Bibliography: Al-Qaeda and its Affiliated Organizations (Part 1)

Compiled and selected by Judith Tinnes

[Bibliographic Series of Perspectives on Terrorism - BSPT-JT-2017-7]


This bibliography contains journal articles, book chapters, books, edited volumes, theses, grey literature, bibliographies and other resources on Al-Qaeda and its affiliated organizations. Though focusing on recent literature, the bibliography is not restricted to a particular time period and covers publications up to early November 2017. The literature has been retrieved by manually browsing more than 200 core and periphery sources in the field of Terrorism Studies. Additionally, full-text and reference retrieval systems have been employed to expand the search.

Keywords: bibliography; resources; literature; Al-Qaeda; affiliates; franchises; AQC; AQAP; AQIM; AQIS; HTS; Osama bin Laden; Ayman al-Zawahiri

NB: All websites were last visited on 08.11.2017. A previous bibliography on Al-Qaeda since 2001 has been published by Eric Price in Issue 7(1) of “Perspectives on Terrorism”. - See also Note for the Reader at the end of this literature list.

Bibliographies and other Resources

Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad (2012, November-): Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi’s Blog. URL: http://www.aymennjawad.org/blog

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) (2017, November): November 2017 Release of Abbottabad Compound Material. [Data Set]. URL: https://www.cia.gov/library/abbottabad-compound/index.html

Combating Terrorism Center (CTC) (n.d.-): ISIL, Syria & Iraq Resources. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/isil-resources

Delong-Bas, Natana (2011): Al-Qaeda. (Oxford Bibliographies). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Demolinari (2009, May-). @demolinari. URL: https://twitter.com/demolinari

NATO Multimedia Library (2011, May): Bin Laden and Al Qaeda. (Thematic Bibliography No. 5/11). URL: http://www.nato.int/nato_static/assets/pdf/pdf_library_them/20110503_them0511.pdf

NATO Multimedia Library (2012, October): The Iraq War, 2003-2011: Books. (Thematic Bibliography No. 8/12). URL: http://www.natolibguides.info/ld.php?content_id=10701676

NATO Multimedia Library (2016, February): From Al Qaida to ISIS: The Evolution of Terrorism. (Thematic Bibliography No. 1/16). URL: http://www.natolibguides.info/ld.php?content_id=19411574

Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI); University of Oslo (2016-): Jihadi Document Repository. URL: http://www.hf.uio.no/ikos/english/research/jihadi-document-repository/index.html

Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) (2015, May-): Bin Laden’s Bookshelf. URL: https://www.dni.gov/index.php/features/bin-laden-s-bookshelf

Pike, John; Aftergood, Steven (n.d.): al-Qa’ida (The Base) – Sources and Resources. (FAS Intelligence Resource Program Bibliography). URL: https://fas.org/irp/world/para/ladin.htm

Price, Eric (2011, September): Selected Literature on Terrorism and Political Violence/Conflict in Africa since the Second World War. Perspectives on Terrorism, 5(3-4), 118-133. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/164

Price, Eric (2012, October): Bibliography: Inside Terrorist Organisations. Perspectives on Terrorism, 6(4-5), 160-168. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/222

Price, Eric (2013, February): Literature on Al-Qaeda since 2001. Perspectives on Terrorism, 7(1), 114-144. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/246

Ryan, Kevin et al. (Eds.) (2006-): Journal of 9/11 Studies. URL: http://www.journalof911studies.com

Sinai, Joshua (2016, December): Counterterrorism Bookshelf: 12 Books on Al-Qaida and ISIS-Related Subjects. Perspectives on Terrorism, 10(6), 207-212. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/568

Tinnes, Judith (2015, December): Bibliography: Homegrown Terrorism and Radicalisation. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(6), 119-153. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/476

Tinnes, Judith (2016, December): Bibliography: Islamist Terrorism in Europe. Perspectives on Terrorism, 10(6), 171-206. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/567

Zelin, Aaron Y. (2010, June-): Jihadology. URL: http://jihadology.net

Books and Edited Volumes

Alexander, Yonah; Swetnam, Michael S. (2012): Al-Qa’ida: Ten Years after 9/11 and beyond. Arlington: Potomac Institute Press.

Ardolino, Bill (2013): Fallujah Awakens: Marines, Sheikhs, and the Battle against al Qaeda. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press.

Atkins, Stephen E. (Ed.) (2011): The 9/11 Encyclopedia. (2nd ed.) (2 Vols.). Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO.

Atran, Scott (2010): Talking to the Enemy: Faith, Brotherhood, and the (Un)Making of Terrorists. New York: Ecco Press.

Atwan, Abdel Bari (2012): After bin Laden: Al Qaeda, the Next Generation. London: Saqi Books.

Atwan, Abdel Bari (2012): The Secret History of al Qaeda. (Updated ed.). London: Saqi Books.

Baken, Denise N.; Mantzikos, Ioannis (2015): Al Qaeda: The Transformation of Terrorism in the Middle East and North Africa. (PSI Guides to Terrorists, Insurgents, and Armed Groups). Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO.

Barzilai, Yaniv (2013): 102 Days of War: How Osama Bin Laden, Al Qaeda & the Taliban Survived 2001. Dulles: Potomac Books.

Basinsky, Kathryn; Brandon, James (Eds.) (2015): Al-Qaeda and its Heirs: Select Conference Papers from the Eighth Annual Terrorism Conference, December 9, 2014. Washington, DC: The Jamestown Foundation.

Bergen, Peter L. (2006): The Osama bin Laden I Know: An Oral History of al Qaeda’s Leader. New York: Free Press.

Bergen, Peter L. (2011): The Longest War: The Enduring Conflict between America and Al-Qaeda. New York: Free Press.

Berger, J. M. (2011): Jihad Joe: Americans who Go to War in the Name of Islam. Dulles: Potomac Books.

Bevy, Lawrence J. (Ed.) (2006): Al-Qaeda: An Organization to be Reckoned with. New York: Novinka Books.

Brenner, William J. (2016): Confounding Powers: Anarchy and International Society from the Assassins to Al Qaeda. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Brisard, Jean-Charles; Martinez, Damien (2005): Zarqawi: The New Face of al-Qaeda. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Burke, Jason (2003): Al-Qaeda: Casting a Shadow of Terror. London: I.B. Tauris.

Burke, Jason (2007): Al-Qaeda: The True Story of Radical Islam. (3rd updated and revised ed.). London: Penguin.

Byman, Daniel (2015): Al Qaeda, the Islamic State, and the Global Jihadist Movement. (What Everyone Needs to Know®). New York: Oxford University Press.

Celso, Anthony (2014): Al-Qaeda’s Post-9/11 Devolution: The Failed Jihadist Struggle against the Near and Far Enemy. New York: Bloomsbury Academic.

Chaliand, Gérard; Blin, Arnaud (Eds.) (2007): The History of Terrorism: From Antiquity to Al Qaeda. (Edward Schneider; Kathryn Pulver; Jesse Browner, Trans.). Berkeley: University of California Press.

Chapman, Abigail; Adelman, Janice (Eds.) (2011, Fall): Influencing Violent Extremist Organizations Pilot Effort: Focus on Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). (SMA Conference Report). Boston: NSI, Inc. URL: http://nsiteam.com/social/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Influencing-Violent-Extremist-Effort-Focus-on-Al-Qaeda-in-the-Arabian-Peninsula-AQAP-Fall-2011.pdf

Chauhan, Sharad S. (2003): The al-Qaeda Threat. New Delhi: A.P.H. Publishing Corporation.

Chivvis, Christopher S. (2016): The French War on Al Qa’ida in Africa. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Coolsaet, Rik (2005): Al-Qaeda, the Myth: The Root Causes of International Terrorism and how to Tackle them. (Erika Peeters, Trans.). Gent: Academia Press.

Corbin, Jane (2003): Al-Qaeda: In Search of the Terror Network that Threatens the World. (Updated ed.). New York: Thunder’s Mouth Press / Nation Books.

Cottam, Martha L.; Huseby, Joe W.; with Bruno Baltodano (2016): Confronting al Qaeda: The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy in al Anbar. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

Cruickshank, Paul (Ed.) (2013): Al Qaeda. (5 Vols.). (Critical Concepts in Political Science). Abingdon: Routledge.

Davidson, Christopher M. (2016): Shadow Wars: The Secret Struggle for the Middle East. London: Oneworld.

Dumont, Gabriel A. (Ed.) (2010): Yemen: Background, Issues, and Al Qaeda Role. (Countries, Regional Studies, Trading Blocks, Unions, World Organizations). Hauppauge: Nova Science Publishers.

English, Richard (Ed.) (2015): Illusions of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism. (Proceedings of the British Academy). Oxford: Oxford University Press / British Academy.

English, Richard (2016): Does Terrorism Work? A History. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ensalaco, Mark (2008): Middle Eastern Terrorism: From Black September to September 11. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Fenner, Lorry M.; Stout, Mark E.; Goldings, Jessica L. (Eds.) (2012): 9.11.: Ten Years Later: Insights on al-Qaeda’s Past & Future through Captured Records: Conference Proceedings. [e-Book]. Washington, DC: The Johns Hopkins University Center for Advanced Governmental Studies. URL: https://issuu.com/johnshopkinsaap/docs/gov1220_ndu-final-issuu

Fishman, Brian H. (2016): The Master Plan: ISIS, Al-Qaeda, and the Jihadi Strategy for Final Victory. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Fishman, Brian (Ed.) (2008, July): Bombers, Bank Accounts, and Bleedout: Al-Qa’ida’s Road in and out of Iraq. (CTC Report). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/bombers-bank-accounts-and-bleedout-al-qaidas-road-in-and-out-of-iraq

Geltzer, Joshua Alexander (2010): US Counter-Terrorism Strategy and al-Qaeda: Signalling and the Terrorist World-View. (Contemporary Security Studies). Abingdon: Routledge.

Gerges, Fawaz A. (2009): The Far Enemy: Why Jihad Went Global. (New Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gerges, Fawaz A. (2011): The Rise and Fall of Al-Qaeda. New York: Oxford University Press.

Goldman, Jan (Ed.) (2014): The War on Terror Encyclopedia: From the Rise of Al Qaeda to 9/11 and beyond. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO.

Green, Daniel R.; Mullen, William F., III (2014): Fallujah Redux: The Anbar Awakening and the Struggle with Al-Qaeda. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press.

Greenberg, Karen J. (Ed.) (2005): Al Qaeda Now: Understanding Today’s Terrorists. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Gul, Imtiaz (2009): The Al Qaeda Connection: Terror in Pakistan’s Tribal Areas. New Delhi: Penguin Books India, Viking.

Gunaratna, Rohan (2002): Inside Al Qaeda: Global Network of Terror. New York: Columbia University Press.

Gunaratna, Rohan; Oreg, Aviv (2015): The Global Jihad Movement. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

Gurski, Phil (2016): The Threat from within: Recognizing Al Qaeda-Inspired Radicalization and Terrorism in the West. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

Hamid, Mustafa; Farrall, Leah (2015): The Arabs at War in Afghanistan. London: Hurst.

Hamm, Mark S.; Spaaij, Ramón (2017): The Age of Lone Wolf Terrorism. (Studies in Transgression). New York: Columbia University Press.

Harmon, Stephen A. (2016): Terror and Insurgency in the Sahara-Sahel Region: Corruption, Contraband, Jihad and the Mali War of 2012-2013. (The International Political Economy of New Regionalisms Series). Abingdon: Routledge. (Original work published 2014)

Hegghammer, Thomas (2010): Jihad in Saudi Arabia: Violence and Pan-Islamism since 1979. (Cambridge Middle East Studies, Vol. 33). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hellmich, Christina (2011): Al-Qaeda: From Global Network to Local Franchise. London: Zed Books.

Hellmich, Christina; Behnke, Andreas (Eds.) (2016): Knowing al-Qaeda: The Epistemology of Terrorism. (Rethinking Political and International Theory). Abingdon: Routledge. (Original work published 2012)

Hewitt, Christopher (2003): Understanding Terrorism in America: From the Klan to al Qaeda. (Routledge Studies in Extremism and Democracy). London: Routledge.

Hoffman, Bruce; Reinares, Fernando (Eds.) (2014): The Evolution of the Global Terrorist Threat: From 9/11 to Osama bin Laden’s Death. (Columbia Studies in Terrorism and Irregular Warfare). New York: Columbia University Press.

Hoffman, Tod (2014): Al Qaeda Declares War: The African Embassy Bombings and America’s Search for Justice. Lebanon: University Press of New England.

Holbrook, Donald (2014): The Al-Qaeda Doctrine: The Framing and Evolution of the Leadership’s Public Discourse. (New Directions in Terrorism Studies). New York: Bloomsbury Academic.

Ibrahim, Raymond (Ed. & Trans.) (2007): The Al Qaeda Reader: The Essential Texts of Osama Bin Laden’s Terrorist Organization. New York: Broadway Books.

Isaacs, April (Ed.) (2006): Critical Perspectives on Al Qaeda. (Critical Anthologies of Nonfiction Writing). New York: The Rosen Publishing Group.

Jenkins, Brian Michael (2002): Countering al Qaeda: An Appreciation of the Situation and Suggestions for Strategy. [e-Book]. (RAND Monograph Reports, MR-1620-RC). Santa Monica: RAND Corporation. URL: https://www.rand.org/pubs/monograph_reports/MR1620.html

Johnsen, Gregory D. (2013): The Last Refuge: Yemen, Al-Qaeda, and America’s War in Arabia. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.

Kamolnick, Paul (2017, February): The Al-Qaeda Organization and the Islamic State Organization: History, Doctrine, Modus Operandi, and U.S. Policy to Degrade and Defeat Terrorism Conducted in the Name of Sunni Islam. [e-Book]. Carlisle: Strategic Studies Institute; U.S. Army War College Press. URL: http://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1339

Kendall, Elisabeth; Stein, Ewan (Eds.) (2015): Twenty-First Century Jihad: Law, Society and Military Action. (Library of Modern Religion, Vol. 38). London: I.B. Tauris.

Kepel, Gilles; Milelli, Jean-Pierre (Eds.): Al Qaeda in its own Words. (Pascale Ghazaleh, Trans.). Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Koehler-Derrick, Gabriel (Ed.) (2011, September): A False Foundation? AQAP, Tribes and Ungoverned Spaces in Yemen. (CTC Report). Westpoint: Combating Terrorism Center. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/posts/a-false-foundation-aqap-tribes-and-ungoverned-spaces-in-yemen

Kohlmann, Evan F. (2004): Al-Qaida’s Jihad in Europe: The Afghan-Bosnian Network. Oxford: Berg.

Lambert, Robert (2011): Countering Al-Qaeda in London: Police and Muslims in Partnership. London: Hurst.

Laqueur, Walter (Ed.) (2004): Voices of Terror: Manifestos, Writings, and Manuals of Al Qaeda, Hamas, and other Terrorists from around the World and throughout the Ages. New York: Reed Press.

Lia, Brynjar (2008): Architect of Global Jihad: The Life of Al-Qaida Strategist Abu Mus’ab al-Suri. New York: Columbia University Press.

Lippold, Kirk S. (2012): Front Burner: Al Qaeda’s Attack on the USS Cole. New York: PublicAffairs.

Lister, Charles R. (2015): The Syrian Jihad: Al-Qaeda, the Islamic State and the Evolution of an Insurgency. London: Hurst.

Mackey, Chris; Miller, Greg (2004): The Interrogators: Inside the Secret War against al Qaeda. New York: Little, Brown and Company.

Mackinlay, John (2009): The Insurgent Archipelago: From Mao to Bin Laden. London: Hurst.

Mardini, Ramzy (2010): The Battle for Yemen: Al-Qaeda and the Struggle for Stability. Washington, DC: The Jamestown Foundation.

Margulies, Phillip (2003): Al Qaeda: Osama bin Laden’s Army of Terrorists. (Inside the World’s Most Infamous Terrorist Organizations). New York: The Rosen Publishing Group.

Mastors, Elena (2014): Breaking Al-Qaeda: Psychological and Operational Techniques. (2nd ed.). Boca Raton: CRC Press.

McGrath, Kevin (2011): Confronting Al Qaeda: New Strategies to Combat Terrorism. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press.

Mekhennet, Souad (2017): I Was Told to Come Alone: My Journey behind the Lines of Jihad. New York: Henry Holt and Company.

Mendelsohn, Barak (2016): The al-Qaeda Franchise: The Expansion of al-Qaeda and its Consequences. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Miller, Flagg (2015): The Audacious Ascetic: What the Bin Laden Tapes Reveal about Al-Qa’ida. New York: Oxford University Press.

Moghadam, Assaf (2008): The Globalization of Martyrdom: Al Qaeda, Salafi Jihad, and the Diffusion of Suicide Attacks. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Moghadam, Assaf (2017): Nexus of Global Jihad: Understanding Cooperation among Terrorist Actors. (Columbia Studies in Terrorism and Irregular Warfare). New York: Columbia University Press.

Moghadam, Assaf; Fishman, Brian (Eds.) (2010, December): Self-Inflicted Wounds: Debates and Divisions within al-Qa’ida and its Periphery. (CTC Report). Westpoint: Combating Terrorism Center (CTC). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/self-inflicted-wounds

Moghadam, Assaf; Fishman, Brian (Eds.) (2011): Fault Lines in Global Jihad: Organizational, Strategic, and Ideological Fissures. (Political Violence). Abingdon: Routledge.

Mohamedou, Mohammad-Mahmoud Ould (2007): Understanding Al Qaeda: The Transformation of War. London: Pluto Press.

Morell, Michael; with Bill Harlow (2015): The Great War of our Time: The CIA’s Fight against Terrorism: From al Qa’ida to ISIS. New York: Twelve.

Morris, Travis (2017): Dark Ideas: How Neo-Nazi and Violent Jihadi Ideologues Shaped Modern Terrorism. Lanham: Lexington Books.

Mudd, Philip (2013): Takedown: Inside the Hunt for Al Qaeda. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Mueller, John (2010): Atomic Obsession: Nuclear Alarmism from Hiroshima to Al-Qaeda. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Musharbash, Yassin (2006): Die neue al-Qaida: Innenansichten eines lernenden Terrornetzwerks. Köln: Kiepenheuer & Witsch.

Nance, Malcolm W. (2010): An End to Al Qaeda: Destroying Bin Laden’s Jihad and Restoring America’s Honor. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Nance, Malcolm W. (2015): The Terrorists of Iraq: Inside the Strategy and Tactics of the Iraq Insurgency 2003-2014. (2nd ed.). Boca Raton: CRC Press.

Napoleoni, Loretta (2005): Insurgent Iraq: Al Zarqawi and the New Generation. New York: Seven Stories Press.

Nasiri, Omar (2006): Inside the Jihad: My Life with Al Qaeda: A Spy’s Story. New York: Basic Books.

Nesser, Petter (2015): Islamist Terrorism in Europe: A History. London: Hurst.

Nester, William (2012): Hearts, Minds, and Hydras: Fighting Terrorism in Afghanistan, Pakistan, America, and beyond—Dilemmas and Lessons. Dulles: Potomac Books.

Neumann, Peter R. (2008): Joining al-Qaeda: Jihadist Recruitment in Europe. (The Adelphi Papers, Vol. 48, Iss. 399). Abingdon: Routledge.

Olsson, Peter A. (2014): The Making of a Homegrown Terrorist: Brainwashing Rebels in Search of a Cause. Santa Barbara: Praeger.

Peters, Gretchen (2009): Seeds of Terror: How Heroin Is Bankrolling the Taliban and al Qaeda. (Updated ed.). New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Pieslak, Jonathan (2015): Radicalism and Music: An Introduction to the Music Cultures of al-Qa’ida, Racist Skinheads, Christian-Affiliated Radicals, and Eco-Animal Rights Militants. (Music Culture). Middletown: Wesleyan University Press.

Pope, Hugh (2010): Dining with al-Qaeda: Three Decades Exploring the many Worlds of the Middle East. New York: Thomas Dunne Books.

Post, Jerrold M. (2007): The Mind of the Terrorist: The Psychology of Terrorism from the IRA to al-Qaeda. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Prestholdt, Jeremy (2017): Icons of Dissent: The Global Resonance of Che, Marley, Tupac and Bin Laden. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rabasa, Angel et al. (2006): Beyond al-Qaeda: Part 1, The Global Jihadist Movement. [e-Book]. (RAND Monographs, MG-429-AF). Santa Monica: RAND Corporation. URL: https://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG429.html

Rabasa, Angel et al. (2006): Beyond al-Qaeda: Part 2, The Outer Rings of the Terrorist Universe. [e-Book]. (RAND Monographs, MG-430-AF). Santa Monica: RAND Corporation. URL: https://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG430.html

Rajan, V. G. Julie (2015): Al Qaeda’s Global Crisis: The Islamic State, takfir, and the Genocide of Muslims. (Contemporary Terrorism Studies). Abingdon: Routledge.

Ranstorp, Magnus; Normark, Magnus (2015): Understanding Terrorism Innovation and Learning: Al-Qaeda and beyond. (Political Violence). Abingdon: Routledge.

Reinares, Fernando (2016): Al-Qaeda’s Revenge: The 2004 Madrid Train Bombings. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press.

Ressa, Maria A. (2003): Seeds of Terror: An Eyewitness Account of Al-Qaeda’s Newest Center of Operations in Southeast Asia. New York: Free Press.

Ressa, Maria A. (2013): From Bin Laden to Facebook: 10 Days of Abduction, 10 Years of Terrorism. Hackensack: World Scientific.

Riedel, Bruce (2010): The Search for Al Qaeda: Its Leadership, Ideology, and Future. (2nd rev. ed.). Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.

Rougier, Bernard (2015): The Sunni Tragedy in the Middle East: Northern Lebanon from al-Qaeda to ISIS. (Trans.). (Princeton Studies in Muslim Politics). Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Ryan, Michael W. S. (2013): Decoding Al-Qaeda’s Strategy: The Deep Battle against America. (Columbia Studies in Terrorism and Irregular Warfare). New York: Columbia University Press.

Sageman, Marc (2004): Understanding Terror Networks. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Schmitt, Eric; Shanker, Thom (2011): Counterstrike: The Untold Story of America’s Secret Campaign against Al Qaeda. New York: Times Books.

Schweitzer, Yoram; Shay, Shaul (2017): The Globalization of Terror: The Challenge of Al-Qaida and the Response of the International Community. Abingdon: Routledge. (Original work published 2003)

Scott-Clark, Cathy; Levy, Adrian (2017): The Exile: The Flight of Osama bin Laden. London: Bloomsbury.

Shah, Niaz A. (2008): Self-Defense in Islamic and International Law: Assessing Al-Qaeda and the Invasion of Iraq. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Shahzad, Syed Saleem (2011): Inside Al-Qaeda and the Taliban: Beyond 9/11. London: Pluto Press.

Sheikh, Mona Kanwal (Ed.) (2017, September): Expanding Jihad: How al-Qaeda and Islamic State Find New Battlefields. [e-Book]. Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS). URL: https://www.diis.dk/en/research/new-book-uncovers-the-pop-up-mechanisms-behind-islamic-state-and-al-qaeda

Shultz, Richard H., Jr. (2013): The Marines Take Anbar: The Four-Year Fight against Al Qaeda. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press.

Silber, Mitchell D. (2012): The Al Qaeda Factor: Plots against the West. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Small, Thomas; Hacker, Jonathan (2014): Path of Blood: The Story of Al Qaeda’s War on the House of Saud. London: Simon & Schuster.

Smucker, Philip (2004): Al Qaeda’s Great Escape: The Military and the Media on Terror’s Trail. Dulles: Brassey’s.

Soufan, Ali H. (2017): Anatomy of Terror: From the Death of bin Laden to the Rise of the Islamic State. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.

Soufan, Ali H.; with Daniel Freedman (2011): The Black Banners: The Inside Story of 9/11 and the War against al-Qaeda. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.

Speckhard, Anne; Shaikh, Mubin (2014): Undercover Jihadi: Inside the Toronto 18: Al Qaeda Inspired, Homegrown Terrorism in the West. McLean: Advances Press.

Staffell, Simon; Awan, Akil N. (Eds.) (2016): Jihadism Transformed: Al-Qaeda and Islamic State’s Global Battle of Ideas. London: Hurst.

Steinberg, Guido; Weber, Annette (Eds.) (2015, June): Jihadism in Africa: Local Causes, Regional Expansion, International Alliances. (SWP Research Paper 2015/RP 05). Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik. URL: https://www.swp-berlin.org/en/publication/jihadism-in-africa

Stenersen, Anne (2017): Al-Qaida in Afghanistan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781139871501

Stewart, Jules (2005): The Khyber Rifles: From the British Raj to Al Qaeda. Stroud: Sutton.

Storm, Morten; with Paul Cruickshank; Tim Lister (2014): Agent Storm: My Life Inside Al Qaeda. London: Penguin Books.

Strick van Linschoten, Alex; Kuehn, Felix (2012): An Enemy we Created: The Myth of the Taliban-Al Qaeda Merger in Afghanistan. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Taylor, Peter (2011): Talking to Terrorists: Face to Face with the Enemy. London: HarperPress.

Tomolya, János; White, Larry D. (Eds.) (2015): Terrorist Threats in North Africa from a NATO Perspective. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series – E: Human and Societal Dynamics, Vol. 124). Amsterdam: IOS Press.

Tucker, Jonathan B. (2006): War of Nerves: Chemical Warfare from World War I to Al-Qaeda. New York: Anchor Books.

Turner, John A. (2014): Religious Ideology and the Roots of the Global Jihad: Salafi Jihadism and International Order. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Vidino, Lorenzo (2006): Al Qaeda in Europe: The New Battleground of International Jihad. Amherst: Prometheus Books.

Warrick, Joby (2012): The Triple Agent: The al-Qaeda Mole who Infiltrated the CIA. New York: Vintage Books.

Weiss, Michael; Hassan, Hassan (2016): ISIS: Inside the Army of Terror. (Revised and Updated ed.). New York: Regan Arts.

Williams, Brian Glyn (2013): Predators: The CIA’s Drone War on al Qaeda. Dulles: Potomac Books.

Williams, Paul L. (2005): The Al Qaeda Connection: International Terrorism, Organized Crime, and the Coming Apocalypse. Amherst: Prometheus Books.

Winterdyk, John A.; Sundberg, Kelly W. (Eds.) (2010): Border Security in the Al-Qaeda Era. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

Wright, Lawrence (2006): The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Wright, Lawrence (2016): The Terror Years: From al-Qaeda to the Islamic State. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Zehr, Nahed Artoul (2017): The War against al-Qaeda: Religion, Policy, and Counter-Narratives. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.

Zelin, Aaron Y. (Ed.) (2017, June): How al-Qaeda Survived Drones, Uprisings, and the Islamic State: The Nature of the Current Threat. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Focus 153). Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/how-al-qaeda-survived-drones-uprisings-and-the-islamic-state


Ashenafi, Fisseha Zeleke (2014, June): Al-Qaeda versus the War on Terror: A Study on Psychological and Economic Causal Factors. (Master’s Thesis, Addis Abeba University, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia). URL: http://etd.aau.edu.et/handle/123456789/5911

Badri, Safanah (2009, Summer): Prewar Assessments of Iraq’s Possession of WMD and its Affiliation with Al-Qaeda and how they Compare with Post-War Findings. (Master’s Thesis, George Mason University, Fairfax, United States). URL: http://digilib.gmu.edu/jspui/handle/1920/5626

Baken, Denise N. (2007, Fall): An Analysis of the Potential Direct or Indirect Influence Exerted by an Al Qaeda Social Network Actor on Future Biological Weapon Mission Planning. (Doctoral Thesis, George Mason University, Fairfax, United States). URL: http://digilib.gmu.edu/xmlui/handle/1920/2881

Baker, Jonathan S. (2016, June): Harbingers of the Caliphate: Islamic State Revolutionary Actions 2011-2014. (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/49330

Basham, Stephen A. (2012, Summer): Eichmann and Bin Laden: Extraterritorial Abduction and Targeted Killing as Tools of National Security. (Master’s Thesis, San Diego State University, San Diego, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10211.10/2410

Bazai, Fida Muhammad (2016, September): Pakistan’s Responses to the United States’ Demands in the War against the Taliban and Al-Qaeda. (Doctoral Thesis, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom). URL: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/7998

Beck, Peter Garrard (2013, December): Identity, Allegiance and Death: Inspire and the Case of Anwar al Awlaki. (Master’s Thesis, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11299/162344

Bester, Francina (2007, April): New Trends in Contemporary International and Transnational Terrorism as Manifested in the Al-Qaeda Movement. (Master’s Thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/23925

Buchanan, Jason A. (2010, Fall): The Anbar Awakening: A Guide to Understanding the Descent of Islamic Fundamentalists. (Master’s Thesis, San Diego State University, San Diego, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10211.10/440

Carey, Christopher R. (2008, May): The Ideological Foundation of Osama Bin Laden. (Master’s Thesis, University of Kansas, Lawrence, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1808/6622

Chelin, Richard Philippe (2015, November): From Need to Greed through Creed: The Transformation of Al Qaeda Terrorism in the Islamic Maghreb and the Sahel. (Master’s Thesis, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10413/13400

Clark, Allen Stanley (2009): The Crisis of Translation in the Western Media: A Critical Discourse Analysis of al-Qā’ida Communiqués. (Doctoral Thesis, The Ohio State University, Columbus, United States). URL: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1257195409

Davis, Danny Wayne (2003, December): Al-Qaeda and the Phinehas Priesthood Terrorist Groups with a Common Enemy and Similar Justifications for Terror Tactics. (Doctoral Thesis, Texas A&M University, College Station, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/574

Davis, Lisa J. (2010, May): Deterring True Believers: Perfect Deterrence Theory, Capability and the Problem of Al Qaeda. (Master’s Thesis, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10355/8090

Detzi, Daniel W. (2010, December): Denying Al Qaeda Safe Haven in a Weak State: An Analysis of U.S. Strategy in Yemen. (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/5007

Egudo, Margaret Mary (2016, November): The Al-Qaeda Transnational Jihadist Movement in Historical Context: Understanding and Countering Religious and Secular Forms of Terrorism. (Doctoral Thesis, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/103693

Elfström, Amanda (2012, May): The Killing of Osama Bin Laden, Was it Lawful? (Master’s Thesis, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden). URL: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn%3Anbn%3Ase%3Aoru%3Adiva-21892

Evertse, Sophia Joanne (2016, May): The Evolution of a Militant Group: How ISIS Structured its Organization to Facilitate Rapid Growth from 2012 to the Establishment of the Caliphate in June 2014. (Master’s Thesis, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands). URL: http://dspace.library.uu.nl:8080/handle/1874/335092

Fitzgerald, James (2014, September): Between the Lines: “Al Qaeda”, “Islamic Extremism” and the Authorship of Critique. (Doctoral Thesis, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland). URL: http://doras.dcu.ie/20238

Gemeah, Ibrahim M. (2016, May): Al-Qaeda and the Islamic State: A Comparative Study of the Jihadi Narratives. (Master’s Thesis, University of Washington, Seattle, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1773/36787

Gerdes, Luke M. (2012): On the Edge of Al-Qaida? Assessing Al-Qaida’s Changing Role in Terrorist Attacks and Plots over Time. (Doctoral Thesis, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States). URL: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/13573

Gillam, Jarrod J. H.; Moran, James E. (2011, December): The United States and Yemen: COIN in the Absence of a Legitimate Government. (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/10610

Gospodinov, Ivan Diyanov (2015): The Sunni Tribes of Iraq: Tribal Consolidation, through Turbulent Years 2003-2009. (Master’s Thesis, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/33836

Graham, Suzanne (2004, November): Terrorist Waves and Corresponding Terrorist Groups: A Comparative Analysis of the IRA, FARC and Al Qaeda. (Master’s Thesis, Rand Afrikaans University, Johannesburg, South Africa). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10210/1371

Greenbaum, Rebecca L. (2007, June): The Impact of Television News Coverage on Al-Qaeda’s Operations. (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/3435

Hajji, Khalifa (2009, December): The Origins and Strategic Objectives of the Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM). (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/4432

Hea, William (2011, July): The Sinjar Records: A Case Study of the Origins and Motivations of Al Qaeda in Iraq Recruits. (Honors Capstone, American University, Washington, DC, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1961/9916

Hedberg, Nicholas J. (2010, June): The Exploitation of a Weak State: Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula in Yemen. (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/5291

Hendrickson, Jennifer S. (2014, August): Counter-Radicalization: Combating Terrorism at the Core: A Study of the Motivations and Inspirational Leaders behind Radicalization to Violent Extremism and the Programs Designed to Combat them. (Master’s Thesis, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, United States). URL: http://jhir.library.jhu.edu/handle/1774.2/38096

Johnson, Ryan (2015, March): Yemen: Comparative Insurgency and Counterinsurgency. (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/45200

Kaehler, Maximilian (2017, April): Is Community Based Policing the Answer? Yemen’s Fight against AQAP. (Bachelor’s Thesis, Dominican University of California, San Rafael, United States). URL: http://scholar.dominican.edu/senior-theses/73

Kozaric, Edin (2017, Spring): Exploring the Demand Side of Foreign Rebel Recruitment – A Comparative Case Study of Al Qaeda in Iraq (2004-2008) and the Islamic State (2012-2016). (Master’s Thesis, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden). URL: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn%3Anbn%3Ase%3Auu%3Adiva-324977

Kraner, Timothy A. (2005, December): Al Qaeda in Iraq: Demobilizing the Threat. (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/1765

Law, Nicholas Benjamin (2016, August): The Franchising Effect on the Al-Qaeda Enterprise and Related Transnational Terror Groups: Patterns of Evolution of Al-Qaeda Affiliates in the 21st Century. (Doctoral Thesis, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, United States). URL: http://digitalcommons.odu.edu/gpis_etds/10

Lee, Vivian Sin Yee (2017, May): Justification of Suicide Terrorism and the Gendered Interpretation: Case Study: Al-Qaeda & ISIS. (Master’s Thesis, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/52155

Martin, Jessica Marie (2011, December): The Information Battlefield: Al-Qaeda’s Use of Advanced Media Technologies for Framed Messaging. (Master’s Thesis, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, United States). URL: http://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/thesesdissertations/1257

Masadeh, Mais Turki (2011, Spring): Terrorism and Islam: Distortion of Islamic Concepts to Justify Violent Attacks. (Master’s Thesis, California State University, Chico, United States). URL: http://csuchico-dspace.calstate.edu/handle/10211.4/322

McClure, Sean M. (2010, June): The Lost Caravan: The Rise and Fall of Al Qaeda in Iraq, 2003-2007. (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/5247

Mechling, Andrew David, Jr. (2014, December): Failed States: An Examination of their Effects on Transnational Terrorist Organization Movements and Operational Capabilities. (Master’s Thesis, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, United States). URL: http://jhir.library.jhu.edu/handle/1774.2/38118

Mizuta, Jonathan Juichi (2013, May): An Evaluation of the Conceptual Similarities and Differences between the Strategic Logic of the Religiously Motivated Suicide Attacks of Tokkotai Kamikaze and Al-Qaeda Shahid. (Doctoral Thesis, Baylor University, Waco, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2104/8734

Mullins, Creighton A. (2015, March): Syria and the Rise of Radical Islamist Groups. (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/45231

Nanninga, Pieter (2014): Jihadism and Suicide Attacks: Al-Qaeda, Al-Sahab and the Meanings of Martyrdom. (Doctoral Thesis, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11370/73001024-d441-49e3-93d8-f3391984f563

Neiteler, Vincent (2014, December): The Justification of the New Terrorism Label: Al-Qaeda’s Application of New Media as Defining Factor of New Terrorism. (Master’s Thesis, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/32227

Nessel, Richard A. (2012, June): Why Failing Terrorist Groups Persist: The Case of Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb. (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/7392

Oliveira, Dwan Garcez De (2012): Legal Opinion on (the Neptune Spear Operation that Led to) the Death of Bin Laden. (Master’s Thesis, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway). URL: http://urn.nb.no/URN:NBN:no-32775

Örming, Lovisa (2014, Spring): Drone Strikes and the Spread of al-Qaeda: Process Tracing from Pakistan to Yemen. (Master’s Thesis, Swedish National Defence College, Stockholm, Sweden). URL: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn%3Anbn%3Ase%3Afhs%3Adiva-4846

Peladeau, Hillary (2016, August): “Support for Sisters Please”: Comparing the Online Roles of al-Qaeda Women and their Islamic State Counterparts. (Master’s Thesis, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada). URL: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/3894

Picucci, Peter Michael (2008, March): Terrorism’s Operational Code: An Examination of the Belief Systems of Al-Qaeda and Hamas. (Doctoral Thesis, University of Kansas, Lawrence, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1808/4051

Pohl, Jill Hannah (2013): Al Qaeda’s Propaganda War: A War for Hearts and Minds. (Master’s Thesis, Wright State University, Dayton, United States). URL: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=wright1389654137

Prucha, Nico (2015): Online Territories of Terror – How Jihadist Movements Project Influence on the Internet and Why it Matters Off-line. (Doctoral Thesis, Universität Wien, Vienna, Austria). URL: http://othes.univie.ac.at/36565

Ras, Johannes Marthinus (2010): Understanding Al-Qaeda: A Qualitative Approach. (Doctoral Thesis, University of Zululand, KwaDlangezwa, South Africa). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10530/621

Regan, Alison Marie (2016, Spring): A Spatial Analysis of Terrorist Kidnapping Incidents in Afghanistan. (Master’s Thesis, George Mason University, Fairfax, United States). URL: http://mars.gmu.edu/handle/1920/10495

Rodriguez, Ismael R. (2010, December): To the Greatest Lengths: al Qaeda, Proximity, and Recruitment Risk. (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/4948

Rongved, Mathias (2008, October): Paradise in the Shadow of Swords: In Defence of Islam? An Analysis of al-Qaida Statements from 1993 to 2004. (Master’s Thesis, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway). URL: http://urn.nb.no/URN:NBN:no-20804

Rosthauser, Richard Craig (2010, March): Terrorism Conflict: How the United States Responds to Al Qaeda Violence and Expressed Grievances. (Master’s Thesis, University of Denver, Denver, United States). URL: http://digitalcommons.du.edu/etd/564

Ryan, James D. (2013, June): An Alliance Built upon Necessity: AQIM, Boko Haram, and the African “Arch of Instability”. (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/34732

Schild, David (2011, May): Constructivism as a Basis for Understanding Transnational Terrorism: The Case of Al Qaeda. (Master’s Thesis, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10210/4228

Sharkey, Kaitlin Kelly (2014, August): Fighting Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula on All Fronts: A U.S. Counterterrorism Strategy in Yemen. (Master’s Thesis, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2152/26237

Smith, Una (2011): Globalisation and the Spread of Terrorism in Northern and Sub-Saharan Africa: Causes and Consequences. (Master’s Thesis, Massey University, Раlmеrstоn Nоrth, New Zealand). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10179/4243

Straub, Kathryn C. (2011, December): For the Love of God: Al Qaeda’s Use of Imagery as Propaganda in Inspire Magazine. (Master’s Thesis, University of Houston, Houston, United States). URL: https://uh-ir.tdl.org/uh-ir/handle/10657/508

Swami-Persaud, Arjun (2016, August): Frame Wars: The Effects of Frame Alignment Processes on al-Qaeda’s and Islamic State’s Contest for Resonance: A Comparative Frame Analysis. (Master’s Thesis, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands). URL: http://dspace.library.uu.nl:8080/handle/1874/338217

Taylor, Jared Daniel (2012, May): Twenty First Century Terrorism: Comparative Analysis of the Internal and External Root Causes of Terrorism: Understanding al-Qaeda. (Master’s Thesis, Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, United States). URL: http://content.library.ccsu.edu/cdm/ref/collection/ccsutheses/id/1798

Tinnes, Judith (2010, May): Internetnutzung islamistischer Terror- und Insurgentengruppen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von medialen Geiselnahmen im Irak, Afghanistan, Pakistan und Saudi-Arabien. (Doctoral Dissertation, Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken, Germany). URL: http://scidok.sulb.uni-saarland.de/volltexte/2010/3117

Whiteside, Craig Andrew (2014): The Smiling, Scented Men: The Political Worldview of the Islamic State of Iraq, 2003-2013. (Doctoral Dissertation, Washington State University, Pullman, United States). URL: https://research.libraries.wsu.edu/xmlui/bitstream/handle/2376/5421/Whiteside_wsu_0251E_11248.pdf

Wilkinson, Benedict James (2013): The Narrative Delusion: Strategic Scripts and Violent Islamism in Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Yemen. (Doctoral Thesis, King’s College London, London, United Kingdom). URL: https://kclpure.kcl.ac.uk/portal/en/theses/the-narrative-delusion(6d1253a8-87a8-46c0-8a9d-eb847ddf778d).html

Zehr, Nahed Artoul (2011, Summer): Responding to the Call: Just War and Jihad in the War against Al Qaeda. (Doctoral Thesis, Florida State University, Tallahassee, United States). URL: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-0588

Zelin, Aaron Y. (2010, May): The Intellectual Origins of al-Qaeda’s Ideology: The Abolishment of the Caliphate through the Afghan Jihad, 1924-1989. (Master’s Thesis, Brandeis University, Waltham, United States). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10192/23870

Journal Articles and Book Chapters

Aasgaard, Andrea Sjøberg (2017, Winter): Migrants, Housewives, Warriors or Sex Slaves: AQ’s and the Islamic State’s Perspectives on Women. Connections, 16(1), 99-111. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11610/Connections.16.1.08

Abbas, Yasir (2016, April): Another “State” of Hate: Al-Nusra’s Quest to Establish an Islamic Emirate in the Levant. Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, 20, 45-64. URL: https://s3.amazonaws.com/media.hudson.org/files/publications/20160506CurrentTrends20.pdf

Alonso, Rogelio (2015): The Madrid Attacks on March 11: An Analysis of the Jihadist Threat in Spain and Main Counterterrorist Measures. In: James J. F. Forest (Ed.): Essentials of Counterterrorism. (Praeger Security International Textbooks). Santa Barbara: Praeger, 397-418.

al-Shishani, Murad Batal (2010, January): The Radical Source for Non-Arabic Speaking Muslims: Anwar al-Awlaki. Terrorism Monitor, 8(2), 3-4. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/TM_008_2_01.pdf

al-Shishani, Murad Batal (2012, November): Jihad in Syria: A Profile of Jabhat al-Nusra. Terrorism Monitor, 10(22), 4-6. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/TM_010_Issue22_01.pdf

Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad (2016, August): Al-Qa`ida Uncoupling: Jabhat al-Nusra’s Rebranding as Jabhat Fateh al-Sham. CTC Sentinel, 9(8), 16-20. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/CTC-SENTINEL_Vol9Iss86.pdf

Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad (2017, February): The Formation of Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham and Wider Tensions in the Syrian Insurgency. CTC Sentinel, 10(2), 16-20. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/CTC-Sentinel_Vol10Iss229.pdf

Andersen, Lars Erslev (2017, Winter): The Mole and the Mallet: Islamic State and al-Qaeda in the “Thirty Years’ War” in the Middle East. Connections, 16(1), 7-24. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11610/Connections.16.1.01

Anzalone, Christopher (2016): Women and Jihadism: Between the Battlefield and the Home-Front. Agenda, 30(3), 18-24.

Anzalone, Christopher (2016, Spring): The Multiple Faces of Jabhat al-Nusra/Jabhat Fath al-Sham in Syria’s Civil War. Insight Turkey, 18(2), 41-50. URL: http://www.academia.edu/28191649/The_Multiple_Faces_of_Jabhat_al-Nusra_Jabhat_Fath_al-Sham_in_Syrias_Civil_War

Anzalone, Christopher (2017, June): Al-Shabab in Somalia: The Resilience of Al-Qaeda’s East African Affiliate. In: Aaron Y. Zelin (Ed.): How al-Qaeda Survived Drones, Uprisings, and the Islamic State: The Nature of the Current Threat. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Focus 153). Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 67-76. URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/how-al-qaeda-survived-drones-uprisings-and-the-islamic-state

Ardemagni, Eleonora (2016): Framing AQAP’s Intra-Jihadi Hegemony in Yemen: Shifting Patterns of Governance and the Importance of being Local. Sicurezza, Terrorismo e Società, 4/2016, 21-33. URL: http://www.sicurezzaterrorismosocieta.it/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/Framing-AQAP%E2%80%99s-intra-jihadi-hegemony-ARDEMAGNI.pdf

Aronson, Samuel L. (2014, April): AQIM’s Threat to Western Interests in the Sahel. CTC Sentinel, 7(4), 6-10. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss4.pdf

Arosoaie, Aida (2015, August): Doctrinal Differences between ISIS and Al Qaeda: An Account of Ideologues. Counter Terrorist Trends and Analyses, 7(7), 31-37. URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/CTTA-August-2015.pdf

Atwan, Abdel Bari (2009): Al-Qa’ida and the Taliban: Dangerous Alliances in Afghanistan and Pakistan. In: Alex P. Schmid; Garry F. Hindle (Eds.): After the War on Terror: Regional and Multilateral Perspectives on Counter-Terrorism Strategy. [e-Book]. London: RUSI Books, 125-148. URL: https://rusi.org/rusi-news/after-war-terror

Atwan, Abdel Bari (2015): The Origins – Part One: Iraq. In: Islamic State: The Digital Caliphate. (Updated ed.). London: Saqi Books, 26-52.

Atwan, Abdel Bari (2015): The Origins – Part Two: The Taliban, al-Qa’ida and IS. In: Islamic State: The Digital Caliphate. (Updated ed.). London: Saqi Books, 53-72.

Atwan, Abdel Bari (2015): The Origins – Part Three: Syria. In: Islamic State: The Digital Caliphate. (Updated ed.). London: Saqi Books, 73-103.

Bachman, Jeffrey Scott (2015): The Lawfulness of U.S. Targeted Killing Operations outside Afghanistan. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 38(11), 899-918. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2015.1072390

Bacon, Tricia (2017): Hurdles to International Terrorist Alliances: Lessons from Al Qaeda’s Experience. Terrorism and Political Violence, 29(1), 79-101. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2014.993466

Bahney, Benjamin; Shatz, Howard J. (2015): Al-Qa’ida in Iraq’s Financial Ledgers. In: David M. Blum; J. Edward Conway (Eds.): Counterterrorism and Threat Finance Analysis during Wartime. Lanham: Lexington Books, 61-74.

Bakier, Abdul Hameed (2010, May): Internet Jihadists React to the Deaths of Al-Qa`ida’s Leaders in Iraq. CTC Sentinel, 3(5), 13-15. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/CTCSentinel-Vol3Iss5-art4.pdf

Barber, Victoria (2015, December): The Evolution of Al Qaeda’s Global Network and Al Qaeda Core’s Position within it: A Network Analysis. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(6), 2-35. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/469

Barfi, Barak (2010, November): AQAP’s Soft Power Strategy in Yemen. CTC Sentinel, 3(11-12), 1-5. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/CTCSentinel-Vol3Iss11-128.pdf

Barfi, Barak; Zelin, Aaron Y. (2013, October 10): Al Qaeda’s Syrian Strategy: Can Islamic Jihadists Win Hearts and Minds in the War against Assad? Foreign Policy. URL: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2013/10/10/al_qaeda_s_syrian_strategy

Barr, Nathaniel (2015, November): If at First you don’t Succeed, Try Deception: The Islamic State’s Expansion Efforts in Algeria. Terrorism Monitor, 13(22), 8-11. URL: http://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue22_03.pdf

Bashar, Iftekharul (2015, July): ISIS, AQIS and the Revival of Islamist Militancy in Bangladesh. Counter Terrorist Trends and Analyses, 7(6), 18-23. URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/CTTA-July-2015.pdf

Basit, Abdul (2017, June): IS Penetration in Afghanistan-Pakistan: Assessment, Impact and Implications. Perspectives on Terrorism, 11(3), 19-39. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/606

Bauer, Katherine; Levitt, Matthew (2017, June): Al-Qaeda Financing: Selected Issues. In: Aaron Y. Zelin (Ed.): How al-Qaeda Survived Drones, Uprisings, and the Islamic State: The Nature of the Current Threat. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Focus 153). Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 93-105. URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/how-al-qaeda-survived-drones-uprisings-and-the-islamic-state

Bergen, Peter (2008, July): Al Qaeda, the Organization: A Five-Year Forecast. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 618(1), 14-30. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716208317599

Bergen, Peter; Footer, Laurence (2008, July): Defeating the Attempted Global Jihadist Insurgency: Forty Steps for the Next President to Pursue against al Qaeda, Like-Minded Groups, Unhelpful State Actors, and Radicalized Sympathizers. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 618(1), 232-247. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716208317785

Berger, J. M. (2014, February 5): War on Error: We’re Fighting al Qaeda like a Terrorist Group. They’re Fighting us as an Army. Foreign Policy. URL: http://foreignpolicy.com/2014/02/05/war-on-error

Berger, J. M. (2014, September 2): The Islamic State vs. al Qaeda: Who’s Winning the War to become the Jihadi Superpower? Foreign Policy. URL: http://foreignpolicy.com/2014/09/02/the-islamic-state-vs-al-qaeda

Biddle, Stephen; Friedman, Jeffrey A.; Shapiro, Jacob N. (2014): Testing the Surge: Why did Violence Decline in Iraq in 2007? In: David Martin Jones; Celeste Ward Gventer; M. L. R. Smith (Eds.): The New Counter-Insurgency Era in Critical Perspective. (Rethinking Political Violence). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 201-231.

Black, Andrew (2008, April): AQIM’s Expanding Internationalist Agenda. CTC Sentinel, 1(5), 12-14. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/CTCSentinel-Vol1Iss5.pdf

Bloom, Mia (2017): Constructing Expertise: Terrorist Recruitment and “Talent Spotting” in the PIRA, Al Qaeda, and ISIS. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 40(7), 603-623. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2016.1237219

Bøås, Morten (2014, April): Guns, Money and Prayers: AQIM’s Blueprint for Securing Control of Northern Mali. CTC Sentinel, 7(4), 1-6. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss4.pdf

Boeke, Sergei (2016): Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb: Terrorism, Insurgency, or Organized Crime? Small Wars & Insurgencies, 27(5), 914-936. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09592318.2016.1208280

Bonnefoy, Laurent (2011): Jihadi Violence in Yemen: Dealing with Local, Regional and International Contingencies. In: Jeevan Deol; Zaheer Kazmi (Eds.): Contextualising Jihadi Thought. New York: Columbia University Press, 243-258.

Boucek, Christopher; Revkin, Mara (2011, March): The Unraveling of the Salih Regime in Yemen. CTC Sentinel, 4(3), 1-4. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/CTCSentinel-Vol4Iss31.pdf

Brachman, Jarret M.; Levine, Alix N. (2011, Winter): You too Can Be Awlaki! The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 35(1), 25-46. URL: http://fletcher.tufts.edu/Fletcher-Forum/Archives/~/media/Fletcher/Microsites/Fletcher%20Forum/PDFs/2011winter/Brachman-Levine.pdf

Brahimi, Alia (2011): Al-Qaeda as Just Warriors: Osama Bin Laden’s Case for War. In: Jeevan Deol; Zaheer Kazmi (Eds.): Contextualising Jihadi Thought. New York: Columbia University Press, 51-70.

Brahimi, Alia (2015): Al-Qaida and the 9/11 Decade. In: Richard English (Ed.): Illusions of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism. (Proceedings of the British Academy, Vol. 203). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 21-38.

Braniff, William [Bill]; Moghadam, Assaf (2011, May): Towards Global Jihadism: Al-Qaeda’s Strategic, Ideological and Structural Adaptations since 9/11. Perspectives on Terrorism, 5(2), 36-49. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/braniff-towards-global-jihadism

Brown, Graham (2006): The Perils of Terrorism: Chinese Whispers, Kevin Bacon and Al Qaeda in Southeast Asia – A Review Essay. Intelligence and National Security, 21(1), 150-162. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02684520600568626

Burcher, Morgan; Whelan, Chad (2015): Social Network Analysis and Small Group “Dark” Networks: An Analysis of the London Bombers and the Problem of “Fuzzy” Boundaries. Global Crime, 16(2), 104-122. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17440572.2015.1005363

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Byman, Daniel (2014): Buddies or Burdens? Understanding the Al Qaeda Relationship with its Affiliate Organizations. Security Studies, 23(3), 431-470. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09636412.2014.935228

Byman, Daniel (2017, July): Explaining Al Qaeda’s Decline. [Review Essay]. The Journal of Politics, 79(3), 1106-1117. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/692166 URL: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Daniel_Byman/publication/318092230_Explaining_al_qaeda%27s_decline/links/59b92630458515bb9c480464/Explaining-al-qaedas-decline.pdf

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Callimachi, Rukmini (2014, July 29): Paying Ransoms, Europe Bankrolls Qaeda Terror. The New York Times. URL: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/30/world/africa/ransoming-citizens-europe-becomes-al-qaedas-patron.html

Carlino, Ludovico (2012, December): Jihadists Exploit Syrian Turmoil as the Islamic State of Iraq Makes a Comeback. Terrorism Monitor, 10(23), 7-9. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/TM_010_Issue23.pdf

Carlino, Ludovico (2013, November): AQAP Resilience Exposes the Weakness of Yemen’s Security Apparatus. Terrorism Monitor, 11(21), 6-7. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/TM_011_Issue21_01.pdf

Carlino, Ludovico (2014, May): Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula Prepares for Confrontation with North Yemen’s Houthi Movement. Terrorism Monitor, 12(9), 4-5. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue9_01.pdf

Celso, Anthony N. (2014): Al Qaeda’s Post-bin Laden Resurgence: The Paradox of Resilience and Failure. Mediterranean Quarterly, 25(2), 33-47. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1215/10474552-2685749

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Celso, Anthony N. (2017): Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb: Libya, Mali, and the Next Jihadist War. In: Anthony N. Celso; Robert Nalbandov (Eds.): The Crisis of the African State: Globalization, Tribalism, and Jihadism in the Twenty–First Century. Quantico: Marine Corps University Press, 53-72.

Ciftci, Sabri; O’Donnell, Becky J.; Tanner, Allison (2017, September): Who Favors al-Qaeda? Anti-Americanism, Religious Outlooks, and Favorable Attitudes toward Terrorist Organizations. Political Research Quarterly, 70(3), 480-494. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1065912917702498 URL: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2920347

Clarke, Colin P. (2015): Al-Qaida: 9/11, Franchise Groups, and the Future after Bin Laden. In: Terrorism, Inc.: The Financing of Terrorism, Insurgency, and Irregular Warfare. (Praeger Security International). Santa Barbara: Praeger, 133-152.

Clausen, Maria-Louise (2015): Understanding the Crisis in Yemen: Evaluating Competing Narratives. The International Spectator, 50(3), 16-29. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03932729.2015.1053707

Clausen, Maria-Louise (2017, Winter): Islamic State in Yemen – A Rival to al-Qaeda? Connections, 16(1), 50-62. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11610/Connections.16.1.04

Comas, Jordi; Shrivastava, Paul; Martin, Eric C. (2015, January): Terrorism as Formal Organization, Network, and Social Movement. Journal of Management Inquiry, 24(1), 47-60. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1056492614538486

Combe, Peter C., II (2016, December): The Covert Action Statute: The CIA’s Blank Check? Journal of National Security Law & Policy, 9(1), 29-51. URL: http://jnslp.com/2016/12/22/covert-action-statute-cias-blank-check

Conway, Maura; Parker, Jodie; Looney, Sean (2017): Online Jihadi Instructional Content: The Role of Magazines. In: Maura Conway et al. (Eds.): Terrorists’ Use of the Internet. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series – E: Human and Societal Dynamics, Vol. 136). Amsterdam: IOS Press, 182-193. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-765-8-182 URL: http://doras.dcu.ie/21841

Coombs, Casey L.; Poppy, Hannah (2014, January): Is AQAP to Blame for the String of Assassinations in Yemen? CTC Sentinel, 7(1), 18-20. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss1.pdf

Cooper, Wes H. (2017, February): The Dark Side of the Economy: A Comparative Analysis of the Islamic State’s Revenue Streams. Journal of Terrorism Research, 8(1), 34-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15664/jtr.1287

Cottee, Simon (2011): Jihadism as a Subcultural Response to Social Strain: Extending Marc Sageman’s “Bunch of Guys” Thesis. Terrorism and Political Violence, 23(5), 730-751. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2011.611840

Cozine, Keith (2015, Fall): Setauket to Abbottabad: The Value of Film and Television in Teaching Human Intelligence. Journal of Strategic Security, 8(3), 80-92. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5038/1944-0472.8.3.1467

Cozzens, Jeffrey B.; Ranstorp, Magnus (2012): Does al-Qaeda Continue to Pose a Serious International Threat? YES: The Enduring al-Qaeda Threat: A Network Perspective. In: Richard Jackson; Samuel Justin Sinclair (Eds.): Contemporary Debates on Terrorism. Abingdon: Routledge, 90-96.

Cragin, R. Kim (2015): Semi-Proxy Wars and U.S. Counterterrorism Strategy. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 38(5), 311-327. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2015.1018024

Cragin, R. Kim; Padilla, Phillip (2017): Old Becomes New Again: Kidnappings by Daesh and other Salafi-Jihadists in the Twenty-First Century. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 40(8), 665-683. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2016.1237217

Cristiani, Dario (2013, December): Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb Attacks Morocco’s “Kingdom of Corruption and Despotism”. Terrorism Monitor, 11(23), 5-6. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/TM_011_Issue23_02.pdf

Cristiani, Dario (2014): The Importance of Southern Leaders in the Sahelisation and Hybridisation of AQIM. In: Marko Milosevic; Kacper Rekawek (Eds.): Perseverance of Terrorism: Focus on Leaders. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series – E: Human and Societal Dynamics, Vol. 117). Amsterdam: IOS Press, 64-73. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-387-2-64

Cristiani, Dario (2016, May): Ten Years of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb: Evolution and Prospects. Terrorism Monitor, 15(9), 8-11. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/TM_May-5-2017.pdf

Cristiani, Dario (2017, April): Saharan Jihadist Leaders Establish New Alliance. Militant Leadership Monitor, 8(3). URL: https://jamestown.org/brief/saharan-jihadist-leaders-establish-new-alliance

Crone, Manni (2017, Winter): Islamic State’s Incursion into North Africa and Sahel: A Threat to al-Qaeda? Connections, 16(1), 63-76. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11610/Connections.16.1.05

Crone, Manni; Splidsboel Hansen, Flemming (2017, Winter): Disunity in Global Jihad: A Preface. Connections, 16(1), 5-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11610/Connections.16.1.00

Davis, Jessica (2017): Women in Global Jihad: From Al Qaeda to Chechnya. In: Women in Modern Terrorism: From Liberation Wars to Global Jihad and the Islamic State. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 83-118.

Davis, Paul K. et al. (2012): The Case of al-Qa’ida. In: Understanding and Influencing Public Support for Insurgency and Terrorism. [e-Book]. Santa Monica: RAND Corporation, 35-70. URL: http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/monographs/2012/RAND_MG1122.pdf

De Graaff, Bob (2015): “There’s a Good Reason they are Called al-Qaeda in Iraq. They Are al-Qaeda … in … Iraq.” The Impossibility of a Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, or the End of the Nation State. In: Lee Jarvis; Michael Lister (Eds.): Critical Perspectives on Counter-Terrorism. (Routledge Critical Terrorism Studies). Abingdon: Routledge, 11-40.

Dekmejian, Richard Hrair (2007): Transnational Terrorism: Al-Qaida versus the United States and Allied Regimes. In: Spectrum of Terror. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 173-202.

Doyle, Paula (2017, February): Four Policy Actions Needed to Strengthen US and Coalition Efforts against al-Qa’ida, ISIL, and Hizballah. Georgetown Security Studies Review, Special Issue: What the New Administration Needs to Know about Terrorism and Counterterrorism, 98-107. URL: http://georgetownsecuritystudiesreview.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/GSSR-What-the-New-Administration-Needs-to-Know-About-Terrorism-and-Counterterrorism.pdf

du Bouchet, Ludmila (2007): The State, Political Islam and Violence: The Reconfiguration of Yemeni Politics since 9/11. In: Amélie Blom; Laetitia Bucaille; Luis Martinez (Eds.): The Enigma of Islamist Violence. (The CERI Series in Comparative Politics and International Studies). New York: Columbia University Press, 137-164.

Edwards, Frances L. (2014): The Impact of the 9/11 Word Trade Center Attack on Transportation. In: James D. Ramsay; Linda A. Kiltz (Eds.): Critical Issues in Homeland Security: A Casebook. Boulder: Westview Press, 276-296.

Eissa, Abdulmalik Mohammad Abdullah (2013): Islamist Political Movements in Yemen. Contemporary Arab Affairs, 6(1), 41-70. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2013.763606

Eleftheriadou, Marina (2014): Elements of “Armed Non-State Actors” Power: The Case of al-Qaeda in Yemen. Small Wars & Insurgencies, 25(2), 404-427. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09592318.2014.903936

Fahoum, Keely M.; Width, Jon (2006, November): Marketing Terror: Effects of Anti-Messaging on GSPC Recruitment. Strategic Insights, 5(8). URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/11169

Farley, Benjamin R. (2012): Targeting Anwar Al-Aulaqi: A Case Study in U.S. Drone Strikes and Targeted Killing. National Security Law Brief, 2(1), 57-87. URL: http://digitalcommons.wcl.american.edu/nslb/vol2/iss1/3

Faulkner, Christopher M.; Gray, David H. (2014, Winter): The Emergence of Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and the Effectiveness of US Counterterrorism Efforts. Global Security Studies, 5(1), 1-16. URL: http://globalsecuritystudies.com/Faulkner%20AQAP-AG.pdf

Filiu, Jean-Pierre (2014, March): The Fractured Jihadi Movement in the Sahara. Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, 16, 86-98. URL: https://www.hudson.org/content/researchattachments/attachment/1393/ct_16_posting.pdf

Filiu, Jean-Pierre (2016, December): The French “Iraqi Networks” of the 2000s: Matrix of the 2015 Terrorist Attacks? Perspectives on Terrorism, 10(6), 97-101. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/560

Finlay, W. M. L. (2014, December): Denunciation and the Construction of Norms in Group Conflict: Examples from an Al-Qaeda-Supporting Group. British Journal of Social Psychology, 53, 691-710. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12052 URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259718973_Denunciation_and_the_construction_of_norms_in_group_conflict_Examples_from_an_Al-Qaeda-supporting_group

Fishman, Brian (2008, July): Using the Mistakes of al Qaeda’s Franchises to Undermine its Strategies. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 618(1), 46-54. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716208316650

Fishman, Brian (2013, November): Syria Proving more Fertile than Iraq to Al-Qa`ida’s Operations. CTC Sentinel, 6(11-12), 1-5. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss11-12.pdf

Fishman, Brian (2015, October): The First Defector: Abu Sulayman al-Utaybi, the Islamic State, and al-Qa`ida. CTC Sentinel, 8(10), 24-26. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/CTCSentinel-Vol8Iss1030.pdf

Fishman, Brian (2016, October): Revising the History of al-Qa`ida’s Original: Meeting with Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. CTC Sentinel, 9(10), 28-33. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/CTC-SENTINEL_Vol9Iss109.pdf

Fitzpatrick, Kevin M. et al. (2017): A Community-Level Comparison of Terrorism Movements in the United States. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 40(5), 399-418. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2016.1212548

Flannery, Frances L. (2016): “One who Swims in the Sea does not Fear Rain”: Al Qaeda and Sunni Radical Apocalypticism. In: Understanding Apocalyptic Terrorism: Countering the Radical Mindset. (Political Violence). Abingdon: Routledge, 84-126.

Fredholm, Michael (2016): Jihadists, Al-Qaida, and the Islamic State. In: Michael Fredholm (Ed.): Understanding Lone Actor Terrorism: Past Experience, Future Outlook, and Response Strategies. (Contemporary Terrorism Studies). Abingdon: Routledge, 107-135.

Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed (2015): The Genesis, Rise, and Uncertain Future of al-Qaeda. In: Randall D. Law (Ed.): The Routledge History of Terrorism. (Routledge Histories). Abingdon: Routledge, 333-350.

Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed (2017, February): Violent Non-State Actors in the Age of Social Media: A Twenty-First Century Problem Requires a Twenty-First Century Solution. Georgetown Security Studies Review, Special Issue: What the New Administration Needs to Know about Terrorism and Counterterrorism, 43-49. URL: http://georgetownsecuritystudiesreview.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/GSSR-What-the-New-Administration-Needs-to-Know-About-Terrorism-and-Counterterrorism.pdf

Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed (2017, June): A Strategic History of Hayat Tahrir al-Sham’s Formation. In: Aaron Y. Zelin (Ed.): How al-Qaeda Survived Drones, Uprisings, and the Islamic State: The Nature of the Current Threat. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Focus 153). Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 32-39. URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/how-al-qaeda-survived-drones-uprisings-and-the-islamic-state

Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed; Barr, Nathaniel (2016, Winter): An Opening for Al-Qaeda. The Journal of International Security Affairs, 30. URL: http://www.securityaffairs.org/issues/number-30/opening-al-qaeda

Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed; Barr, Nathaniel (2017, March): How al-Qaeda Survived the Islamic State Challenge. Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, 21, 50-68. URL: https://s3.amazonaws.com/media.hudson.org/files/publications/20170331CurrentTrends21.pdf

Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed; Joscelyn, Thomas (2016, August 28): Rebranding Terror: Nusra’s Renaming Is Part of al Qaeda’s Plan. Foreign Affairs. URL: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/middle-east/2016-08-28/rebranding-terror

Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed; Moreng, Bridget; Barr, Nathaniel (2015, September): The Strategic Dimensions of the Competition between the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and al-Qaeda. In: Allison Astorino-Courtois et al. (Eds.): White Paper on SMA Support to SOCCENT: ISIL Influence and Resolve. (SMA Periodic Publication). Boston: NSI, 51-53. URL: http://nsiteam.com/social/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/ISIL-Influence-and-Resolve.pdf

Gartner, Scott Sigmund (2004): Making the International Local: The Terrorist Attack on the USS Cole, Local Casualties, and Media Coverage. Political Communication, 21(2), 139-159. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10584600490443859

Gazdık, Gyula (2015): The Rise of Al-Qaida in North Africa: AQIM and its Role in the Region. In: János Tomolya; Larry D. White (Eds.): Terrorist Threats in North Africa from a NATO Perspective. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series – E: Human and Societal Dynamics, Vol. 124). Amsterdam: IOS Press, 18-32. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-587-6-18

Gentili, Giorgia (2016): The Debate around the Evolution of Boko Haram’s Connections to al Qa’ida in the Islamic Maghreb. Sicurezza, Terrorismo e Società, 3, 7-40. URL: http://www.sicurezzaterrorismosocieta.it/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/The-debate-around-the-evolution-Gentili.pdf

Gibson, Tobias T. (2014): The Use of Drones in Counterterrorism: The Case of Anwar al-Awlaki. In: James D. Ramsay; Linda A. Kiltz (Eds.): Critical Issues in Homeland Security: A Casebook. Boulder: Westview Press, 11-34.

Giunchi, Elisa (2016, March): From the Afghan Resistance to Abbottabad: Thirty Years of Al-Qaedaism. In: Hedwig Giusto (Ed.): Daesh and the Terrorist Threat: From the Middle East to Europe. [e-Book]. Brussels; Rome: Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS); Fondazione Italianieuropei, 23-33. URL: http://www.feps-europe.eu/en/publications/details/376

Gohel, Sajjan M. (2017, February): Deciphering Ayman Al-Zawahiri and Al-Qaeda’s Strategic and Ideological Imperatives. Perspectives on Terrorism, 11(1), 54-67. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/577

Gray, David H.; Stockham, Erik (2008, December): Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb: The Evolution from Algerian Islamism to Transnational Terror. African Journal of Political Science and International Relations, 2(4), 091-097. URL: http://www.academicjournals.org/article/article1379760530_Gray%20and%20Stockham.pdf

Green, Daniel R. (2014): A New Strategy to Defeat Al-Qaeda in Yemen. Orbis, 58(4), 521-539. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orbis.2014.08.005

Greenwood, Maja Touzari (2017, Winter): Islamic State and al-Qaeda’s Foreign Fighters. Connections, 16(1), 87-97. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11610/Connections.16.1.07

Gunaratna, Rohan (2014): Is the “New Terrorism” Really New? YES: Al-Qaeda Is an Example of a “New Terrorism”. In: Stuart Gottlieb (Ed.): Debating Terrorism and Counterterrorism: Conflicting Perspectives on Causes, Contexts, and Responses. (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks: CQ Press, 15-34.

Gunaratna, Rohan (2015): Al-Qaeda al-Jihad: A Global Insurgency in the Early 21st Century. In: Albrecht Schnabel; Rohan Gunaratna (Eds.): Wars from within: Understanding and Managing Insurgent Movements. (ICP Insurgency and Terrorism Series, Vol. 4). London: Imperial College Press, 407-448.

Gunaratna, Rohan (2017, January): Global Threat Forecast. Counter Terrorist Trends and Analyses, 9(1), 3-11. URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/CTTA-January-2017.pdf

Gunaratna, Rohan; Oreg, Aviv (2010): Al Qaeda’s Organizational Structure and its Evolution. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 33(12), 1043-1078. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2010.523860

Günther, Christoph (2014, March): The Land of the Two Rivers under the Black Banner: Visual Communication of al-Qa’ida in Iraq. International Journal of Contemporary Iraqi Studies, 8(1), 35-53. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1386/ijcis.8.1.35_1

Haleem, Irm (2004): Micro Target, Macro Impact: The Resolution of the Kashmir Conflict as a Key to Shrinking Al-Qaeda’s International Terrorist Network. Terrorism and Political Violence, 16(1), 18-47. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09546550490446054

Halimi, Mahfuh (2016, July): Is Al Qaeda Central Relocating? Counter Terrorist Trends and Analyses, 8(7), 32-36. URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/CTTA-July-2016.pdf

Halverson, Jeffry R.; Greenberg, Nathaniel (2017): Ideology as Narrative: The Mythic Discourse of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghrib. Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication, 10(1), 3-23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/18739865-01001002

Hamming, Tore; Roy, Olivier (2016, May): Al-Zawahiri’s Bay`a to Mullah Mansoor: A Bitter Pill but a Bountiful Harvest. CTC Sentinel, 9(5), 16-20. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/CTC-SENTINEL_Vol9Iss510.pdf

Harris, Halistair et al. (2017): The Resurgence of al-Qaeda? Consequences of the Syrian Conflict’s Denouement. In: Alessandro Niglia; Amer Al Sabaileh; Amani (Amneh) Hammad (Eds.): Countering Terrorism, Preventing Radicalization and Protecting Cultural Heritage. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series – E: Human and Societal Dynamics, Vol. 133). Amsterdam: IOS Press, 84-102. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-755-9-84

Harris-Hogan, Shandon; Zammit, Andrew (2014): Mantiqi IV: Al-Qaeda’s Failed Co-Optation of a Jemaah Islamiyah Support Network. Democracy and Security, 10(4), 315-334. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17419166.2014.964860

Hashim, Ahmed S. (2006): Al-Qaida: Origins, Goals, and Grand Strategy. In: David G. Kamien (Ed.): The McGraw-Hill Homeland Security Handbook: The Definitive Guide for Law Enforcement, EMT, and all other Security Professionals. New York: McGraw-Hill, 9-36.

Hashim, Ahmed S. (2014, Winter): The Islamic State: From al-Qaeda Affiliate to Caliphate. Middle East Policy, 21(4), 69-83. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12096

Hassan, Muhammad Haniff (2017, July): A Rebuttal of Al-Qaeda and IS’ Theological Justification of Suicide Bombing. Counter Terrorist Trends and Analyses, 9(7). URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/CTTA-July-2017.pdf

Hatina, Meir (2014): Al-Qa’ida: Transnational Martyrdom. In: Martyrdom in Modern Islam: Piety, Power, and Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press, 136-161.

Heffelfinger, Christopher (2010, March): Anwar al-`Awlaqi: Profile of a Jihadi Radicalizer. CTC Sentinel, 3(3), 1-4. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/CTCSentinel-Vol3Iss3.pdf

Heller, Samuel (2017, June): The Governance Strategy of Jabhat al-Nusra and Jabhat Fatah al-Sham. In: Aaron Y. Zelin (Ed.): How al-Qaeda Survived Drones, Uprisings, and the Islamic State: The Nature of the Current Threat. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Focus 153). Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 40-43. URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/how-al-qaeda-survived-drones-uprisings-and-the-islamic-state

Hellmich, Christina (2012): Fighting Al Qaeda in Yemen? Rethinking the Nature of the Islamist Threat and the Effectiveness of U.S. Counterterrorism Strategy. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 35(9), 618-633. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2012.702669

Hellmich, Christina (2014): How Islamic is al-Qaeda? The Politics of Pan-Islam and the Challenge of Modernisation. Critical Studies on Terrorism, 7(2), 241-256. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17539153.2014.912913

Hepworth, Daniel P. (2013, April): Analysis of Al-Qaeda Terrorist Attacks to Investigate Rational Action. Perspectives on Terrorism, 7(2), 23-38. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/253

Hepworth, Daniel P. (2015): Trends and Influences of al Qaeda in Iraq during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism, 10(2), 120-135. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/18335330.2015.1089637

Heras, Nicholas A. (2015, January): Jabhat Al-Nusra Accuses Shaykh Muhammad Sa’ad Al-Din Al-Baridi of Defecting to Islamic State. Militant Leadership Monitor, 6(1). URL: https://jamestown.org/brief/january-2015-briefs

Herrington, Lewis (2015, January): British Islamic Extremist Terrorism: The Declining Significance of Al-Qaeda and Pakistan. International Affairs, 91(1), 17-35. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2346.12184

Hersh, Seymour M. (2015, May): The Killing of Osama bin Laden. London Review of Books, 37(10), 3-12. URL: https://www.lrb.co.uk/v37/n10/seymour-m-hersh/the-killing-of-osama-bin-laden

Hoffman, Bruce (2013): Al Qaeda’s Uncertain Future. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 36(8), 635-653. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2013.802973

Hoffman, Bruce (2016, November-December): The Global Terror Threat and Counterterrorism Challenges Facing the Next Administration. CTC Sentinel, 9(11), 1-7. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/CTC-Sentinel_Vol9Iss1113.pdf

Hoffman, Bruce (2017, June): The Evolving Terrorist Threat and CT Options for the Trump Administration. In: Aaron Y. Zelin (Ed.): How al-Qaeda Survived Drones, Uprisings, and the Islamic State: The Nature of the Current Threat. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Focus 153). Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 10-19. URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/how-al-qaeda-survived-drones-uprisings-and-the-islamic-state

Holbrook, Donald (2015): Al-Qaeda and the Rise of ISIS. Survival, 57(2), 93-104. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2015.1026070

Holbrook, Donald (2015, October): Designing and Applying an “Extremist Media Index”. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(5), 57-68. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/461

Holbrook, Donald (2016, December): Al-Qaeda’s Grievances in Context: Reconciling Sharia and Society. International Relations, 30(4), 473-493. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0047117816676308

Hoover, Patrick; Kebbe, Omar (2017, September): After Raqqa: The Next Jihadist Stronghold in Syria. Terrorism Monitor, 15(18), 8-11. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/TM_September-22-2017.pdf

Horton, Michael (2015, July): The Hadramawt: AQAP and the Battle for Yemen’s Wealthiest Governorate. Terrorism Monitor, 13(14), 7-10. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue14_03.pdf

Horton, Michael (2016, February): Capitalizing on Chaos: AQAP Advances in Yemen. Terrorism Monitor, 15(4), 8-12. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/February_19__2016_TM_03.pdf

Horton, Michael (2016, October): AQAP in Southern Yemen: Learning, Adapting and Growing. Terrorism Monitor, 14(20), 7-11. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/TM_Vol_14_Iss_20.pdf

Horton, Michael (2017, January): Fighting the Long War: The Evolution of al-Qa`ida in the Arabian Peninsula. CTC Sentinel, 10(1), 17-22. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/CTC-Sentinel_Vol9Iss1123.pdf

Horton, Michael (2017, June): Yemen: A Dangerous Regional Arms Bazaar. Terrorism Monitor, 15(12), 3-5. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Terrorism-Monitor-June-16-2017.pdf

Horton, Michael (2017, September): Drone Warfare in Yemen: A Catalyst for the Growth and Evolution of AQAP. Terrorism Monitor, 15(17), 5-7. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/TM_September-11-2017.pdf

Houck, Shannon C.; Repke, Meredith A.; Conway, Lucian Gideon, III (2017): Understanding what Makes Terrorist Groups’ Propaganda Effective: An Integrative Complexity Analysis of ISIL and Al Qaeda. Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism, 12(2), 105-118. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/18335330.2017.1351032

Houen, Alex (2014): Martyrdom and Hostage Executions in the Iraq War: The Cases of Kenneth Bigley and Margaret Hassan. In: Dominic Janes; Alex Houen (Eds.): Martyrdom and Terrorism: Pre-Modern to Contemporary Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 252-270.

Hussain, Jamal (2015, November): Seymour Hersh Reignites the Bin Laden Raid Controversy. CTX, 5(4). URL: https://globalecco.org/seymour-hersh-reignites-the-bin-laden-raid-controversy-air-cdr-ret.-jamal-hussain-pakistani-air-force

Ilardi, Gaetano Joe (2008): Al Qaeda’s Operational Intelligence—A Key Prerequisite to Action. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 31(12), 1072-1102. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10576100802508086

Ingram, Haroro J. (2017): An Analysis of Inspire and Dabiq: Lessons from AQAP and Islamic State’s Propaganda War. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 40(5), 357-375. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2016.1212551

Ingram, Haroro J. (2017): Learning from ISIS’s Virtual Propaganda War for Western Muslims: A Comparison of Inspire and Dabiq. In: Maura Conway et al. (Eds.): Terrorists’ Use of the Internet: Assessment and Response. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series – E: Human and Societal Dynamics, Vol. 136). Amsterdam: IOS Press, 170-181. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-765-8-170 URL: https://icct.nl/publication/learning-from-isiss-virtual-propaganda-war-for-western-muslims-a-comparison-of-inspire-and-dabiq

Iyer, Aarti et al. (2015, December): Fight and Flight: Evidence of Aggressive Capitulation in the Face of Fear Messages from Terrorists. Political Psychology, 36(6), 631-648. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/pops.12182

Jaboori, Rafid (2017, June): Haiat Tahrir al-Sham Ascendant in Northwest Syria. Terrorism Monitor, 15(13), 6-7. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Terrorism-Monitor-June-30-2017.pdf

Jackson, Kévin (2015, September): From Khorasan to the Levant: A Profile of Sanafi al-Nasr. CTC Sentinel, 8(9), 24-30. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/CTC-SENTINEL-8-918.pdf

Jarvis, Lee (2012): Does al-Qaeda Continue to Pose a Serious International Threat? NO: Al-Qaeda: A Diminishing Threat. In: Richard Jackson; Samuel Justin Sinclair (Eds.): Contemporary Debates on Terrorism. Abingdon: Routledge, 97-102.

Joffé, George (2016): The Fateful Phoenix: The Revival of Al-Qa’ida in Iraq. Small Wars & Insurgencies, 27(1), 1-21. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09592318.2016.1122899

Johnsen, Gregory D. (2008, April): Al-Qa`ida in Yemen’s 2008 Campaign. CTC Sentinel, 1(5), 1-4. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/CTCSentinel-Vol1Iss5.pdf

Johnsen, Gregory D. (2008, September): Assessing the Strength of Al-Qa`ida in Yemen. CTC Sentinel, 1(10), 10-13. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/CTCSentinel-Vol1Iss10.pdf

Johnsen, Gregory D. (2009, September): The Expansion Strategy of Al-Qa`ida in the Arabian Peninsula. CTC Sentinel, 2(9), 8-11. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/CTCSentinel-Vol2Iss9.pdf

Johnsen, Gregory D. (2010, January): AQAP in Yemen and the Christmas Day Terrorist Attack. CTC Sentinel, Special Yemen Issue, 1-4. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/CTCSentinel-YemenSI-2009.pdf

Johnsen, Gregory (2016, January): Al-Qa`ida and the Islamic State Benefit as Yemen War Drags On. CTC Sentinel, 9(1), 14-17. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/CTC-SENTINEL-Vol9Iss1.pdf

Jones, David Martin; Smith, Michael L. R.; Weeding, Mark (2003): Looking for the Pattern: Al Qaeda in Southeast Asia – The Genealogy of a Terror Network. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 26(6), 443-457. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10576100390248284 URL: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/David_Jones107/publication/43498152_Looking_for_the_Pattern_Al_Qaeda_in_Southeast_Asia--The_Genealogy_of_a_Terror_Network/links/5557558e08ae6fd2d824ef93/Looking-for-the-Pattern-Al-Qaeda-in-Southeast-Asia--The-Genealogy-of-a-Terror-Network.pdf

Jose, Betcy (2017): Bin Laden’s Targeted Killing and Emerging Norms. Critical Studies on Terrorism, 10(1), 44-66. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17539153.2016.1221662

Kamolnick, Paul (2017): How Muslim Defenders Became “Blood Spilling” Crusaders: Adam Gadahn’s Critique of the “Jihadist” Subversion of Al Qaeda’s Media Warfare Strategy. Terrorism and Political Violence, 29(3), 444-463. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2015.1043996

Karmon, Ely (2015, April): Islamic State and al-Qaeda Competing for Hearts & Minds. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(2), 71-79. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/420

Kazimi, Nibras (2006, November): Zarqawi’s Anti-Shi’a Legacy: Original or Borrowed? Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, 4, 53-72. URL: https://www.hudson.org/content/researchattachments/attachment/1177/200702021_current_trends_v4.pdf

Kennedy Boudali, Lianne (2009, April): Leveraging History in AQIM Communications. CTC Sentinel, 2(4), 14-17. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/CTCSentinel-Vol2Iss4.pdf

Keshavarz, Alma (2016, March): Iran: al-Qaeda’s “Main Artery for Funds, Personnel and Communication”: The Recently Released Osama bin Laden Letters. Small Wars Journal, 3/2016. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/iran-al-qaeda%E2%80%99s-%E2%80%9Cmain-artery-for-funds-personnel-and-communication%E2%80%9D-the-recently-released-o

Khan, Veryan; Mitzcavitch, Andrew (2013, May): How Terrorists Cooperate: Perspectives on Jabhat al-Nusra’s Links with Al Qaeda. Counter Terrorist Trends and Analyses, 5(5), 6-10. URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/CTTA-May13.pdf

Knights, Michael (2008, September): The Current State of Al-Qa`ida in Saudi Arabia. CTC Sentinel, 1(10), 7-10. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/CTCSentinel-Vol1Iss10.pdf

Koehler-Derrick, Gabriel (2010, November): Developing Policy Options for the AQAP Threat in Yemen. CTC Sentinel, 3(11-12), 5-9. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/CTCSentinel-Vol3Iss11-12.pdf

Kohlmann, Evan F. (2008, July): “Homegrown” Terrorists: Theory and Cases in the War on Terror’s Newest Front. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 618(1), 95-109. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716208317203

Krech, Hans (2012): Al Qaeda in the Levant and the Civil War in Syria. Orient, 53(3), 45-50.

Krech, Hans (2014): Has Al Qaeda in Iraq been Destroyed? Reasons for the Power Struggles in Iraq after the Withdrawal of US Forces. In: Andres Saumets; Holger Mölder; René Värk (Eds.): Operation “Iraqi Freedom”: Ten Years Later. (ENDC Proceedings, 18/2014; Cultural, Peace and Conflict Studies Series, Vol. 5). Tartu: Estonian National Defence College, 25-39. URL: http://www.ksk.edu.ee/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/KVUOA_Toimetised_18_Iraak_3_Krech.pdf

Krech, Hans (2014): The Organization of Al Qaeda’s Drone Countermeasures. Margalla Papers, 2014, 115-126. URL: http://www.ndu.edu.pk/issra/issra_pub/articles/margalla-paper/Margalla-Papers-2014/06-The-Org-of-Al-Qaeda.pdf

Lahoud, Nelly; al-`Ubaydi, Muhammad (2014, March): The War of Jihadists against Jihadists in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 7(3), 1-6. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/CTCSentinel-Vol7Iss3.pdf

Lambert, Robert (2008, January): Empowering Salafis and Islamists against Al-Qaeda: A London Counterterrorism Case Study. PS: Political Science & Politics, 41(1), 31-35. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049096508080049

Lansford, Tom; Covarrubias, Jack (2003): Osama bin Laden, Radical Islam and the United States. In: Patrick Hayden; Tom Lansford; Robert P. Watson (Eds.): America’s War on Terror. Aldershot: Ashgate, 3-18.

Larémont, Ricardo René (2011): Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb: Terrorism and Counterterrorism in the Sahel. African Security, 4(4), 242-268. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/19392206.2011.628630

Lebovich, Andrew (2011, September): AQIM Returns in Force in Northern Algeria. CTC Sentinel, 4(9), 8-11. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/CTCSentinel-Vol4Iss9.pdf

Lebovich, Andrew (2016, January): The Hotel Attacks and Militant Realignment in the Sahara-Sahel Region. CTC Sentinel, 9(1), 22-28. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/CTC-SENTINEL-Vol9Iss12.pdf

Lebovich, Andrew (2017, June): AQIM’s Formalized Flexibility. In: Aaron Y. Zelin (Ed.): How al-Qaeda Survived Drones, Uprisings, and the Islamic State: The Nature of the Current Threat. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Focus 153). Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 56-66. URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/how-al-qaeda-survived-drones-uprisings-and-the-islamic-state

Lehrke, Jesse Paul; Schomaker, Rahel (2016): Kill, Capture, or Defend? The Effectiveness of Specific and General Counterterrorism Tactics against the Global Threats of the Post-9/11 Era. Security Studies, 25(4), 729-762. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09636412.2016.1220199

Leimbach, Katharina (2017, Summer): Die (De-)Konstruktion eines extremistischen Weltbildes: Eine Mixed-Methods Analyse von Al-Qaidas Online Magazin “Inspire”. Journal for Deradicalization, 11, 148-218. URL: http://journals.sfu.ca/jd/index.php/jd/article/view/104

Levitt, Matthew (2008, April): Al-Qa`ida’s Finances: Evidence of Organizational Decline? CTC Sentinel, 1(5), 7-9. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/CTCSentinel-Vol1Iss5.pdf

Levitt, Matthew (2009, September): Foreign Fighters and their Economic Impact: A Case Study of Syria and al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI). Perspectives on Terrorism, 3(3), 14-24. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/74

Lewis, Alexandra (2013, October): Unpacking Terrorism, Revolution and Insurgency in Yemen: Real and Imagined Threats to Regional Security. Perspectives on Terrorism, 7(5), 77-92. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/292

Lia, Brynjar (2008, May): Al-Qaida’s Appeal: Understanding its Unique Selling Points. Perspectives on Terrorism, 2(8), 3-10. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/44

Lia, Brynjar (2015, August): Understanding Jihadi Proto-States. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(4), 31-41. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/441

Lia, Brynjar (2017): The Jihādī Movement and Rebel Governance: A Reassertion of a Patriarchal Order? Die Welt des Islams, 57(3-4), 458-479. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/15700607-05734p09

Lister, Charles (2014): Assessing Syria’s Jihad. Survival, 56(6), 87-112. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2014.985439

Lister, Charles (2015, September): Al-Qa`ida Plays a Long Game in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 8(9), 13-18. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/CTC-SENTINEL-8-918.pdf

Lister, Charles (2016, March 14): Evolution of an Insurgency: How Syria was Radicalized. Foreign Affairs. URL: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/syria/2016-03-14/evolution-insurgency

Lister, Charles (2016, May 4): Al Qaeda Is about to Establish an Emirate in Northern Syria. Foreign Policy. URL: http://foreignpolicy.com/2016/05/04/al-qaeda-is-about-to-establish-an-emirate-in-northern-syria

Lister, Charles (2016, September): The Dawn of Mass Jihad: Success in Syria Fuels al-Qa`ida’s Evolution. CTC Sentinel, 9(9), 13-20. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/CTC-SENTINEL_Vol9Iss91.pdf

Lister, Charles (2016, November): Competition among Violent Islamist Extremists: Combating an Unprecedented Threat. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 668(1), 53-70. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716216668500

Lister, Charles (2017, June): Hayat Tahrir al-Sham: To Unite or to Divide the Ranks? In: Aaron Y. Zelin (Ed.): How al-Qaeda Survived Drones, Uprisings, and the Islamic State: The Nature of the Current Threat. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Focus 153). Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 20-31. URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/how-al-qaeda-survived-drones-uprisings-and-the-islamic-state

Lo, Mbaye (2014): The Role of Religion and Religious Teachings in al-Qaeda. In: Veronica Ward; Richard Sherlock (Eds.): Religion and Terrorism: The Use of Violence in Abrahamic Monotheism. Lanham: Lexington Books, 171-202.

Long, Austin (2014): Whack-a-Mole or Coup de Grace? Institutionalization and Leadership Targeting in Iraq and Afghanistan. Security Studies, 23(3), 471-512. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09636412.2014.935229

Long, Jerry Mark (2014, Summer): Delegitimizing al-Qaida: Defeating an “Army whose Men Love Death”. International Security, 39(1), 126-164. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1162/ISEC_a_00167

Lorenzo-Dus, Nuria; Walker, Luke; Kinzel, Anina (2017): The Role of Discourse Analysis in Terrorism Studies: Comparing Inspire and Dabiq. In: Maura Conway et al. (Eds.): Terrorists’ Use of the Internet. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series – E: Human and Societal Dynamics, Vol. 136). Amsterdam: IOS Press, 158-169. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-765-8-158

Lounnas, Djallil (2014): Confronting Al-Qa’ida in the Islamic Maghrib in the Sahel: Algeria and the Malian Crisis. The Journal of North African Studies, 19(5), 810-827. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13629387.2014.974033

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Marshall, Warren (2011, January): Al-Qaeda in Gaza: Isolating “the Base”. Journal of Terrorism Research, 1(1), 54-69. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15664/jtr.167

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McCants, William (2016, July): The Polarizing Effect of Islamic State Aggression on the Global Jihadist Movement. CTC Sentinel, 9(7), 20-23. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/CTC-SENTINEL_Vol9Iss78.pdf

McDonald, Bob; Mir, Yaser (2011): Al‐Qaida‐Influenced Violent Extremism, UK Government Prevention Policy and Community Engagement. Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 3(1), 32-44. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5042/jacpr.2011.0020

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Mendelsohn, Barak (2014): al Qaeda and Global Governance: When Ideology Clashes with Political Expediency. Terrorism and Political Violence, 26(3), 470-487. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2012.732629

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Moody, Jessica (2016, July): Foreign Assets under Threat: Is AQIM Preparing an In Amenas-Style Attack? Terrorism Monitor, 14(14), 7-10. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/TM__Vol_14_Issue_03.pdf

Moody, Jessica (2017, February): Senegal Boosts Security Measures to Combat AQIM Threat. Terrorism Monitor, 15(3), 3-5. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/TM_February_10_2017-2.pdf

Morell, Michael (2015, September): Fourteen Years and Counting: The Evolving Terrorist Threat. CTC Sentinel, 8(9), 1-4. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/CTC-SENTINEL-8-918.pdf

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Stollenwerk, Eric; Dörfler, Thomas; Schibberges, Julian (2016): Taking a New Perspective: Mapping the Al Qaeda Network through the Eyes of the UN Security Council. Terrorism and Political Violence, 28(5), 950-970. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2014.987341

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Zahid, Farhan (2014, October): Al-Qaeda’s Future in Pakistan amid the Rise of Islamic State. Terrorism Monitor, 12(20), 5-7. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue20_02.pdf

Zahid, Farhan (2014, December): Lashkar-e-Zil: Al-Qaeda’s “Shock and Awe” Force. Terrorism Monitor, 12(23), 3-5. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/TerrorismMonitorVol12Issue23_01.pdf

Zahid, Farhan (2017, September): Jamaat ul Ansar al-Sharia: The New al-Qaeda Threat in Pakistan. Terrorism Monitor, 15(18), 6-7. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/TM_September-22-2017.pdf

Zahid, Farhan (2017, September): Waiting for Resurgence: Al-Qaeda Core in Pakistan. Counter Terrorist Trends and Analyses, 9(9), 1-4. URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/CTTA-September-2017.pdf

Zambelis, Chris (2013, April): Ahrar al-Sham: A Profile of Northern Syria’s al-Qaeda Surrogate. Terrorism Monitor, 11(7), 4-5. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/TM_011_Issue07_02.pdf

Zelin, Aaron Y. (2017, April): Fifteen Years after the Djerba Synagogue Bombing. CTC Sentinel, 10(4), 19-24. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/CTC-Sentinel_Vol10Iss45.pdf

Zelin, Aaron Y. (2017, June): Introduction. In: Aaron Y. Zelin (Ed.): How al-Qaeda Survived Drones, Uprisings, and the Islamic State: The Nature of the Current Threat. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Focus 153). Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 1-9. URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/how-al-qaeda-survived-drones-uprisings-and-the-islamic-state

Zelin, Aaron Y.; Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed; Lebovich, Andrew (2013, July): Al-Qa`ida in the Islamic Maghreb’s Tunisia Strategy. CTC Sentinel, 6(7), 21-25. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss7.pdf

Zenn, Jacob (2013, March): Cooperation or Competition: Boko Haram and Ansaru after the Mali Intervention. CTC Sentinel, 6(3), 1-8. URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss3.pdf

Zenn, Jacob (2014, March): Nigerian al-Qaedaism. Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, 16, 99-117. URL: https://www.hudson.org/content/researchattachments/attachment/1393/ct_16_posting.pdf

Zenn, Jacob (2015, May): Al-Qaeda-Aligned Central Asian Militants in Syria Separate from Islamic State-Aligned IMU in Afghanistan. Terrorism Monitor, 13(11), 8-10. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/TerrorismMonitorVol13Issue11_03.pdf

Zenn, Jacob (2017, April): AQIM’s Alliance in Mali: Prospects for Jihadist Preeminence in West Africa. Terrorism Monitor, 15(8), 8-12. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/TM_-April-21-2017.pdf

Zenn, Jacob; Cisse, Abdou (2017, January): How Al-Qaeda will Benefit from Islamic State’s “Greater Sahara Province”. Terrorism Monitor, 15(1), 7-10. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/TM_January_13_2017.pdf

Zenn, Jacob; Cristiani, Dario (2016, March): AQIM’s Resurgence: Responding to Islamic State. Terrorism Monitor, 15(5), 5-8. URL: https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Terrorism_Monitor_-_Volume_XV__Issue_5_02.pdf

Zimmerman, Katherine (2015, September): AQAP: A Resurgent Threat. CTC Sentinel, 8(9), 19-23. URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/CTC-SENTINEL-8-918.pdf

Zimmerman, Katherine (2017, June): AQAP Post–Arab Spring and the Islamic State. In: Aaron Y. Zelin (Ed.): How al-Qaeda Survived Drones, Uprisings, and the Islamic State: The Nature of the Current Threat. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Focus 153). Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 44-55. URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/how-al-qaeda-survived-drones-uprisings-and-the-islamic-state .

Grey Literature

Al Dassouky, Ayman (2017, July): The Role of Jihadi Movements in Syrian Local Governance: A Case Study of Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham (HTS) in Idlib. (Obaida Hitto, Trans.). (Omran Paper). URL: http://en.omrandirasat.org/publications/papers/the-role-of-jihadi-movements-in-syrian-local-governance.html

Alkhouri, Laith (2017, March): Al-Qaida & ISIS in North Africa: A Brief Examination of the Jihadi Terrorist Landscape. Testimony presented before the House Committee on Homeland Security Hearing “Terrorism in North Africa: An Examination of the Threat”, March 29, 2017. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM05/20170329/105759/HHRG-115-HM05-Wstate-AlkhouriL-20170329.pdf

Al-Muslimi, Farea; Baron, Adam (2017, March): The Limits of US Military Power in Yemen: Why Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula Continues to Thrive. (SCSS Paper). URL: http://sanaacenter.org/publications/item/86-the-limits-of-us-military-power-in-yemen.html

Al-Sarhan, Saud (2015, September): A House Divided: AQAP, IS, and Intra-Jihadi Conflict. (King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies Commentaries). URL: http://www.kfcris.com/pdf/920471b971400b5399e2e0b6f79aabab57cb5e08b5c10.pdf

Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies (ACRPS), Policy Analysis Unit (2015, February): US Options in Yemen Following the Houthis’ Take-Over. (Assessment Report). URL: http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/bb408177-ad30-4ff7-8847-d20aadf45797

Armstrong, Hannah (2011, July 18): Analyzing AQIM Jihad Recruitment Propaganda. al-Wasat. URL: https://thewasat.wordpress.com/2011/07/18/analyzing-aqim-jihad-recruitment-propaganda

Attree, Larry (2016, January): Blown Back: Lessons from Counter-Terror, Stabilisation and Statebuilding in Yemen. (Saferworld Report). URL: https://www.saferworld.org.uk/resources/publications/1033-blown-back

Bahney, Benjamin et al. (2010): An Economic Analysis of the Financial Records of al-Qa’ida in Iraq. (RAND Monographs, MG-1026-OSD). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG1026.html

Barak, Michael (2016, March): The In Amenas Gas Facility Attack – An Analysis of the Modus Operandi. (JWMG Insights). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article/1626/The-In-Amenas-Gas-Facility-Attack

Barak, Michael (2016, May): Signs of a Change in Strategy for AQIM: The Sahel and West Africa as a New Arena of Operation. (JWMG Insights). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article/1657/Signs-of-a-Change-in-Strategy-for-AQIM

Barak, Michael (2016, August): Has Al-Nusra Front Severed Ties with Al-Qaeda? – Implications and Significance. (ICT Articles). URL: https://www.ict.org.il/Article/1752/has-al-nusra-front-severed-ties-with-al-qaeda

Barclay, Jack (2010, September): Challenging the Influence of Anwar Al-Awlaki. (ICSR Developments in Radicalisation and Political Violence Paper Series). URL: http://www.icsr.info/paper/challenging-the-influence-of-anwar-al-awlaki

Bartolucci, Valentina; Corman, Steven R. (2014, April): The Narrative Landscape of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb. (CSC Report No. 1401). URL: http://csc.asu.edu/2014/06/02/the-narrative-landscape-of-al-qaeda-in-the-islamic-maghreb

Bencherif, Adib (2013, October): Les théories des mouvements sociaux et la dialectique des niveaux: Un cadre d’analyse pour l’étude des évolutions d’Al-Qaïda au Maghreb islamique. (TSAS Working Paper Series, No. 13-04). URL: http://tsas.ca/fr/tsas_library_entry/tsas-wp13-04-les-theories-des-mouvements-sociaux-et-la-dialectique-des-niveaux-un-cadre-danalyse-pour-letude-des-evolutions-dal-qaida-au-maghreb-islamique

Bodansky, Yossef (2015, June): After Osama bin Laden and in the Aftermath of the Khorasan Pledge. (ISPSW Strategy Series: Focus on Defense and International Security, Issue No. 359). URL: https://www.files.ethz.ch/isn/191915/359_Bodansky%20(2).pdf

Bodine, Barbara K.; Greenfield, Danya (2014, October): A Blueprint for a Comprehensive US Counterterrorism Strategy in Yemen. (Atlantic Council, Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East, Issue Brief). URL: http://www.atlanticcouncil.org/publications/issue-briefs/a-blueprint-for-a-comprehensive-us-counterterrorism-strategy-in-yemen

Boukhars, Anouar (2013, August): Al-Qaeda’s Resurgence in North Africa? (FRIDE / Hivos Working Paper, No. 120). URL: http://fride.org/publication/1149/al-qaeda%e2%80%99s-resurgence-in-north-africa

Brachman, Jarret M. (2016, February): The War within: A Look Inside al-Qaeda’s Undoing. (JSOU Report 16-3). URL: http://jsou.libguides.com/ld.php?content_id=19828858

Braniff, William [Bill] (2014, February): n.t. Testimony presented before the House Armed Services Committee Hearing “State of Al Qaeda, its Affiliates, and Associated Groups: View from Outside Experts” on February 4, 2014. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/AS/AS00/20140204/101698/HHRG-113-AS00-Wstate-BraniffW-20140204-U1.pdf

Cafarella, Jennifer (2014, November): Jabhat al-Nusra Deepens its Foothold in Northwestern Syria. (ISW Backgrounder). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/jabhat-al-nusra-deepens-its-foothold-northwestern-syria

Cafarella, Jennifer (2014, December): Jabhat al-Nusra in Syria: An Islamic Emirate for al-Qaeda. (ISW Middle East Security Report 25). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/report/jabhat-al-nusra-syria

Cafarella, Jennifer (2015, June): The Threat of New Al-Qaeda Leadership: The Case of Syria’s Abu Mohammed Al-Joulani. (ISW Backgrounder). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/threat-new-al-qaeda-leadership-case-syrias-abu-mohammed-al-joulani

Cafarella, Jennifer (2017, July): n.d. Testimony presented before the House Committee on Homeland Security Hearing “The Persistent Threat: Al Qaeda’s Evolution and Resilience”, July 13, 2017. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM05/20170713/106235/HHRG-115-HM05-Wstate-CafarellaJ-20170713.pdf

Cafarella, Jennifer; Gambhir, Harleen K.; Zimmerman, Katherine (2016, February): Jabhat al Nusra and ISIS: Sources of Strength. (ISW / CTP, U.S. Grand Strategy: Destroying ISIS and al Qaeda, Report Three). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/report/jabhat-al-nusra-and-isis-sources-strength-0

Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS) (2016, May): Al-Qaeda, ISIL and their Offspring: Understanding the Reach and Expansion of Violent Islamist Extremism: Highlights from the Workshop. (World Watch: Expert Notes series publication No. 2016-05-02). URL: https://www.csis-scrs.gc.ca/pblctns/wrldwtch/2016/2016-05-02/20160502-en.php

Chivvis, Christopher S.; Liepman, Andrew (2013): North Africa’s Menace: AQIM’s Evolution and the U.S. Policy Response. (RAND Research Reports, RR-415-OSD). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR415.html

Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) Staff (2015, June): Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). (CFR Backgrounder). URL: https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/al-qaeda-arabian-peninsula-aqap

Counter Extremism Project (CEP) (2017, March): Extremist Converts. (Report). URL: https://www.counterextremism.com/extremist-converts

Dodwell, Brian; Milton, Daniel; Rassler, Don (2016, December): Then and Now: Comparing the Flow of Foreign Fighters to AQI and the Islamic State. (CTC Report). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/then-and-now-comparing-the-flow-of-foreign-fighters-to-aqi-and-the-islamic-state

Fakude, Thembisa (2016, August): Jabhat al-Nusraa and the End of Al-Qaeda? (Aljazeera Center for Studies Report). URL: http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/reports/2016/08/clone.of.jabhat-al-nusraa-al-qaeda-160809131503049.html

Feakin, Tobias (2014, September): The New Frontiers of Islamist Extremism: Understanding the Threat that al-Qaeda Affiliates Pose to African Security. (ASPI Special Report). URL: https://www.aspi.org.au/report/new-frontiers-islamist-extremism-understanding-threat-al-qaeda-affiliates-pose-african

Feakin, Tobias; Wilkinson, Benedict (2015, June): The Future of Jihad: What Next for ISIL and al-Qaeda? (ASPI Strategic Insights, 91). URL: https://www.aspi.org.au/report/future-jihad-what-next-isil-and-al-qaeda

Fishman, Brian (2009, March): Dysfunction and Decline: Lessons Learned from Inside Al-Qa`ida in Iraq. (CTC Report). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu//posts/dysfunction-and-decline-lessons-learned-from-inside-al-qaida-in-iraq

Fishman, Brian; Felter, Joseph (2007, January): Al-Qa’ida’s Foreign Fighters in Iraq: A First Look at the Sinjar Records. (CTC Report). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/al-qaidas-foreign-fighters-in-iraq-a-first-look-at-the-sinjar-records

Forest, James J. F.; Brachman, Jarret; Felter, Joseph (2006, February): Harmony and Disharmony: Exploiting al-Qa’ida’s Organizational Vulnerabilities. (CTC Report). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu//posts/harmony-and-disharmony-exploiting-al-qaidas-organizational-vulnerabilities

Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed (2014, February): The Arab Spring and Al-Qaeda’s Resurgence. Testimony presented before the House Armed Services Committee Hearing “State of Al Qaeda, its Affiliates, and Associated Groups: View from Outside Experts” on February 4, 2014. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/AS/AS00/20140204/101698/HHRG-113-AS00-Wstate-Gartenstein-RossD-20140204.pdf

Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed et al. (2015, September): The War between the Islamic State and al-Qaeda: Strategic Dimensions of a Patricidal Conflict. (Valens Global, SMA Support to SOCCENT Study). URL: http://www.tbo.com/assets/pdf/TB212921.PDF

Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed et al. (2015, December): Islamic State vs. Al-Qaeda: Strategic Dimensions of a Patricidal Conflict. (New America Policy Paper). URL: https://www.newamerica.org/international-security/islamic-state-vs-al-qaeda

Greenfield, Danya; Hausheer, Stefanie A. (2014, October): Do Drone Strikes in Yemen Undermine US Security Objectives? (Atlantic Council, Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East, Issue Brief). URL: http://www.atlanticcouncil.org/publications/issue-briefs/do-drone-strikes-in-yemen-undermine-us-security-objectives

Habeck, Mary (2014, February): Attacking America: Al Qaeda’s Grand Strategy in its War with the World. (FPRI E-Notes). URL: http://www.fpri.org/article/2014/02/attacking-america-al-qaedas-grand-strategy-in-its-war-with-the-world

Hashim, Ahmed S. (2014, December): From Al-Qaida Affiliate to the Rise of the Islamic Caliphate: The Evolution of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). (RSIS Policy Report). URL: http://www.rsis.edu.sg/rsis-publication/gpo/the-evolution-of-the-isis

Hegghammer, Thomas (2004, October): The Iraq Hostage Crisis: Abductions in Iraq, April-August 2004. (FFI/RAPPORT-2004/03105). URL: http://rapporter.ffi.no/rapporter/2004/03105.pdf

Hegghammer, Thomas (2010, February): The Failure of Jihad in Saudi Arabia. (CTC Occasional Paper Series). URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/posts/the-failure-of-jihad-in-saudi-arabia

Helfstein, Scott; Abdullah, Nassir; al-Obaidi, Muhammad (2009, December): Deadly Vanguards: A Study of al-Qa’ida’s Violence against Muslims. (CTC Report). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/deadly-vanguards-a-study-of-al-qaidas-violence-against-muslims

Helfstein, Scott; Wright, Dominick (2011, May): Success, Lethality, and Cell Structure across the Dimensions of Al Qaeda. (CTC Occasional Paper Series). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/v2/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/Dimensions_CTC_May2011_Release.pdf

Heras, Nicholas A. et al. (2017, January): Combating al-Qaeda in Syria: A Strategy for the Next Administration. (The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy, The Combating al-Qaeda in Syria Strategy Group, Report). URL: https://timep.org/special-reports/combating-al-qaeda-in-syria-a-strategy-for-the-next-administration

Hoffman, Bruce; Levitt, Matthew (2016, November): Post “Caliphate”: The Future of the Salafi-Jihadi Movement. [Video]. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, PolicyWatch 2720). URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/post-caliphate-the-future-of-the-salafi-jihadi-movement

Huey, Laura (2015, September): No Sandwiches here: Representations of Women in Dabiq and Inspire Magazines. (TSAS Working Paper Series No. 15-04). URL: http://tsas.ca/tsas_library_entry/tsas-wp15-04-no-sandwiches-here-representations-of-women-in-dabiq-and-inspire-magazines

Huey, Laura; Peladeau, Hillary (2016, May): Cheering on the Jihad: An Exploration of Women’s Participation in Online Pro-Jihadist Networks. (TSAS Working Paper Series, No. 16-07). URL: http://tsas.ca/tsas_library_entry/tsas-wp16-07-cheering-on-the-jihad-an-exploration-of-womens-participation-in-online-pro-jihadist-networks

Human Rights Watch (2013, October): “Between a Drone and Al-Qaeda”: The Civilian Cost of US Targeted Killings in Yemen. (Report). URL: https://www.hrw.org/report/2013/10/22/between-drone-and-al-qaeda/civilian-cost-us-targeted-killings-yemen

Humud, Carla E. (2016, August): Al Qaeda and U.S. Policy: Middle East and Africa. (CRS Report for Congress R43756). URL: https://fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/R43756.pdf

Ibrahim, Azeem (2014, May): The Resurgence of Al-Qaeda in Syria and Iraq. (SSI Monograph). URL: http://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1210

Ingram, Haroro J. (2016, September): Deciphering the Siren Call of Militant Islamist Propaganda: Meaning, Credibility & Behavioural Change. (ICCT Research Paper). DOI: https://doi.org/10.19165/2016.1.12 URL: https://icct.nl/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/ICCT-Ingram-Deciphering-the-Siren-Call-of-Militant-Islamist-Propaganda-September2016.pdf

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2014, April): Iraq: Falluja’s Faustian Bargain. (Middle East Report N°150). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/iraq-iran-gulf/iraq/150-iraq-falluja-s-faustian-bargain.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2016, March): Exploiting Disorder: al-Qaeda and the Islamic State. (Special Report N°1). URL: https://www.crisisgroup.org/global/exploiting-disorder-al-qaeda-and-islamic-state

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2017, February): Yemen’s al-Qaeda: Expanding the Base. (Middle East Report N°174). URL: https://www.crisisgroup.org/middle-east-north-africa/gulf-and-arabian-peninsula/yemen/174-yemen-s-al-qaeda-expanding-base

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2017, March): Counter-Terrorism Pitfalls: What the U.S. Fight against ISIS and al-Qaeda should Avoid. (Special Report N°3). URL: https://www.crisisgroup.org/middle-east-north-africa/gulf-and-arabian-peninsula/iraq/003-counter-terrorism-pitfalls-what-us-fight-against-isis-and-al-qaeda-should-avoid

International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)’s Jihadi Websites Monitoring Group (JWMG) (2013, July): An Analysis of Two Attacks by the Al-Nusra Front in Syria. (JWMG Insights). URL: https://www.ict.org.il/Article.aspx?ID=202

International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)’s Jihadi Websites Monitoring Group (JWMG) (2013, August): The Notebook of Abd al-Malek Droukdel: A Treasure Trove from Northern Mali. (JWMG Insights). URL: https://www.ict.org.il/UserFiles/The%20Notebook%20of%20Abd%20al-Malek%20Droukdel.pdf

International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)’s Jihadi Websites Monitoring Group (JWMG) (2013, October): The Crisis in the Syrian Arena of Jihad. (JWMG Insights). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article.aspx?ID=207

International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)’s Jihadi Websites Monitoring Group (JWMG) (2014, January): Sheikh Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi’s Letter as Evidence of a Deep Rift between the Islamic State of Iraq and Al-Sham, and the Al-Nusra Front and Al-Qaeda. (JWMG Insights). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article.aspx?ID=208

International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)’s Jihadi Websites Monitoring Group (JWMG) Desk (2015, December): The Unification between the Al-Murabitoun Organization and Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb: A Show of Strength or a Sign of Distress? (ICT Articles). URL: https://www.ict.org.il/Article/1548/The-Unification-between-the-Al-Murabitoun-Organization-and-Al-Qaeda-in-the-Islamic-Maghreb

International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)’s Jihadi Websites Monitoring Group (JWMG) (2016, March): Modus Operandi of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula. (JWMG Insights). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article/1636/Modus-Operandi-of-Al-Qaeda-in-the-Arabian-Peninsula

International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)’s Jihadi Websites Monitoring Group (JWMG) (2017, May): Hamza bin Osama bin Laden – Leader of Al-Qaeda’s New Generation? (JWMG Insights). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/Article/2001/hamza-bin-osama-bin-laden-leader-of-al-qaedas-new-generation

Jerrett, Martin; al-Haddar, Mohammed (2017, March): Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula: From Global Insurgent to State Enforcer. (Hate Speech International Paper). URL: https://www.hate-speech.org/new-report-aqap-functions-as-a-death-squad-for-hire

Jetter, Michael (2017, April): Terrorism and the Media: The Effect of US Television Coverage on Al-Qaeda Attacks. (IZA Discussion Paper Series, No. 10708). URL: http://legacy.iza.org/de/webcontent/publications/papers/viewAbstract?dp_id=10708

Johnston, Patrick B. et al. (2016): Foundations of the Islamic State: Management, Money, and Terror in Iraq, 2005-2010. (RAND Research Reports, RR-1192-DARPA). DOI: https://doi.org/10.7249/RR1192

Jones, Seth G. (2014): A Persistent Threat: The Evolution of al Qa’ida and other Salafi Jihadists. (RAND Research Reports, RR-637-OSD). URL: https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR637.html

Jones, Seth G. (2014, February): Back to the Future: The Resurgence of Salafi-Jihadists. Testimony presented before the House Armed Services Committee Hearing “State of Al Qaeda, its Affiliates, and Associated Groups: View from Outside Experts” on February 4, 2014. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/AS/AS00/20140204/101698/HHRG-113-AS00-Wstate-JonesS-20140204-U1.pdf

Jones, Seth G. (2017, July): Rebuilding the Base: How Al-Qaida could Resurge. (RAND Testimonies, CT-479). DOI: https://doi.org/10.7249/CT479

Jones, Seth G. et al. (2017, June): The Evolving Terrorist Threat: Implications for Global Security. [Video]. (RAND Conference Proceedings, CF-370). DOI: https://doi.org/10.7249/CF370

Jung, Danielle F. et al. (2014, December): Managing a Transnational Insurgency: The Islamic State of Iraq’s “Paper Trail,” 2005‐2010. (CTC Occasional Paper Series). URL: https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/managing-a-transnational-insurgency-the-islamic-state-of-iraqs-paper-trail-2005-2010

Kagan, Frederick W. et al. (2016, January): Al Qaeda and ISIS: Existential Threats to the U.S. and Europe. (ISW / CTP, U.S. Grand Strategy: Destroying ISIS and al Qaeda, Report One). URL: http://www.understandingwar.org/report/al-qaeda-and-isis-existential-threats-us-and-europe

Kamolnick, Paul (2012, March): Delegitimizing Al-Qaeda: A Jihad-Realist Approach. (SSI Monograph). URL: https://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1099

Katz, Rita (2017, October 16): Disarray in the Syrian Jihad is Making Perfect Conditions for an AQ Revival. inSITE Blog on Terrorism and Extremism. URL: http://news.siteintelgroup.com/blog/index.php/categories/jihad/entry/429-disarray-in-the-syrian-jihad-is-making-perfect-conditions-for-an-aq-revival-1

Kean, Thomas H. et al. (2014, July): Today’s Rising Terrorist Threat and the Danger to the United States: Reflections on the Tenth Anniversary of The 9/11 Commission Report. (Bipartisan Policy Center / Annenberg Public Policy Center Report). URL: http://bipartisanpolicy.org/library/rising-terrorist-threat-9-11-commission

Kennedy Boudali, Lianne (2007, April): The GSPC: Newest Franchise in al-Qa’ida’s Global Jihad. (CTC Report). URL: https://ctc.usma.edu/posts/the-gspc-newest-franchise-in-al-qaidas-global-jihad

Knights, Michael (2016, October): How to Secure Mosul: Lessons from 2008-2014. (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Research Notes, No. 38). URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/how-to-secure-mosul-lessons-from-2008-2014

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About the Compiler: Judith Tinnes, Ph.D., is a Professional Information Specialist. Since 2011, she works for the Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information (ZPID). Additionally, she serves as Information Resources Editor to ‘Perspectives on Terrorism’. In her editorial role, she regularly compiles bibliographies and other resources for Terrorism Research. She wrote her doctoral thesis on Internet usage of Islamist terrorists and insurgents (focus: media-oriented hostage takings). E-mail: [email protected]


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Perspectives on Terrorism is  a journal of the Terrorism Research Initiative and the Center for Terrorism and Security Studies

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