

Cordesman, Anthony H.; Khazai, Sam (2014, May): Iraq in Crisis. (CSIS Report). URL: http://csis.org/publication/iraq-crisis-1

Cordesman, Anthony H.; Khazai, Sam (2014, June): Shaping Iraq’s Security Forces. (CSIS Conference Paper Draft). URL: http://csis.org/files/publication/140612_Shaping_Iraq_Security_Forces.pdf

Dahlin, Ali (2014, November): ISIS in the Southwest Baghdad Belts. (ISW Backgrounder). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/isis-southwest-baghdad-belts

Dalay, Galip (2015, February): Regional Kurdish Politics in the Post-ISIS Period. (Al Jazeera Center for Studies Report). URL: http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/reports/2015/02/201521183656637368.htm

Dalay, Galip (2015, March): Reflecting on regional Kurdish Politics in the Post-ISIS Period (II): Forces of Rivalry amongst the Kurds. (Al Jazeera Center for Studies Report). URL: http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/reports/2015/03/20153884927156246.htm

Dauber, Cori E.; Robinson, Mark (2015, July 6): ISIS and the Hollywood Visual Style. Jihadology. URL: http://jihadology.net/2015/07/06/guest-post-isis-and-the-hollywood-visual-style

Dias, Patricia et al. (2014, December): Strike from the Air: The First 100 Days of the Campaign against ISIL. (ASPI Strategy). URL: https://www.aspi.org.au/publications/strike-from-the-air-the-first-100-days-of-the-campaign-against-isil

Djerejian, Edward P. (2015, February): The Middle East Cauldron and United States Policy. (James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy, Center for the Middle East Report). URL: http://bakerinstitute.org/research/middle-east-cauldron-and-us-policy

Doukhan, David (2015, January): The Rise of Caliphates. (ICT Articles). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article/1297/The-Rise-of-Caliphates

Eisenstadt, Michael (2014, November): Defeating ISIS: A Strategy for a Resilient Adversary and an Intractable Conflict. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Notes, No. 20). URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/defeating-isis-a-strategy-for-a-resilient-adversary-and-an-intractable-conf

Epstein, Susan B. et al. (2014, December): FY2015 Budget Requests to Counter Ebola and the Islamic State (IS). (CRS Report for Congress R43807). URL: https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R43807.pdf

Erlich, Reuven (2014, November): ISIS: Portrait of a Jihadi Terrorist Organization. (The Meir Amit Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center Article). URL: http://www.terrorism-info.org.il/en/article/20733

Fakude, Thembisa (2014, December): Arab World Journalism in a Post-Beheading Era. (Al Jazeera Center for Studies Report). URL: http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/reports/2014/12/2014121095622836950.htm

Feakin, Tobias; Wilkinson, Benedict (2015, June): The Future of Jihad: What Next for ISIL and al-Qaeda? (ASPI Strategic Insights, 91). URL: https://www.aspi.org.au/publications/the-future-of-jihad-what-next-for-isil-and-al-qaeda

Fidler, David P. (2015, June): Countering Islamic State Exploitation of the Internet. (CFR Cyber Brief). URL: http://www.cfr.org/cybersecurity/countering-islamic-state-exploitation-internet/p36644

Financial Action Task Force (FATF) (2015, February): Financing of the Terrorist Organisation Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). (Report). URL: http://www.fatf-gafi.org/documents/news/financing-of-terrorist-organisation-isil.html

Fink, Naureen Chowdhury (2014, November): Countering Terrorism and Violent Extremism: The Role of the United Nations Today and the Impact of Security Council Resolution 2178. (Global Center on Cooperative Security Policy Brief). URL: http://www.globalcenter.org/publications/countering-terrorism-and-violent-extremism-the-role-of-the-united-nations-today-and-the-impact-of-security-council-resolution-2178/

Fisher, Ali; Prucha, Nico (2014, July 8): Eye of the Swarm: The Rise of ISIS and the Media Mujahedeen. CPD Blog. URL: http://uscpublicdiplomacy.org/blog/eye-swarm-rise-isis-and-media-mujahedeen

Fisher, Ali; Prucha, Nico (2014, October 1): ISIS Is Winning the Online Jihad against the West. The Daily Beast. URL: http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/10/01/isis-is-winning-the-online-jihad-against-the-west.html

Fishman, Brian (2007, March): Fourth Generation Governance: Sheikh Tamimi Defends the Islamic State of Iraq. (CTC Report). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/fourth-generation-governance-sheikh-tamimi-defends-the-islamic-state-of-iraq

Fishman, Brian (Ed.) (2008, July): Bombers, Bank Accounts, and Bleedout: Al-Qa’ida’s Road in and out of Iraq. (CTC Report). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/bombers-bank-accounts-and-bleedout-al-qaidas-road-in-and-out-of-iraq

Fishman, Brian (2009, March): Dysfunction and Decline: Lessons Learned from inside Al-Qa`ida in Iraq. (CTC Report). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/dysfunction-and-decline-lessons-learned-from-inside-al-qaida-in-iraq

Fishman, Brian; Felter, Joseph (2007, January): Al-Qa’ida’s Foreign Fighters in Iraq: A First Look at the Sinjar Records. (CTC Report). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/al-qaidas-foreign-fighters-in-iraq-a-first-look-at-the-sinjar-records

Forest, James J. F.; Brachman, Jarret; Felter, Joseph (2006, February): Harmony and Disharmony: Exploiting al-Qa’ida’s Organizational Vulnerabilities. (CTC Report). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/harmony-and-disharmony-exploiting-al-qaidas-organizational-vulnerabilities

Friedland, Elliot (2015, May): The Islamic State. (The Clarion Project Special Report). URL: http://www.clarionproject.org/sites/default/files/islamic-state-isis-isil-factsheet-1.pdf

Furlow, R. Bennett; Fleischer, Kristin; Corman, Steven R. (2014, October): De-Romanticizing the Islamic State’s Vision of the Caliphate. (CSC Report No. 1402). URL: http://csc.asu.edu/2014/10/27/de-romanticizing-the-islamic-states-vision-of-the-caliphate

Gambhir, Harleen K. (2014, August): Dabiq: The Strategic Messaging of the Islamic State. (ISW Backgrounder). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/dabiq-strategic-messaging-islamic-state

Gambhir, Harleen K. (2015, January 7-February 18): ISIS Global INTSUM. (ISW Intelligence Summary). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/isis-global-intsum

Gambhir, Harleen K. (2015, March 1-May 7): ISIS Global INTSUM. (ISW Intelligence Summary). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/isis-global-intelligence-summary

Gambhir, Harleen K. (2015, May): The ISIS Regional Strategy for Yemen and Saudi Arabia. (ISW Backgrounder). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/isis-regional-strategy-yemen-and-saudi-arabia

Garcia, Michael John; Elsea, Jennifer K. (2014, September): U.S. Military Action against the Islamic State: Answers to Frequently Asked Legal Questions. (CRS Report for Congress R43720). URL: http://fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/R43720.pdf

Gardner, David (2015, February): The New War for the Middle East. (NOREF Report). URL: http://www.peacebuilding.no/Regions/Middle-East-and-North-Africa/Publications/The-new-war-for-the-Middle-East

Gaub, Florence (2015, January): Can ISIL be Copied? (European Union Institute for Security Studies Issue Brief). URL: http://www.iss.europa.eu/uploads/media/Brief_1_ISIL.pdf

Ghobash, Omar Saif (2014, September): Winning the War of Ideas in the Arab World: A View from the UAE. (FPRI E-Notes). URL: http://www.fpri.org/articles/2014/09/winning-war-ideas-arab-world-view-uae

Global Center on Cooperative Security; Human Security Collective (HSC); International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT) (2014, December): Addressing the Foreign Terrorist Fighters Phenomenon from a European Union Perspective. (ICCT Policy Brief). URL: http://icct.nl/publication/addressing-the-foreign-terrorist-fighters-phenomenon-from-a-european-union-perspective/

Gunter, Frank R. (2014, July): The ISIL Invasion of Iraq: Economic Winners and Losers. (FPRI E-Notes). URL: http://www.fpri.org/articles/2014/07/isil-invasion-iraq-economic-winners-and-losers

Gunter, Frank R. (2015, January): ISIS and Oil: Iraq’s Perfect Storm. (FPRI E-Notes). URL: http://www.fpri.org/articles/2015/01/isis-and-oil-iraqs-perfect-storm

Gunter, Frank R. (2015, June): ISIL Revenues: Grow or Die. (FPRI E-Notes). URL: http://www.fpri.org/articles/2015/06/isil-revenues-grow-or-die

Gupta, Ranjit (2014, July): Developments in Syria and Iraq: Implications & Policy Options for India. (IPCS Issue Brief #254). URL: http://www.ipcs.org/issue-brief/iran/developments-in-syria-and-iraq-implications-policy-options-for-india-254.html

Haines, John R. (2014, August): The Third Chechen War? The Islamic State’s Imagined Qoqaz Caliphate and Russia’s Fractious Ciscaucasia. (FPRI E-Notes). URL: http://www.fpri.org/articles/2014/09/third-chechen-war-islamic-states-imagined-qoqaz-caliphate-and-russias-fractious-ciscaucasia

Haines, John R. (2014, November): The Inseparable Twins: Diaspora Shishan and Chechen Muwahhidun & Jihadis in al-Sham. (FPRI The Philadelphia Papers, No. 7). URL: http://www.fpri.org/articles/2014/11/inseparable-twins-diaspora-shishan-and-chechen-muwahhidun-jihadis-al-sham

Harling, Peter; Birke, Sarah (2015, March 3): The Islamic State through the Looking-Glass. The Arabist. URL: http://arabist.net/blog/2015/3/3/the-islamic-state-through-the-looking-glass

Hashim, Ahmed S. (2014, December): From Al-Qaida Affiliate to the Rise of the Islamic Caliphate: The Evolution of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). (RSIS Policy Report). URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/rsis-publication/gpo/the-evolution-of-the-isis/#.VSjg7OT7vtR

Hashim, Ahmed S. (2015, February): The Impact of the Islamic State in Asia. (RSIS Policy Report). URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/rsis-publication/gpo/the-impact-of-the-islamic-state-in-asia/

Hegghammer, Thomas (2004, October): The Iraq Hostage Crisis: Abductions in Iraq, April-August 2004. (FFI/RAPPORT-2004/03105). URL: http://rapporter.ffi.no/rapporter/2004/03105.pdf

Hegghammer, Thomas (2007, February): Saudi Militants in Iraq: Backgrounds and Recruitment Patterns. (FFI/RAPPORT-2006/03875). URL: http://www.ffi.no/no/Rapporter/06-03875.pdf

Hegghammer, Thomas (2013, December): Syria’s Foreign Fighters. In: Project on Middle East Political Science (POMEPS) (Ed.): The Political Science of Syria’s War. (POMEPS Studies, 5). Washington, DC: Editor, 47-51. URL: http://pomeps.org/2013/12/19/political-science-and-syrias-war

Hegghammer, Thomas (2014, February): n.t. Oral Evidence Taken before the Home Affairs Committee, February 11, 2014. URL: http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmselect/cmhaff/231/140211.htm

Helfstein, Scott; Abdullah, Nassir; al-Obaidi, Muhammad (2009, December): Deadly Vanguards: A Study of al-Qa’ida’s Violence against Muslims. (CTC Report). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/deadly-vanguards-a-study-of-al-qaidas-violence-against-muslims

Herzog, Michael (2015, March): Jihad on the Horizon: The ISIL Threat from an Israeli Perspective. (BICOM Expert View). URL: http://www.bicom.org.uk/analysis-article/24604

Hoffman, Bruce (2004, June): Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in Iraq. (RAND Occasional Papers, OP-127-IPC/CMEPP). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/occasional_papers/OP127.html

Hoffman, Bruce (2014, July 9): Perfect Storm: The Arab Spring and the Syrian Civil War. inSITE Blog on Terrorism and Extremism. URL: http://news.siteintelgroup.com/blog/index.php/entry/203-perfect-storm-the-arab-spring-and-the-syrian-civil-war

Hoyle, Carolyn; Bradford, Alexandra; Frenett, Ross (2015, January): Becoming Mulan? Female Western Migrants to ISIS. (ISD Report). URL: http://www.strategicdialogue.org/ISDJ2969_Becoming_Mulan_01.15_WEB.PDF

Humud, Carla E.; Pirog, Robert; Rosen, Liana (2015, April): Islamic State Financing and U.S. Policy Approaches. (CRS Report for Congress R43980). URL: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/terror/R43980.pdf

Husick, Lawrence A. (2014, September): The Islamic State’s Electronic Outreach. (FPRI E-Notes). URL: http://www.fpri.org/docs/husick_-_media_war_1.pdf

Ianchovichina, Elena; Ivanic, Maros (2014, December): Economic Effects of the Syrian War and the Spread of the Islamic State on the Levant. (World Bank Group Policy Research Working Paper WPS 7135). URL: http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/IW3P/IB/2014/12/08/000158349_20141208155229/Rendered/PDF/WPS7135.pdf

Ibrahim, Azeem (2014, May): The Resurgence of Al-Qaeda in Syria and Iraq. (SSI Monograph). URL: http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1210

Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic (2014, November): Rule of Terror: Living under ISIS in Syria. (Report A/HRC/27/CRP.3). URL: http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/HRCouncil/CoISyria/HRC_CRP_ISIS_14Nov2014.doc

Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic (2015, February): 9th Report of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic. (Report A/HRC/28/69). URL: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/RegularSessions/Session28/Documents/A.HRC.28.69_E.doc

Institute for Policy Analysis of Conflict (IPAC) (2014, September): The Evolution of ISIS in Indonesia. (IPAC Report No.13). URL: http://www.understandingconflict.org/conflict/read/30/The-Evolution-of-ISIS-in-Indonesia

Institute for Policy Analysis of Conflict (IPAC) (2015, January): Support for “Islamic State” in Indonesian Prisons. (IPAC Report No.15). URL: http://www.understandingconflict.org/conflict/read/34/Support-for-Islamic-State-in-Indonesian-Prisons

Institute for Policy Analysis of Conflict (IPAC) (2015, April): Indonesia’s Lamongan Network: How East Java, Poso and Syria are Linked. (IPAC Report No. 18). URL: http://www.understandingconflict.org/conflict/read/39/Indonesias-Lamongan-Network

Institute for the Study of War (2014, September): Predicting the Rise of the Islamic State. (ISW Forecasts and Warnings). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/predicting-rise-islamic-state

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2006, February): In their own Words: Reading the Iraqi Insurgency. (Middle East Report N°50). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/iraq-iran-gulf/iraq/050-in-their-own-words-reading-the-iraqi-insurgency.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2014, April): Iraq: Falluja’s Faustian Bargain. (Middle East Report N°150). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/iraq-iran-gulf/iraq/150-iraq-falluja-s-faustian-bargain.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2014, June): Iraq’s Jihadi Jack-in-the-Box. (Middle East Briefing N°38). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/iraq-iran-gulf/iraq/b038-iraq-s-jihadi-jack-in-the-box.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2014, September): Rigged Cars and Barrel Bombs: Aleppo and the State of the Syrian War. (Middle East Report N°155). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/syria-lebanon/syria/155-rigged-cars-and-barrel-bombs-aleppo-and-the-state-of-the-syrian-war.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2015, January): Syria Calling: Radicalisation in Central Asia. (Europe and Central Asia Briefing N°72). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/asia/central-asia/b072-syria-calling-radicalisation-in-central-asia.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2015, February): Libya: Getting Geneva Right. (Middle East and North Africa Report N°157). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/north-africa/libya/157-libya-getting-geneva-right.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2015, May): Arming Iraq’s Kurds: Fighting IS, Inviting Conflict. (Middle East Report N°158). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/iraq-iran-gulf/iraq/158-arming-iraq-s-kurds-fighting-is-inviting-conflict.aspx

International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)’s Jihadi Websites Monitoring Group (JWMG) (2013, October): The Crisis in the Syrian Arena of Jihad. (JWMG Insights). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article.aspx?ID=207

International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)’s Jihadi Websites Monitoring Group (JWMG) (2014, January): Sheikh Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi’s Letter as Evidence of a Deep Rift between the Islamic State of Iraq and Al-Sham, and the Al-Nusra Front and Al-Qaeda. (JWMG Insights). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article.aspx?ID=208

Jeffrey, James F. (2014, November): The Iraq Troop-Basing Question and the New Middle East. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Notes, No. 21). URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/the-iraq-troop-basing-question-and-the-new-middle-east

Jenkins, Brian Michael (2013, November): The Role of Terrorism and Terror in Syria’s Civil War. (RAND Testimonies, CT-402). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/CT402.html

Jenkins, Brian Michael (2014): When Jihadis Come Marching Home: The Terrorist Threat Posed by Westerners Returning from Syria and Iraq. (RAND Perspectives, PE-130-1-RC). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/perspectives/PE130-1.html

Jenkins, Brian Michael (2015): Containing Middle East Terror: Measures to Reduce the Threat Posed by Foreign Fighters Returning from Syria and Iraq. (RAND Testimonies, CT-427). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/CT427.html

Jenkins, Brian Michael (2015): The Continuing Lure of Violent Jihad. (RAND Testimonies, CT-429). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/CT429.html

Jenkins, Brian Michael (2015): There Will Be Battles in the Heart of your Abode: The Threat Posed by Foreign Fighters Returning from Syria and Iraq. (RAND Testimonies, CT-426). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/CT426.html

Johnston, Patrick B. (2014, November): Countering ISIL’s Financing. (RAND Testimonies, CT-419). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/CT419.html

Jones, Seth G. (2014, July): Jihadist Sanctuaries in Syria and Iraq: Implications for the United States. (RAND Testimonies, CT-414). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/CT414.html

Jones, Seth G. (2015, April): Historical Lessons for the Wars in Iraq and Syria. (RAND Testimonies, CT-431). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/CT431.html

Joscelyn, Thomas (2015, April): Terrorism in Africa: The Imminent Threat to the United States. Testimony presented before the House Committee on Homeland Security, Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence, April 29, 2015. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM05/20150429/103382/HHRG-114-HM05-Wstate-JoscelynT-20150429.pdf

Judson, Sally; Ustun, Kadir (2014, September): Turkey’s ISIS Challenge. (SETA DC Perspectives). URL: http://www.setadc.org/pdfs/SETADC_Perspective_ISIS.pdf

Jung, Danielle F. et al. (2014, December): Managing a Transnational Insurgency: The Islamic State of Iraq’s “Paper Trail,” 2005‐2010. (CTC Occasional Paper Series). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Managing-a-Transnational-Insurgency-ISI-FINAL1.pdf

Kaddorah, Emad (2014, October): Turkey and the Question of Military Intervention: Pressures and Constraints. (ACRPS Policy Analysis). URL: http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/a8ff936e-6359-4d61-9014-d7af456d59ad

Kagan, Frederick W. (2014, July): Moving beyond Fear: Addressing the Threat of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria. Testimony presented before the House Committee on Homeland Security, Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence, July 24, 2014. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM05/20140724/102517/HHRG-113-HM05-Wstate-KagenF-20140724.pdf

Kagan, Kimberly; Kagan, Frederick W.; Lewis, Jessica D. (2014, September): A Strategy to Defeat the Islamic State. (ISW Middle East Security Report 23). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/report/strategy-defeat-islamic-state

Kapffer, Thiemo; Peil, Florian (2015, March): Die Expansion des “Islamischen Staates” in Nordafrika. (ISPSW Strategy Series: Focus on Defense and International Security, Issue No. 326). URL: http://mercury.ethz.ch/serviceengine/Files/ISN/188714/ipublicationdocument_singledocument/216e91c1-e81b-4c2a-9de3-0bc3a52ed8c4/de/326_Kapffer_Peil.pdf

Karmon, Ely (2014, October): The Battle for Kobani and Erdogan’s Kurdish Problem. (ICT Articles). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article/1230/The-Battle-for-Kobani-and-Erdogans-Kurdish-Problem

Karmon, Ely (2014, October): The Iran Nuclear Deal, the Fight against ISIL and Iran’s Domestic Troubles. (ICT Articles). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article/1235/The-Iran-Nuclear-Deal-The-Fight-Against-ISIL

Katz, Rita (2015, April 11): How the Islamic State is still Thriving on Twitter. inSITE Blog on Terrorism and Extremism. URL: http://news.siteintelgroup.com/blog/index.php/entry/377-how-the-islamic-state-is-still-thriving-on-twitter

Keatinge, Tom (2015, July): Identifying Foreign Terrorist Fighters: The Role of Public-Private Partnership, Information Sharing and Financial Intelligence. (ICCT / RUSI Occasional Paper). URL: http://icct.nl/publication/identifying-foreign-terrorist-fighters-the-role-of-public-private-partnership-information-sharing-and-financial-intelligence

Kimmage, Daniel; Ridolfo, Kathleen (2007, June): The War of Images and Ideas: How Sunni Insurgents in Iraq and their Supporters Worldwide are Using the Media. (RFE/RL Special Report). URL: http://realaudio.rferl.org/online/OLPDFfiles/insurgent.pdf

Knights, Michael (2015, January): The Long Haul: Rebooting U.S. Security Cooperation in Iraq. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Focus, No. 137). URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/the-long-haul-rebooting-u.s.-security-cooperation-in-iraq

Kousary, Halimullah (2014, October): Islamic State: Another Phase in History of Islamist Power Struggle: “Substance” not “Form” Matters. (CAPS Commentary). URL: http://www.caps.af/Doc/0001.pdf

Krieg, Andreas (2014, October): ISIS and the Façade of Negative Cooperation. (ACRPS Paper). URL: http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/7e3970c1-ff76-4093-baaf-977c6f1b5ef7

Kruglanski, Arie W. (2014, October 28): Psychology not Theology: Overcoming ISIS’ Secret Appeal. E-International Relations. URL: http://www.e-ir.info/2014/10/28/psychology-not-theology-overcoming-isis-secret-appeal

Kühne, Winrich (2014, September): Vom Terror zum Kalifat: Wie korrupte Eliten, Bevölkerungsexplosion und organisierte Kriminalität die dschihadistische Expansion fördern. (ISPSW Strategy Series: Focus on Defense and International Security, Issue No. 291). URL: http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?id=183794

Lahoud, Nelly (2012, June): Beware of Imitators: Al-Qa`ida through the Lens of its Confidential Secretary. (CTC Report). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/beware-of-imitators-al-qaida-through-the-lens-of-its-confidential-secretary

Lahoud, Nelly; al-`Ubaydi, Muhammad (2013, December): Jihadi Discourse in the Wake of the Arab Spring. (CTC Report). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/jihadi-discourse-in-the-wake-of-the-arab-spring

Lahoud, Nelly et al. (2012, May): Letters from Abbottabad: Bin Ladin Sidelined? (CTC Report). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/letters-from-abbottabad-bin-ladin-sidelined

Lang, Hardin et al. (2014, September): Supporting the Syrian Opposition: Lessons from the Field in the Fight against ISIS and Assad. (CAP Report). URL: https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/security/report/2014/09/12/96990/supporting-the-syrian-opposition

Laub, Zachary; Masters, Jonathan (2015, May): The Islamic State. (CFR Backgrounder). URL: http://www.cfr.org/iraq/islamic-state-iraq-syria/p14811

Lavoix, Helene (2015, June): Understanding the Islamic State’s System – Means of Violence. The Red (Team) Analysis Society. URL: https://www.redanalysis.org/2015/06/15/understanding-the-islamic-states-system-means-of-violence/?utm_content=buffer28528&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer

Levitt, Matthew (2014, March): Syria Spillover: The Growing Threat of Terrorism and Sectarianism in the Middle East. Testimony submitted to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, March 6, 2014. URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/syria-spillover-the-growing-threat-of-terrorism-and-sectarianism-in-the-mid

Levitt, Matthew (2014, November): Terrorist Financing and the Islamic State. Testimony submitted to the House Committee on Financial Services, November 13, 2014. URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/terrorist-financing-and-the-islamic-state

Levitt, Matthew (Ed.) (2015, April): From the Boston Marathon to the Islamic State: Countering Violent Extremism. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Focus, No. 139; Stein Counterterrorism Lectures, Vol. 6). URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/from-the-boston-marathon-to-the-islamic-state-countering-violent-extremism

Levitt, Matthew et al. (2015, February): 5 Lines of Effort to Degrade and Defeat ISIS. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy Research Guide Infographic). URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/5-lines-of-effort-to-degrade-and-defeat-isis-research-guide-infographic

Lewis, Jessica D. (2013, September): Al-Qaeda in Iraq Resurgent: The Breaking The Walls Campaign, Part I. (Middle East Security Report 14). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/report/al-qaeda-iraq-resurgent

Lewis, Jessica D. (2013, October): Al-Qaeda in Iraq Resurgent, Part II. (Middle East Security Report 15). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/report/al-qaeda-iraq-resurgent-part-ii

Lewis, Jessica D. (2013, October): AQI’s “Soldiers’ Harvest” Campaign. (ISW Backgrounder). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/aqis-soldiers-harvest-campaign

Lewis, Jessica D. (2014, April): The Islamic State of Iraq Returns to Diyala. (ISW Middle East Security Report 18). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/report/islamic-state-iraq-returns-diyala

Lewis, Jessica D. (July, 2014): The Islamic State: A Counter-Strategy for a Counter-State. (ISW Middle East Security Report 21). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/report/islamic-state-counter-strategy-counter-state

Lewis, Jessica D. (2015, May): The ISIS Defense in Iraq and Syria: Countering an Adaptive Enemy. (ISW Middle East Security Report 27). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/report/isis-defense-iraq-and-syria-countering-adaptive-enemy

Lewis, Jessica D.; Gambhir, Harleen; Sterling, Evan (2014, December): ISIS’s Global Messaging Strategy Fact Sheet: December 2014. (ISW Fact Sheet). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/isiss-global-messaging-strategy-fact-sheet-december-2014

Lewis, Jessica D. et al. (2015, June): ISIS’s Military Operations during Ramadan: A Forecast for 2015. (ISW Backgrounder). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/isis%E2%80%99s-military-operations-during-ramadan-forecast-2015

Liepman, Andrew M.; Nichiporuk, Brian; Killmeyer, Jason (2014): Alternative Futures for Syria: Regional Implications and Challenges for the United States. (RAND Perspectives, PE-129-RC). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/perspectives/PE129.html

Ligon, Gina et al. (2014, November): The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant: Branding, Leadership Culture and Lethal Attraction. Report to the Office of University Programs, Science and Technology Directorate, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. URL: https://www.start.umd.edu/pubs/START_ISIL%20Branding%20Leadership%20Culture%20and%20Lethal%20Attraction_Ligon_Nov2014.pdf

Lin, Aaron; Smith, Daniel; Pereira, Ryan (2013, December): The Prospective Military Power of Al Qaeda Affiliated Groups in the Syrian Conflict. (START Discussion Point). URL: http://www.start.umd.edu/news/discussion-point-prospective-military-power-al-qaeda-affiliated-groups-syrian-conflict

Lin, Christina (2014, October): Stemming ISIS Funding: U.S. Asian Allies Diversify away from Qatari LNG. (ISPSW Strategy Series: Focus on Defense and International Security, Issue No. 297). URL: http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?id=184831

Lister, Charles (2014, May): Dynamic Stalemate: Surveying Syria’s Military Landscape. (Brookings Doha Center Policy Briefing). URL: http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2014/05/19-syria-military-landscape-lister

Lister, Charles (2014, November): Profiling the Islamic State. (Brookings Doha Center Analysis Paper No. 13). URL: http://www.brookings.edu/research/reports2/2014/12/profiling-islamic-state-lister

Lowe, Dennis A. (2014, September): Employing Armor against the Islamic State: The Inevitable Urban Combined Arms Fight. Small Wars Journal, 9/2014. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/employing-armor-against-the-islamic-state-the-inevitable-urban-combined-arms-fight

Lynch, Marc (2014, October): The Tourniquet: A Strategy for Defeating the Islamic State and Saving Syria and Iraq. (CNAS Report). URL: http://www.cnas.org/saving-syria-and-iraq

Lynch, Marc (2015, February): ISIL and the New Islamist Challenge. Testimony presented before the House Armed Services Committee, February 15, 2015. URL: http://www.cnas.org/sites/default/files/publications-pdf/CNAS_Marc-Lynch_HASC-Tesitmony-on-ISIL_Feb-2015.pdf

Mahadevan, Prem (2014, December): The Neo-Caliphate of the “Islamic State”. (CSS Analyses in Security Policy, No. 166). URL: http://www.css.ethz.ch/publications/pdfs/CSSAnalyse166-EN.pdf

Malik, Nikita; Beevor, Eleanor (2015, June): South Asian Militant Groups and Global Jihad in 2015. (Quilliam Report). URL: http://www.quilliamfoundation.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/publications/free/south-asian-militant-groups-and-global-jihad-in-2015.pdf

Malmvig, Helle; Rojan, Hetav (2014, November): A Difficult Balancing Act: Backing the Kurds in the Fight against IS in Iraq and Syria. (DIIS Policy Brief). URL: http://www.diis.dk/en/node/4598

Martin, Patrick et al. (2015, May): ISIS Captures Ramadi. (ISW Presentation). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/isis-captures-ramadi

McCants, William et al. (2015, March): The Islamic State’s Ideology & Propaganda. (The Brookings Project on U.S. Relations with the Islamic World Events). [Video]. URL: http://www.brookings.edu/events/2015/03/11-islamic-state-ideology-propaganda

McQuaid, Julia (2014, July): Reviving the Caliphate: Fad, or the Future? (CNA Occasional Papers, COP-2014-U-008247-1Rev). URL: http://stabilityinstitute.com/wp-content/uploads/CNA-Reviving-the-Caliphate-Fad-or-the-Future.pdf

Meir Amit Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center, The (ITIC) (2014, January): Foreign Fighters from Western Countries in the Ranks of the Rebel Organizations Affiliated with Al-Qaeda and the Global Jihad in Syria. (Study). URL: http://www.terrorism-info.org.il/en/article/20616

Meir Amit Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center (ITIC) (2014, May): The Phenomenon of Foreign Fighters from the Arab World in the Syrian Civil War, most of them Fighting in the Ranks of Organizations Affiliated with Al-Qaeda and the Global Jihad. (Study). URL: http://www.terrorism-info.org.il/en/article/20646

Moghadam, Assaf; Fishman, Brian (Eds.) (2010, December): Self-Inflicted Wounds: Debates and Divisions within al-Qa’ida and its Periphery. (CTC Report). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/self-inflicted-wounds

Mulligan, John (2015, June): n.t. Testimony presented before the House Committee on Homeland Security, June 3, 2015. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM00/20150603/103513/HHRG-114-HM00-Wstate-MulliganJ-20150603.pdf

Nader, Alireza (2015): Iran’s Role in Iraq: Room for U.S.-Iran Cooperation? (RAND Perspectives, PE-151-OSD). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/perspectives/PE151.html

Neumann, Peter R. in collaboration with the BBC World Service and BBC Monitoring (2014): The New Jihadism: A Global Snapshot. (ICSR / BBC Report). URL: http://icsr.info/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/ICSR-REPORT-The-New-Jihadism-A-Global-Snapshot.pdf

Ningthoujam, Alvite Singh (2015, April): Maldives is no Longer a “Paradise”. (ICT Articles). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article/1372/Maldives-is-No-Longer-a-Paradise

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) (2015, March): Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the Human Rights Situation in Iraq in the Light of Abuses Committed by the So-Called Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant and Associated Groups. (A/HRC/28/18). URL: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/RegularSessions/Session28/Documents/A_HRC_28_18_AUV.doc

Olsen, Matthew G. (2014, March): n.t. Hearing before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee “Extremism and Sectarianism in Syria, Iraq, and Lebanon”, March 6, 2014. URL: http://www.nctc.gov/docs/20140306_SFR_ExtremismSectarianism_Syria_Iraq_Lebanon.pdf

Oweis, Khaled Yacoub (2014, October): U.S.-Led Bombardment Challenges Islamic State’s Hold on Eastern Syria. (SWP Comments, 2014/C 43). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/en/publications/swp-comments-en/swp-aktuelle-details/article/us_led_air_campaign_challenges_is.html

Pantucci, Raffaello; Ellis, Clare (2014, October): The Threat of ISIS to the UK: RUSI Threat Assessment. (RUSI Briefing Paper). URL: https://www.rusi.org/publications/other/ref:O542E808F04941

Pargeter, Alison (2015, June): Daesh in Libya: Myth or Reality? (Al Jazeera Center for Studies Report). URL: http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/reports/2015/06/201562175410368790.htm

Pasuni, Afif et al. (2014, July): The Islamic State in Iraq and Sham (ISIS) and Malaysia: Current Challenges and Future Impact. (RSIS Malaysia Update). URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/rsis-publication/idss/malaysia-update-jul-2014

Patel, David Siddhartha (2015, January): ISIS in Iraq: What we Get Wrong and why 2015 Is not 2007 Redux. (Crown Center for Middle East Studies Middle East Brief No. 87). URL: http://www.brandeis.edu/crown/publications/meb/meb87.html

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Phares, Walid (2015, April): Identifying the Jihadi Ideology and Alternative Strategies to Defeat IS. Testimony presented before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade, April 29, 2015. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/FA/FA18/20150429/103392/HHRG-114-FA18-Wstate-PharesW-20150429.pdf

Pirnie, Bruce R.; O’Connell, Edward (2008): Counterinsurgency in Iraq (2003-2006). (RAND Monographs, MG-595/3-OSD). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG595z3.html

Poirson, Timothy; Oprisko, Robert L. (2015, April): Caliphates and Islamic Global Politics. (E-International Relations Edited Collection). URL: http://www.e-ir.info/2015/04/05/edited-collection-caliphates-and-islamic-global-politics-2/

Pollack, Kenneth M. (2013, December): The Resurgence of al-Qaeda in Iraq. Testimony presented before the Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation and Trade, Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa, The United States House of Representatives, December 12, 2013. URL: http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/research/files/testimony/2013/12/12-resurgence-al-qaeda-iraq-pollack/12-resurgence-al-qaeda-iraq-pollack.pdf

Pollack, Kenneth M. (2014, October): Building a Better Syrian Opposition Army: The How and the Why. (Center for Middle East Policy Analysis Papers, No. 35). URL: http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2014/10/building-syrian-opposition-army-pollack

Pradhan, Prasanta Kumar (2015, February): The Kingdom and the Caliphate: Saudi Arabia’s Approach towards the Islamic State. (IDSA Issue Brief). URL: http://www.idsa.in/issuebrief/SaudiArabiaandIslamicState_pkpradhan_020215.html

Project on Middle East Political Science (POMEPS) (Ed.) (2013, December): The Political Science of Syria’s War. (POMEPS Studies, 5). Washington, DC: Editor. URL: http://pomeps.org/2013/12/19/political-science-and-syrias-war

Project on Middle East Political Science (POMEPS) (Ed.) (2014, October): Syria and the Islamic State. (POMEPS Briefings, 25). URL: http://pomeps.org/2014/10/01/syria-and-the-islamic-state

Project on Middle East Political Science (POMEPS) (Ed.) (2015, March): Islamism in the IS Age. (POMEPS Studies, 12). Washington, DC: Editor. URL: http://pomeps.org/2015/03/17/islamism-in-the-is-age

Prucha, Nico (2015, July): Understanding “Islamic State” Narratives through Analysing their Online Media Output. (ICSR / VOX-Pol Events). [Audio]. URL: https://soundcloud.com/warstudies/dr-nico-prucha-understanding-islamic-state-narratives-through-analysing-their-online-output?in=warstudies/sets/events

Prucha, Nico; Fisher, Ali (2014, May 15): Death from Above: Jihadist Virtual Networks Respond to Drone Strikes in Yemen. Jihadica. URL: http://www.jihadica.com/death-from-above-jihadist-virtual-networks-respond-to-drone-strikes-in-yemen/

Prucha, Nico; Fisher, Ali (2014, May 19): Is this the most Successful Release of a Jihadist Video ever? Jihadica. URL: http://www.jihadica.com/is-this-the-most-successful-release-of-a-jihadist-video-ever/

Prucha, Nico; Fisher, Ali (2014, May 21): Is this the most Successful Release of a Jihadist Video ever? Part 2: The Release of .‏ﻊﺑﺍﺮﻟﺍ ﻡﺭﺍﻮﺼﻟﺍ ﻞﻴﻠﺻ. Jihadica. URL: http://www.jihadica.com/is-this-the-most-successful-release-of-a-jihadist-video-ever-part-2-the-release-of-%D8%B5%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%84-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%88%D8%A7%D8%B1%D9%85-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B9%E2%80%AC/

Prucha, Nico; Fisher, Ali (2015, February 9): Turning the Volume up to 11 is not Enough: Why Counter-Strategies Have to Target Extremist Clusters. Jihadica. URL: http://www.jihadica.com/turning-the-volume-up-to-11-is-not-enough-why-counter-strategies-have-to-target-extremist-clusters/

Prucha, Nico; Fisher, Ali (2015, March 23): Turning the Volume up to 11 is not Enough (Part 2): Networks of Influence and Ideological Coherence. Jihadica. URL: http://www.jihadica.com/turning-the-volume-up-to-11-is-not-enough-part-2-networks-of-influence-and-ideological-coherence/

Prucha, Nico; Wesley, Robert (2014, February): The Syrian Conflict: Promotion of Reconciliation and its Implications for International Security. [Conference Report; Conference held on 6-7 February 2014 at Semper Depot, Akademie der Bildenden Künste, Vienna, Austria by the Institute for Near Eastern Studies, University of Vienna; Terrorism Research Initiative, and University of Massachusetts, Lowell]. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/extra/misc/SyriaFebConferenceReportvFinal.pdf

Prucha, Nico; Wesley, Robert (2014, May): Religious Extremism in Syria: A New Launching Pad for Global Terrorism? [Conference Report; Conference held on 2 May 2014 at Albert Schweitzer Haus, Vienna, Austria by the Institute for Near Eastern Studies, University of Vienna and Terrorism Research Initiative]. URL: http://static1.squarespace.com/static/5376cacde4b065b57c100365/t/537d2f2ce4b0eb4ddd2b4272/1400713004755/SyriaMay2014ConferenceReportvFINAL.pdf

Puttick, Miriam et al. (2014, October): From Crisis to Catastrophe: The Situation of Minorities in Iraq. (MRG Report). URL: http://www.minorityrights.org/[email protected]=1468

Qsiyer, Kamal (2015, June): The Islamic State (IS) in Libya: Expansion by Political Crisis. (Al Jazeera Center for Studies Report). URL: http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/reports/2015/06/201562310837854715.htm

Quilliam Foundation; Terrorism Research & Analysis Consortium (TRAC) (2014, December): Detailed Analysis of Islamic State Propaganda Video: Although the Disbelievers Dislike it. (Report). URL: http://www.quilliamfoundation.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/publications/free/detailed-analysis-of-islamic-state-propaganda-video.pdf

Rabbani, Mouin (2014, September): The un-Islamic State. (NOREF Report). URL: http://www.peacebuilding.no/var/ezflow_site/storage/original/application/994925a7601a87b8e975f56619967fa2.pdf

Rajavi, Maryam (2015, April): Text of Testimony by Mrs. Maryam Rajavi, The President-elect of the National Council of Resistance of Iran. Testimony presented to The House Foreign Affairs Committee, Subcommittee on Terrorism, Non-Proliferation and Trade, April 29, 2015. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/FA/FA18/20150429/103392/HHRG-114-FA18-Wstate-RajaviM-20150429.pdf

Rana, Muhammad Amir (2015, January): The Impact of the Islamic State on Pakistan. (NOREF Expert Analysis). URL: http://www.peacebuilding.no/Regions/Asia/Pakistan/Publications/The-impact-of-the-Islamic-State-on-Pakistan

Rand, Dafna H. (2014, September): Testimony before the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. (CNAS Congressional Testimony). URL: http://www.cnas.org/testimony/house-select-intelligence-committee-dafna-rand

Rand, Dafna H. (2015, February): The Growing Strategic Threat of ISIS. (CNAS Congressional Testimony). URL: http://www.cnas.org/sites/default/files/publications-pdf/CNAS_Testimony_Dafna-Rand_HFAC_Feb-2015.pdf

Rand, Dafna H.; Heras, Nicholas A. (2014, November): How this Ends: A Blueprint for De-Escalation in Syria. (CNAS Policy Brief). URL: http://www.cnas.org/blueprint-for-de-escalation-in-syria

Rand, Dafna; Vassalo, Anthony (2014, August): Bringing the Fight Back Home: Western Foreign Fighters in Iraq and Syria. (CNAS Policy Brief). URL: http://www.cnas.org/foreign-fighters#.VQ6iRMt3_tR

Rasmussen, Nicholas J. (2015, February): Countering Violent Islamist Extremism: The Urgent Threat of Foreign Fighters and Homegrown Terror. Testimony presented before the House Committee On Homeland Security, February 11, 2015. URL: http://www.nctc.gov/docs/Countering_Violent_Islamist_Extremism.pdf

Reed, Alastair et al. (2015, April): Pathways of Foreign Fighters: Policy Options and their (Un)Intended Consequences. (ICCT Policy Brief). URL: http://icct.nl/publication/pathways-of-foreign-fighters-policy-options-and-their-unintended-consequences

Rękawek, Kacper (2015, June): Ignore them at your Peril: The (Missing?) Strategic Narrative of ISIS. (PISM Strategic File No. 12 [75]). URL: http://www.pism.pl/Publications/PISM-Strategic-Files/PISM-Strategic-File-no-12-75

Roberts, Gerald (2015, May): Money Flow in the Age of ISIS. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy Counterterrorism Lecture). [Video]. URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/money-flow-in-the-age-of-isis

Robinson, Linda (2015, June): An Assessment of the Counter-ISIL Campaign: One Year after Mosul. (RAND Testimonies, CT-435). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/CT435.html

Rogers, Paul (2014, April): Is Islamic State here to Stay? (ORG Global Security Briefing). URL: http://www.oxfordresearchgroup.org.uk/publications/middle_east/islamic_state_here_stay

Rohwerder, Brigitte (2014, October): Contemporary Conflict Analysis of Iraq: Rapid Literature Review. (GSDRC Report). URL: http://www.gsdrc.org/docs/open/GSDRC_Confl_Anal_Iraq.pdf

Ryan, Michael W. S. (2014, August): Dabiq: What Islamic State’s New Magazine Tells us about their Strategic Direction, Recruitment Patterns and Guerrilla Doctrine. (The Jamestown Foundation Hot Issues). URL: http://www.jamestown.org/programs/hotissues/single-hot-issues/?tx_ttnews[tt_news]=42702&tx_ttnews[backPid]=61&cHash=e96be5e421a55fb15bec8cddb3117985

Saab, Bilal Y.; Tyson, Michael S. (2014, October): ISIS War Game: The Coming Stalemate. (Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security Issue Brief). URL: http://www.atlanticcouncil.org/publications/issue-briefs/isis-war-game-the-coming-stalemate

Saltman, Erin Marie; Smith, Melanie (2015, May): “Till Martyrdom Do us Part”: Gender and the ISIS Phenomenon. (ISD / ICSR Report). URL: http://www.strategicdialogue.org/Till_Martyrdom_Do_Us_Part_Gender_and_the_ISIS_Phenomenon.pdf

Saltman, Erin Marie; Winter, Charlie (2014. November): Islamic State: The Changing Face of Modern Jihadism. (Quilliam Report). URL: http://www.quilliamfoundation.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/publications/free/islamic-state-the-changing-face-of-modern-jihadism.pdf

Schmid, Alex P. (2015, June): Challenging the Narrative of the “Islamic State”. (ICCT Research Paper). URL: http://icct.nl/publication/challenging-the-narrative-of-the-islamic-state

Shay, Shaul (2014, August): The Threat of the New Caliphate. (ICT Articles). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article/1189/The-threat-of-the-New-Caliphate

Shay, Shaul (2014, September): Jordan and the Threat of the Islamic State (IS) Organization. (ICT Articles). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article/1207/Jordan-and-the-Threat-of-the-Islamic-State-%28IS%29-Organization

Shay, Shaul (2014, October): The Islamic State and its Allies in Southeast Asia. (ICT Articles). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article/1238/The-Islamic-State-and-its-Allies-in-Southeast-Asia

Shay, Shaul (2015, January): Al-Qaeda and the Islamic State, and Jihad against France. (ICT Articles). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article/1316/Al-Qaeda-and-the-Islamic-State,-and-Jihad-against-France

Shay, Shaul (2015, February): Egypt’s Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis and the Islamic State. (ICT Articles). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article/1341/Egypts-Ansar-Bayt-al-Maqdis-and-the-Islamic-State

Shay, Shaul (2015, March): Egypt’s Western Front Line in the Battle against the Islamic State (in Libya). (ICT Articles). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article/1358/Egypts-Western-Front-Line-in-the-Battle-against-the-Islamic-State

Simcox, Robin (2014, July): Jihadist Safe Havens: Efforts to Detect and Deter Terrorist Travel. Testimony presented before the House Committee on Homeland Security, Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence, July 24, 2014. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM05/20140724/102517/HHRG-113-HM05-Wstate-SimcoxR-20140724.pdf

Simcox, Robin (2014, September): Understanding the Islamic State. (CRT Briefing). URL: http://henryjacksonsociety.org/2014/09/04/understanding-the-islamic-state

Simonelli, Corina et al. (2014, June): The Evolution of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL): Relationships 2004-2014. (START Fact Sheet). URL: http://www.start.umd.edu/pubs/START_EvolutionofISILRelationships_FactSheet_June2014.pdf

Sinkkonen, Teemu (2015, January): War on Two Fronts: The EU Perspective on the Foreign Terrorist Fighters of ISIL. (The Finnish Institute of International Affairs Briefing Paper 166). URL: http://www.fiia.fi/en/publication/470/war_on_two_fronts

Skillicorn, D. B. (2015, January): Empirical Assessment of al Qaeda, ISIS, and Taliban Propaganda. (Draft Paper). URL: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2546478

Smith, Ben; Page, Rob (2015, March): ISIS and the Sectarian Conflict in the Middle East. (Commons Library Research Papers, RP15/16). URL: http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/research/briefing-papers/RP15-16/isis-and-the-sectarian-conflict-in-the-middle-east

Sommerfelt, Tone; Taylor, Mark B. (2015, February): The Big Dilemma of Small Soldiers: Recruiting Children to the War in Syria. (NOREF Report). URL: http://www.peacebuilding.no/Regions/Middle-East-and-North-Africa/Syria/Publications/The-big-dilemma-of-small-soldiers-recruiting-children-to-the-war-in-Syria

Steinbach, Michael B. (2015, June): n.t. Testimony presented before the House Committee on Homeland Security, June 3, 2015. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM00/20150603/103513/HHRG-114-HM00-Wstate-SteinbachM-20150603.pdf

Steinberg, Guido (2005, November): Die Anschläge von Amman: Zur Strategie Abu Musab az-Zarqawis. (SWP-Aktuell 2005/A 50). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/de/publikationen/swp-aktuell-de/swp-aktuell-detail/article/die_anschlaege_von_amman.html

Steinberg, Guido (2006, December): The Iraqi Insurgency: Actors, Strategies, and Structures. (SWP Research Paper 2006/RP 13). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/en/publications/swp-research-papers/swp-research-paper-detail/article/the_iraqi_insurgency.html

Steinberg, Guido (2007, July): Der Irak zwischen Föderalismus und Staatszerfall: Interessen und Handlungsoptionen irakischer und regionaler Akteure. (SWP-Studien 2007/S 18). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/de/publikationen/swp-studien-de/swp-studien-detail/article/irak_foederalismus_oder_staatszerfall.html

Steinberg, Guido (2014, April): The New “Lions of Syria”: Salafist and Jihadist Groups Dominate Insurgency. (SWP Comments, 2014/C 19). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/en/publications/swp-comments-en/swp-aktuelle-details/article/syrische_aufstandsbewegung.html

Stuart, Hannah (2014, September): British Jihadists: Preventing Travel Abroad and Stopping Attacks at Home. (CRT Policy Paper No. 1) URL: http://henryjacksonsociety.org/2014/09/12/british-jihadists-preventing-travel-abroad-and-stopping-attacks-at-home

Stuart, Hannah (2014, September): The Legal Case for British Military Action against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria. (CRT Policy Paper No. 2) URL: http://henryjacksonsociety.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Legal-Case-for-British-Military-Action-in-Iraq-and-Syria.pdf

Stuster, J. Dana; French, Bill (2015, February): Confronting the Islamic State: An Assessment of U.S. Strategic Options. (National Security Network Policy Report). URL: http://nsnetwork.org/report-confronting-islamic-state

Susser, Asher (2015, April): Jordan Facing up to the ISIS Challenge: A Net Assessment. (Crown Center for Middle East Studies Middle East Brief No. 92). URL: http://www.brandeis.edu/crown/publications/meb/meb92.html

Svoboda, Eva; Redvers, Louise (2014, December): Aid and the Islamic State. (IRIN/HPG Crisis Brief). URL: http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/9390.pdf

Szybala, Valerie (2013, August): Al-Qaeda Shows its True Colors in Syria. (ISW Backgrounder). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/al-qaeda-shows-its-true-colors-syria

Szybala, Valerie (2014, May): The Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham and the “Cleansing” of Deir ez-Zour. (ISW Backgrounder). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/islamic-state-iraq-and-al-sham-and-%E2%80%9Ccleansing%E2%80%9D-deir-ez-zour

Tamminga, Oliver (2014, November): Zur Relevanz von Luftmacht im Kampf gegen den Islamischen Staat: Warum operativ taktische Erfolge kein Ersatz für eine Strategie sind. (SWP-Aktuell 2014/A 70). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/de/publikationen/swp-aktuell-de/swp-aktuell-detail/article/luftmacht_gegen_den_is.html

Taylor, Francis X. (2015, June): n.t. Testimony presented before the House Committee on Homeland Security, June 3, 2015. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM00/20150603/103513/HHRG-114-HM00-Wstate-TaylorF-20150603.pdf

Tønnessen, Truls Hallberg (2011, March): The Islamic Emirate of Fallujah. Paper presented at the International Studies Association’s (ISA) Conference “Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition”, Montreal, 16-19 March 2011. URL: https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&pid=sites&srcid=ZGVmYXVsdGRvbWFp

UK Government Department for Education; Home Office (2015, July): How Social Media is Used to Encourage Travel to Syria and Iraq: Briefing Note for Schools. (Guide). URL: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-use-of-social-media-for-online-radicalisation

van Ginkel, Bibi T. (2015, March): Responding to Cyber Jihad: Towards an Effective Counter Narrative. (ICCT Research Paper). URL: http://icct.nl/publication/responding-to-cyber-jihad-towards-an-effective-counter-narrative

van Veen, Erwin; Abdo, Iba (2014, July): Between Brutality and Fragmentation: Options for Addressing the Syrian Civil War. (CRU Report). URL: http://www.clingendael.nl/publication/between-brutality-and-fragmentation-options-addressing-syrian-civil-war

van Veen, Erwin; Abdo, Iba (2015, February): Do-it-Yourself Islam? Views on the Religious Credibility of the Islamic State. (ISN Articles). URL: http://mercury.ethz.ch/serviceengine/Files/ISN/188953/ipublicationdocument_singledocument/0eb7159e-d584-407c-9f46-7a0aa1f8046a/en/ISN_188537_en.pdf

Veilleux-Lepage, Yannick (2015, January): Canadian and British Policy toward Returning Foreign Fighters: A Missed Opportunity for Countering Islamic State’s Narrative? (RIEAS Editorial). URL: http://www.rieas.gr/research-areas/editorial/2359-canadian-and-british-policy-toward-returning-foreign-fighters-a-missed-opportunity-for-countering-islamic-state-s-narrative

Verfassungsschutz Berlin (2014, September): Denis Cuspert – eine jihadistische Karriere. (Lageanalyse). URL: http://www.berlin.de/sen/inneres/verfassungsschutz/publikationen/lage-und-wahlanalysen/lageanalyse_denis_cuspert.pdf

Verfassungsschutz Berlin (2015, June): Ausreisen von Personen aus dem islamistischen Spektrum in Berlin nach Syrien / Irak. (Lageanalyse). URL: http://www.berlin.de/sen/inneres/verfassungsschutz/publikationen/lage-und-wahlanalysen/lageanalyse_ausreisen_von_personen_aus_dem_islamistischen_spektrum_in_berlin_nach_syrien_irak.pdf

Warda, Pascale (2014, September): Genocidal Attacks against Christian and other Religious Minorities in Syria and Iraq. Testimony presented at the Joint Subcommittee Hearing, Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa, September 10th, 2014, Washington, DC. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/FA/FA16/20140910/102642/HHRG-113-FA16-Wstate-WardaH-20140910.pdf

Washington Institute for Near East Policy, The (Conference Organizer) (2015, February): Taking the Fight to ISIL: Operationalizing CT Lines of Effort against the Islamic State Group. (Counterterrorism Lecture). URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/taking-the-fight-to-isil-operationalizing-ct-lines-of-effort-against-the-is

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About the compiler: Judith Tinnes, Ph.D., studied Information Science and New German Literature and Linguistics at the Saarland University (Germany). Her doctoral thesis dealt with Internet usage of Islamist terrorists and insurgents. Currently she works in the research & development department of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information (ZPID). She also serves as Editorial Assistant for ‘Perspectives on Terrorism’.

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Perspectives on Terrorism is  a journal of the Terrorism Research Initiative and the Center for Terrorism and Security Studies

ISSN  2334-3745 (Online)

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