Untitled Document

Literature on Terrorism, Media, Propaganda & Cyber-Terrorism

Monographs, Edited Volumes, Non-conventional Literature (incl. Dissertations) and Prime Articles.

Selected by Eric Price

NB: some of the items listed below are clickable and allow access to the full text; those with an asterix [*] only have a clickable table of contents.


Altheide, D. L. (2006) Terrorism and the politics of fear  Lanham, MD.: AltaMira Press [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip061/2005028887.html ]

Altheide, D. L. (2009) Terror post 9/11 and the media New York: Peter Lang

Andersen, R. (2006)  A century of media, a century of war New York: Peter Lang[*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0616/2006019560.html ]

Barton, P. A. (2002) A history of racism and terrorism, rebellion and overcoming: the faith, power, and struggle of a people Philadelphia: Xlibris

Catherwood, C. & DiVanna, J. (2008) The merchants of fear: why they want us to be afraid Guilford, Conn.: Lyons Press [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip089/2008003680.html ]

Centre of Excellence Defence Against Terrorism. North Atlantic Treaty Organization. (ed.) (2008) Responses to cyber terrorism Washington, DC.: IOS Press

Chang, M. (2005) Brainwashed for war, programmed to kill Batu Caves, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia: Thinker's Library

Colarik, A. M. (2006)  Cyber terrorism: political and economic implications Hershey, PA.: Idea Group Pub. [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip064/2005034831.html ]

Dimaggio, A. R. (2004) Mass media, mass propaganda: examining American news in the "War on Terror" Lanham, MD.: Lexington Books [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0810/2008004452.html ]

Dover, R. & Goodman, M. S. (eds.) (2009)  Spinning intelligence: why intelligence needs the media, why the media needs intelligence New York: Columbia University Press

Ehrlich, R. (ed.) (2002) Incitement and propaganda against Israel and Zionism in the educational system of the Palestinian Authority and the alternative Islamic educational system identified with Hamas Tel Aviv: Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center at the Center for Special Studies

Fortner, R.S. & Fackler, P.M. (eds.) (2011) The handbook of global communication and media ethics Chichester, West Sussex, U.K.; Malden, MA.: Wiley-Blackwell [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy1114/2010043496-b.html ]

Fandy, M. (2007) (Un)civil war of words: media and politics in the Arab world  Westport, Conn.: Praeger Security International [* http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0710/2007003038.html ]

Forest, J. J. F. (ed.) (2009) Influence warfare: how terrorists and governments fight to shape perceptions in a war of ideas Westport, Conn.: Praeger Security International

Fullerton, J. A. & Kendrick, A.G. (2006) Advertising's war on terrorism: the story of the U.S. State Department's Shared Values Initiative Spokane, Wash.: Marquette Books [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip067/2006003231.html ]

Gerdes, L.I. (2009) Cyber crime Detroit: Greenhaven Press [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0822/2008027519.html ]

Janczewski, L. J. & Colarik, A. M. (eds.) (2008) Cyber warfare and cyber terrorism Hershey: Information Science Reference [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip077/2006102336.html ]

Gustin, J. F. (2004) Cyber terrorism: a guide for facility managers Lilburn, Ga.: Fairmont Press

Jalālzaʼī, M. K. (2010) Britain's national security challenges: extremism, cyber terrorism, sectarianism and takfiri jihadism London: Afghan Academy International

Janczewski, L.J. & Colarik, A.M. (2005) Managerial guide for handling cyber-terrorism and information warfare  Hershey PA.: Idea Group Publishing [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip052/2004023593.html ]

Johnson, L. K. (ed.) (2007) Strategic intelligence Westport, Conn.: Praeger Security International [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip071/2006031165.html ]

Lebaron, W. D. (2007) Five deadly arrows of terrorism: radiological dispersion devices, chemical weapons, biological weapons, nuclear weapons, cyber terrorism : a manual of information and practice New York: Nova Science Pub. Inc.

Lee, T. F. (2005) Battlebabble: selling war in America: a dictionary of deception Monroe, Me.: Common Courage Press [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0713/2007273831-d.html ]

McLaren, P. (2005) Capitalists and conquerors: a critical pedagogy against empire Lanham, MD.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip053/2004026498.html ]

Mushrif, S. M. (2009) Who killed Karkare? the real face of terrorism in India New Delhi : Pharos Media & Pub.

Nacos, B. L. (2012) Terrorism and counterterrorism  Boston: Pearson Longman

O'Shaughnessy, N. J. (2004) Politics and propaganda: weapons of mass seduction Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press

Pak Institute for Peace Studies (PIPS) (2010) Understanding the militantsʹ media in Pakistan: outreach and impact Islamabad: Pak Institute for Peace Studies

Palmer, M. & Palmer, P. (2004) At the heart of terror: Islam, Jihadists, and America's war on terrorism Lanham, MD.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0417/2004009249.html ]

Reilly, P. (2006). ‘Civil Society, the Internet and Terrorism: Case Studies from Northern Ireland’. In: Oates S, Owen D and Gibson RK (eds) The Internet and Politics: Citizens, Voters and Activists. London: Routledge, pp. 118-135.

Ross, S. D. &Tehranian, M. (eds.) (2009) Peace journalism in times of war New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers

Sauter, M. A. & Carafano, J. J. (2005) Homeland security: a complete guide to understanding, preventing, and surviving terrorism New York: McGraw-Hill [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip055/2004030511.html ]

Schmalleger, F. & Pittaro, M. (eds.) (2009) Crimes of the Internet Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip087/2007052871.html ]

Shlaifer, R. (2011) Perspectives of psychological operations (PSYOP) in  contemporary conflicts : essays in winning hearts and minds Brighton; Portland, Or.: Sussex Academic Press

Steuter, E. & Wills, D. (2008) At war with metaphor: media, propaganda, and racism in the war on terror  Lanham: Lexington Books [http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0816/2008016776.html ]

Taylor, P. M. (2003) Munitions of the mind: a history of propaganda from the ancient world to the present era Manchester; New York: Manchester University Press [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0623/2003059333-t.html ]

Tischauser, J. (2010) Anti-Arab and anti-Muslim bias in American newspapers: how they reported the 2006 Israeli-Hezbollah and Israeli-Hamas wars Lewiston: The Edwin Mellen Press

Valantin, J.-M. (2005)  Hollywood, the Pentagon and Washington London: Anthem Press [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/fy0713/2007405656.html ]

Van Der Veer, P & Munshi, S. (eds.) (2004) Media, war, and terrorism: responses from the Middle East and Asia  London; New York: Routledge [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip045/2003013627.html ]

Verton, D. (2003) Black ice: the invisible threat of cyber-terrorism New York: McGraw-Hill/Osborne [*http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/mh041/2004272545.html ]

Webster, M. (2003) Inside Israel's Mossad: the Institute for Intelligence and Special Tasks New York: Rosen Pub. Group

Wright, M. I. (2004) If you're not a terrorist-- then stop asking questions: remixed war propaganda Philadelphia: Xlibris


Non-conventional Literature (incl. dissertations)

Berger, M. A. (2010) How resisting democracies can defeat substate terrorism: formulating a theoretical framework for strategic coercion against nationalistic sub-state terrorist organizations [thesis] University of St. Andrews

Boyd, C.D. (1994) Terrorism as a psychological operation: a  comparative analysis of the Zionist and the Palestinian Terrorist Campaigns [thesis] Naval Postgraduate School: Monterey, California [http://www.hsdl.org/?view&did=465052 ]

Briant, E. L. (2011) Special relationships’ : the negotiation of an Anglo-American propaganda ‘War on Terror’ [thesis] University of Glasgow [http://theses.gla.ac.uk/2840/ ]

Brundin, P (2008) Politics on the Net: NGO practices and experiences [thesis] Orebro University [http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-2121]

Buckle, C. (2011) The 'War on Terror' metaframe in film and television [thesis] University of Glasgow [http://theses.gla.ac.uk/3014/01/2011bucklephd.pdf ]

Butler, J. O. (2010) The power & politics of naming: literaryonomastics within dystopian fiction [thesis] University of Glasgow [http://theses.gla.ac.uk/1706/01/2009butlerMPhil.pdf ]        

Commission of the European Communities (2007) Impact Assessment EU: Brussels [http://ec.europa.eu/governance/impact/ia_carried_out/docs/ia_2007/sec_2007_1424_en.pdf ]

Coteanu, G. C. (2005) Cyber consumer law: State of the art and perspectives [thesis] Leiden University [http://hdl.handle.net/1887/4387 ]

Dumas, J. M. (2010) The race for Muslim hearts and minds: a social movement analysis of the U.S. war on terror and popular support in the Muslim world [thesis] University of St. Andrews

Elfwing, S. (2007) Embodied Evolution of Learning Ability [thesis] KTH, Sweden

[http://kth.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:12636 ]


Jannepally, H. R. (2010) The 2008 Mumbai Attack and Press Nationalism: A Content Analysis of Coverage in the New York Times, Times of London, Dawn, and the Hindu [thesis] University of Ohio [http://etd.ohiolink.edu/view.cgi?acc_num=ohiou1283534128 ]

Lindquist, T. (2003) A war of words, from Lod to Twin Towers: defining terrorism in Arab and Israeli newspapers 1972-1996 (2001), a study in propaganda, semantics and pragmatics [thesis] Uppsala, Sweden: Uppsala Universitet

de Mesquita, E.B. & Dickson, E.S. (n.d.) The Propaganda of the Deed:Terrorism, Counterterrorism, and Mobilization [http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/politics/faculty/dickson/dickson_propaganda.pdf ]

Murphy, D.M. (et al.) (eds.) (2006) Information as Power United States Army War College [http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/army-usawc/info_as_power_v1.pdf ]

Musgrove, L. (2008) The social psychology of emotion in reactions to propaganda about the war on terror [thesis] Australian National University

O’Regan, M. (2009) Framing the Israeli-Palestinian conflict: a case-study analysis of the Irish national 'opinion leader' press - July 2000 to July 2004 [thesis] University of Sterling. [http://hdl.handle.net/1893/1921]

Ramos, R.T. (2007) Legislating after Terrorism: September 11, the News Media and the Georgia Legislature [thesis] Georgia State University [http://digitalarchive.gsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1033&context=communication_theses]

Rast, M. (2011) Tactics, Politics, and Propaganda in the Irish War of Independence, 1917-1921 [thesis] Georgia State University [http://digitalarchive.gsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1045&context=history_theses]

Reilly, P. (2007) Framing online communications of civil and uncivil groups in post-conflict Northern Ireland [thesis] University of Glasgow [http://theses.gla.ac.uk/131/01/2007Reillyphd.pdf ]

Skoczylis, J. (2009) Media framing of terrorism post 7/7 bombings [thesis] University of Oxford

Theohary, C.A. & Rollins, J. (2011) Terrorist Use of the Internet CRS Report [http://www.statewatch.org/news/2011/apr/us-crs-terr-internet.pdf ]

Tikk, E. (2011) Comprehensive legal approach to cyber security [thesis] Tartu University [http://hdl.handle.net/10062/17914 ]

Transnational Terrorism, Security & the Rule of Law. (2008) Terrorism and the Media European Commission [http://www.transnationalterrorism.eu/tekst/publications/WP4%20Del%206.pdf ]

Wagner, R.A. (2005) Terrorism and the Internet: Use and Abuse [in] Last, M. & Kande, A. Fighting Terror in Cyberspace World Scientific [http://www.worldscibooks.com/etextbook/5934/5934_chap1.pdf ]


 Prime Journal Articles & Book Chapters

 Alexander, Y.: Terrorism and the Media Terrorism: An International Journal 2 (1-2) 1979 pp.1-147

Altheide, D.L.: Format and symbols in TV coverage of terrorism in the United States and Great Britain International Studies Quarterly 31 (2, June) 1987 pp.161-176

Altheide, D.L.: Terrorism and the politics of fear Cultural Studies Critical Methodologies 6 (4, November) 2006 pp.415-439

Altheide, D. L.: Terrorism Programming Critical Studies on Terrorism 2 (1) 2009 pp.65-80

Anderson, J.: The Neo-Nazi Menace in Germany Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 18 (1) pp.39-46

Anon.: Psychological Warfare and How to Wage It Current History and Forum LI (1940) pp.52-53

Asher, T. R.: Uncomfortably numb Index on Censorship 32 (3) 2003 pp.105-111

Atkinson M. & Young K.: Terror Games: Media Treatment of Security Issues at the 2002 Winter Olympic Games Olympika: The International Journal of Olympic Studies 11 (2003) pp.53-78

Barry T. E. & Howard D. J.: A review and critique of the hierarchy of effects in advertising International Journal of Advertising 9 (2, March) 1990 p.121ff. [http://fabriken.akestamholst.se/akestamholst/files/critique_of_the_hierarchy_of_effects.pdf ]

Bergen, P. & Reynolds, A.: Blowback Revisited Foreign Affairs 84 (November/December) 2005 [http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/61190/peter-bergen-and-alec-reynolds/blowback-revisited ]

Bennett W. L.: Toward a theory of press state relations in the United States Journal of Communication 40 (2, Spring) pp.103-117 [http://tombirkland.com/399/bennett1990.pdf ]

Berinato S.: The truth about cyber-terrorism CIO Magazine 1 (June) 2003 [www.cio.com/archive/031502/truth.html ]

Bowman-Grieve, L. & Conway, M. (in press). Considering the Content and Function of Dissident Irish Republican Online Discourses. Media War & Conflict (Special Issue).

Bowman-Grieve, L. The Internet & Terrorism: Pathways toward terrorism & counter-terrorism. In: A. Silke (Ed.), Psychology, Terrorism and Counterterrorism. Oxon: Routledge, 2011.

Bowman-Grieve, L. (2010). ‘Irish Republicanism and the Internet: Support for New Wave Dissidents’, Perspectives on Terrorism, Vol. IV, Issue2, pp. 22-34.

Burnett, J. & Whyte D.: Embedded expertise and the new terrorism Journal for Crime, Conflict and the Media 1 (4) 2005 pp.1-18

Burris, V. (et al.): White supremacist networks on the Internet Sociological Focus 33 (2, May) 2000 pp.215-235 [http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~vburris/whites.pdf ]

Caiani, M. & Parenti, L.: The Dark Side of the Web: Italian Right-Wing Extremist Groups and the Internet South European Society and Politics 14 (3) 2009 pp.273-294

Caiani, M. & Wagemann, C.: Online networks of the Italian and German extreme-right: an explorative study with social network analysis Information, Communication & Society 12 (1) 2009 pp.66-109

Castells, M.: Toward a sociology of the network society Contemporary Sociology 29 (5, September) 2000 pp.693-699

Clem A. (et al.).: Health implications of cyber-terrorism Pre-hospital and Disaster Medicine [http://pdm.medicine.wisc.edu/Volume_18/issue_3/clem.pdf ]

Conway M.: What is Cyberterrorism? Current History 101 (659), December 2002, pp.436-442.

Conway M.: Terrorism and the Internet: New Media, New Threat? Parliamentary Affairs 59 (2, February) 2006, pp.283 - 298.

Conway, M.: ‘Terrorist Web Sites: Their Contents, Functioning, and  Effectiveness.’ In: P.  Seib (ed.) Media and Conflict in the Twenty-First Century.  New York: Palgrave, 2005, pp. 185-215.

Cotter, J. M.: Sounds of Hate: White Power Rock and Roll and the Neo-Nazi Skinhead Subculture. Terrorism and Political Violence, Vol. 11, Issue 2, 1999 pp.111-140.

Cowen, T.: Terrorism as theater: Analysis and policy implications Public Choice 128 (2006) pp.233-244 [http://econfaculty.gmu.edu/bcaplan/pdfs/terrorism.pdf ]

Crilley, K.: Information warfare: new battlefields Terrorists, propaganda and the Internet Aslib Proceedings 53 (7, July/August) 2001 pp.250-264 [ ]

Ducol, B. (2012). ‘Uncovering the French-Speaking Jihadisphere: An Exploratory  Analysis’, Media, War & Conflict 5(1): [forthcoming - page numbers not yet available].

Eastwood, M.: Lessons in hatred: the indoctrination and education of Germany's youth The International Journal of Human Rights 15 (8) 2011 pp.1291-1314

Elliot, P., Murdock G. & Schlesinger P.: Terrorism and the state: a case study of the discourses of television Media, Culture and Society 5 (2) 1983 pp.155-177

Ermlich, F.A.: Terrorism and the media: Strategy, coverage, and responses Political Communications 4 (2) 1987 pp.135-139

Foltz C. B.: Cyberterrorism, computer crime, and reality Information Management & Computer Security 12 (2) 2004 pp.154-166

Garrison, A.H.: Defining Terrorism: Philosophy of the Bomb, Propaganda by Deed and Change Through Fear and Violence Criminal Justice Studies 17 (3, September) 2004 pp.259-279 [http://cjc.delaware.gov/PDF/defining%20terrorism.pdf ]

Gerstenfeld. P. B. (et al.): Hate online: a content analysis of extremist Internet sites Analysis of Social Issues and Public Policy 3 (1) 2003 pp.29-44 [http://www.asap-spssi.org/pdf/asap31-Gerstenfeld.pdf ]

Glaser, J.  (et al.) : Studying hate crime with the Internet: what makes racists advocate racial violence? Journal of Social Issues 58 (1) 2002 pp.177-193 [http://collections.lib.uwm.edu/cipr/image/286.pdf ]

Gordon S. & Ford R.: Cyberterrorism? Computers and Security 21 (May) 2011 [http://www.symantec.com/avcenter/reference/cyberterrorism.pdf ]

Guth, D. W.: Black, White, and Shades of Gray: The Sixty-Year Debate Over Propaganda versus Public Diplomacy Journal of Promotion Management 14 (33-4) 2009 pp.309-325

Heuston S.: Weapons of Mass Instruction: Terrorism, Propaganda Films, Politics, and Us: New Media, New Meanings Studies in Popular Culture 27 (3, April) 2005 pp.59-74

[http://pcasacas.org/SiPC/27.3/Weapons%20of%20Mass%20Instruction%20-%20Terrorism,%20Propoganda%20Film,%20Po.pdf ]

Holton, G.: Reflections on Modern Terrorism. Terrorism: An International Journal 1 (3-4) 1978 pp.265-276.

Howard, P. (et al.): When Do States Disconnect Their Digital Networks? Regime Responses to the Political Uses of Social Media 14 (3) 2011 pp.216-232

Jacobson, M.: Terrorist financing and the Internet Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 33 (4) 2010 pp.353-363

Karim, K. H.: Cyber-utopia and the myth of paradise: using Jacques Ellul’s work on propaganda to analyse information society rhetoric Information, Communication & Society 4 (1) 2001 pp.113-134

Kaufmann C.: Threat inflation and the failure of the marketplace of ideas: The selling of the Iraq war International Security 29 (1) 2004 pp.5-48 [http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/files/kaufmann.pdf ]

Kellner, D.: September 11, the media, and war fever Television and New Media 3 (2, May) 2002 pp.143-151 http://ics.leeds.ac.uk/papers/pmt/exhibits/1865/Kellner2.pdf]

Kellner, D.: 9/11, spectacles of terror, and media manipulation Critical Discourse Studies 1 (1) 2004 pp.41-64

Kern, S.: Radical Islamic Television  Arrives in Spain Hudson New York December 22, 2011 [http://www.hudson-ny.org/2692/islamic-television-spain ]

Kingston, S.: Terrorism, the media, and the Northern Ireland conflict Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 18 (3) 1995 pp.203-231

Kitch, C.: ‘Mourning in America’: ritual, redemption, and recovery in news narrative after September 11 Journalism Studies 4 (2) 2003 pp.213-224

Klaehn J.: Behind the Invisible Curtain of Scholarly Criticism: Revisiting the Propaganda Model Journalism Studies 4 (2003) pp.359-369

Kohlmann E. F.: The real online terrorist threat Foreign Affairs 85  (September-October) 2006 [http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/61924/evan-f-kohlmann/the-real-online-terrorist-threat]      

Lee, E. & Leets, L.: Persuasive storytelling by hate groups online: examining its effects on adolescents American Behavioral Scientist 45 (6, February) 2002 pp.927-957 [http://www9.georgetown.edu/faculty/lll27/files/leets8.pdf ]

Livingston S. & Bennett W. L.: Gatekeeping, indexing, and live-event news: is technology altering the construction of news? Political Communication 20 (4, October) 2003 p..336-380 [http://ics.leeds.ac.uk/papers/pmt/exhibits/2012/livingstone&bennet.pdf ]

Luskin B. J.: Toward an understanding of media psychology T H E Journal 23 (1996) [http://thejournal.com/articles/1996/02/01/toward-an-understanding-of-media-psychology.aspx ]

Martin, L. J.: Disinformation: An instrumentality in the propaganda arsenal Political Communication 2 (1) 1982 pp.47-64

Martin, L. J.: The media's role in international terrorism Terrorism 8 (2) 1986 pp.127-146

Matusitz J.: Postmodernism and networks of cyberterrorists Journal of Digital Forensic Practice 2 (1, January) 2008 pp.17-26

Mendes, E.P.: Democracy, Human Rights and the New Information Technologies in the 21st Century--The Law and Justice of Proportionality and Consensual Alliances National Journal of Constitutional Law 10 (3) 1999 pp.351-372

Miller, B. H.: Terrorism and language: a text-based analysis of the German case Terrorism 9 (4) 1987 pp.373-407

Miller, D. & Mills, T.: The terror experts and the mainstream media: the expert nexus and its dominance in the news media Critical Studies on Terrorism 2 (3) 2009 pp.414-437

Minei, E. & Matusitz, J.: Cyberterrorist Messages and Their Effects on Targets: A Qualitative Analysis Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment 21 (8) 2011 pp.995-1019

Mockaitis, T.: Winning hearts and minds in the ‘War on Terrorism’ Small Wars & Insurgencies 14 (1) 2003 pp.21-38

Nalton, J., Ramsey, G. and Taylor, M. (2011). ‘Radicalization and Internet Propaganda by Dissident Republican Groups in Northern Ireland Since 2008’. In: P. M. Currie and M. Taylor (eds) Dissident Irish Republicanism. New York: Continuum, pp. 119-141.

Narula, S.: Psychological operations (PSYOPs): A conceptual overview Strategic Analysis 28 (1) 2004 pp.177-192

Nemes, I.: Regulating Hate Speech in Cyberspace: Issues of Desirability and Efficacy Information & Communications Technology Law 11 (3) 2002 pp.193-200

Patrick, B. A. & Thrall, T. A.: Beyond Hegemony: Classical Propaganda Theory and Presidential Communication Strategy After the Invasion of Iraq Mass Communication and Society 10 (1) 2007 pp.95-118

Payne, K.: Winning the Battle of Ideas: Propaganda, Ideology, and Terror Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 32 (2) 2009 pp.109-128

Plaisance, P. L.: The Propaganda War on Terrorism: An Analysis of the United States' "Shared Values" Public-Diplomacy Campaign After September 11, 2001 Journal of Mass Media Ethics 20 (4) 2005 pp.250-268           

Padovani, C.: The extreme right and its media in Italy International Journal of Communication 2 (2008) pp.753-770 [http://ijoc.org/ojs/index.php/ijoc/article/view/314/191]

Qin,  J. (et al.): Analysing terror campaigns on the Internet: TECHNICAL sophistication, content righness and web interactivity International Journal of Human - Computer Studies  65 (2007) pp.71-84 [http://ai.arizona.edu/intranet/papers/paper-Jialun-WebMetrics.pdf ]

Ryan M.: Journalistic ethics, objectivity, existential journalism, standpoint epistemology, and public journalism Journal of Mass Media Ethics 16 (3) 2001 pp.3-22

Ryan M.: Mainstream news media, an objective approach, and the march to war in Iraq Journal of Mass Media Ethics 21 (4) 2006 pp.4-29

Ryan, M. & Switzer, L.: Propaganda and the subversion of objectivity: media coverage of the war on terrorism in Iraq Critical Studies on Terrorism 2 (1) 2009 pp.45-64

Schmid, A.P.: Terrorism as Psychological Warfare Democracy and Security 1 (2005) pp.137–146 [http://ics.leeds.ac.uk/papers/pmt/exhibits/2745/TasPW.pdf ]

Schmid, A. P. : The Importance of Countering Al-Qaeda’s ‘Single Narrative’; in: E.J.A.M. Kessels (ed) Countering Violent Extremist Narratives. The Hague: National Coordinator for Counterterrorism, 2010, pp. 46-57.

Sarma, K.: Defensive Propaganda and IRA Political Control in Republican Communities Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 30 (12) 2007 pp.1073-1094

Schleifer, S. A.: Media and religion in the Arab/Islamic World The Review of Faith & International Affairs 7 (2) 2009 pp.61-68

Slone M.: Response to media coverage of terrorism Political Communication Conflict Resolution 44 (4, August) 2000 pp.508-522

Sorenson, J.: Constructing terrorists: propaganda about animal rights Critical Studies on Terrorism  2 (2, August) 2009 pp.237-256

[http://ethik.univie.ac.at/fileadmin/user_upload/inst_ethik_wiss_dialog/Sorenson__J._2009._Constructing_terrorists__propaganda_about_a_r.pdf ]

Soriano, M. & Torres, R.: Spain as an Object of Jihadist Propaganda Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 32 (11) 2009 pp.933-952

Sproule J. M.: Progressive propaganda critics and the magic bullet myth Critical Studies in Mass Communication 6 (3, September) 1989 pp.225-246

Stenersen, A. (2008). The Internet: A Virtual Training Camp. Terrorism & Political Violence, Vol. 20, Issue 2, pp. 215-233.

Steuter, E.: Understanding the media/terrorism relationship: An analysis of ideology and the news in time magazine Political Communication 7 (4) 1990 pp.257-278

Streckfuss, R.: Objectivity in journalism: a search and a reassessment Journalism Quarterly 67 (4, Winter) 1990 pp.973-983

Taylor, P.M.: Strategic Communications and the Relationship between Governmental ‘Information’ Activities in the Post 9/11 World Journal of Information Warfare 5 (3)  2006 pp.1-26 [http://ics.leeds.ac.uk/papers/pmt/exhibits/2831/JIW5_3_final_draft.pdf ]

Tilley, E.: Responding to terrorism using ethical means: the Propaganda Index Communication Research Reports 22 (1) 2005 pp.69-77

Toohey, K. & Taylor, .T: Here be Dragons, Here be Savages, Here be bad Plumbing Australian Media Representations of Sport and Terrorism Sport in Society 9 (1) 2006 pp.71-93

Torres S. M. R.: Spain as an object of jihadist propaganda Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 32 (11) 2009  pp. 933-952

Torres, M. R., Jordan, J. & Horsburgh, N.: Analysis and Evolution of the Global Jihadist Movement Propaganda Terrorism and Political Violence 18 (3) 2006 pp.399-421

Torres, S. & Manuel, R.: The Road to Media Jihad: The Propaganda Actions of Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb Terrorism and Political Violence 23 (1) 2010 pp.72-88

Tugwell, M.: Politics and propaganda of the provisional IRA Terrorism 5 (1-2) 1981 pp.13-40

Tsfati Y. & Weimann G.: www.terror.com: Terror on the Internet Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 25 (2002) pp.317-332        [http://www.psci.unt.edu/jbooks/TerrorBib_files/Terrorism%20&%20the%20Media/Tsfati%20&%20Weimann-www.terrorism.com.pdf ]

Weimann, G.: Conceptualizing the effects of massacre mediated terrorism Political Communication 4 (3) 1987 pp.213-216

Weimann, G.: Virtual disputes: the use of the internet for terrorist debates Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 29 (7, October-November) 2006 pp.623-639

Western, J.: The War over Iraq: Selling War to the American Public Security Studies 14 (1) 2005 pp.106-139

Wilkinson, P.: The media and terrorism: a reassessment Terrorism and Political Violence 9 (2) 1997 pp.51-64 [http://ics.leeds.ac.uk/papers/pmt/exhibits/755/The%2520Media%2520and%2520Terrorism.pdf ]

Wilske S. & Schiller, T.: International Jurisdiction in Cyberspace: Which States May Regulate the Internet? Federal Communications Law Journal 50 (1997) pp.129-142

Wright, J. & Bryett, K.: Propaganda and justice administration in Northern Ireland Terrorism and Political Violence 3 (2) 1991 pp.25-4

Zhou, Y. (et al.): U.S. domestic extremist groups on the web: link and content analysis IEEE Intelligent Systems  20 (2006) pp-1-44 [http://ai.arizona.edu/intranet/papers/Zhou_Domestic_MainText.pdf ]


See also resources on the Internet:

Cyber Terrorism Resource Centr [http://www.globaldisaster.org/cyberterrorrescen.shtml ]

Internet / Network Security Resource guide on Cyber-terrorism [http://netsecurity.about.com/cs/cyberterrorism/ ]

IWS United Kingdom Website Listing [http://www.iwar.org.uk/cyberterror/index.htm ]

National Cyber Security Alliance [http://www.staysafeonline.info/ ]

Terrorism Questions and Answers: Cyber-terrorism [http://www.terrorismanswers.com/terrorism/cyberterrorism.html ]

Terrorism questions and answers: Cyber-terrorism Europe [http://www.terrorismanswers.com/coalition/europe.html ]

U.S. Department of State: Country Reports on Terrorism    [http://www.state.gov/s/ct/rls/crt/index.htm ]


About the Compiler: Eric Price is a professional information specialist. He worked for many years with the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna (IAEA).


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Perspectives on Terrorism is  a journal of the Terrorism Research Initiative and the Center for Terrorism and Security Studies

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